Slides - Page 10 of 10 - Oncology Nurse Advisor

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Basal cell skin cancer is a slow-growing type of skin cancer that results from abnormal growth in the top layer of epidermal cells. It accounts for 75% of skin cancers, making it the most common form. Basal cell skin cancer can present as a painless flat or raised skin bump or growth that is pearly and waxy. It can be white, light pink, flesh colored or brown.

Skin cancer

Skin cancer is the abnormal growth of skin cells that most often develops on sun-exposed skin such as the scalp, face, lips, ears, neck, chest, legs, arms and hands. If left untreated, skin cancer can spread to other organs and tissues. Early detection and treatment are key for a good prognosis.

Black hairy tongue, as shown above on a 2-year-old boy, occurs when the filiform papillae that cover the tongue become enlarged and overgrown with fungi. The cause is not known, but may be due to poor oral hygiene or antibiotic use. Treatment is with thorough cleaning of the tongue and mouth with antifungal drugs. Photo credit: Dr. P. Marazzi / Photo Researchers, Inc.

Oral mucositis

More than 40% of patients undergoing chemotherapy develop some degree of mucositis during the course of their treatment. Patients receiving radiation to the head, neck, or chest areas and patients who undergo bone marrow or stem cell transplant are even more likely to develop mucositis. Incidence of mucositis is higher with certain chemotherapy or total…

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