Research

Decreased Hepatocellular Carcinoma Tumor Burden With the Achievement of Hepatitis C Virus Sustained Virologic Response: Unlocking the Potential of T-cell-mediated Immunosurveillance

Decreased Hepatocellular Carcinoma Tumor Burden With the Achievement of Hepatitis C Virus Sustained Virologic Response: Unlocking the Potential of T-cell-mediated Immunosurveillance

[Journal of Hepatocellular Carcinoma] In this case series, the authors present procedure and treatment specifics for 2 patients with HCV who developed HCC, and discuss the potential role of DAA therapy and immunosurveillance.

Combined Microwave Ablation and Minimally Invasive Open Decompression for the Management of Thoracic Metastasis in Breast Cancer

Combined Microwave Ablation and Minimally Invasive Open Decompression for the Management of Thoracic Metastasis in Breast Cancer

[Cancer Management and Research] An investigation into the efficacy of microwave ablation and minimally invasive open decompression treatment for breast cancer with thoracic metastases.

Younger Patients, Higher Costs: The Changing Demographics of Cancer

Younger Patients, Higher Costs: The Changing Demographics of Cancer

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This overview provides a snapshot of the shift in cancer care costs and age of patients, reviewing the 4 most commonly diagnosed cancers.

High BMI Among Premenopausal Women May Improve Risk for Breast Cancer

High BMI Among Premenopausal Women May Improve Risk for Breast Cancer

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Researchers report on a study to determine the relationship between BMI and risk for breast cancer among younger women, particularly those 18 to 24 years old.

Interim Data Shows Romiplostim May Lead to Positive Long-Term Response in Pediatric ITP

Interim Data Shows Romiplostim May Lead to Positive Long-Term Response in Pediatric ITP

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In a poster presentation at the 23rd Congress of EHA, researchers described a study of the efficacy of romiplastim in achieving a platelet response in pediatric patients with immune thrombocytopenia.

Prognostic Factors for Survival Among Patients With Primary Bone Sarcomas of Small Bones

Prognostic Factors for Survival Among Patients With Primary Bone Sarcomas of Small Bones

[Cancer Management and Research] The prognostic values of overall survival and cancer-specific survival for bone sarcomas of the hands or feet were assessed using Cox proportional hazards regression model with univariate and multivariate analyses.

Andrographolide Potentiates the Antitumor Effect of Topotecan in Acute Myeloid Leukemia Cells Through an Intrinsic Apoptotic Pathway

Andrographolide Potentiates the Antitumor Effect of Topotecan in Acute Myeloid Leukemia Cells Through an Intrinsic Apoptotic Pathway

[Cancer Management and Research] In this study, researchers explored the potential of andrographolide and topotecan, separately and together, in the in vitro treatment of the U937 acute myeloid leukemic cell line.

Are Ovarian Cancer Stem Cells the Target for Innovative Immunotherapy?

Are Ovarian Cancer Stem Cells the Target for Innovative Immunotherapy?

[OncoTargets and Therapy] In a review of cancer stem cells (CSCs)/ovarian cancer stem cells (OCSCs), researchers discuss the implications of immunotherapy development based on studying cancer evolution by CSCs, and targeting OCSC surface markers to develop CAR-T immunotherapy.

Cancer in Children and Adolescents (Fact Sheet)

Cancer in Children and Adolescents (Fact Sheet)

This fact sheet reviews cancer in adolescents and children, including possible causes, treatment, and the general outlook for childhood cancers.

Response to Rapamycin Analogs but not PD-1 Inhibitors in PTEN-mutated Metastatic Non-small Cell Lung Cancer With High Tumor Mutational Burden

Response to Rapamycin Analogs but not PD-1 Inhibitors in PTEN-mutated Metastatic Non-small Cell Lung Cancer With High Tumor Mutational Burden

[Lung Cancer: Targets and Therapy] This case study demonstrates that genomic profiling may still benefit patients who fail checkpoint inhibitor therapy despite having high tumor mutational burden and PD-L1 positivity.

Multiple Treatment Modalities for Brain Metastasis in Patients With EGFR-mutant Non-small Cell Lung Cancer

Multiple Treatment Modalities for Brain Metastasis in Patients With EGFR-mutant Non-small Cell Lung Cancer

[OncoTargets and Therapy] Management of brain metastases in patients with EGFR-mutant NSCLC is controversial. In this study, researchers find combination and sequential treatment with EGFR-TKIs, chemotherapy, and radiotherapy is beneficial.

Role and Inhibition of GLI1 Protein in Cancer

Role and Inhibition of GLI1 Protein in Cancer

[Lung Cancer: Targets and Therapy] Italian researchers report on the role of GLI1 in the development of lung cancer, and review its potential as an effective therapy for lung cancer.

Management of Relapsed/Refractory Marginal Zone Lymphoma: Focus on Ibrutinib

Management of Relapsed/Refractory Marginal Zone Lymphoma: Focus on Ibrutinib

[Cancer Management and Research] A review of marginal zone lymphomas, a common and varied group of hematologic malignancies, and their treatment, with a focus on the Bruton's tyrosine kinase ibrutinib.

Emerging Treatment Options for BRAF-mutant Colorectal Cancer

Emerging Treatment Options for BRAF-mutant Colorectal Cancer

[Gastrointestinal Cancer: Targets and Therapy] This review presents the most up-to-date molecular, clinical, and therapeutic data, including an overview of a current phase 3 study assessing the efficacy of simultaneous BRAF, EGFR, and MEK inhibition among patients with BRAFV600E-mutant CRC.

Clinicopathological Features and Prognosis in Elderly Gastric Cancer Patients: A Retrospective Cohort Study

Clinicopathological Features and Prognosis in Elderly Gastric Cancer Patients: A Retrospective Cohort Study

[OncoTargets and Therapy] A retrospective study assessed patients with gastric cancer, identifying disease characteristics more prevalent in elderly patients and the effect on prognosis for these patients.

Spotlight on Triptorelin in the Treatment of Premenopausal Women with Early-Stage Breast Cancer

Spotlight on Triptorelin in the Treatment of Premenopausal Women with Early-Stage Breast Cancer

[Breast Cancer: Targets and Therapy] Researchers present a review of the LHRH agonist triptorelin and the use of this agent to induce chemical castration in estrogen-sensitive breast cancer tumors in younger women.

Bax, Bcl-2, and Bax/Bcl-2 as Prognostic Markers in Acute Myeloid Leukemia: Are We Ready for Bcl-2-Directed Therapy?

Bax, Bcl-2, and Bax/Bcl-2 as Prognostic Markers in Acute Myeloid Leukemia: Are We Ready for Bcl-2-Directed Therapy?

[Cancer Management and Research] This report presents an assessment of the relationship of Bax/Bcl-2 expression and the clinical response of patients with AML treated with cytarabine plus daunorubicin, and their potential as biomarkers to predict chemotherapeutic outcomes.

Models of Intrahepatic Cholangiocarcinoma: Novel Tools and Therapeutic Applications

Models of Intrahepatic Cholangiocarcinoma: Novel Tools and Therapeutic Applications

[Gastrointestinal Cancer: Targets and Therapy] This review discusses novel tools and newer technologies that have been employed to address iCCA.

Choosing Wisely After Publication of Level I Evidence in Breast Cancer Radiotherapy

Choosing Wisely After Publication of Level I Evidence in Breast Cancer Radiotherapy

[Breast Cancer: Targets and Therapy] In this retrospective analysis of medical records and estimated costs of treatment, investigators demonstrated that rapid change based on level I evidence is feasible.

Determining Clinical Trial Eligibility

Determining Clinical Trial Eligibility

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How is clinical trial eligibility determined?

Prognostic Significance of Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor Expression in Glioma Patients

Prognostic Significance of Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor Expression in Glioma Patients

[OncoTargets and Therapy] A meta-analysis was conducted to evaluate the effect of abnormal EGFR expression on overall survival (OS) in patients with glioma.

Approach and Management of Checkpoint Inhibitor-related Immune Hepatitis

Approach and Management of Checkpoint Inhibitor-related Immune Hepatitis

[Journal of Gastrointestinal Oncology] A review of diagnostic parameters and management modalities for checkpoint inhibitor-induced hepatic toxicity is presented.

Developments in the Management of Advanced Soft-tissue Sarcoma - Olaratumab in Context

Developments in the Management of Advanced Soft-tissue Sarcoma - Olaratumab in Context

[OncoTargets and Therapy] This review examines the rationale of olaratumab in the treatment of advanced soft-tissue sarcomas and its emerging role in clinical practice.

Treatment and Outcomes of Non-small-cell Lung Cancer Patients With High Comorbidity

Treatment and Outcomes of Non-small-cell Lung Cancer Patients With High Comorbidity

[Cancer Management and Research] The presence of comorbidities is thought to play a significant role in the decision to treat patients with NSCLC, and this impacts survival.

Profile of Buparlisib and its Potential in the Treatment of Breast Cancer: Evidence to Date

Profile of Buparlisib and its Potential in the Treatment of Breast Cancer: Evidence to Date

[Breast Cancer: Targets and Therapy] A review of studies investigating the efficacy of buparlisib monotherapy and in combination with various other anticancer agents in the treatment of breast cancer and other solid tumors.

Hodgkin Lymphoma Treatment in EU vs US: Similarities Would Enable Worldwide Studies

Hodgkin Lymphoma Treatment in EU vs US: Similarities Would Enable Worldwide Studies

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A review of management approaches to Hodgkin lymphoma in Europe vs the United States/North America demonstrates that although some differences exist, worldwide studies that would enhance patient outcomes are feasible.

Efficacy and Safety of COX-2 Inhibitors for Advanced Non-small-cell Lung Cancer With Chemotherapy: A Meta-analysis

Efficacy and Safety of COX-2 Inhibitors for Advanced Non-small-cell Lung Cancer With Chemotherapy: A Meta-analysis

[OncoTargets and Therapy] This meta-analysis assesses the efficacy and safety profile of COX-2 inhibitors in patients with advanced non-small-cell lung cancer.

Vulvar Carcinoma: Dilemma, Debates, and Decisions

Vulvar Carcinoma: Dilemma, Debates, and Decisions

[Cancer Management and Research] A review of vulvar carcinoma and treatment options for patients with rare gynecologic cancer.

Comparative Study of Clinical Efficacy Using Three-dimensional and Two-dimensional Laparoscopies in the Treatment of Distal Gastric Cancer

Comparative Study of Clinical Efficacy Using Three-dimensional and Two-dimensional Laparoscopies in the Treatment of Distal Gastric Cancer

[OncoTargets and Therapy] This study investigated the safety and feasibility of 3D laparoscopic-assisted radical gastrectomy for distal advanced gastric cancer vs 2D laparoscopic surgery, results of this study have shown.

Radiotherapy for Esophageal Carcinoma: Dose, Response and Survival

Radiotherapy for Esophageal Carcinoma: Dose, Response and Survival

[Cancer Management and Research] Radiation dose, fractionation strategies, and predictive factors of response to therapy in patients with esophageal carcinoma are reviewed to determine if more intense local therapy would lead to better outcomes and for which patients.

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