Abstinent smokers may have reduced preoperative pain tolerance and increased postoperative opioid use compared with nonsmokers.
Using data from the TUS-CPS, researchers sought to determine the effect of pharmaceutical smoking cessation aids on long-term quit rates among patients who smoke tobacco.
Populating a microsimulation of model of HIV disease, researchers investigated the the likelihood of lung cancer-related morbidity and mortality among patients with HIV who smoke, based on smoking intensity.
Significant increases seen in heart rate and arterial stiffness were observed in the first 30 minutes after smoking electronic-cigarette containing nicotine.
Researchers investigated the effect of drinking coffee on risk of several cancers, and in addition, the coffee drinkers were stratified by smoking status.
This fact sheet examines so-called "light" cigarettes, associated cancer risks, and tar yield ratings.
E-cigarettes used with nicotine-based liquid have the same potential to produce cancer-causing DNA damage as unfiltered regular cigarettes.
The design of cigarette filters with ventilation is associated with rising adenocarcinoma rates, research indicates.
Absolute risks from radiation therapy for women with breast cancer who continue to smoke could exceed the absolute benefit of the therapy.
Risk associated with radiotherapy for breast cancer is substantially reduced with smoking cessation.
Novel diagnostic test determines whether suspicious lung lesions or nodules are malignant disease from a sample obtained via nasal swab.
A study of a large, diverse patient population appears to show an increasing incidence of lung cancer in patients who have never smoked tobacco.
Annual lung cancer screening of only high-risk smokers more cost-effective than current methods.
Annual counseling could reduce prevalence and prevent many smoking-attributable fatalities.
Even patients that quit smoking in their 60s can add years to their lives, researchers find.
Fewer people smoking, but cancer burden still high in the U.S.
Smoking-attributable cancer mortality estimates have not been established by state; therefore, in this study, the proportion of cancer deaths among persons 35 years and older related to cigarette smoking in 2014 was calculated for each state and DC.
Safety of the smokeless tobacco product called into question after a study links it to increased prostate cancer mortality.
An analysis of population trends in England demonstrated that use of electronic cigarettes improves the rate of successful quit attempts, but results in less use of prescription nicotine-replacement therapy products.
When patients ask about safety and using e-cigarettes to stop smoking, doctors give varying advice.
Low aerobic capacity has greater effect on longevity than even high cholesterol, or high blood pressure.
Findings suggest a possible increase in the risk of oral disease caused by e-cigarette use.
Preoperative smoking is associated with increased risk for breast cancer events and distant metastasis in women treated with aromatase inhibitors (AIs). Hampering the utility of AIs, a common treatment for breast cancer, is yet another health risk associated with smoking.
Cigarette smoking is more common among survivors of AYA cancer than those without cancer, and smoking is associated with greater comorbidities and poorer general health.
A decreasing number of adolescents are smoking, but e-cigarette use and rates of distracted driving are on the rise for this group.
Swallowing the liquid nicotine appears to affect children under 6 the most, and calls to poison control centers about accidental ingestion have sharply increased.
E-cigarettes have a strong potential to improve population health by reducing or displacing cigarette use. A team of international experts urged the US FDA to have a broad perspective when it comes to regulating e-cigarettes.
Smokers who visit a clinician for lung cancer screening should also be encouraged to quit smoking at that visit. Evidence-based behavioral strategies should be used, at each visit, to motivate smokers to quit.
Lung Cancer Screening Criteria Need to Recognize Differences in Smoking Patterns of African AmericansApril 08, 2016
Screening for lung cancer may have a disparity between African Americans and whites due to differences in smoking habits.
Findings in waterpipe smokers include both biological and clinical abnormalities in greater numbers versus nonsmokers.
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