Surgery

Comprehensive After Surgery Recovery Program Reduces Complication Rates and Improves Surgical Outcomes

Comprehensive After Surgery Recovery Program Reduces Complication Rates and Improves Surgical Outcomes

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Postoperative program improves complication rates, opioid prescribing, and hospital mortality and increases home discharge rates after colorectal or hip fracture surgery.

Risk of Bladder Recurrence Reduced With Chemotherapy Flush After Tumor Resection

Risk of Bladder Recurrence Reduced With Chemotherapy Flush After Tumor Resection

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Flushing the bladder with a chemotherapeutic agent after tumor resection significantly reduced recurrence rates of bladder cancer.

Mastectomy vs BCT: Understanding Women's Treatment Choice for Early-Stage Breast Cancer

Mastectomy vs BCT: Understanding Women's Treatment Choice for Early-Stage Breast Cancer

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Canadian investigators sought to understand the factors that influence the treatment choices of women with early-stage breast cancer.

Complete vs Incomplete Metastasectony for mRCC: Improved Survival, Decreased All-Cause Mortality

Complete vs Incomplete Metastasectony for mRCC: Improved Survival, Decreased All-Cause Mortality

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Complete surgical metastasectomy correlated with increased survival in patients with metastatic renal cell carcinoma (mRCC) compared with incomplete surgical metastasectomy.

Follow-up Surgery Not Needed When Breast Cancer Responds to Neoadjuvant Chemotherapy

Follow-up Surgery Not Needed When Breast Cancer Responds to Neoadjuvant Chemotherapy

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Women with triple-negative or HER2-positive breast cancer who achieve a pathologic complete response from neoadjuvant chemotherapy may be able to avoid follow-up breast or lymph node surgery.

Multimodal Strategy Shows Promise in Metastatic Prostate Cancer

Multimodal Strategy Shows Promise in Metastatic Prostate Cancer

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New paradigm of hormone therapy, surgery, and radiation therapy was shown effective at achieving undetectable disease in patients with metastatic prostate cancer.

CQGS Releases Standards for Surgical Care of Older Adults

CQGS Releases Standards for Surgical Care of Older Adults

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The Coalition for Quality in Geriatric Surgery (CQGS) released its standards of surgical care in older adults with the goal of ensuring high-quality and safe surgical care for older adults in an interdisciplinary setting.

Health Care Expansion Tied to Increased Rates of Surgical Treatment of Thyroid Cancer

Health Care Expansion Tied to Increased Rates of Surgical Treatment of Thyroid Cancer

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Thyroid is more likely to be managed with surgical intervention when patients have access to expanded health insurance.

Recommendations Against Contralateral Prophylactic Mastectomy Not Tied to Patient Satisfaction

Recommendations Against Contralateral Prophylactic Mastectomy Not Tied to Patient Satisfaction

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Study finds patients are not more likely to report dissatisfaction, seek a second opinion, or change doctors due to physician recommendations against CPM.

Pre-Op Training Program Improves Patient Outcomes

Pre-Op Training Program Improves Patient Outcomes

Program provides physical, nutritional, and psychological guidance

National Databases Reports on Racial, Socioeconomic Disparities for Breast Reconstruction Vary

National Databases Reports on Racial, Socioeconomic Disparities for Breast Reconstruction Vary

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Reporting of overall immediate breast reconstruction and of racial disparities varies significantly between SEER and 2 large US databases.

Abdominal vs Laparoscopic Hysterectomy: Outcomes Similar for Endometrial Cancer

Abdominal vs Laparoscopic Hysterectomy: Outcomes Similar for Endometrial Cancer

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Disease-free survival and overall survival were similar in a study comparing total abdominal vs total laparoscopy hysterectomy approaches in women with stage I endometrial cancer.

Contralateral Prophylactic Mastectomies for Early Stage Invasive Breast Cancer Vary by State

Contralateral Prophylactic Mastectomies for Early Stage Invasive Breast Cancer Vary by State

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The proportion of women with invasive early-stage unilateral breast cancer electing CPM has increased significantly, and varies across US states.

Little Difference in QoL Between Various Treatments, Active Surveillance in Prostate Cancer

Little Difference in QoL Between Various Treatments, Active Surveillance in Prostate Cancer

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QoL after radical prostatectomy, EBRT, or brachytherapy vs active surveillance for prostate cancer are similar.

Postoperative Outcomes Similar With Mobile App Follow-up for Ambulatory Breast Reconstruction

Postoperative Outcomes Similar With Mobile App Follow-up for Ambulatory Breast Reconstruction

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Follow-up via mobile app similar to in-person postoperative visits for low-risk ambulatory patients after breast reconstruction.

Comorbidities May Predict Non-Home Discharge After Hysterectomy

Comorbidities May Predict Non-Home Discharge After Hysterectomy

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Presence of 1 risk factor or 2 or more risk factors is associated with non-home discharge after hysterectomy for gynecologic malignancy.

Some Quality Metrics Inconsistent With Long-Term Clinical Outcomes Goals

Some Quality Metrics Inconsistent With Long-Term Clinical Outcomes Goals

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Study finds that instituting a health system-wide quality metric, such as postoperative hospital readmission rate, may be inconsistent with long-term clinical outcomes goals.

Perioperative Pain Control Reduces Need for Postoperative Narcotics After Hysterectomy for Uterine Cancer

Perioperative Pain Control Reduces Need for Postoperative Narcotics After Hysterectomy for Uterine Cancer

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Preoperative intravenous acetaminophen plus local infiltration of LB during hysterectomy and surgical staging of uterine cancer may reduce the need for postoperative narcotics.

Perioperative Celecoxib Reduces Outpatient Narcotic Use After Hysterectomy

Perioperative Celecoxib Reduces Outpatient Narcotic Use After Hysterectomy

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Perioperative celecoxib use during hysterectomy may reduce the need for oral narcotics after hospital discharge.

No Association Between Vasectomy and Prostate Cancer Risk

No Association Between Vasectomy and Prostate Cancer Risk

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There is no association between vasectomy and the risk of overall, high-grade, or advanced-stage prostate cancer or prostate cancer-related mortality.

Single Chemotherapy Dose Informs Treatment Strategy for Advanced Laryngeal Cancer

Single Chemotherapy Dose Informs Treatment Strategy for Advanced Laryngeal Cancer

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A new approach in which patients receive a single dose of chemotherapy may greatly improve the laryngeal cancer survival rate.

Best Approach to Infection and Tumor Treatment: Contain or Eliminate?

Best Approach to Infection and Tumor Treatment: Contain or Eliminate?

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Using mathematical analysis, researchers identified factors to help determine if containment or the elimination of an infection or tumor, is most effective.

GUCS 2017: Adjuvant Trials in Post-radical Prostatectomy Prostate Cancer Feasible

GUCS 2017: Adjuvant Trials in Post-radical Prostatectomy Prostate Cancer Feasible

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A phase 3 study presented at the 2017 Genitourinary Cancers Symposium demonstrated the feasibility of conducting adjuvant trials.

Some Early Breast Cancer Patients Should Have Breast Conservation Instead of Mastectomy

Some Early Breast Cancer Patients Should Have Breast Conservation Instead of Mastectomy

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Investigators from the Netherlands present their research findings on survival in women with early stage breast cancer who underwent breast-conserving therapy vs mastectomy at the 2017 European Cancer Congress.

Attaching an Anticancer Payload to Platelets Shows Promise Against Postsurgical Recurrence

Attaching an Anticancer Payload to Platelets Shows Promise Against Postsurgical Recurrence

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Researchers develop novel strategy for delivering immunotherapy agents to tumor surgical sites to eradicate tumor cells left behind after resection and reduce risk of recurrence.

Omega-3 Polyunsaturated Fatty Acids in the Prevention of Postoperative Complications in Colorectal Cancer: A Meta-analysis

Omega-3 Polyunsaturated Fatty Acids in the Prevention of Postoperative Complications in Colorectal Cancer: A Meta-analysis

[OncoTargets and Therapy] This research evaluates the clinical efficacy of omega-3 PUFAs in the prevention of postoperative complications in colorectal cancer patients.

Delayed Adjuvant Chemotherapy Not Associated With Survival in NSCLC

Delayed Adjuvant Chemotherapy Not Associated With Survival in NSCLC

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Study evaluated differences in survival with respect to the time interval between tumor resection and initiation of postoperative chemotherapy in patients with NSCLC.

Imaging Using FCM Analysis Aids Surgical Removal of Tumors From Eyelid

Imaging Using FCM Analysis Aids Surgical Removal of Tumors From Eyelid

Current study evaluated reflectance mode, horizontal scanning for removal of eyelid basal cell carcinoma.

The evolution of the diminishing role of extrapleural pneumonectomy in the surgical management of malignant pleural mesothelioma

The evolution of the diminishing role of extrapleural pneumonectomy in the surgical management of malignant pleural mesothelioma

[OncoTargets and Therapy] The surgical approach that offers the best outcomes for malignant pleural mesothelioma management is still debated. This research examines the efficacy of surgical treatment.

Early Endometrial Cancer Surgery May Reduce Survival

Early Endometrial Cancer Surgery May Reduce Survival

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The timing of surgery taking place following an endometrial cancer diagnosis may adversely impact survival.

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