Diagnosis & Disease Information

The most common symptoms of anemia are fatigue, dizziness, pale skin, cold hands and feet, shortness of breath and irregular heartbeat. Many anemic patients have a characteristic pallor, like the woman in this photo.


Anemia is a blood disorder characterized by a lack of red blood cells, which prevents the body from carrying adequate amounts of oxygen to tissue. There are three main causes of anemia – decreases in hemoglobin production, blood loss and destruction of red blood cells. It is a common disorder, occurring in all ages, genders…

Nursing Considerations in the Management of Patients with Chronic Transfusional Iron Overload

This article addresses the most common diseases in which iron overload can be problematic: betathalassemia, SCD, and MDS. Discussed are the cellular and molecular mechanisms of iron metabolism; the pathophysiology of beta-thalassemia, SCD, and MDS; the development of chronic transfusional iron overload; signs and symptoms of the condition; monitoring patients; the role of nurses in iron chelation therapy; medications used to treat iron overload; and improving patient management, patient education, and adherence to therapy.

Next post in General Oncology