The benefits of primary cytoreductive surgery relative to neoadjuvant chemotherapy remain uncertain; therefore, researchers performed a retrospective data analysis to compare overall survival of surgery with that of neoadjuvant chemotherapy in advanced-stage epithelial ovarian cancer.
No greater risk of complications for older patients; benefited as much as younger breast cancer patients
This study focused on determining the effectiveness of a short-term high-intensity interval training (HIIT) program to improve patients' cardiorespiratory fitness prior to NSCLC resection.
Cancers that cause more readily noticeable physical changes can produce self-image challenges for patients. This discussion reviews what interventions can help validate patients' self-image concerns.
Patients with early stage breast cancer who received breast-conserving surgery and were eligible for observation were more likely to undergo adjuvant radiotherapy in facilities performing APBI.
Transoral robotic surgery (TORS) with or without radiation therapy or chemotherapy is an effective treatment option for patients with oropharyngeal cancer regardless of their p16 status.
Disease-specific mortality rates for men with prostate cancer are comparable for 3 treatment options: active surveillance, radical prostatectomy, and external-beam radiotherapy.
A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis of Harmonic Technology Compared With Conventional Techniques in Mastectomy and Breast-conserving Surgery With Lymphadenectomy for Breast CancerSeptember 01, 2016
[Breast Cancer: Targets and Therapy] This research compares Harmonic technology and conventional techniques for a range of clinical outcomes and complications in both mastectomy and BCS patients, including axillary lymph node dissection.
Postmastectomy pain syndrome (PMPS) is a debilitating late effect of surgery and radiation therapy for breast cancer.
Quality of Life and Cosmetic Result of Single-port Access Endoscopic Thyroidectomy via Axillary Approach in Patients with papillary thyroid carcinomaAugust 18, 2016
[OncoTargets and Therapy] This research reviews the effects of single-port access transaxillary totally endoscopic thyroidectomy on outcomes following surgery, including quality of life and cosmetic result, in patients with papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC).
Consensus guideline states that a 2 mm margin is enough to guard against recurrences while reducing need for additional operations for women with DCIS who undergo breast-conserving surgery.
Emotional distress is associated with an increased likelihood of opting for surgery among men with localized prostate cancer.
Chemoradiation Combination Could Preserve Larynx in Patients With Laryngeal and Hypolaryngeal CancerAugust 04, 2016
Researchers assessed the rates of laryngeal preservation and laryngectomy-free survival in patients with laryngeal or hypopharyngeal cancer who received the monoclonal antibody cetuximab and radiation therapy or radiation therapy alone.
As salvage radiotherapy (SRT) outcomes may be affected by factors associated with prostatectomy findings, they may be positively affected when used at lower prostate-specific antigen (PSA) levels.
A very large retrospective study of patients with stage II colon cancer found adjuvant therapy improves survival, regardless of treatment regimen, patient age, or high-risk pathologic risk features.
Advanced Endoscopy Techniques May Be Safe Alternative to Surgery for Most Difficult-to-Remove or Large PolypsJuly 26, 2016
Most patients with large or difficult-to-remove colorectal polyps have a lower incidence of cancer than previously thought; therefore, more advanced endoscopic techniques that spare the colon may be a better and safer alternative to a traditional operation in some cases.
Preliminary results of a prospective, phase II trial show that once-daily accelerated partial breast irradiation (APBI) effectively prevented recurrence of cancer in the treated breast at a median 34 months after treatment.
Risk factors for chronic pain after breast cancer surgery include axillary lymph node dissection, younger age, and radiation therapy. Only axillary lymph node dissection is a high-yield target for a modifiable risk factor to prevent the persistent pain after breast cancer surgery.
Prophylactic Gynecologic Resections Increase Risk for Aggressive Uterine Cancer in BRCA Gene Mutation CarriersJuly 19, 2016
Women who carry the BRCA1 mutation are at increased risk for serous/serous-like endometrial carcinoma after risk-reducing salpingo-oophorectomy. Yet uncertainty exists over the need to perform a full hysterectomy in these women.
Supine Position Better Informs Surgeons About Tumor Size and Location Before Lumpectomy for Breast CancerJuly 14, 2016
Considerable deformity of the breast and tumor position occur when placing patients in the prone (face down) position to obtain pre-operative MRI of the breast, compared with placing patients in the supine (face up) position.
A group of researchers sought to examine the physical functioning of patients with breast cancer, in various age brackets, who were enrolled in the Tamoxifen Exemestane Adjuvant Multinational (TEAM) phase III trial.
Functional status, a person's ability to perform normal activities of daily living, is associated with treatment choice for patients with prostate cancer.
A newly created tumor-specific fluorescent molecule combined with an imaging system guided surgeons to removing additional tumors not palpable or visible without fluorescence in patients with ovarian cancer.
Gross total resection to treat glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) showed progression-free survival benefits over subtotal resection and biopsy in a meta-analysis of 37 studies.
Surgery to remove a cancerous kidney can often lengthen the lives of patients receiving targeted therapy for metastatic kidney cancer, but only approximately 3 in 10 such patients undergo the procedure.
Undergoing pleurectomy and decortication for malignant pleural mesothelioma generally leads to improved quality of life after the surgery.
The number of patients older than 75 years who do not undergo surgery is increasing, especially among those with stage III or IV ovarian cancer. Approximately 50% do not undergo surgery and 25% receive no treatment at all.
Readmission Rates at Hospitals After Cancer-Related Procedures Is Too Complex for Simple Reimbursement RulesJune 17, 2016
Rates of readmission to hospitals after complex cancer surgeries are usually higher in vulnerable hospitals that serve as safety nets in their communities or in hospitals with a large number of Medicaid-insured patients.
Despite the increased risk, patients whose pancreatic cancer tumor has grown to encompass critical blood vessels can be candidates for surgery. Data on efforts to fine-tune a protocol for these patients were presented at the SSAT 57th Annual Meeting.
"Routine use of ALND should be abandoned." That's the conclusion based on 10-year survival data from the ACOSOG Z0011 randomized study comparing sentinel lymph node dissection alone to ALND in women with clinical T1-2 N0 M0 breast cancer and a positive sentinel node presented at the 2016 ASCO Annual Meeting.
- Beta-blockers May Improve Survival in Multiple Myeloma
- Preventing Tumor Lysis Syndrome in Patients Receiving Venetoclax
- Thalidomide, Lenalidomide Equivalent With Respect to Survival in Myeloma
- LIVESTRONG Exercise Program Improves QoL in Cancer Survivors
- Rasburicase More Effective Than Allopurinol for Tumor Lysis Syndrome
- Exercise is as Effective in Treating Metastatic Prostate Cancer as Medication
- Walnut Consumption Changes Gut Microbiome, Decreases Growth of Colon Cancer in Mice
- Vaccine Enters Phase I Study for Safety and Effectiveness in Multiple Myeloma
- Timing Chemotherapy Administration to Circadian Rhythm Improves Drug Effectiveness
- New Therapy Blocks Breast Cancer Cells From Entering and Hiding in Bone Marrow to Form Latent Metastases
- Alternating Pazopanib and Everolimus Treatment Schedule Not Effective for RCC
- Adding Onartuzumab to Chemo Not Effective for HER2-, MET+ Gastroesophageal Adenocarcinoma
- Rasburicase More Effective Than Allopurinol for Tumor Lysis Syndrome
- Mental Health Disorder Linked to Poorer Survival in NSCLC
- Perindopril, Bisoprolol Not Effective for Preventing Trastuzumab-mediated Left Ventricular Remodeling
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