Some patients undergoing radiotherapy for cancers of the head, neck, and brain are at risk for endocrinopathies. This article reviews the risks, detection, and management of radiotherapy-induced hypopituitarism.
A study conducted by researchers based at the St. Jude Children's Research Hospital has determined that healthy lifestyle choices can help cancer survivors avoid the metabolic syndrome.
Colorectal cancer patients with high levels of vitamin D in their blood are more likely to survive the disease, a study shows.
Patients' relationship with their doctor and their attachment style may affect their physical and mental well-being, especially during vulnerable times such after a cancer diagnosis, according to a new study.
A team of researchers in Canada concludes that combining exercise, nutritional counseling, and symptom control to palliative care from diagnosis helps to improve the quality of life for patients with cancer.
Lung cancer patients could receive more precise treatment, and their progress could be better tracked by using a new high-tech method of non-invasive medical imaging analysis, according to a new study.
Rates of observation as management for low-risk prostate cancer vary widely, and primary ADT is not tied to better survival for men with localized prostate cancer.
Results of a new study show that robot-assisted surgery to remove cancerous prostate glands is effective in controlling the disease for 10 years.
Changes in how follicular lymphoma is managed have led to substantial improvement in prognosis and over all survival for patients with the disease.
Scientists have shown that a new drug could prove useful in treating small cell lung cancer, the most aggressive form of lung cancer.
Depressed men with a diagnosis of intermediate- or high-risk prostate cancer have worse overall outcomes.
Physicians who diagnosed low-risk prostate cancer had more influence over the decision to enter active surveillance than did the disease characteristics, according to a case review.
Key genetic variants may affect how cancer patients respond to radiation treatments, according to a new study.
The EUROCARE study, the largest population-based study of survival in European blood cancer patients to date, analyzed data from 30 cancer registries, involving all patients with cancer diagnoses in 20 European countries.
The dietary inflammatory index may be used as a potential predictor of length of hospitalization among patients undergoing surgical treatment of colorectal cancer, according to a team of researchers at Jagiellonian University Medical College, in Krakow, Poland.
New findings from Fox Chase Cancer Center paint a relatively optimistic picture of women's chances of surviving a subset of breast cancers that have spread to the chest wall or skin.
Scientists have developed a test which accurately predicts the prognosis for patients with the most common form of leukemia.
The addition of MM-398, a novel nanoliposome formulation of irinotecan, to standard treatment improves survival for metastatic pancreatic cancer patients who have already received gemcitabine.
A new model for paying oncologists reduced cancer care costs by 34% without changing how well patients fared after treatment, according to a study conducted by UnitedHealthcare.
African-Americans are half as likely to have the genetic marker associated with improved survival.
A series of simple telephone calls can make a profound difference in helping women with breast cancer to meet their treatment goals for weight loss.
A new combination of medications for treatment of recurrent ovarian cancer showed improved response rates, increased the rate of tumor shrinkage, and prolonged the time until cancers recurred
A new systematic review shows that treatment with the breast cancer drug trastuzumab is associated with prolonged survival in women with advanced breast cancer, but the risk of developing heart problems also increases.
A new study is suggesting a different approach to treating prostate cancer. Researchers at Comprehensive Cancer Centers of Nevada conducted a study in which 790 men with advanced stages of prostate cancer received early chemotherapy.
New research presents another cause for concern in regard to the chemical bisphenol A (BPA). The study is the first to examine what impact BPA has on the DNA of mammary glands as they age.
Survivors of childhood cancers were hospitalized more often and had longer hospital admissions many years after cancer treatment was completed, compared with the general population.
The earlier a specific phone-based, palliative care support program can be introduced to caregivers, the better they will be able to cope with the caregiving experience, according to research conducted by University of Alabama at Birmingham School of Nursing investigators.
Sometimes the best answer to a patient's question is quiet support. Can you recognize when no words are needed?
A review of studies that evaluated patient-centered outcomes of LDCT screening for lung cancer found that overall quality of life is not significantly impacted in persons who undergo the screening procedure.
A study using a 5-year LDCT screening protocol showed good adherence and patient survival outcomes in persons at high risk of developing lung cancer.
A four-step process involving 155 patients with cancer was used to develop patient-reported outcome measure.
A simple, noninvasive blood test matched with state-of-the-art molecular imaging of individual cells could help oncologists understand their patients' chances of survival.
Patients with advanced breast cancer that may have spread to their lymph nodes could benefit from a more robust dose of a molecular imaging agent when undergoing lymphoscintigraphy.
Reducing carbohydrate intake could reduce the risk of breast cancer recurrence among women whose tumor tissue is positive for the insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF1) receptor, according to a new study.
A diet rich in dairy products may slightly extend the lives of people diagnosed with colon cancer, a new study suggests.
Children who undergo repeated complex imaging tests that deliver higher doses of radiation may have a slightly increased lifetime risk of cancer, according to new research.
Treatment with selumetinib resulted in improved progression-free survival time and tumor response rate compared with chemotherapy, but no improvement was seen in overall survival. Furthermore, the modest improvement in clinical outcomes was accompanied by a high rate of adverse effects.
Cancer represents the leading cause of nonaccidental death among children in an increasing number of middle-income countries. Meaningful declines in global childhood cancer mortality will require moving toward the establishment of national childhood cancer strategies.
Researchers in Melbourne, Australia, have shown that switching off a gene called Pax5 could cause a type of leukemia, and restoring its function could cure the disease.
To better understand breast cancer surgery trends in Canada, researchers reviewed data from the Canadian Institute for Health (CHI) on 57,840 women who underwent breast cancer surgery between 2007 and 2010.
In Alabama, smartphone technology brings regional resources to patients with cancer; in New Jersey, it motivates adolescent survivors to exercise.
A higher hospital admission rate is seen for childhood survivors, with highest rates for survivors of neuroblastoma and bone tumors.
Women with a specific gene mutation have a higher risk of dying from a type of breast cancer, according to a study that raised prospects of targeted drugs.
In order to meet new cancer program accreditation standards, institutions have placed new focus on patient navigation, psychosocial distress screening, and survivorship care plans.
A multi-institutional, randomized phase III trial of fractionation in locally advanced head and neck cancer demonstrated improved local-regional control and improved overall survival with no increase in late toxicity with hyperfractionated radiation therapy.
A research group's findings demonstrate a role for risk profiling in the interpretation of mammograms. The new approach takes into account a woman's health risk profile, which may reduce both the number of missed cancers and false positives.
Big tobacco companies are jumping into the rapidly expanding and lucrative e-cigarette market.
Optimum, risk-based survivorship health care is a provision of lifelong care that integrates cancer and survivorship experiences in survivors' overall health care needs.
Concerned about the associations between obesity, diabetes, and cancer risk, researchers examined the links between carbohydrate intake and breast cancer risk.
Tumor sequencing of several different lung cancers and their surrounding tissue complicates the prevailing theory of linear lung cancer progression and offers new insights for management of this deadly cancer.
In a review of study results from 2,964 human clinical trials, Australia and Chinese university scientists found that Chinese herbal medicine offers significant treatment for most types of cancers.
Children in remission from acute lymphocytic leukemia (ALL) must take 6-mercaptopurine (6MP) for 2 years to prevent disease reemergence; however, a study shows that an estimated 25% of children in remission are not taking this essential maintenance medication at least 90% of the time, tripling their relapse risk.
A team of clinicians proposed a virtual navigation system that would allow patients to follow the same pathway as clinic patients but without the formal clinic setting.
A team of nurses at Torrance Memorial Medical Center identified developed a collaborative approach aimed at improving the cancer patient experience at their community hospital.
A new cancer diagnosis encompasses multiple physician visits and procedures, and can produce overwhelming stress for all involved.
Nurses at a community cancer center in Minneapolis described the Celebration of Life Cancer Survivorship Evening Program they developed in a presentation at the 2014 NCONN Conference.
Ongoing efforts are being made to address the distress experienced by patients with cancer and new guidelines are now incorporating this care into standard practice.
The number of cancer survivors in the United States, currently estimated at 14.5 million, will grow to almost 19 million by 2024, according to an updated report by the American Cancer Society.
New guidelines have been developed for clinical follow-up care for prostate cancer survivors. Issues addressed include health promotion, surveillance for recurrence, and new primaries.
A major medical center in New York City uses a program of arts and music to help patients through their treatments. The program is even being used to give nurses a chance to de-stress.
Antiviral treatment for hepatitis B virus (HBV) may be associated with a lower risk of hepatocellular carcinoma, researchers reported.
The largest clinical study to evaluate breast cancer screening of female survivors of childhood Hodgkin lymphoma, showed that MRI detected invasive breast tumors at very early stages, when cure rates are expected to be excellent.
The American Cancer Society released a set of guidelines addressing the long-term primary care for survivors of prostate cancer. The guidelines outline follow-up care, monitoring for recurrence, and screening for secondary primary cancers. They also reiterate the need to educate survivors about physical exercise and smoking cessation.
Researchers have found that antiviral therapy may be successful in preventing hepatitis B virus from developing into the most common form of liver cancer, hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC).
The likelihood that patients will suffer a return of colon cancer more than doubles if they eat fish less than twice a week, or if they get less than 60 minutes of moderate exercise a week.
Patients with AIDS-related lymphomas may face an increased risk of CNSi compared to other lymphomas. Researchers report that CNSi - identified at the time of an ARL diagnosis - does not appear to have an impact on overall survival. The vast majority of patients have stage IV disease at the time of presentation.
The Prolaris test distinguished newly diagnosed patients who were likely to die from prostate cancer within 10 years from those with lower risk disease.
By 2024, the number of Americans with a history of cancer is expected to grow to 19 million.
Researchers have identified a genetic mutation in brain cancer tumor cells that plays a role in both the growth and the death of the cell.
Health insurance coverage is associated with improved cancer-specific outcomes for young adults, according to a study.
Chemotherapy disrupts circadian rhythms leading to a higher risk for clinically relevant fatigue or weight loss.
Immediately integrating cancer treatment and palliative care might improve survival at 1 year in patients with advanced cancers, suggest findings from the ENABLE III randomized controlled trial, presented at the 2014 ASCO Annual Meeting.
Two oral targeted drugs approved for metastatic kidney cancer worked equally well, but one proved superior in tolerability, according to results of a large international clinical trial led by researchers at Dana-Farber Cancer Institute.
For patients with non-small-cell lung cancer who have relapsed after initial treatment, the addition of the anti-angiogenesis drug ramucirumab to standard docetaxel chemotherapy extends survival.
Apologies by health care workers are protected from being used against them in court by a new law enacted in Wisconsin, one of more than 35 states to enact such a law.
Nurse navigators can offer more than just helping patients keep their appointments and maintain their lives. Navigators can help the health care system function more effectively.
A mutated gene common to adenosquamous carcinoma tumors has been identified. It is the first known unique molecular signature for this rare, but particularly virulent, form of pancreatic cancer.
Overall quality of death of cancer patients who die in an urban Canadian setting with ready access to palliative care was found to be good to excellent in a majority of cases, helping to dispel the myth that suffering at the end of life is inevitable.
Smokers with abnormalities detected in lung cancer screening are significantly more likely to quit smoking, according to research.
Adult and young adult cancer survivors face cognitive and sexual late effects from cancer and its treatment, according to data compiled from an online cancer survivorship care planning tool presented at the 2014 ASCO Annual Meeting.
Upfront standard androgen deprivation therapy plus six cycles of docetaxel significantly improves overall survival compared with ADT alone in men with metastatic hormone-sensitive prostate cancer.
Baseline hypertension and BMI can affect worsening hypertension among patients administered vascular endothelial growth factor signaling pathway inhibitors, according to research presented at the 2014 ASCO Annual Meeting.
The presence of tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes ahead of treatment may help predict response to platinum-based chemotherapy in women with triple-negative breast cancer, according to a new study.
An analysis projects pancreatic and liver cancers will become second and third leading causes of cancer-related death in the United States by 2030, respectively, behind lung cancer, which will remain the number one killer.
Genetic alterations of lung cancer tumors were identified through multiplexed testing, and these alterations were helpful in selecting targeted treatments.
By targeting a particular receptor, chemotherapy-resistant cancer cells can be killed in an acute form of childhood leukemia, according to new research.
With accelerating development of personalized cancer treatments matched to a patient's DNA sequencing, proponents of these treatments say frontline physicians increasingly need help finding the best individualized therapy.
Just over half believe them to be less harmful than cigarettes, according to a study.
An old idea of retreating lung tumors with radiation is new again, especially with the technological advances seen in radiation oncology over the last decade.
A new study reports that sleep efficiency, a ratio of time asleep to time spent in bed, is predictive of survival time for women with advanced breast cancer.
Among patients with a certain type of colorectal cancer with limited spread to the liver, imaging using PET and CT before surgery did not significantly change the surgical treatment of the cancer, compared with CT alone.
Tumors shrank or disappeared and disease progression was temporarily halted in 15 children with advanced neuroblastoma enrolled in a safety study of an experimental antibody.
In a new study, researchers examined the largest collection of tumor samples to date to predict patient-specific tumor mutations that may activate the patient's immune system, paving the way for more successful, personalized cancer immunotherapy.
Despite the seriousness of cancer, patients may use humor as part of their coping armamentarium. They may also appreciate when their health care team does, too, as these researchers found.
One study by British researchers suggests yes, but not all experts agree.
Stem cells derived from human body fat have been successfully used to deliver biologic treatments directly to the brains of mice with the most common and aggressive form of brain tumor, significantly extending their lives.
Cancer patients who have higher levels of vitamin D at diagnosis tend to have better survival rates and remain in remission longer than patients who are vitamin D-deficient, according to a new study.
For men with early-stage prostate cancer, the cancer-specific survival benefit associated with aggressive prostate cancer treatment is reduced with increasing comorbidity, according to a study.
Meeting the challenges of the significant morbidity, functional impairment, and alterations in body image in patients undergoing this surgical resection.
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