RECOMMENDATIONS

This research not only helps with the identification of vari­ables that attenuate the impact of side effects of chemotherapy on the quality of life of cancer survivors but also offers a rec­ommendation that medical professionals can use to immedi­ately and positively enhance patient prognosis. Additionally, providing patients more information about potential conse­quences of medications could contribute to the development of primary, secondary, and tertiary preventions. Excessive alcohol consumption is a risk factor for cancer onset and recurrence; however, moderate consumption can have positive effects to counteract chemotherapy side effects during treatment. The key is moderation and education on use vs abuse. Medical and other health professionals should help patients diagnosed with cancer in this process, by discussing how alcohol is related to cancer with patient.

It is known that cancer and chemotherapy could affect a patient’s cognitive abilities, and therefore, patients should be informed of potential side effects in order to develop compen­satory skills to cope with the diagnosis and the adverse effects of therapeutic intervention. There are a variety of treatments available to help patients’ cope, including medical treatments, such as use of ginkgo biloba,48 nonmedical cognitive therapy protocols (memory and attention behavioral training or computerized training),49–51 restorative therapies (choosing calming experiences or Tibetan mediations),52,53 and coping strategy therapies (relaxation, self-awareness, or compensa­tory strategies).49–51 All have been successful in improving patient outcomes. Interventions will vary by location based on availability and regional cultural practice, but local American Cancer Society chapters are established throughout US, and PR will provide support groups and information to patients. An increase in awareness among health care professionals and patients is needed to encourage the development of interven­tions that can help cancer patients manage medication side effects and long-term consequences in order to improve their outcome and overall well-being.


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Acknowledgments

Additionally, we thank Siobahn Evans and Dianna Nguyen for editing the article.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: SFA and CEC. Analyzed the data: SFA and CEC. Wrote the first draft of the manuscript: CEC. Contributed to the writing of the manuscript: SFA, CEC, and RD. Agree with manuscript results and conclusions: SFA, CEC, and RD. Jointly devel­oped the structure and arguments for the paper: SFA and CEC. Made critical revisions and approved final version: SFA and RD. All authors reviewed and approved of the final manuscript.


Carmen E. Couvertier-Lebron1, Rachel Dove2 and Summer F. Acevedo3 

1Psychology Program, Ponce School of Medicine and Health Sciences, Ponce, Puerto Rico. 2Department of Psychiatry, UT Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, TX, USA. 3Instructor, Department of Psychiatry, UT Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, TX, USA. 


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Source: Breast Cancer: Basic and Clinical Research 
Originally published xxxxx, 2016.