Risk Factors

Leisure sitting time associated with increased risk of cancer in women

Leisure sitting time associated with increased risk of cancer in women

Researchers have found that spending more leisure time sitting was associated with an increased risk for developing cancer in women.

Attending breast cancer screening reduces risk of death from breast cancer by 40%

Attending breast cancer screening reduces risk of death from breast cancer by 40%

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Women ages 50 to 69 years who attend mammography screening reduce their risk of dying from breast cancer by 40% compared with women who are not screened, according to the latest evidence.

A positive family history alone may not affect breast cancer outcomes

A positive family history alone may not affect breast cancer outcomes

No difference seen in distant disease-free intervals for those with versus those without a positive family history, say researchers.

Men with high estrogen levels could be at greater risk of breast cancer

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New research indicates that men with naturally high levels of the female hormone estrogen may have a greater risk of developing breast cancer.

Prolonged statin use may lower risk of lung cancer death

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Statin use by patients diagnosed with lung cancer in the year prior or after their diagnosis is linked to lower related mortality.

No association is seen between reproductive history or hormone use and lung cancer risk in women

The Women's Health Initiative Studies, a large prospective study of lung cancer, found no strong associations between lung cancer risk and a wide range of reproductive history variables.

Study pinpoints genetic cause of increased leukemia risk

Study pinpoints genetic cause of increased leukemia risk

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A mutation of the gene ETV6 has been pinpointed as the heritable, genetic cause of acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), according to a study.

Risk of thyroid cancer increases after a breast cancer diagnosis

Risk of thyroid cancer increases after a breast cancer diagnosis

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Breast cancer survivors have a higher risk of developing thyroid cancer, especially within 5 years of their breast cancer diagnosis, according to a national database analysis.

Fifteen new breast cancer genetic risk 'hot-spots' revealed

Fifteen new breast cancer genetic risk 'hot-spots' revealed

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Researchers compared tiny variations in the genetic make-up of more than 120,000 women of European ancestry, with and without breast cancer, and identified 15 new genetic variations linked to a higher risk of the disease.

Family history of prostate cancer may indicate higher risk of breast cancer in women

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A family history of prostate cancer among first-degree relatives may increase a woman's risk of developing breast cancer, according to a new study.

Major study links two new genetic variants to breast cancer

Major study links two new genetic variants to breast cancer

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A worldwide study of the DNA of 100,000 women has discovered two new genetic variants associated with an increased risk of breast cancer.

Managing Aspergillus infection in HSCT recipients

Managing Aspergillus infection in HSCT recipients

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This review discusses common risk factors, treatment, and preventive measures for aspergillosis in hematopoietic stem transplantation recipients.

New study suggests why pancreatic cancer is so aggressive

New study suggests why pancreatic cancer is so aggressive

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New study helps explain why pancreatic cancer is so lethal, with less than one-third of patients surviving even early stage disease.

Current smoking lowers survival odds for prostate cancer

Current smoking lowers survival odds for prostate cancer

Former, as well as current, smokers saw higher risk for disease recurrence and radiation therapy-related urinary side effects.

New study helps physicians and patients determine prostate cancer risk

New study helps physicians and patients determine prostate cancer risk

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Examining more distant relations for prostate cancer can provide important patient history.

Statistical model shows random mutations play a dominant role in cancer development

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Scientists have created a statistical model that measures the proportion of cancer incidence, across varied tissue types, caused primarily by random mutations during cell division.

H. pylori may not be risk factor for head and neck squamous cell carcinoma

H. pylori may not be risk factor for head and neck squamous cell carcinoma

Rates of positive serologyand rapid urease tests were not different for head and neck cancer patients and controls, according to researchers.

Combining genetic information with risk factors could improve breast cancer prediction

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Combining genetic data with information on other risk factors could significantly improve the ability to identify women at highest risk of developing breast cancer, according to a new study.

Diet, inflammation, and cancer linked through certain lipids

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A category of lipids known as sphingolipids may be an important link in the relationship between diet, inflammation, and cancer.

Urologists key to informing patients of tobacco-bladder cancer link

Urologists key to informing patients of tobacco-bladder cancer link

Active smokers more knowledgeable than former smokers or nonsmokers, and often cite urologist as source of information.

Chest radiation to treat childhood Wilms tumor increases breast cancer risk

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A new study has found that patients who received chest radiation for Wilms tumor may be more susceptible to breast cancer later in life, due to their radiation exposure.

Link between obesity and breast cancer confirmed for blacks and Hispanics

Link between obesity and breast cancer confirmed for blacks and Hispanics

For black women and Hispanic women, obesity increases postmenopausal risk of estrogen receptor (ER)-negative and progesterone receptor-positive breast cancer.

Diet quality before diagnosis is linked to lower mortality among survivors of ovarian cancer

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Diet quality before ovarian cancer diagnosis is associated with both mortality and recurrence.

Factors contributing to pancreatic cancer identified

Factors contributing to pancreatic cancer identified

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New research that provides a better understanding of pancreatic cancer may help identify those people at increased risk.

Adopting multiple healthy behaviors reduces risk of colorectal cancer

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Adoption of five key healthy behaviors is linked with a reduction in the risk of developing bowel cancer.

No association found between wearing a bra and breast cancer

No association found between wearing a bra and breast cancer

A recent study found no link between bra wearing and increased breast cancer risk among postmenopausal women.

Major breakthrough in understanding acute lymphoblastic leukemia

Major breakthrough in understanding acute lymphoblastic leukemia

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By analyzing the DNA sequence of patients at different stages of leukemia, researchers have discovered mutations in genes that lead to childhood leukemia of the acute lymphoblastic type, the most common childhood cancer.

Postmenopausal breast cancer risk drops off after starting regular physical activity

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Postmenopausal women who in the past 4 years had undertaken regular physical activity equivalent to at least 4 hours of walking per week had a lower risk for invasive breast cancer compared with women who exercised less

Mutations in the PALB2 gene increases risk of breast cancer by age 70 years

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The PALB2 gene is potentially one of the most important genes associated with breast cancer after the BRCA1/2 genes.

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