Indications for: MALARONE

Prophylaxis of P. falciparum malaria (including chloroquine-resistant strains). Treatment of acute uncomplicated P. falciparum malaria.

Adults and Children:

Take at the same time each day with food or a milky drink. Children: may crush and mix with condensed milk if unable to swallow tabs. Repeat dose if vomiting occurs within 1 hour. Prophylaxis (once daily starting 1–2 days before entering endemic area, during stay, and for 7 days after return): <11kg: not recommended (see Treatment); 11–20kg: 62.5mg atovaquone/25mg proguanil; 21–30kg: 125mg/50mg; 31–40kg: 187.5mg/75mg. >40kg: 250mg/100mg. Treatment (give as single daily dose for 3 consecutive days): <5kg: not recommended; 5–8kg: 125mg/50mg; 9–10kg: 187.5mg/75mg; 11–20kg: 250mg/100mg; 21–30kg: 500mg/200mg; 31–40kg: 750mg/300mg. >40kg: 1g/400mg.

MALARONE Contraindications:

Prophylaxis in severe renal impairment (CrCl <30mL/min).

MALARONE Warnings/Precautions:

Use other therapy in severe malaria, recrudescence, or prophylaxis failure. Monitor parasitemia closely and consider other therapy in severe or persistent diarrhea or vomiting (may use antiemetics). Hepatic or renal impairment (CrCl <30mL/min): consider alternate therapy for treatment. Elderly. Pregnancy (Cat.C; may continue folate supplements). Nursing mothers.

See Also:

MALARONE Classification:

Naphthoquinone + dihydrofolate reductase inhibitor.

MALARONE Interactions:

Concomitant rifampin, rifabutin: not recommended. Atovaquone antagonized by tetracycline, metoclopramide. Proguanil may potentiate warfarin or other coumarin-based anticoagulants (monitor). Caution with indinavir, CYP2C19 substrates or inhibitors.

Adverse Reactions:

GI upset/pain, headache, asthenia, anorexia, dizziness, elevated liver function tests; rare: anaphylaxis, vasculitis, hepatitis, cholestasis. Children: vomiting, pruritus.

How Supplied:

Tabs—24, 100; Ped tabs—100