Surgery

Primary Cytoreductive Surgery Associated With Improved Survival in Ovarian Cancer

Primary Cytoreductive Surgery Associated With Improved Survival in Ovarian Cancer

By

The benefits of primary cytoreductive surgery relative to neoadjuvant chemotherapy remain uncertain; therefore, researchers performed a retrospective data analysis to compare overall survival of surgery with that of neoadjuvant chemotherapy in advanced-stage epithelial ovarian cancer.

Both Older and Younger Women Benefit From Breast Reconstruction

Both Older and Younger Women Benefit From Breast Reconstruction

No greater risk of complications for older patients; benefited as much as younger breast cancer patients

HIIT Improves Cardiorespiratory Fitness in Patients With Resectable NSCLC

HIIT Improves Cardiorespiratory Fitness in Patients With Resectable NSCLC

By

This study focused on determining the effectiveness of a short-term high-intensity interval training (HIIT) program to improve patients' cardiorespiratory fitness prior to NSCLC resection.

How Physical Changes From Breast Cancer Affect Self-Image: Considerations for Clinicians

How Physical Changes From Breast Cancer Affect Self-Image: Considerations for Clinicians

By

Cancers that cause more readily noticeable physical changes can produce self-image challenges for patients. This discussion reviews what interventions can help validate patients' self-image concerns.

Patients Receiving RT in APBI Facilities Despite Eligibility for Observation

Patients Receiving RT in APBI Facilities Despite Eligibility for Observation

By

Patients with early stage breast cancer who received breast-conserving surgery and were eligible for observation were more likely to undergo adjuvant radiotherapy in facilities performing APBI.

Robotic Surgery Provides Good Outcomes and Survival in Oropharyngeal Cancer

Robotic Surgery Provides Good Outcomes and Survival in Oropharyngeal Cancer

By

Transoral robotic surgery (TORS) with or without radiation therapy or chemotherapy is an effective treatment option for patients with oropharyngeal cancer regardless of their p16 status.

Disease-Specific Mortality Comparable Among Treatment Options for Prostate Cancer

By

Disease-specific mortality rates for men with prostate cancer are comparable for 3 treatment options: active surveillance, radical prostatectomy, and external-beam radiotherapy.

A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis of Harmonic Technology Compared With Conventional Techniques in Mastectomy and Breast-conserving Surgery With Lymphadenectomy for Breast Cancer

A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis of Harmonic Technology Compared With Conventional Techniques in Mastectomy and Breast-conserving Surgery With Lymphadenectomy for Breast Cancer

[Breast Cancer: Targets and Therapy] This research compares Harmonic technology and conventional techniques for a range of clinical outcomes and complications in both mastectomy and BCS patients, including axillary lymph node dissection.

PMPS: A Common Late Effect of Surgery and Radiation for Breast Cancer

PMPS: A Common Late Effect of Surgery and Radiation for Breast Cancer

By

Postmastectomy pain syndrome (PMPS) is a debilitating late effect of surgery and radiation therapy for breast cancer.

Quality of Life and Cosmetic Result of Single-port Access Endoscopic Thyroidectomy via Axillary Approach in Patients with papillary thyroid carcinoma

Quality of Life and Cosmetic Result of Single-port Access Endoscopic Thyroidectomy via Axillary Approach in Patients with papillary thyroid carcinoma

[OncoTargets and Therapy] This research reviews the effects of single-port access transaxillary totally endoscopic thyroidectomy on outcomes following surgery, including quality of life and cosmetic result, in patients with papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC).

New Guidelines Establish Safe Surgery Margins for DCIS

New Guidelines Establish Safe Surgery Margins for DCIS

Consensus guideline states that a 2 mm margin is enough to guard against recurrences while reducing need for additional operations for women with DCIS who undergo breast-conserving surgery.

Distress Increases Likelihood of Choosing Surgery for Localized Prostate Cancer

Distress Increases Likelihood of Choosing Surgery for Localized Prostate Cancer

By

Emotional distress is associated with an increased likelihood of opting for surgery among men with localized prostate cancer.

Chemoradiation Combination Could Preserve Larynx in Patients With Laryngeal and Hypolaryngeal Cancer

Chemoradiation Combination Could Preserve Larynx in Patients With Laryngeal and Hypolaryngeal Cancer

By

Researchers assessed the rates of laryngeal preservation and laryngectomy-free survival in patients with laryngeal or hypopharyngeal cancer who received the monoclonal antibody cetuximab and radiation therapy or radiation therapy alone.

Salvage Radiotherapy at Lower PSA Levels May be Beneficial

Salvage Radiotherapy at Lower PSA Levels May be Beneficial

By

As salvage radiotherapy (SRT) outcomes may be affected by factors associated with prostatectomy findings, they may be positively affected when used at lower prostate-specific antigen (PSA) levels.

Adjuvant Therapy Improves Survival in Stage II Colon Cancer, Study Confirms

By

A very large retrospective study of patients with stage II colon cancer found adjuvant therapy improves survival, regardless of treatment regimen, patient age, or high-risk pathologic risk features.

Advanced Endoscopy Techniques May Be Safe Alternative to Surgery for Most Difficult-to-Remove or Large Polyps

Advanced Endoscopy Techniques May Be Safe Alternative to Surgery for Most Difficult-to-Remove or Large Polyps

By

Most patients with large or difficult-to-remove colorectal polyps have a lower incidence of cancer than previously thought; therefore, more advanced endoscopic techniques that spare the colon may be a better and safer alternative to a traditional operation in some cases.

Helical APBI Delivers Targeted Dose of Adjuvant Radiation Treatment for Breast Cancer

Helical APBI Delivers Targeted Dose of Adjuvant Radiation Treatment for Breast Cancer

By

Preliminary results of a prospective, phase II trial show that once-daily accelerated partial breast irradiation (APBI) effectively prevented recurrence of cancer in the treated breast at a median 34 months after treatment.

Chronic Pain Is More Likely for Women Who Undergo Armpit Lymph Node Surgery for Breast Cancer

Chronic Pain Is More Likely for Women Who Undergo Armpit Lymph Node Surgery for Breast Cancer

By

Risk factors for chronic pain after breast cancer surgery include axillary lymph node dissection, younger age, and radiation therapy. Only axillary lymph node dissection is a high-yield target for a modifiable risk factor to prevent the persistent pain after breast cancer surgery.

Prophylactic Gynecologic Resections Increase Risk for Aggressive Uterine Cancer in BRCA Gene Mutation Carriers

By

Women who carry the BRCA1 mutation are at increased risk for serous/serous-like endometrial carcinoma after risk-reducing salpingo-oophorectomy. Yet uncertainty exists over the need to perform a full hysterectomy in these women.

Supine Position Better Informs Surgeons About Tumor Size and Location Before Lumpectomy for Breast Cancer

By

Considerable deformity of the breast and tumor position occur when placing patients in the prone (face down) position to obtain pre-operative MRI of the breast, compared with placing patients in the supine (face up) position.

Surgery and Adjuvant Hormonal Therapy Less Effective for Older Patients With Breast Cancer

Surgery and Adjuvant Hormonal Therapy Less Effective for Older Patients With Breast Cancer

By

A group of researchers sought to examine the physical functioning of patients with breast cancer, in various age brackets, who were enrolled in the Tamoxifen Exemestane Adjuvant Multinational (TEAM) phase III trial.

Functional Status Linked to Treatment Choice for Prostate Cancer

Functional Status Linked to Treatment Choice for Prostate Cancer

By

Functional status, a person's ability to perform normal activities of daily living, is associated with treatment choice for patients with prostate cancer.

Imaging and Fluorescence Technique Guides Surgical Removal of Otherwise Undetectable Ovarian Tumors

By

A newly created tumor-specific fluorescent molecule combined with an imaging system guided surgeons to removing additional tumors not palpable or visible without fluorescence in patients with ovarian cancer.

Extent of Resection Influences Length of Progression-Free Survival in Glioblastoma

Extent of Resection Influences Length of Progression-Free Survival in Glioblastoma

By

Gross total resection to treat glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) showed progression-free survival benefits over subtotal resection and biopsy in a meta-analysis of 37 studies.

Surgery Improves Survival in Metastatic Kidney Cancer, But Is Little Used

By

Surgery to remove a cancerous kidney can often lengthen the lives of patients receiving targeted therapy for metastatic kidney cancer, but only approximately 3 in 10 such patients undergo the procedure.

Surgery Improves Quality of Life for Patients With Malignant Pleural Mesothelioma

Surgery Improves Quality of Life for Patients With Malignant Pleural Mesothelioma

By

Undergoing pleurectomy and decortication for malignant pleural mesothelioma generally leads to improved quality of life after the surgery.

Number of Ovarian Cancer Cases Not Treated Surgically or Not Treated at All Is Increasing

Number of Ovarian Cancer Cases Not Treated Surgically or Not Treated at All Is Increasing

By

The number of patients older than 75 years who do not undergo surgery is increasing, especially among those with stage III or IV ovarian cancer. Approximately 50% do not undergo surgery and 25% receive no treatment at all.

Readmission Rates at Hospitals After Cancer-Related Procedures Is Too Complex for Simple Reimbursement Rules

Readmission Rates at Hospitals After Cancer-Related Procedures Is Too Complex for Simple Reimbursement Rules

By

Rates of readmission to hospitals after complex cancer surgeries are usually higher in vulnerable hospitals that serve as safety nets in their communities or in hospitals with a large number of Medicaid-insured patients.

Chemotherapy and Radiation Prior to Surgery Improves Outcomes in Patients With Pancreatic Cancer

Chemotherapy and Radiation Prior to Surgery Improves Outcomes in Patients With Pancreatic Cancer

By

Despite the increased risk, patients whose pancreatic cancer tumor has grown to encompass critical blood vessels can be candidates for surgery. Data on efforts to fine-tune a protocol for these patients were presented at the SSAT 57th Annual Meeting.

Long-Term Survival Results Show Axillary Lymph Node Dissection Should be Abandoned

Long-Term Survival Results Show Axillary Lymph Node Dissection Should be Abandoned

By

"Routine use of ALND should be abandoned." That's the conclusion based on 10-year survival data from the ACOSOG Z0011 randomized study comparing sentinel lymph node dissection alone to ALND in women with clinical T1-2 N0 M0 breast cancer and a positive sentinel node presented at the 2016 ASCO Annual Meeting.

Sign Up for Free e-newsletters

Regimen and Drug Listings

GET FULL LISTINGS OF TREATMENT Regimens and Drug INFORMATION

Bone Cancer Regimens Drugs
Brain Cancer Regimens Drugs
Breast Cancer Regimens Drugs
Endocrine Cancer Regimens Drugs
Gastrointestinal Cancer Regimens Drugs
Genitourinary Cancer Regimens Drugs
Gynecologic Cancer Regimens Drugs
Head and Neck Cancer Regimens Drugs
Hematologic Cancer Regimens Drugs
Lung Cancer Regimens Drugs
Other Cancers Regimens
Rare Cancers Regimens
Skin Cancer Regimens Drugs