Surgery

Self-Predictions for Well-Being Influence Satisfaction After Mastectomy, Breast Reconstruction

Self-Predictions for Well-Being Influence Satisfaction After Mastectomy, Breast Reconstruction

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Observational study assessed the influence of patients' self-predictions for well-being after undergoing mastectomy for breast cancer with or without immediate breast reconstruction.

Sex, Age Associated With Mortality Risk in Renal Cell Cancer Treated With VEGF-TKIs

Sex, Age Associated With Mortality Risk in Renal Cell Cancer Treated With VEGF-TKIs

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Phase 3 study sought to assess the associations between adjuvant therapy with VEGF-tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) and benefit, sex, and age in patients with resected renal cell cancer.

Adjuvant Gemcitabine Regimen Improves PFS in Upper Tract Urothelial Cancer

Adjuvant Gemcitabine Regimen Improves PFS in Upper Tract Urothelial Cancer

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Investigators compared adjuvant gemcitabine plus cisplatin vs surveillance and subsequent chemotherapy if needed for patients who underwent nephron-ureterectomy for UTUC.

Preoperative Treatment for Gastric Cancer Varies by Race, Ethnicity

Preoperative Treatment for Gastric Cancer Varies by Race, Ethnicity

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Researchers conducted a retrospective study of US patients with gastric cancer to determine what factors influenced the use of preoperative chemotherapy in this patient population.

Comparative Study of Clinical Efficacy Using Three-dimensional and Two-dimensional Laparoscopies in the Treatment of Distal Gastric Cancer

Comparative Study of Clinical Efficacy Using Three-dimensional and Two-dimensional Laparoscopies in the Treatment of Distal Gastric Cancer

[OncoTargets and Therapy] This study investigated the safety and feasibility of 3D laparoscopic-assisted radical gastrectomy for distal advanced gastric cancer vs 2D laparoscopic surgery, results of this study have shown.

Adjuvant Radiotherapy Found Superior to Early-Salvage RT in Prostate Cancer

Adjuvant Radiotherapy Found Superior to Early-Salvage RT in Prostate Cancer

Propensity score-matched study compared adjuvant radiotherapy with surveillance and early-salvage radiotherapy after prostatectomy in men with prostate cancer.

Overall Survival Prolonged With HIPEC + Cytoreductive Surgery for Gastric Cancer

Overall Survival Prolonged With HIPEC + Cytoreductive Surgery for Gastric Cancer

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Data presented at the 2018 Gastrointestinal Cancers Symposium compared overall survival with cytoreductive surgery (CRS) alone for patients with gastric cancer and peritoneal carcinomatosis vs treatment with HIPEC plus CRS.

Better Postoperative Outcomes With RAMIE for Esophageal Cancer

Better Postoperative Outcomes With RAMIE for Esophageal Cancer

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Research presented at the 2018 Gastrointestinal Cancers Symposium described benefits seen with RAMIE vs chemotherapy or chemoradiotherapy plus OTE for esophageal cancer.

Anxiety, Depression Higher, QOL Lower Between Chemotherapy Cycles for Breast Cancer

Anxiety, Depression Higher, QOL Lower Between Chemotherapy Cycles for Breast Cancer

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A longitudinal study assessed psychological status of postoperative patients with breast cancer between adjuvant chemotherapy for anxiety and depression.

Fluorouracil Associated With Reduced Surgery for Squamous Cell Carcinoma

Fluorouracil Associated With Reduced Surgery for Squamous Cell Carcinoma

A reduced risk of squamous cell carcinoma, but not basal cell carcinoma, was observed for one year in at-risk individuals treated with fluorouracil.

Breast Implants Associated With Increased Risk of Breast Anaplastic Large-cell Lymphoma

Breast Implants Associated With Increased Risk of Breast Anaplastic Large-cell Lymphoma

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The safety of breast implants has not been confirmed despite widespread use.

Surgery May Be Superior to Stereotactic Body RT for Early Stage Non-small Cell Lung Cancer

Surgery May Be Superior to Stereotactic Body RT for Early Stage Non-small Cell Lung Cancer

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SBRT provides excellent local control and an adequate safety profile, but there is a lack of data comparing SBRT to resection among patients eligible for surgery.

Most Influential in Breast Reconstruction Decision: Surgeon, Spouse, GP

Most Influential in Breast Reconstruction Decision: Surgeon, Spouse, GP

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A study from French researchers identified which people are the most likely to influence a breast cancer patient's decision whether to undergo breast reconstruction. These findings were presented at SABCS 2017.

Cardiopulmonary Fitness Leads to Better Outcomes in Bladder Cancer Surgery

Cardiopulmonary Fitness Leads to Better Outcomes in Bladder Cancer Surgery

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A feasibility study involving 60 patients with bladder cancer sought to determine if preoperative vigorous cardiovascular activity would improve postsurgical outcomes.

Gefitinib Adjuvant Therapy Prolonged Disease-Free Survival in EGFR-Mutant NSCLC

Gefitinib Adjuvant Therapy Prolonged Disease-Free Survival in EGFR-Mutant NSCLC

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Results of this randomized, phase 3 study comparing oral gefitinib with IV vinorelbine plus cisplatin revealed the effect of these regimens on disease-free survival in patients with exon 19 deletion or exon Leu585Arg NSCLC.

Axillary Lymph Node Dissection Predictive for Lymphedema in Breast Cancer

Axillary Lymph Node Dissection Predictive for Lymphedema in Breast Cancer

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Researchers investigated the incidence of lymphedema on patients with breast cancer treated with TAC after axillary lymph node dissection (ALND), with or without radiotherapy, and its impact on quality of life for patients.

Increase in Rate of Breast Reconstruction for Mastectomy

Increase in Rate of Breast Reconstruction for Mastectomy

From 2009 to 2014, increases for all age groups, especially for women aged 65 years and older

Pursuing Aggressive Treatment Impacts Breast Cancer Patients' Employment

Pursuing Aggressive Treatment Impacts Breast Cancer Patients' Employment

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Investigators surveyed more than 3000 patients with breast cancer and found that disruptions to employment and work stoppage were greater in those who underwent more aggressive treatment options.

New Tool Identifies Mortality Risk After Bladder Cancer Surgery

New Tool Identifies Mortality Risk After Bladder Cancer Surgery

Tool incorporates the relative contribution of tumor stage and lymph node involvement.

Negative Margins, Lymph Node Yields Predict Survival

Negative Margins, Lymph Node Yields Predict Survival

Patients with head and neck cancer treated at hospitals attaining the combined metric of a 90 percent or higher negative margin rate and 80% percent of cases achieving a LNY of 18 or more experienced a significant reduction in mortality.

Breast Reconstruction Following Mastectomy (Fact Sheet)

Breast Reconstruction Following Mastectomy (Fact Sheet)

This fact sheet examines methods of breast reconstruction for patients with breast cancer and treatment implications after surgery.

Rituximab vs Splenectomy: Response Similar in Immune Thrombocytopenic Purpura

Rituximab vs Splenectomy: Response Similar in Immune Thrombocytopenic Purpura

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Results of a retrospective single-center study showed that response to rituximab vs splenectomy as second-line therapy for steroid-refractory ITP was not significantly different between the 2 treatments.

Oncological Safety and Cosmetic Outcomes in Oncoplastic Breast Conservation Surgery, a Review of the Best Level of Evidence Literature

Oncological Safety and Cosmetic Outcomes in Oncoplastic Breast Conservation Surgery, a Review of the Best Level of Evidence Literature

[Breast Cancer: Targets and Therapy] This review examines oncological safety in oncoplastic breast conservation surgery, local recurrence and patient outcome, postoperative complications, and cosmetic outcomes.

CAR, PNI Levels Correlate with Outcomes in Pancreatic Cancer

CAR, PNI Levels Correlate with Outcomes in Pancreatic Cancer

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An association was found between low PNI/high CAR levels and poor outcomes in operable pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma, even in patients who undergo curative resection.

Geriatric Consults Rare in Kidney Cancer Care

Geriatric Consults Rare in Kidney Cancer Care

Although use of medical co-management and rehabilitation services increasing for older patients with kidney cancer, consultation remains sparse for those undergoing surgery.

Breast Conservation Improves Survival vs Mastectomy in Breast Cancer

Breast Conservation Improves Survival vs Mastectomy in Breast Cancer

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Results of a recent study demonstrated overall survival was better among women who underwent breast-conserving surgery vs mastectomy. Furthermore, best overall survival was achieved with adjuvant radiotherapy in the former group and systemic therapy in the latter group.

Breast-Conserving Surgery Recommended For Younger Women With Breast Cancer

Breast-Conserving Surgery Recommended For Younger Women With Breast Cancer

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A study finds that report that overall outcomes and prognosis have significantly improved over time for women aged 40 years and younger with breast cancer who undergo breast conserving surgery, and the procedure should be recommended to these patients.

Adjuvant Partial Breast Radiotherapy Noninferior in Preventing Relapse in Local Breast Cancer

Adjuvant Partial Breast Radiotherapy Noninferior in Preventing Relapse in Local Breast Cancer

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Partial-breast and reduced-dose radiotherapy was found to be noninferior in preventing local relapse compared with whole-breast radiation therapy in patients with early stage breast cancer with a lower-than-average risk of relapse.

Bilateral Mastectomy Without Proper Genetic Counseling

Bilateral Mastectomy Without Proper Genetic Counseling

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Many women with breast cancer with genetic variants of uncertain significance (VUS) undergo testing and bilateral mastectomy without receiving genetic counseling.

Risk for Prostate Cancer Not Associated With Vasectomy, Meta-analysis Affirms

Risk for Prostate Cancer Not Associated With Vasectomy, Meta-analysis Affirms

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Meta-analysis of data from more than 50 studies reaffirms that vasectomy is not associated with increased risk of prostate cancer.

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