Classification and Potential Causes of Urinary Incontinence

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URINARY INCONTINENCE
URINARY INCONTINENCE CLASSIFICATION
Type Description
Stress
Incontinence
Involuntary urine loss due to increased physical pressure on the bladder.
Urge
Incontinence
Strong, sudden need to urinate immediately followed by a bladder contraction, resulting in involuntary loss of urine.
Mixed
Incontinence
Both stress and urge incontinence are present.
Overflow
Incontinence
Involuntary loss of urine due to overdistension of the bladder.
Reflex
Incontinence
Involuntary urine loss due to detrusor hyperreflexia and/or involuntary urethral relaxation.
Functional
Incontinence
Physical disability, external obstacles, or problems in thinking or communicating prevent a person from reaching a toilet.
POTENTIAL CAUSES OF INCONTINENCE
Temporary Causes Irreversible Causes

UTI or urinary tract inflammation

Prostate infection or inflammation

Stool impaction

Increased urine volume

Pregnancy

Weight gain

Immobility

Mental confusion

Medications

Spinal injuries

Anatomical abnormalities

Neurological disease or disorders

Sphincter damage

Pelvic prolapse

Enlarged prostate

CNS disorders

Bladder cancer

Bladder spasms

Diabetes

        

(Rev. 11/2017)

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