Screening

Screening Colonoscopy Improves CRC-Related Mortality in Veterans

Screening Colonoscopy Improves CRC-Related Mortality in Veterans

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Researchers conducted a case-control study to determine whether colonoscopy is associated with decreased CRC mortality in veterans and whether its effect differs by anatomical location of CRC.

Factoring in Breast Density Improves Long-Term Risk Models for Breast Cancer

Factoring in Breast Density Improves Long-Term Risk Models for Breast Cancer

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A study using a cohort of women from Kaiser Permanente Washington evaluated the accuracy of risk assessment models for breast cancer that included classic risk factors with and without breast density as an additional factor during more than 10 years of follow-up.

Does Better Breast Imaging Lead to Improved Outcomes or Increased Overdiagnosis?

Does Better Breast Imaging Lead to Improved Outcomes or Increased Overdiagnosis?

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Advances in breast imaging such as DBT offer better, clearer images of breast tissue that can identify even low-grade DCIS tumors. But will more sensitive imaging lead to improved outcomes or increased overtreatment?

CHEST Panel Updates Criteria for Low-Dose CT Screening for Lung Cancer

CHEST Panel Updates Criteria for Low-Dose CT Screening for Lung Cancer

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The panel assembled and updated the above guidelines and recommendations regarding lung cancer screening and low-dose CT screening programs.

Colorectal Cancer Screening Rate Increased by Digital Self-Ordering

Colorectal Cancer Screening Rate Increased by Digital Self-Ordering

Fifty-three percent of intervention participants used app to self-order a colorectal screening test.

USPSTF Rates Ovarian Cancer Screening a D for Asymptomatic, Low-Risk Women

USPSTF Rates Ovarian Cancer Screening a D for Asymptomatic, Low-Risk Women

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An USPSTF updated recommendation statement for ovarian cancer screening recommends against screening for women who are asymptomatic and do not have high-risk hereditary cancer syndrome.

Breast Cancer Screening Recommendations Not Completely Reflective of Race, Age

Breast Cancer Screening Recommendations Not Completely Reflective of Race, Age

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An analysis of SEER data sought to examine the appropriateness of age- and race-specific breast cancer screening recommendations for white vs nonwhite women in the United States.

Lung Cancer Screening: Risk-Targeting Approach vs NLST Eligibility Criteria

Lung Cancer Screening: Risk-Targeting Approach vs NLST Eligibility Criteria

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In a review of data from the NLST, researchers sought to determine if a risk-targeting approach would more efficiently select high-risk persons for lung cancer screening than the eligibility criteria defined by the NLST.

Lung Cancer Screening More Efficient for Those at Higher Risk

Lung Cancer Screening More Efficient for Those at Higher Risk

Initial screens were least effective and least efficient for veterans with lowest lung cancer risk, according to this study.

Novel Approach Can Improve Both Colorectal Cancer Screening Outcomes and Adherence

Novel Approach Can Improve Both Colorectal Cancer Screening Outcomes and Adherence

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Study results presented at the 2018 Gastrointestinal Cancers Symposium demonstrated the sensitivity and specificity of the CMx biomimetic platform, a novel approach to detecting CRC and precancerous lesions that could improve screening rates.

Risk-based lung cancer screening may prevent more deaths than current guidelines

1. In terms of early lung cancer death per individual screened, targeting lung cancer mortality risk may improve lung cancer screening efficiency. 2. However, the increases in efficiency were attenuated when measured by life-years, quality-adjusted life-years (QALYs), and cost-effectiveness. Evidence Rating Level: 2 (Good)          Study Rundown: Current guidelines for lung cancer screening using low-dose computed []

Ovarian Cancer Screening Potentially Cost-Effective in the United States

Ovarian Cancer Screening Potentially Cost-Effective in the United States

Multimodal screening is more expensive, but reduces ovarian cancer mortality, researchers found.

Compound in Teas, Peas, Soybeans May Increases Prostate Cancer Risk

Compound in Teas, Peas, Soybeans May Increases Prostate Cancer Risk

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An analysis of an intervention arm of the PLCO Cancer Screening Trial evaluated the risk of prostate cancer relative to dietary consumption of isoflavones, a dietary compound found in some plant foods.

Novel Predictive Model More Effectively Identifies Risk for Lung Cancer

Novel Predictive Model More Effectively Identifies Risk for Lung Cancer

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PanCan study results demonstrate the effectiveness of a novel predictive model in identifying risk of lung cancer in patients who do not meet the screening criteria of other models, including those used in the NLST.

Navigation Programs Most Effective in Increasing Follow-up Colonoscopy

Navigation Programs Most Effective in Increasing Follow-up Colonoscopy

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An analysis of 23 studies focused on interventions with the potential to improve follow-up colonoscopy completion rates found that navigation programs are more effective than other interventions studied.

Surveillance Plus FIT for CRC Screening: Additional Costs Not Justified by Benefits

Surveillance Plus FIT for CRC Screening: Additional Costs Not Justified by Benefits

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Investigators sought to determine clinical and cost effectiveness of additional colonoscopy screening in patients undergoing FIT screening for colorectal cancer.

Beginning Regular Breast Screening Earlier May Produce Optimal Survival

Beginning Regular Breast Screening Earlier May Produce Optimal Survival

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Researchers examined popular breast cancer screening recommendations and their varying impact on patient mortality.

Starting Screening Mammography at Age 40 Leads to Greatest Mortality Benefit

Starting Screening Mammography at Age 40 Leads to Greatest Mortality Benefit

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An analysis of the 3 most adhered to protocols for screening mammography for breast cancer revealed that the greatest benefit is achieved with annual screening beginning at age 40 years.

Financial Incentive Motivates Colorectal Cancer Screening

Financial Incentive Motivates Colorectal Cancer Screening

Researchers investigated whether a financial reward could help drive colorectal cancer participation.

Undergoing CT Lung Cancer Screening May Motivate Quit Attempts in Persons at High Risk

Undergoing CT Lung Cancer Screening May Motivate Quit Attempts in Persons at High Risk

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Contrary to some concerns, persons at high risk for lung cancer who undergo CT lung scans are more likely to attempt smoking cessation regardless of their test results compared with unscreened persons.

MSTF Releases Updated Recommendations for Colorectal Cancer Screening

MSTF Releases Updated Recommendations for Colorectal Cancer Screening

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The United States Multi-Society Task Force (MSTF) on Colorectal Cancer Screening updated its recommendations, confirming that screening in people at average risk should begin at age 50 years. The update also includes a ranking of current screening modalities.

Prostate-specific PET and CT Imaging Improves Detection of Disease and Patient Care

Prostate-specific PET and CT Imaging Improves Detection of Disease and Patient Care

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Prostate-specific molecular imaging, such as PET and CT, can detect more cancer and improve patient care.

Breast Cancer Overdiagnosis Also a Result of Screening Mammography Programs

Breast Cancer Overdiagnosis Also a Result of Screening Mammography Programs

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Screening mammography programs increased early detection of tumors, improving outcomes for those women; however, these programs also increased detection of tumors that would never pose a clinical problem.

Ethnic Differences, Cultural Barriers Negatively Impact Mammography Follow-up Among Asian Ethnic Groups

Ethnic Differences, Cultural Barriers Negatively Impact Mammography Follow-up Among Asian Ethnic Groups

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Follow-up after abnormal results on mammography is more likely to be delayed among Asian American women compared with white women, and varies between different Asian ethnicities.

Screening Recommendations for Children with Common Cancer Predisposition Syndromes

Screening Recommendations for Children with Common Cancer Predisposition Syndromes

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The Pediatric Cancer Working Group of the AACR released its first consensus screening guidelines for children with common cancer predisposition syndromes.

Navigating the Non-small Cell Lung Cancer Patient: CT Lung Cancer Screening Development

Navigating the Non-small Cell Lung Cancer Patient: CT Lung Cancer Screening Development

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Developing a lung cancer screening program involves a number of challenges, including identifying patients in need of screening, patient follow-up, and community support.

Patient Navigators Found to Boost Lung Cancer Screening Rates

Patient Navigators Found to Boost Lung Cancer Screening Rates

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Counseling current smokers and helping to direct their care may reduce lung cancer mortality in underserved low-income populations.

The United States Services Task Force (USPSTF) Recommends Against Thyroid Cancer Screening

The United States Services Task Force (USPSTF) Recommends Against Thyroid Cancer Screening

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Although screening is often recommended as the first line of prevention for most cancers, recent recommendation from the USPSTF advises against thyroid cancer screening in nonsymptomatic adults.

Risk for Disease, Advanced Stage at Diagnosis Higher With Delayed Colonoscopy After Positive FIT Results

Risk for Disease, Advanced Stage at Diagnosis Higher With Delayed Colonoscopy After Positive FIT Results

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Waiting 10 months or longer before follow-up colonoscopy after a positive FIT result is associated with higher risk of disease as well as advanced stage at diagnosis.

Program Developed To Provide Cancer Screening Services for Under/Un-Insured Asian Indio Women

Program Developed To Provide Cancer Screening Services for Under/Un-Insured Asian Indio Women

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Researchers summarize the program development, outcomes, and lessons learned from a program that provided cancer screening services for under/uninsured Asian Indio women.

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