Imaging

Second Opinions from Multidisciplinary Breast Tumor Board Are Beneficial

Second Opinions from Multidisciplinary Breast Tumor Board Are Beneficial

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A retrospective, observational study investigated the impact of obtaining a second opinion of a breast cancer diagnosis from a multidisciplinary tumor board.

Routine Scanning in Early-Stage Breast Cancer Unnecessary, Greater Harms

Routine Scanning in Early-Stage Breast Cancer Unnecessary, Greater Harms

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A study presented at 2018 ASCO Quality Care Symposium demonstrates further support for Choosing Wisely Initiative's recommendations against routine scanning in early-stage breast cancer.

Lung Cancer Screening: Effective Models for Selecting the Most Candidates at Highest Risk

Lung Cancer Screening: Effective Models for Selecting the Most Candidates at Highest Risk

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Four of 9 lung cancer screening models were shown to effectively select the most appropriate candidates for low-dose CT lung cancer screening among US ever-smokers.

A High Number of Breast Cancer Survivors Do Not Undergo Annual Surveillance

A High Number of Breast Cancer Survivors Do Not Undergo Annual Surveillance

A sizable number of breast cancer survivors do not undergo annual surveillance.

Lung Cancer Screening Program In Ambulatory Clinics May Improve Detection Rates

Lung Cancer Screening Program In Ambulatory Clinics May Improve Detection Rates

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A study presented at the 2018 ONS Annual Congress explored the feasibility of an advanced practice nurse-led lung cancer screening program at ambulatory outpatient clinics.

Various Factors Effect Risk for Interval Invasive Second Breast Cancers

Various Factors Effect Risk for Interval Invasive Second Breast Cancers

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A review of surveillance mammography demonstrated the potential value of these images in post primary therapy treatment of women with breast cancer.

18F-FDG PET/CT Accurately Identifies Bone Marrow Involvement in Pediatric Hodgkin's Lymphoma

18F-FDG PET/CT Accurately Identifies Bone Marrow Involvement in Pediatric Hodgkin's Lymphoma

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Researchers conducted a retrospective study to assess 18F-FDG PET/CT vs bone marrow biopsy to detect bone marrow involvement among pediatric patients with Hodgkin lymphoma.

Does Better Breast Imaging Lead to Improved Outcomes or Increased Overdiagnosis?

Does Better Breast Imaging Lead to Improved Outcomes or Increased Overdiagnosis?

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Advances in breast imaging such as DBT offer better, clearer images of breast tissue that can identify even low-grade DCIS tumors. But will more sensitive imaging lead to improved outcomes or increased overtreatment?

History of Headache, Vomiting, Seizures Associated With Pediatric Brain Cancer

History of Headache, Vomiting, Seizures Associated With Pediatric Brain Cancer

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Research pinpointed clinical factors, such as headache, that may be associated with pediatric brain neoplasms.

Cardiac Magnetic Resonance Imaging in Oncology

Cardiac Magnetic Resonance Imaging in Oncology

[Cancer Control] This research examines cardio-oncology programs and their role in the multidisciplinary approach to cancer care.

Adherence to NCCN Guidelines for Chest CT in Early Stage Breast Cancer Lacking

Adherence to NCCN Guidelines for Chest CT in Early Stage Breast Cancer Lacking

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A report on adherence to NCCN Guidelines found that, contrary to guideline recommendations, many asymptomatic patients with stage I/II breast cancer undergo chest CT for pulmonary nodules.

Breast Cancer Overdiagnosis Also a Result of Screening Mammography Programs

Breast Cancer Overdiagnosis Also a Result of Screening Mammography Programs

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Screening mammography programs increased early detection of tumors, improving outcomes for those women; however, these programs also increased detection of tumors that would never pose a clinical problem.

Integrating Texture Features in Breast Tissue Analysis Improved Accuracy of Tissue Classification

Integrating Texture Features in Breast Tissue Analysis Improved Accuracy of Tissue Classification

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A texture analysis technique improved classification of different types of breast tissue imaged with optical coherence microscopy.

Handheld Endoscopic Probe Set to Improve Cancer Diagnosis

Handheld Endoscopic Probe Set to Improve Cancer Diagnosis

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An endoscopic imaging tool in development could aid diagnosis of cancer without the delay of pathologic review of tissue sampling and staining.

Free Lung Cancer Screening Findings Support Continual Screenings in High-Risk Populations

Free Lung Cancer Screening Findings Support Continual Screenings in High-Risk Populations

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A free lung cancer screening program in Augusta, Georgia, found more than double the lung cancer rate of previous screenings.

Shared Decision-making Visits Improved Comfort With Lung Cancer Screening Decisions

Shared Decision-making Visits Improved Comfort With Lung Cancer Screening Decisions

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Patients were more comfortable with their decisions about lung cancer screening after a shared decision-making visit.

Focus on Treatment Options Diminishes Patients' Understanding of Poor Prognosis

Focus on Treatment Options Diminishes Patients' Understanding of Poor Prognosis

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The simple question: "Would you like to talk about what this means?" can lead to more thorough discussions about scan results and prognoses, better preparing patients to make informed treatment decisions.

Computer 'Deep Learning' Algorithm Matches Dermatologists at Classifying Melanomas

Computer 'Deep Learning' Algorithm Matches Dermatologists at Classifying Melanomas

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Researchers compared the ability of an artificial-intelligence algorithm to recognize and classify skin cancers with the clinical evaluations of dermatologists.

Subtype of Glioblastoma Multiforme Responds to Antiangiogenic Chemotherapy

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Although previous clinical trials have demonstrated that antiangiogenetic chemotherapy is not effective in GBM, researchers conducted a retrospective of review of perfusion MR images to determine if a phenotypic subtype of GBM may respond to antiangiogenic chemotherapy.

Guidelines Issued for Prostate MRI After Negative Biopsy

Guidelines Issued for Prostate MRI After Negative Biopsy

Consensus statement presents guidelines for prostate magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in patients with negative biopsy.

Nonadherence to Posttreatment Imaging Follow-up Common Among Breast Cancer Survivors

Nonadherence to Posttreatment Imaging Follow-up Common Among Breast Cancer Survivors

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In this study, researchers assessed data on women who underwent breast cancer treatment to identify the factors associated with posttreatment imaging use.

Novel Radiotracer Is Near Perfect in Detecting Sentinel Lymph Node in Breast Cancer

Novel Radiotracer Is Near Perfect in Detecting Sentinel Lymph Node in Breast Cancer

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A novel sentinel lymph node (SLN) radiotracer, 99mTC-rituximab, demonstrated nearly 100% detection/success rate in SLN and metastasis in breast cancer.

Ratio of Biomarkers on Imaging Identifies Aggressiveness of DCIS

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A new technique combines imaging and mathematics to identify aggressive forms of ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS), or stage 0 breast cancer, from nonaggressive varieties.

Annual Follow-up With Low-Dose CT Is Sufficient for Some Lung Nodules

Annual Follow-up With Low-Dose CT Is Sufficient for Some Lung Nodules

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For nonsolid nodules identified by CT screening for lung cancer, annual screening with low-dose CT can eliminate the need for biopsy or surgery.

Computer Algorithm Matches Skilled Specialists in Detecting Early Esophageal Cancer

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Using a computer algorithm to scan images of the esophagus for signs of early esophageal cancer is nearly as accurate as top specialists.

Supine Position Better Informs Surgeons About Tumor Size and Location Before Lumpectomy for Breast Cancer

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Considerable deformity of the breast and tumor position occur when placing patients in the prone (face down) position to obtain pre-operative MRI of the breast, compared with placing patients in the supine (face up) position.

New Device Improves Breast Imaging With Less Radiation Exposure

New Device Improves Breast Imaging With Less Radiation Exposure

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New screening device provides images with 6 times better contrast of breast tumors and approximately half the radiation dose of standard mammography.

Imaging and Fluorescence Technique Guides Surgical Removal of Otherwise Undetectable Ovarian Tumors

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A newly created tumor-specific fluorescent molecule combined with an imaging system guided surgeons to removing additional tumors not palpable or visible without fluorescence in patients with ovarian cancer.

PET/CT Hybrid Imaging Technique Provides Accurate Guide for Prostate Cancer Biopsy

PET/CT Hybrid Imaging Technique Provides Accurate Guide for Prostate Cancer Biopsy

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Prostate-specific molecular imaging at initial biopsy and preoperative planning can accurately determine and delineate the extent of prostate cancer. The imaging technique was a type of PET/CT called 68Ga-PSMA PET/CT.

Referrals for Lung Cancer CT Imaging Screening Remain Low Among Family Physicians

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Most family physicians report discussing low-dose CT imaging with patients at high risk for lung cancer, but referrals for screening remain low, a study published in the journal Cancer has shown.

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