Surgery

Comorbidities May Predict Non-Home Discharge After Hysterectomy

Comorbidities May Predict Non-Home Discharge After Hysterectomy

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Presence of 1 risk factor or 2 or more risk factors is associated with non-home discharge after hysterectomy for gynecologic malignancy.

Some Quality Metrics Inconsistent With Long-Term Clinical Outcomes Goals

Some Quality Metrics Inconsistent With Long-Term Clinical Outcomes Goals

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Study finds that instituting a health system-wide quality metric, such as postoperative hospital readmission rate, may be inconsistent with long-term clinical outcomes goals.

Perioperative Pain Control Reduces Need for Postoperative Narcotics After Hysterectomy for Uterine Cancer

Perioperative Pain Control Reduces Need for Postoperative Narcotics After Hysterectomy for Uterine Cancer

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Preoperative intravenous acetaminophen plus local infiltration of LB during hysterectomy and surgical staging of uterine cancer may reduce the need for postoperative narcotics.

Perioperative Celecoxib Reduces Outpatient Narcotic Use After Hysterectomy

Perioperative Celecoxib Reduces Outpatient Narcotic Use After Hysterectomy

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Perioperative celecoxib use during hysterectomy may reduce the need for oral narcotics after hospital discharge.

No Association Between Vasectomy and Prostate Cancer Risk

No Association Between Vasectomy and Prostate Cancer Risk

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There is no association between vasectomy and the risk of overall, high-grade, or advanced-stage prostate cancer or prostate cancer-related mortality.

Single Chemotherapy Dose Informs Treatment Strategy for Advanced Laryngeal Cancer

Single Chemotherapy Dose Informs Treatment Strategy for Advanced Laryngeal Cancer

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A new approach in which patients receive a single dose of chemotherapy may greatly improve the laryngeal cancer survival rate.

Best Approach to Infection and Tumor Treatment: Contain or Eliminate?

Best Approach to Infection and Tumor Treatment: Contain or Eliminate?

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Using mathematical analysis, researchers identified factors to help determine if containment or the elimination of an infection or tumor, is most effective.

GUCS 2017: Adjuvant Trials in Post-radical Prostatectomy Prostate Cancer Feasible

GUCS 2017: Adjuvant Trials in Post-radical Prostatectomy Prostate Cancer Feasible

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A phase 3 study presented at the 2017 Genitourinary Cancers Symposium demonstrated the feasibility of conducting adjuvant trials.

Some Early Breast Cancer Patients Should Have Breast Conservation Instead of Mastectomy

Some Early Breast Cancer Patients Should Have Breast Conservation Instead of Mastectomy

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Investigators from the Netherlands present their research findings on survival in women with early stage breast cancer who underwent breast-conserving therapy vs mastectomy at the 2017 European Cancer Congress.

Attaching an Anticancer Payload to Platelets Shows Promise Against Postsurgical Recurrence

Attaching an Anticancer Payload to Platelets Shows Promise Against Postsurgical Recurrence

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Researchers develop novel strategy for delivering immunotherapy agents to tumor surgical sites to eradicate tumor cells left behind after resection and reduce risk of recurrence.

Omega-3 Polyunsaturated Fatty Acids in the Prevention of Postoperative Complications in Colorectal Cancer: A Meta-analysis

Omega-3 Polyunsaturated Fatty Acids in the Prevention of Postoperative Complications in Colorectal Cancer: A Meta-analysis

[OncoTargets and Therapy] This research evaluates the clinical efficacy of omega-3 PUFAs in the prevention of postoperative complications in colorectal cancer patients.

Delayed Adjuvant Chemotherapy Not Associated With Survival in NSCLC

Delayed Adjuvant Chemotherapy Not Associated With Survival in NSCLC

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Study evaluated differences in survival with respect to the time interval between tumor resection and initiation of postoperative chemotherapy in patients with NSCLC.

Imaging Using FCM Analysis Aids Surgical Removal of Tumors From Eyelid

Imaging Using FCM Analysis Aids Surgical Removal of Tumors From Eyelid

Current study evaluated reflectance mode, horizontal scanning for removal of eyelid basal cell carcinoma.

The evolution of the diminishing role of extrapleural pneumonectomy in the surgical management of malignant pleural mesothelioma

The evolution of the diminishing role of extrapleural pneumonectomy in the surgical management of malignant pleural mesothelioma

[OncoTargets and Therapy] The surgical approach that offers the best outcomes for malignant pleural mesothelioma management is still debated. This research examines the efficacy of surgical treatment.

Early Endometrial Cancer Surgery May Reduce Survival

Early Endometrial Cancer Surgery May Reduce Survival

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The timing of surgery taking place following an endometrial cancer diagnosis may adversely impact survival.

Costs, Complications Higher for Women Who Undergo Second Surgery After BCS

Costs, Complications Higher for Women Who Undergo Second Surgery After BCS

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A study presented at SABCS 2016 reports on the incidence of complications and costs in women who undergo breast-conserving surgery for breast carcinoma.

Omitting RT in Certain Older Women With Early Breast Cancer is Safe

Omitting RT in Certain Older Women With Early Breast Cancer is Safe

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Researchers report their study findings on the safety of omitting radiotherapy after breast-conserving surgery, sentinel node biopsy, and adjuvant endocrine therapy in older patients with early breast cancer and favorable histopathology at SABCS 2016.

Prehabilitation Program Improves Preoperative Fitness in Patients With Colorectal Cancer

Prehabilitation Program Improves Preoperative Fitness in Patients With Colorectal Cancer

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Study results demonstrate effectiveness of 4 weeks of prehabilitation on the physical fitness of older patients undergoing surgery for colorectal cancer.

Acupuncture Improves Postoperative Symptoms in Women Undergoing Surgery for Breast Cancer

Acupuncture Improves Postoperative Symptoms in Women Undergoing Surgery for Breast Cancer

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The effects of a 2-treatment course of acupuncture on pain, nausea, and anxiety and ability to cope among women undergoing mastectomy was compared with usual care.

Primary Cytoreductive Surgery Associated With Improved Survival in Ovarian Cancer

Primary Cytoreductive Surgery Associated With Improved Survival in Ovarian Cancer

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The benefits of primary cytoreductive surgery relative to neoadjuvant chemotherapy remain uncertain; therefore, researchers performed a retrospective data analysis to compare overall survival of surgery with that of neoadjuvant chemotherapy in advanced-stage epithelial ovarian cancer.

Both Older and Younger Women Benefit From Breast Reconstruction

Both Older and Younger Women Benefit From Breast Reconstruction

No greater risk of complications for older patients; benefited as much as younger breast cancer patients

HIIT Improves Cardiorespiratory Fitness in Patients With Resectable NSCLC

HIIT Improves Cardiorespiratory Fitness in Patients With Resectable NSCLC

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This study focused on determining the effectiveness of a short-term high-intensity interval training (HIIT) program to improve patients' cardiorespiratory fitness prior to NSCLC resection.

How Physical Changes From Breast Cancer Affect Self-Image: Considerations for Clinicians

How Physical Changes From Breast Cancer Affect Self-Image: Considerations for Clinicians

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Cancers that cause more readily noticeable physical changes can produce self-image challenges for patients. This discussion reviews what interventions can help validate patients' self-image concerns.

Patients Receiving RT in APBI Facilities Despite Eligibility for Observation

Patients Receiving RT in APBI Facilities Despite Eligibility for Observation

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Patients with early stage breast cancer who received breast-conserving surgery and were eligible for observation were more likely to undergo adjuvant radiotherapy in facilities performing APBI.

Robotic Surgery Provides Good Outcomes and Survival in Oropharyngeal Cancer

Robotic Surgery Provides Good Outcomes and Survival in Oropharyngeal Cancer

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Transoral robotic surgery (TORS) with or without radiation therapy or chemotherapy is an effective treatment option for patients with oropharyngeal cancer regardless of their p16 status.

Disease-Specific Mortality Comparable Among Treatment Options for Prostate Cancer

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Disease-specific mortality rates for men with prostate cancer are comparable for 3 treatment options: active surveillance, radical prostatectomy, and external-beam radiotherapy.

A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis of Harmonic Technology Compared With Conventional Techniques in Mastectomy and Breast-conserving Surgery With Lymphadenectomy for Breast Cancer

A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis of Harmonic Technology Compared With Conventional Techniques in Mastectomy and Breast-conserving Surgery With Lymphadenectomy for Breast Cancer

[Breast Cancer: Targets and Therapy] This research compares Harmonic technology and conventional techniques for a range of clinical outcomes and complications in both mastectomy and BCS patients, including axillary lymph node dissection.

PMPS: A Common Late Effect of Surgery and Radiation for Breast Cancer

PMPS: A Common Late Effect of Surgery and Radiation for Breast Cancer

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Postmastectomy pain syndrome (PMPS) is a debilitating late effect of surgery and radiation therapy for breast cancer.

Quality of Life and Cosmetic Result of Single-port Access Endoscopic Thyroidectomy via Axillary Approach in Patients with papillary thyroid carcinoma

Quality of Life and Cosmetic Result of Single-port Access Endoscopic Thyroidectomy via Axillary Approach in Patients with papillary thyroid carcinoma

[OncoTargets and Therapy] This research reviews the effects of single-port access transaxillary totally endoscopic thyroidectomy on outcomes following surgery, including quality of life and cosmetic result, in patients with papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC).

New Guidelines Establish Safe Surgery Margins for DCIS

New Guidelines Establish Safe Surgery Margins for DCIS

Consensus guideline states that a 2 mm margin is enough to guard against recurrences while reducing need for additional operations for women with DCIS who undergo breast-conserving surgery.

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