Progression on bacillus Calmette-Guérin (BCG) likely represents a biologically aggressive disease state as well as diagnostic delay, according to investigators.
The benefits of robotic surgery may have a more pronounced effect in octogenarians, according to investigators.
Study results support an attempt at bladder preservation in patients with BCG-unresponsive nonmuscle-invasive bladder cancer.
Older age independently predicted significant 48% lower odds of the gold standard treatment of NAC and radical cystectomy.
In a small study, most BCG-unresponsive patients who were initially managed conservatively ultimately underwent cystectomy.