This is the easiest form of movement meditation because most ambulatory adults know how to walk.9 Adding meditation to walking is simple. As with any form of movement, patients are advised to check with the health care providers before beginning any movement program. Recommended practice is to start with a 20-minute routine. For walking meditation, you first stand upright and become aware of your body. The meditative elements are to gently focus on your movement starting with your feet and thinking of each part of your body up to your head as you walk. This meditation is best performed outdoors and only for meditation practice. Initially, you should find an area where you can walk continuously for 20 minutes with minimal danger from traffic, other pedestrians, and distractions.9 As you build your practice, you may be able to incorporate meditation into shorter purposeful walks as well.
Yoga is a form of nonaerobic exercise comprised of a program of precise postures, breathing exercises and meditation.9 Research has shown that it can help ease anxiety and stress experienced by patients with cancer as they undergo treatments. Yoga can increase your ability to relax and improve physical fitness. Studies on the benefits of yoga have focused on breast cancer patients; however, new studies are investigating the impact on quality of life for patients with other cancers as well.9 Restorative yoga is a type of yoga classes designed to meet the unique needs of patients with cancer. The poses are gentle and supported by props. Participants are coached to relax and stretch gently. ONA
1. Meditation. Healthline Web site. http://www.healthline.com/natstandardcontent/alt-mindfulness#1. Accessed March 21, 2012.
2. Cut the Cancer: Rehabilitating cancer through the study of aikido. http://aikidoresolutions.com/cutthecancer.htm. Accessed March 19, 2012.
3. Aikido benefits for men, women, and children. Aikido Association of America. http://www.aaa-aikido.com/benefits.htm. Accessed March 19, 2012.
4. United States Aikido Federation. http://www.usaikifed.com/. Accessed March 19, 2012.
5. Wegela KK. The courage to be present: How to practice mindfulness medication. Psychology Today. http://www.psychologytoday.com/blog/the-courage-be-present/201001/how-practice-mindfulness-meditation. Published January 19, 2010. Accessed March 21, 2012.
6. The Qigong Institute: Promoting qigong and energy medicine through research and education. http://www.qigonginstitute.org/html/GettingStarted.php#ComprehensivePractice. Accessed March 14, 2012.
7. National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine (NCCAM). Tai chi: an introduction. NCCAM Web site. http://nccam.nih.gov/health/taichi/introduction.htm. Accessed March 15, 2012.
8. The technique. The Transcendental Meditation Program Web site. http://www.tm.org/meditation-techniques. Accessed March 19, 2012.
9. Walking meditation: How to meditate while walking. Meditation Oasis Web site. http://www.meditationoasis.com/how-to-meditate/simple-meditations/walking-meditation/. Accessed March 26, 2012.
10. Reynolds D. Yoga benefits cancer patients. EmaxHealth Web site. http://www.emaxhealth.com/1506/51/34310/yoga-benefits-cancer-patients.html. Published November 2, 2009. Accessed March 23, 2012.
The following clinical trials are listed in the National Cancer Institute database. These trials were actively recruiting participants at press time. Go to www.ClinicalTrials.gov for more information. Lead organizations/sponsors and location are in parentheses. Patients are advised to discuss their interest in participating in a clinical trial with their oncology care team.
A Mindfulness-Based Intervention for Younger Breast Cancer Survivors
(Jonsson Comprehensive Cancer Center at UCLA; Susan G. Komen Breast Cancer Foundation; Los Angeles, California)
Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction (MBSR) Symptom Cluster Trial for Breast Cancer Survivors
(H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center and Research Institute at University of South Florida; Tampa, Florida)
Effect of Qigong on Fatigue and QOL in Elderly Prostate Cancer Survivors
(University of Utah; Salt Lake City, Utah)
Yoga Intervention for Cancer Survivors
(Vanderbilt-Ingram Cancer Center; Nashville, Tennessee)