General Oncology

Sexual Aids and Resources Not Readily Available at Cancer Centers

Sexual Aids and Resources Not Readily Available at Cancer Centers

Most centers reported having no sexual aids available for patients, according to researchers.

New Hypertension Threshold Guides Blood Pressure Management During Cancer Treatment

New Hypertension Threshold Guides Blood Pressure Management During Cancer Treatment

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Publication of the JNC 8 introduces a lower threshold for initiating hypertension treatment during cancer therapy.

Induced Pluripotent Stem Cell Vaccine May Help Prevent Tumor Growth

Induced Pluripotent Stem Cell Vaccine May Help Prevent Tumor Growth

iPSC vaccine prevented tumor growth in syngeneic murine breast CA, mesothelioma, melanoma models

Gas Mixture Improves Efficacy of Breakthrough Cancer Pain Treatment

Gas Mixture Improves Efficacy of Breakthrough Cancer Pain Treatment

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Patient self-administration of a nitrous oxide/oxygen combination appears to be superior to oxygen alone as an adjunct analgesic treatment for severe breakthrough cancer pain.

Chronic Disease Major Factor for Cancer Risk and Cancer Mortality

Chronic Disease Major Factor for Cancer Risk and Cancer Mortality

Risk scores summarizing eight diseases, markers tied to cancer risk in dose-response manner

As Patients, Nurses Rate Their Care Satisfaction as Moderate

As Patients, Nurses Rate Their Care Satisfaction as Moderate

Study findings indicate that nurses have lower ratings of satisfaction with care than those given by the general public.

Survival Trends for Cancer on the Increase Worldwide

Survival Trends for Cancer on the Increase Worldwide

Increasing trend seen for some lethal cancers, with up to 5 percent increase for liver, pancreas, lung CAs

Gabapentin Improves Postoperative Opioid Cessation, But Not Pain Resolution

Gabapentin Improves Postoperative Opioid Cessation, But Not Pain Resolution

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Compared with placebo, gabapentin administered pre- and postoperatively may reduce the time to postoperative opioid cessation, but was not shown to improve postoperative pain resolution.

Early Integration of Palliative Care Improves Quality of Life in Advanced Cancer

Early Integration of Palliative Care Improves Quality of Life in Advanced Cancer

Results of a nonblinded study demonstrate the value of incorporating early palliative care into oncologic care for patients with advanced cancer.

High Opioid Use Linked to Shorter Cancer Survival, Increased Health Care Use

High Opioid Use Linked to Shorter Cancer Survival, Increased Health Care Use

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Researchers sought to determine the link between opioid use among patients with advanced cancer and health care use such as urgent care, inpatient, and emergency room visits.

PSPT vs IMRT: Radiation Exposure Reduced in Heart Only

PSPT vs IMRT: Radiation Exposure Reduced in Heart Only

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PSPT significantly reduced radiation exposure to the heart, but no differences were observed between PSPT and IMRT for the lung or esophagus.

Chemotherapy Toxicity Risk Score Use Improved Treatment Choice for Elderly

Chemotherapy Toxicity Risk Score Use Improved Treatment Choice for Elderly

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This observational study demonstrates the significance of using the chemotherapy toxicity risk score (CTRS) to determine if an elderly patient can safely tolerate standard-dose combination chemotherapy, or would fare better with a reduced-dose regimen.

Antenatal Cancer Therapy Associated With Specific Neonatal Complications

Antenatal Cancer Therapy Associated With Specific Neonatal Complications

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Cohort study assessed the effect of antenatal cancer treatment on specific neonatal complications by type of chemotherapy and by type of cancer.

Patient Support Program Provides Diversions During Chemotherapy Infusions

Patient Support Program Provides Diversions During Chemotherapy Infusions

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A kind gesture toward friends during their chemotherapy infusions developed into a support organization that helps patients pass the time during their treatment.

Immunotherapy Tolerable for Cancer Patients With Rheumatologic Disease

Immunotherapy Tolerable for Cancer Patients With Rheumatologic Disease

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In this retrospective study, researchers sought to determine if cancer patients with rheumatologic disease would be able to tolerate cancer treatment with immune checkpoint inhibitors or if these agents would induce a rheumatologic disease flare.

Patient Satisfaction Ratings Can Be Negatively Impacted by Nurse Staffing Ratio

Patient Satisfaction Ratings Can Be Negatively Impacted by Nurse Staffing Ratio

Perceptions of missed care are tied to higher patient-to-nurse ratios in England's hospitals, research indicates.

Distress, Neuroticism Predict Long-term Emotional Distress After Cancer Diagnosis

Distress, Neuroticism Predict Long-term Emotional Distress After Cancer Diagnosis

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A literature sought to identify which signs and symptoms in patients with new cancer diagnoses indicate a greater likelihood for long-term emotional distress.

Long-Term Night Shift Work Associated With Cancer Risk in Women

Long-Term Night Shift Work Associated With Cancer Risk in Women

The researchers observed a positive correlation between long-term night shift work and the risks of several different types of cancer.

Incidence of Post-traumatic Stress Disorder High Among Patients With Cancer

Incidence of Post-traumatic Stress Disorder High Among Patients With Cancer

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Study evaluates the incidence of post-traumatic stress disorder in patients with cancer from diagnosis through survivorship.

Pain Tolerance Lower in Abstinent Smokers Before, Following Surgery

Pain Tolerance Lower in Abstinent Smokers Before, Following Surgery

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Abstinent smokers may have reduced preoperative pain tolerance and increased postoperative opioid use compared with nonsmokers.

Nurses Must Be Experienced, Feel Competent When Providing End-of-Life Care

Nurses Must Be Experienced, Feel Competent When Providing End-of-Life Care

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An analysis of select responses to a survey conducted by researchers from the College of Nursing at South Dakota State University identified oncology nurses' comfort level in handling end-of-life care and patient education.

Handgrip Strength Test is Feasible to Predict Outcomes Among Patients with Cancer

Handgrip Strength Test is Feasible to Predict Outcomes Among Patients with Cancer

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Although dynapenia and weak HGS is associated with poor outcomes in patients with cancer, it is not routinely assessed in this population.

Married Status May Improve Survival Outcomes in Hepatocellular Carcinoma

Married Status May Improve Survival Outcomes in Hepatocellular Carcinoma

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Recent studies have suggested that married patients experience a survival benefit for various cancers; marriage has been associated with earlier detection, undergoing treatment, as well as better economic status and social support.

Coffee Consumption Associated With Beneficial Health Outcomes

Coffee Consumption Associated With Beneficial Health Outcomes

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Coffee consumption was found to be generally safe and more likely to benefit health than harm.

Artificial Sweeteners and Cancer Risk (Fact Sheet)

Artificial Sweeteners and Cancer Risk (Fact Sheet)

This fact sheet examines the evidence linking artificial sweeteners to an increased risk of cancer development.

Bridging the Gap in Genetic Cancer Research Data on Minority Populations

Bridging the Gap in Genetic Cancer Research Data on Minority Populations

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Investigators sought to determine why so few biospecimens were available for research from minority populations of women with breast cancer.

Sarcopenia Severity Prognostic of Postchemotherapy Outcomes in the Elderly

Sarcopenia Severity Prognostic of Postchemotherapy Outcomes in the Elderly

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Using a series of functional tests, researchers determined the significance of sarcopenia severity after chemotherapy in older patients with cancer and its effect on their physical independence.

Hearing Loss, Tinnitus May Predict Worse Outcomes for Cancer Survivors

Hearing Loss, Tinnitus May Predict Worse Outcomes for Cancer Survivors

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A survey of 754 cancer survivors sought to determine the association between number of neurotoxicities such as CIN, hearing loss, and tinnitus and outcomes for these patients.

ASHP and Partners Urge Congress to Action on Drug Shortages

ASHP and Partners Urge Congress to Action on Drug Shortages

Groups urge Congress to take immediate action, provide transparency, and improve drug manufacturing.

Risk of Falls, Fractures Greater Among Elderly Patients with Cancer

Risk of Falls, Fractures Greater Among Elderly Patients with Cancer

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Researchers conducted a geriatric assessment of 304 patients with cancer, then followed them in a 2-year study to determine the risk of fractures and falls in older patients.

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