Treating medulloblastoma with proton beam therapy results in survival rates in line with other proton therapies, according to recent study data.
A recent study examined factors that impact patient preferences for web- and phone-based tobacco cessation programs.
Intensive care unit survivors have higher mortality, use of hospital resources in five years after discharge.
Early cardiovascular events are a risk for survivors of childhood cancer, according to researchers who also advocate for a unified definition of pediatric metabolic syndrome.
No increase in locoregional recurrence, systemic recurrence, or second breast cancer observed following breast lipofilling procedure.
Use of minimally invasive hysterectomy is linked to favorable morbidity profile and does not compromise long-term survival for patients.
Ob-gyns report external examinations are important for cancer detection and lesion identification.
Phase 2 trial data showed acceptable toxicity and similar survival as conventional radiotherapy for childhood medulloblastoma.
US cancer survivors are not more likely than the general population to engage in all healthy lifestyle behaviors.
Chemotherapy, with or without cranial irradiation, has been associated with improved survival versus surgery alone for patients with early-stage small-cell lung cancer (SCLC) undergoing resection.
Initiating a palliative care consultation in the ED improved quality of life and survival was not shortened in patients with advanced cancer.
A simple blood test can identify post-chemo patients with the NPM1 gene mutation.
Valproic acid and levetiracetam do not improve survival outcomes in patients with newly diagnosed glioblastoma, according to a recently published study.
No significant difference in survival was observed with VTE, but odds of esophageal cancer ecurrence are increased.
Survivorship care plans led to improved outcomes in a randomized, controlled trial reported at the American Society of Clinical Oncology 2016 Cancer Survivorship Symposium.
Adolescent and Young-adult Survivors of Hodgkin Lymphoma May Not Adhere to Follow-up Recommendations
Within the first year posttreatment, more than half of Hodgkin lymphoma survivors did not receive all recommended care. However, 96% had their recommended oncology visits and 70% had the recommended laboratory tests within the first 5 years.
Mortality rate changes in the United States since 1991 translate to an additional 1.7 million cancer survivors.
Lifelong screening is recommended for survivors of childhood cancer that affects the vision, in order to detect issues early.
A study compared the effectiveness of volasertib versus chemotherapy for treatment of platinum-resistant or -refractory ovarian cancer.
Cancer-induced Weakness in Immune System May Be Key to HER2+ Breast Cancer Recurrence, and Prevention
T cells from patients whose breast cancer had recently recurred showed weak response to the HER2 receptor protein, according to a recent study. The study findings suggest that immune status monitoring may be used to gauge the risk of recurrence.
New Studies Reveal Long-Term Vision-related Health Concerns of Survivors of Childhood Retinoblastoma and Brain Cancer
Two new studies investigate the impact of retinoblastoma on long-term health of survivors and the long-term psychological and socio-economic effects of blindness in survivors of brain tumors.
Improved survival for patients treated by higher-volume radiation oncologists was observed.
Exposure to anthracycline and heart radiation has been tied to higher odds of cardiac disease.
Health-related quality of life (HRQOL) is significantly better for cancer survivors than for persons with chronic diseases without cancer, based on questionnaire responses reported in a study.
Adolescents and young adults (AYAs) with hematologic malignancies experience significant psychological morbidities during treatment and early survivorship.
Medicaid benefits are an important part of the health care landscape for low-income cancer survivors.
Rates of 6-month continuous abstinence after lung cancer screening did not differ between black smokers and white smokers despite a higher likelihood of 24-hour and 7-day quit attempts by black smokers.
Improvements to progression-free survival (PFS) seen across patient subgroups treated with cabozantinib.
Researchers observed significant changes in health-related quality of life (HRQoL), depression, and sexual function among patients with breast cancer receiving chemotherapy.
Docetaxel should be added at initiation of standard of care treatment in men with prostate cancer; however, no evidence of survival improvement was seen with zoledronic acid therefore it is not recommended as part of standard of care for this patient population.
A recent study examined the efficacy of pembrolizumab for the treatment of previously treated, PD-L1-positive, advanced non-small-cell lung cancer.
Survivors of thyroid cancer report their quality of life after diagnosis and treatment as poor compared with patients whose diagnoses are more lethal cancers.
Tumor Location and Duration of Therapy Influence Palliative Effects of Radiation Therapy for Painful Bone Metastases
In a review of the Dutch Bone Metastasis Study results, stratified for primary tumor location, palliative radiation therapy was found to reduce pain and improve quality of life for some patients.
The longest survival time was observed for primary debulking surgery coupled with chemotherapy in an optimal timeframe.
Depression is a significant predictor of 5-year survival and recurrence in patients with head and neck cancer. These findings represent one of the largest studies to report on the impact of depression on cancer survival.
Mindfulness-based Stress Reduction Reduces Cognitive Deficits in Survivors of Breast and Colorectal Cancers
Participation in an MBSR program yields robust and sustained improvement in cancer-related cognitive impairment.
American Cancer Society and American Society of Clinical Oncology publish their breast cancer survivorship care guideline, providing care guidance for the estimated 3.1 million female adult survivors of breast cancer in the United States.
Association Is Found Between Bone Complications in Young Pediatric Patients With Leukemia and Gene Variations
Variations in genes involved in normal bone development are associated with an 8- to 15-fold increased risk for osteonecrosis in young patients with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL).
Radiotherapy is the most effective single modality for local control of Hodgkin lymphoma. Involved site radiotherapy is a recent innovation intended to reduce the risk of late effects—an urgent goal, particularly for adolescent and young adult patients.
Risk of death from all causes is 45% higher in women with breast cancer and a subsequent diagnosis of depression, according to a recent study. This finding could help identify those women most at risk for depression and in need of support.
Understanding the effect of cancer on health-related quality of life is vital for optimal patient care.
Ten-year Overall Survival Is Higher After Breast-conserving Therapy Compared With Mastectomy in Early Stage Breast Cancer
Breast-conserving surgery with radiation therapy (BCT) demonstrated improved 10-year overall survival in patients with early stage breast cancer compared with mastectomy without radiation therapy, according to data presented at the 2015 San Antonio Breast Cancer Symposium.
There are benefits for breast and colorectal cancer survivors with mindfulness-based stress reduction, study data indicates.
Women who were taught how to manage stress early in their breast cancer treatment showed greater length of survival and longer time until disease recurrence over 8 to 15 years after their original diagnosis.
Nipple-sparing Mastectomy Offers Better Cosmetic and Psychological Outcomes for Patients With Breast Cancer
Nipple-sparing mastectomy and immediate breast reconstruction results in higher reported patient body image, when compared to skin-sparing partial mastectomy (SS-PM), and may lower risk of local recurrence.
Results of a phase 3 randomized trial support high intensity conditioning with myeloablative regimens prior to allogeneic stem cell transplantation as standard of care for patients with acute myeloid leukemia.
Immunophenotypic expression profiles can provide a tool to discriminate cohorts of young patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) that have a high relapse probability.
For patients with chronic phase chronic myeloid leukemia (CP-CML) and the T315I mutation, ponatinib treatment may offer longer overall survival.
Although a fourth chemotherapy course may benefit younger patients with poor-risk acute myeloid leukemia, those with good and standard risk demonstrated little survival benefit from the additional course.
Continuous antibiotic treatment can reduce infections in young patients with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL).
Addition of Midostaurin Significantly Improved Event-Free and Overall Survival in Some Patients With Acute Myeloid Leukemia
The addition of midostaurin, a multi-target protein kinase inhibitor, to to standard chemotherapy for AML has been associated with increased survival.
Non-Hispanic children undergoing treatment for newly diagnosed acute lymphoblastic leukemia reported higher rates of fractures and opportunistic infections, according to new study data.
High Remission Rate Seen With Arsenic Trioxide Consolidation for Children With Acute Promyelocytic Leukemia
Increased rates of event-free surviva were seen with lthe use of arsenic trioxide consolidation for children newly diagnosed with acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL).
Subjective over-reporting of 6-mercaptopurine (6MP) intake during maintenance therapy for childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia is common, according to a new cohort study.
Researchers developed a mathematical model to forecast metastatic breast cancer survival rates using techniques usually reserved for weather prediction, financial forecasting, and surfing the Web.
A small study shows those undergoing radiation therapy had fewer side effects and less fatigue when practicing yoga.
Childhood cancer survivors are at heightened risk of a wide range of autoimmune diseases. Diabetes and Addison's disease make up almost half of the excess cases, according to the findings.
For patients with diabetes, poor glycemic control is linked to higher risk of postoperative progression.
Genetic mutations in the REST gene have been shown to cause Wilms tumor, a rare kidney cancer that occurs in children. The findings identified mutations in the REST gene in 16 children with Wilms tumor.
Incurable astrocytomas grow into healthy brain tissue like mycelium. Therefore, these tumors cannot be completely removed by surgery and invariably start growing again at some point despite intensive treatment.
Among more than 1500 adults who underwent cardiac surgery, those who were divorced, separated, or widowed were more likely to have died or develop a new functional disability after the surgery compared with the married participants.
Dietary habits have a profound impact on cancer survivorship. A recent study found that unfortunately many survivors do not adhere to healthy dietary guidelines, and those who smoke are even less likely to follow the guidelines.
Patients undergoing oncologic liver surgeries who participated in an enhanced recovery program returned sooner to their normal life function and to adjuvant cancer therapies than patients who were treated with a traditional approach to perioperative care.
Elderly cancer survivors with high self-efficacy for performing strength and endurance exercise may benefit from home-based lifestyle counseling.
Researchers at Dana-Farber/Boston Children's Cancer and Blood Disorders Center sought to assess the effects of treatment for brain tumors in children over 10 years of follow-up.
Patients with melanoma who undergo surgical resection of abdominal metastases live more than twice as long as those treated with drug therapy alone, according to novel research presented at the American College of Surgeons Clinical Congress 2015.
Surviving neuroblastoma as a child can come with just as many challenges as the cancer itself. But a team of surgeons is in the nascent stages of developing a more targeted method for delivering chemotherapy, with lower toxicity.
Findings based on small study of childhood cancer survivors with treatment-related deficits shows benefits of computerized cognitive intervention.
The genetic makeup of colon cancer tumors and survival rates for patients with the disease differ by race, according to a study from the Mayo Clinic Cancer Center in Rochester, Minnesota.
Despite advances in treatment, finding smaller tumors has been linked to better survival results.
Ethnic, racial, and socioeconomic disparities appear to exist among children with retinoblastoma, a once uniformly fatal but now treatable eye cancer. Those disparities are associated with greater risks for advanced disease and undergoing removal of the eye.
Patients successfully treated at age 15 to 39 are nearly 60 percent more likely to develop another cancer, necessitating continued screening.
Aspirin improves survival in patients with tumors situated throughout the gastrointestinal (GI) tract, according to results from a large study. This is the first time that survival data from patients with tumors in different GI locations have been analyzed at the same time.
An experimental gene therapy essentially doubled the overall survival of patients with recurrent glioblastoma compared with the current standard of care.
Current results from a clinical trial comparing a combination of two targeted therapies with a single-agent treatment for advanced melanoma has shown patients are living significantly longer with the combination therapy.
Nonsmokers more likely than smokers to be women and to have adenocarcinoma
Despite growing popularity of patient navigation (PN) in cancer care, few studies have evaluated the impact of PN on patient outcomes.
Adult survivors of childhood brain tumors have lower working memory performance compared with healthy adults, according to research from Georgia State University and Emory University, in Atlanta.
Patients with metastatic nonsquamous non-small-cell lung cancer treated with nivolumab demonstrated greater survival.
In the study, management was changed in 44% more cases by Use of the imaging agent Ga-68 PSMA with PET/CT resulted in a change in management of prostate cancer in 44% more cases than with another widely used agent.
A study of the risk of acute leukemia that considered all 2,760 cases of leukemia in children younger than 15 years in metropolitan France between 2002 and 2007 found that the incidence of myeloblastic leukemia was 30% higher among children who lived within 150 m of heavily used roads.
This fact sheet explores the harmful effects of tobacco smoke, tobacco addiction, and the immediate and long-term benefits of smoking cessation.
The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) urges PCPs to offer interventions to help adults, including pregnant women, stop smoking.
A new study reveals that insurance status, marital status, and county-level income may affect survival for younger patients with AML, indicating that efforts are needed to address social factors that impact critical aspects of health.
Use of irreversible electroporation (IRE) doubles survival time for patients with locally advanced pancreatic cancer.
Guidelines and novel approaches are helping clinicians to more effectively manage this debilitating side effect of radiation treatment for cancer.
Increased risk of childhood leukemia and lymphoma has been observed with indoor insecticide exposure.
Survivors of childhood cancer have a high risk for stroke at a surprisingly young age.
For children with high-grade gliomas, the chances of survival are improved when surgery is successful in eliminating all visible cancer.
Clinically meaningful weight loss over two years in overweight/obese survivors of breast cancer can be achieved via weight loss intervention.
Genetic mutations identified during remission of leukemia may help predict risk of relapse, survival
Even though potentially curative therapy is now available for many patients with AML, the therapy is expensive and is associated with significant side effects. This study explained that identifying patients at high risk for relapse would be helpful clinically.
Adjuvant chemotherapy does not improve QOL, recurrence, and survival in patients with stage II colon cancer
The American Cancer Society (ACS) has released its second in a series of cancer survivorship care guidelines.
Chemotherapy prolongs life for older adults with most types of cancer, but for women older than 80 years with breast cancer, the chances of improved survival due to chemotherapy are significantly lower, according to a recent study.
A new set of genes has been identified that can indicate improved survival after surgery for patients with pancreatic cancer. The study also showed that detection of circulating tumor DNA in the blood could provide an early indication of tumor recurrence.
What would be the ideal TSH level for patients after total thyroidectomy for cancer of the papillary thyroid?
Some drugs normally taken to treat heart ailments may also be beneficial for ovarian cancer.
Shutting down the healing action of certain white blood cells triggered by chemotherapy may help prevent the spread of cancer.
A combination therapy increased survival rates for individuals with newly diagnosed metastatic, hormone-sensitive prostate cancer.
Many patients with lung cancer do wish to be offered support to help them quit smoking after surgery, according to a recent study.
- Prostate-Specific Antigen (PSA) Test (Fact Sheet)
- Inconclusive: The Pulmonary Nodules You Need to Follow
- Proposed Regimen for Ovarian Cancer Is Aggressive, But Could Achieve a 50% Cure Rate
- Better Approaches to Patient Counseling of BRCA Gene Mutation Carriers Needed
- Novel Procedure Improves Staging of Lymph Nodes in Patients With Breast Cancer
- Low-income Breast Cancer Survivors Benefit From Personalized Survivorship Care Plans
- Understanding Drug Naming Nomenclature
- Nurse Navigators Key to Seamless Transition From Pediatric to Adult Survivorship Care
- Inconclusive: The Pulmonary Nodules You Need to Follow
- Common Painkiller Has Anticancer Effects
- Risk of Breast Cancer or Thyroid Cancer Higher Following a Diagnosis of the Other Cancer Type
- HIV and Cancer: Dual Diagnosis Compounds Challenges in Coping
- Cola Consumption May Increase Erlotinib Absorption in Patients Taking PPIs
- Proton Beam Therapy Treats Childhood Brain Cancer as Effectively as Standard Radiation
- Risk of Ovarian Cancer Predicted With Fine-tuned Test
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