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Current guidelines as well as the FDA-approved indications consider dronabinol’s role to be in the management of breakthrough CINV. Dronabinol has a unique mechanism of action and adverse effect profile that should be considered when treating a patient with this medication. Unfortunately, there are few ongoing studies evaluating the role of dronabinol in the management of CINV. Two completed, yet unpublished, studies have evaluated dronabinol in combination with a 5-HT3 RA as a prophylactic strategy. At this time, there is insufficient data to support the routine use of dronabinol as an antiemetic in all chemotherapeutic regimens. Data do support the beneficial effects of dronabinol in the breakthrough CINV setting. Further study of the scope of dronabinol’s potential efficacy is warranted.

Megan Brafford May,Ashley E. Glode2

1Department of Pharmacy, Baptist Health Lexington, Lexington, KY, USA; 2Department of Clinical Pharmacy, Skaggs School of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus, Aurora, CO, USA 


The authors report no conflicts of interest in this work.


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Source: Cancer Management and Research
Originally published May 12, 2016.