Surgery

Omega-3 Polyunsaturated Fatty Acids in the Prevention of Postoperative Complications in Colorectal Cancer: A Meta-analysis

Omega-3 Polyunsaturated Fatty Acids in the Prevention of Postoperative Complications in Colorectal Cancer: A Meta-analysis

[OncoTargets and Therapy] This research evaluates the clinical efficacy of omega-3 PUFAs in the prevention of postoperative complications in colorectal cancer patients.

Delayed Adjuvant Chemotherapy Not Associated With Survival in NSCLC

Delayed Adjuvant Chemotherapy Not Associated With Survival in NSCLC

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Study evaluated differences in survival with respect to the time interval between tumor resection and initiation of postoperative chemotherapy in patients with NSCLC.

Imaging Using FCM Analysis Aids Surgical Removal of Tumors From Eyelid

Imaging Using FCM Analysis Aids Surgical Removal of Tumors From Eyelid

Current study evaluated reflectance mode, horizontal scanning for removal of eyelid basal cell carcinoma.

The evolution of the diminishing role of extrapleural pneumonectomy in the surgical management of malignant pleural mesothelioma

The evolution of the diminishing role of extrapleural pneumonectomy in the surgical management of malignant pleural mesothelioma

[OncoTargets and Therapy] The surgical approach that offers the best outcomes for malignant pleural mesothelioma management is still debated. This research examines the efficacy of surgical treatment.

Early Endometrial Cancer Surgery May Reduce Survival

Early Endometrial Cancer Surgery May Reduce Survival

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The timing of surgery taking place following an endometrial cancer diagnosis may adversely impact survival.

Costs, Complications Higher for Women Who Undergo Second Surgery After BCS

Costs, Complications Higher for Women Who Undergo Second Surgery After BCS

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A study presented at SABCS 2016 reports on the incidence of complications and costs in women who undergo breast-conserving surgery for breast carcinoma.

Omitting RT in Certain Older Women With Early Breast Cancer is Safe

Omitting RT in Certain Older Women With Early Breast Cancer is Safe

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Researchers report their study findings on the safety of omitting radiotherapy after breast-conserving surgery, sentinel node biopsy, and adjuvant endocrine therapy in older patients with early breast cancer and favorable histopathology at SABCS 2016.

Prehabilitation Program Improves Preoperative Fitness in Patients With Colorectal Cancer

Prehabilitation Program Improves Preoperative Fitness in Patients With Colorectal Cancer

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Study results demonstrate effectiveness of 4 weeks of prehabilitation on the physical fitness of older patients undergoing surgery for colorectal cancer.

Acupuncture Improves Postoperative Symptoms in Women Undergoing Surgery for Breast Cancer

Acupuncture Improves Postoperative Symptoms in Women Undergoing Surgery for Breast Cancer

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The effects of a 2-treatment course of acupuncture on pain, nausea, and anxiety and ability to cope among women undergoing mastectomy was compared with usual care.

Primary Cytoreductive Surgery Associated With Improved Survival in Ovarian Cancer

Primary Cytoreductive Surgery Associated With Improved Survival in Ovarian Cancer

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The benefits of primary cytoreductive surgery relative to neoadjuvant chemotherapy remain uncertain; therefore, researchers performed a retrospective data analysis to compare overall survival of surgery with that of neoadjuvant chemotherapy in advanced-stage epithelial ovarian cancer.

Both Older and Younger Women Benefit From Breast Reconstruction

Both Older and Younger Women Benefit From Breast Reconstruction

No greater risk of complications for older patients; benefited as much as younger breast cancer patients

HIIT Improves Cardiorespiratory Fitness in Patients With Resectable NSCLC

HIIT Improves Cardiorespiratory Fitness in Patients With Resectable NSCLC

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This study focused on determining the effectiveness of a short-term high-intensity interval training (HIIT) program to improve patients' cardiorespiratory fitness prior to NSCLC resection.

How Physical Changes From Breast Cancer Affect Self-Image: Considerations for Clinicians

How Physical Changes From Breast Cancer Affect Self-Image: Considerations for Clinicians

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Cancers that cause more readily noticeable physical changes can produce self-image challenges for patients. This discussion reviews what interventions can help validate patients' self-image concerns.

Patients Receiving RT in APBI Facilities Despite Eligibility for Observation

Patients Receiving RT in APBI Facilities Despite Eligibility for Observation

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Patients with early stage breast cancer who received breast-conserving surgery and were eligible for observation were more likely to undergo adjuvant radiotherapy in facilities performing APBI.

Robotic Surgery Provides Good Outcomes and Survival in Oropharyngeal Cancer

Robotic Surgery Provides Good Outcomes and Survival in Oropharyngeal Cancer

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Transoral robotic surgery (TORS) with or without radiation therapy or chemotherapy is an effective treatment option for patients with oropharyngeal cancer regardless of their p16 status.

Disease-Specific Mortality Comparable Among Treatment Options for Prostate Cancer

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Disease-specific mortality rates for men with prostate cancer are comparable for 3 treatment options: active surveillance, radical prostatectomy, and external-beam radiotherapy.

A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis of Harmonic Technology Compared With Conventional Techniques in Mastectomy and Breast-conserving Surgery With Lymphadenectomy for Breast Cancer

A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis of Harmonic Technology Compared With Conventional Techniques in Mastectomy and Breast-conserving Surgery With Lymphadenectomy for Breast Cancer

[Breast Cancer: Targets and Therapy] This research compares Harmonic technology and conventional techniques for a range of clinical outcomes and complications in both mastectomy and BCS patients, including axillary lymph node dissection.

PMPS: A Common Late Effect of Surgery and Radiation for Breast Cancer

PMPS: A Common Late Effect of Surgery and Radiation for Breast Cancer

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Postmastectomy pain syndrome (PMPS) is a debilitating late effect of surgery and radiation therapy for breast cancer.

Quality of Life and Cosmetic Result of Single-port Access Endoscopic Thyroidectomy via Axillary Approach in Patients with papillary thyroid carcinoma

Quality of Life and Cosmetic Result of Single-port Access Endoscopic Thyroidectomy via Axillary Approach in Patients with papillary thyroid carcinoma

[OncoTargets and Therapy] This research reviews the effects of single-port access transaxillary totally endoscopic thyroidectomy on outcomes following surgery, including quality of life and cosmetic result, in patients with papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC).

New Guidelines Establish Safe Surgery Margins for DCIS

New Guidelines Establish Safe Surgery Margins for DCIS

Consensus guideline states that a 2 mm margin is enough to guard against recurrences while reducing need for additional operations for women with DCIS who undergo breast-conserving surgery.

Distress Increases Likelihood of Choosing Surgery for Localized Prostate Cancer

Distress Increases Likelihood of Choosing Surgery for Localized Prostate Cancer

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Emotional distress is associated with an increased likelihood of opting for surgery among men with localized prostate cancer.

Chemoradiation Combination Could Preserve Larynx in Patients With Laryngeal and Hypolaryngeal Cancer

Chemoradiation Combination Could Preserve Larynx in Patients With Laryngeal and Hypolaryngeal Cancer

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Researchers assessed the rates of laryngeal preservation and laryngectomy-free survival in patients with laryngeal or hypopharyngeal cancer who received the monoclonal antibody cetuximab and radiation therapy or radiation therapy alone.

Salvage Radiotherapy at Lower PSA Levels May be Beneficial

Salvage Radiotherapy at Lower PSA Levels May be Beneficial

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As salvage radiotherapy (SRT) outcomes may be affected by factors associated with prostatectomy findings, they may be positively affected when used at lower prostate-specific antigen (PSA) levels.

Adjuvant Therapy Improves Survival in Stage II Colon Cancer, Study Confirms

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A very large retrospective study of patients with stage II colon cancer found adjuvant therapy improves survival, regardless of treatment regimen, patient age, or high-risk pathologic risk features.

Advanced Endoscopy Techniques May Be Safe Alternative to Surgery for Most Difficult-to-Remove or Large Polyps

Advanced Endoscopy Techniques May Be Safe Alternative to Surgery for Most Difficult-to-Remove or Large Polyps

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Most patients with large or difficult-to-remove colorectal polyps have a lower incidence of cancer than previously thought; therefore, more advanced endoscopic techniques that spare the colon may be a better and safer alternative to a traditional operation in some cases.

Helical APBI Delivers Targeted Dose of Adjuvant Radiation Treatment for Breast Cancer

Helical APBI Delivers Targeted Dose of Adjuvant Radiation Treatment for Breast Cancer

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Preliminary results of a prospective, phase II trial show that once-daily accelerated partial breast irradiation (APBI) effectively prevented recurrence of cancer in the treated breast at a median 34 months after treatment.

Chronic Pain Is More Likely for Women Who Undergo Armpit Lymph Node Surgery for Breast Cancer

Chronic Pain Is More Likely for Women Who Undergo Armpit Lymph Node Surgery for Breast Cancer

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Risk factors for chronic pain after breast cancer surgery include axillary lymph node dissection, younger age, and radiation therapy. Only axillary lymph node dissection is a high-yield target for a modifiable risk factor to prevent the persistent pain after breast cancer surgery.

Prophylactic Gynecologic Resections Increase Risk for Aggressive Uterine Cancer in BRCA Gene Mutation Carriers

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Women who carry the BRCA1 mutation are at increased risk for serous/serous-like endometrial carcinoma after risk-reducing salpingo-oophorectomy. Yet uncertainty exists over the need to perform a full hysterectomy in these women.

Supine Position Better Informs Surgeons About Tumor Size and Location Before Lumpectomy for Breast Cancer

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Considerable deformity of the breast and tumor position occur when placing patients in the prone (face down) position to obtain pre-operative MRI of the breast, compared with placing patients in the supine (face up) position.

Surgery and Adjuvant Hormonal Therapy Less Effective for Older Patients With Breast Cancer

Surgery and Adjuvant Hormonal Therapy Less Effective for Older Patients With Breast Cancer

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A group of researchers sought to examine the physical functioning of patients with breast cancer, in various age brackets, who were enrolled in the Tamoxifen Exemestane Adjuvant Multinational (TEAM) phase III trial.

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