Radiation

Hypofractionated breast irradiation linked to lower toxicity

Hypofractionated breast irradiation linked to lower toxicity

Two studies show benefits for hypofractionated versus conventionally fractionated whole-breast irradiation.

Radiation Therapy for Cancer (Fact Sheet)

Radiation Therapy for Cancer (Fact Sheet)

This fact sheet examines radiation therapy, including forms of administration and potential side effects of treatment.

Chemotherapy agents and radiosensitivity

Chemotherapy agents and radiosensitivity

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How do certain chemotherapy agents make tumors more radiosensitive?

Radiation therapy use low in end-stage cancer

Radiation therapy use low in end-stage cancer

But those receiving radiation during final month often receive treatment for more than 10 days.

Annual report highlights 2012 cancer advances

The American Society of Clinical Oncology has released a nearly 100-page report detailing the year's most significant developments in cancer.

Gene therapy safely increased saliva flow after head and neck cancer

A small study showed the safety of using gene therapy in the salivary gland to repair damage caused by radiation for head and neck cancer.

Tumor tracking technique may improve outcomes for patients with lung cancer

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A new tumor-tracking technique delivers higher levels of radiation to moving tumors while sparing healthy tissue in lung cancer patients. This technique is moving closer to the clinic.

Stem cells may conquer infertility in male cancer survivors

Spermatogonial stem cells were used to overcome male infertility, which could help prepubertal boys rendered infertile by cancer treatments.

Radiotherapy after prostatectomy has long-term benefits

Administering radiotherapy after prostatectomy helped nearly two-thirds of users in a recent study remain free of prostate cancer after 10 years.

Aspirin helps in some cancers

Aspirin helps in some cancers

Differences in the impact of aspirin in various forms of cancer are highlighted in two studies recently published in the oncology literature.

Genetic markers predict sexual problems after prostate radiation

Researchers have identified 12 genetic markers linked with susceptibility for erectile dysfunction after radiotherapy for prostate cancer.

Response to radiation is more robust in oropharyngeal cancer patients with HPV

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Responses to radiation therapy are significantly different among patients with oropharyngeal cancer, depending on if they carry the human papillomavirus (HPV). More individualized radiation treatment regimens could result from these findings, according to a recent study.

Short-term fasting enhances brain tumor treatment

A controlled fasting period lasting no more than 48 hours improved the effectiveness of chemotherapy and radiation therapy in mice with gliomas.

Lying prone may spare heart, lungs in breast radiation

Lying face-down was associated with a reduced amount of irradiated lung and heart during breast cancer treatment compared with lying on the back.

Survival similar for on/off androgen deprivation vs continuous therapy

Intermittent androgen deprivation was just as effective as continuous therapy in overall survival, and improved some quality-of-life factors.

Tamoxifen soothes effects of prostate cancer treatment

The anti-estrogen tamoxifen appears to suppress gynecomastia and breast pain in men undergoing androgen-suppression therapy for prostate cancer.

Multiple tumors worsen glioblastoma prognosis

Persons with more than one glioblastoma tumor upon diagnosis experience significantly worse survival than do patients with a solitary lesion.

Quantity/quality of life in pancreatic cancer examined

Knowing how much time people with pancreatic cancer spend in the hospital or in medical care can help clinicians make treatment recommendations.

Study links pancreas radiation to diabetes risk

Evidence points to a dose-response relation between radiation exposure of the pancreas and risk of diabetes in survivors of childhood cancers.

Diagnostic radiation ups breast cancer risk in <i>BRCA</i> carriers

Diagnostic radiation ups breast cancer risk in BRCA carriers

Exposure to diagnostic radiation before age 30 linked to significantly increased risk.

Radiation after lumpectomy might benefit older women after all

Most older women with early breast cancer are more likely to avoid mastectomy by following lumpectomy with radiation, contrary to current thinking.

Outcomes Similar With Partial, Whole Breast Irradiation

Outcomes Similar With Partial, Whole Breast Irradiation

Five-year outcomes, patterns of failure similar; excellent three-year outcomes post-recurrence.

Childhood Radiation Exposure of Pancreas Linked to Diabetes

Childhood Radiation Exposure of Pancreas Linked to Diabetes

Dose-response association seen for radiation to pancreas tail and diabetes risk.

FDA Update - July/August 2012

News about pertuzumab injection (Perjeta); ondansetron (Zofran); carfilzomib (Kyprolis); Therascreen KRAS RGQ PCR Kit; Prostate Health Index (phi); and Prepopik

"Inoperable" pancreatic cancer may be treatable after all

"Inoperable" pancreatic cancer may be treatable after all

Oncologists at M.D. Anderson Cancer Center found the key to screening for pancreatic cancer lies in the interpretation of preoperative CT scans.

Radiation Prevents Mastectomy Post-Conservative Op in Elderly

Radiation Prevents Mastectomy Post-Conservative Op in Elderly

RT in this population results in greater likelihood of breast conservation.

British reoperation rates high after breast-conserving surgery

One in five women in England who had breast-conserving surgery for breast cancer had a reoperation within 3 months.

Ultrasound technique helps radiation destroy 10x more tumor cells

An ultrasound-based therapy that agitates blood vessels has been shown to enhance the tumor-blasting effects of radiation by 10-fold in experiments.

Adding Radiation Aids Pediatric Nonmetastatic Medulloblastoma

Adding Radiation Aids Pediatric Nonmetastatic Medulloblastoma

Induction chemotherapy plus conformal radiation therapy improves event-free survival.

Radiation strategy shows good results in small prostate cancer study

Combining intensity-modulated radiation therapy with high-dose-rate brachytherapy is safe and effective for localized prostate cancer.

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