Side-Effect Management

Recovery of gonadal function and fertility is better with 2-day RIC regimen following HCT

Patients who require hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) and receive busulfan in a 2-day reduced-intensity conditioning (RIC) regimen have a greater chance of recovery of gonadal function than those undergoing myeloablative conditioning (MC) using busulfan for 4 days, results of a study have shown. The data were presented at the Oncology Nursing Society 36th Annual Congress.

Treatment algorithm helps manage tivozanib-related hypertension

Physicians and nursing staff effectively managed hypertension—an established target-related side effect of vascular endothelial growth factor receptor (VEGFR) inhibitors—using home blood pressure monitors and a treatment algorithm in patients enrolled in a phase 2 randomized discontinuation trial of tivozanib, a potent and selective inhibitor of all three VEGFR kinases. The data were presented at the Oncology Nursing Society 36th Annual Congress.

Patient education should address fertility risks prior to chemotherapy

Honest and accurate information is of utmost importance when discussing fertility with the patient with cancer, and studies have established the need for structured patient education regarding fertility risks due to chemotherapy. However, surveys of adult oncology patients have found that fewer than 60% recall their health care provider discussing risk of infertility caused by cancer treatment or their options to preserve fertility prior to treatment initiation. A presentation at the Oncology Nursing Society 36th Annual Congress noted that while risk of infertility is well known, there is a lack of patient education prior to the start of treatment toxic to fertility.

Awareness of oncologic emergencies is raised through education program

In an oncologic emergency, nurses must intervene quickly to prevent life-threatening complications and save lives. This is especially important given that the incidence of oncologic emergencies increases along with the number of people diagnosed with cancer. A day-long oncologic emergencies educational program was presented at the Oncology Nursing Society 36th Annual Congress.

Educational program focuses on therapy-induced menopause

Implementing an educational program for nurses designed specifically to address therapy-induced menopause in premenopausal women undergoing a blood or marrow transplant (BMT) would help improve patient outcomes, especially since few opportunities exist for in-depth conversations about this topic. That is the goal of a project presented at the Oncology Nursing Society 36th Annual Congress.

Sperm retrieval offers fertility hope

Adult men who were thought to be rendered sterile due to chemotherapy for childhood cancer may be able to reproduce with the help of a surgical technique that has recently been shown to locate and extract viable sperm.

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