While significant improvements have been achieved, immunotherapy has yet to prove its full potential benefit in the field of breast cancer. We still need to improve our understanding of the complex relationship between the host, the tumor and the shared microenvironment between those two. In this era of ultra-genomic testing, we must also prioritize the discovery of the biomarkers that could guide therapy in appropriate patients. And finally, we need to redefine novel endpoints that reflect overall survival benefit that might be very different from one patient to the other. Success however is within reach. Immunotherapy is already transforming the cancer field in ways we have not previously imagined. By customizing immunotherapy to both the disease as well as the individual, breast cancer can become a chronic disease potentially curable as well as preventable.


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The authors report no conflicts of interest in this work.

Lida A. Mina,1 Shannon Lim,2 Shakeela W. Bahadur,1 Abdul T. Firoz3

1Hematology Oncology Department, Banner MD Anderson Cancer Center, Gilbert, AZ, USA; 2Pharmacy Department, Banner MD Anderson Cancer Center, Gilbert, AZ, USA; 3Science Department, Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ, USA

Correspondence: Lida A Mina
Banner MD Anderson Cancer Center, Suite 400, 2946 E Banner Gateway Dr, Gilbert, AZ 85234, USA
Tel +1 480 256 3676
Fax +1 480 256 4624
Email [email protected]


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Source: Breast Cancer: Targets and Therapy.
Originally published January 3, 2020.

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