Risk Factors

Factoring in Breast Density Improves Long-Term Risk Models for Breast Cancer

Factoring in Breast Density Improves Long-Term Risk Models for Breast Cancer

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A study using a cohort of women from Kaiser Permanente Washington evaluated the accuracy of risk assessment models for breast cancer that included classic risk factors with and without breast density as an additional factor during more than 10 years of follow-up.

Preoperative Aspirin Use May Not Increase Risk of Bleeding in Thyroid Surgery

Preoperative Aspirin Use May Not Increase Risk of Bleeding in Thyroid Surgery

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This study sought to determine if continuing preoperative aspirin therapy would increase the risk of bleeding complications in patients undergoing thyroid surgery.

Anticancer Properties of Omega-3 Fatty Acids: Plant-Based vs Marine-Based

Anticancer Properties of Omega-3 Fatty Acids: Plant-Based vs Marine-Based

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Researchers compared the association between diets high in plant-based omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) vs those high in marine-based PUFAs and the risk for breast cancer.

Obesity and Cancer Risk (Fact Sheet)

Obesity and Cancer Risk (Fact Sheet)

This fact sheet defines obesity and explores its relationship with cancer.

Risk Factors for Arterial, Venous Thrombosis Differ in Polycythemia Vera

Risk Factors for Arterial, Venous Thrombosis Differ in Polycythemia Vera

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Researchers assessed outcomes for 587 patients with PV to determine the risk factors most likely to predict arterial or venous thrombosis in this patient population.

Imaging Management of Breast Density, a Controversial Risk Factor for Breast Cancer

Imaging Management of Breast Density, a Controversial Risk Factor for Breast Cancer

[Cancer Control] This research reviews the evidence regarding breast density as a risk factor for the development of breast cancer and presents a management strategy for screening women with dense breasts.

Risk of Some Cancers Higher in Women With a History of Periodontal Disease

Risk of Some Cancers Higher in Women With a History of Periodontal Disease

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A study on a cohort of women enrolled in the WHI-OS shows that those with a history of periodontal disease had a higher risk for developing some cancers.

Risk of Arterial Thromboembolism Greater With First-Time Cancer

Risk of Arterial Thromboembolism Greater With First-Time Cancer

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An increase in risk for arterial thromboembolism was correlated with cancer stage and varied by cancer type.

Risk of Nonmelanoma Skin Cancers Increased With Alcohol Consumption

Risk of Nonmelanoma Skin Cancers Increased With Alcohol Consumption

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Researchers found that an association between alcohol consumption and nonmelanoma skin cancers may be dose-dependent. This risk includes basal cell carcinoma and cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma.

Risk of Lung Cancer Increases With Diets Higher in Saturated Fats

Risk of Lung Cancer Increases With Diets Higher in Saturated Fats

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A recent study demonstrated that eating a diet high in saturated fats and low in polyunsaturated fats may increase a person's risk of developing lung cancer.

Cancer Risk Not Increased by Childhood Exposure to Diagnostic Radiation

Cancer Risk Not Increased by Childhood Exposure to Diagnostic Radiation

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Risk of developing cancer as a result of childhood exposure to medical imaging radiation is not increased in children or adults, a new study reports.

CVD Risk Factors Identified in Long-Term Survivors of Pediatric Cancer

CVD Risk Factors Identified in Long-Term Survivors of Pediatric Cancer

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Study implicates higher doses of cardiac radiotherapy and exposure to high-dose anthracyclines.

Drinking Coffee Might Reduce Risk of Developing Prostate Cancer

Drinking Coffee Might Reduce Risk of Developing Prostate Cancer

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Men who drank 3 or more cups of Italian style coffee per day had a lower risk of developing prostate cancer.

Position Statement on Fracture Risk With AI Therapy in Early-Stage Breast Cancer Updated

Position Statement on Fracture Risk With AI Therapy in Early-Stage Breast Cancer Updated

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Seven interdisciplinary cancer and bone societies released a position statement updating recommendations for limiting bone loss and fracture risk in patients with early-stage breast cancer undergoing treatment with AIs.

Risk for Disease, Advanced Stage at Diagnosis Higher With Delayed Colonoscopy After Positive FIT Results

Risk for Disease, Advanced Stage at Diagnosis Higher With Delayed Colonoscopy After Positive FIT Results

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Waiting 10 months or longer before follow-up colonoscopy after a positive FIT result is associated with higher risk of disease as well as advanced stage at diagnosis.

Family History Does Not Exclude Active Surveillance as Treatment Option for Prostate Cancer

Family History Does Not Exclude Active Surveillance as Treatment Option for Prostate Cancer

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Family history does not predict aggressiveness of prostate cancer or suitability for active surveillance as a treatment option.

Presence of Protein E6 Predictive of Oropharyngeal Cancer Risk in HPV16-Infected Persons

Presence of Protein E6 Predictive of Oropharyngeal Cancer Risk in HPV16-Infected Persons

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Protein produced by chronically infected cells in persons with HPV16 infection serves as a biomarker for risk of cancer of the oropharynx.

Vitamin D, Calcium Have No Affect on Cancer Risk in Postmenopausal Women

Vitamin D, Calcium Have No Affect on Cancer Risk in Postmenopausal Women

Supplementation with vitamin D3 and calcium was not found to influence risk of cancer in postmenopausal women aged 55 years and older.

Benefits of Radiation Therapy Undone by Smoking in Some Breast Cancer Patients

Benefits of Radiation Therapy Undone by Smoking in Some Breast Cancer Patients

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Absolute risks from radiation therapy for women with breast cancer who continue to smoke could exceed the absolute benefit of the therapy.

12 More Genetic Variants Found to Increase Risk for Ovarian Cancer

12 More Genetic Variants Found to Increase Risk for Ovarian Cancer

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A team of international researchers identified 12 new genetic variants that increase a woman's risk of developing ovarian cancer.

Mortality Rates Highest Among Youngest Oncology Patients, Particularly Minorities

Mortality Rates Highest Among Youngest Oncology Patients, Particularly Minorities

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Cancer deaths within 1 month of diagnosis occur most often in patients younger than 1 years, especially among Blacks and Hispanics.

Risk of Second Cancers Increased in Hodgkin Lymphoma Survivors

Risk of Second Cancers Increased in Hodgkin Lymphoma Survivors

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Hodgkin lymphoma survivors are at higher risk of second cancers, and that risk is even higher in those with a first-degree relative with cancer.

Lifestyle Choices Have Greater Influence on Colon and Rectal Cancer Risk

Lifestyle Choices Have Greater Influence on Colon and Rectal Cancer Risk

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Predictive risk model shows that lifestyle choices have a greater influence on risk for colorectal cancer than does genetic factors.

No Association Between Vasectomy and Prostate Cancer Risk

No Association Between Vasectomy and Prostate Cancer Risk

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There is no association between vasectomy and the risk of overall, high-grade, or advanced-stage prostate cancer or prostate cancer-related mortality.

Colorectal Cancer Risk Higher With Poor Metabolic Health vs Increased Weight

Colorectal Cancer Risk Higher With Poor Metabolic Health vs Increased Weight

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Women with poor metabolic health have a greater risk of colorectal cancer than those with increased weight.

Mammographic Breast Density Correlates With Risk of Primary, Contralateral Breast Cancer

Mammographic Breast Density Correlates With Risk of Primary, Contralateral Breast Cancer

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High mammographic breast density is a risk factor for primary breast cancer. In this study, a potential correlation with contralateral breast cancer was investigated.

Intentional Weight Loss Associated With Endometrial Cancer Risk

Intentional Weight Loss Associated With Endometrial Cancer Risk

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The impact of weight loss on risk for endometrial cancer in postmenopausal women was assessed in women enrolled in the Women's Health Initiative observational study.

Alcohol Consumption, Particularly White Wine, Associated With Increased Risk of Melanoma

Alcohol Consumption, Particularly White Wine, Associated With Increased Risk of Melanoma

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A review of data from three large, prospective studies examined a potential association between alcoholic beverage consumption and risk of melanoma.

Adherence to WCRF/AICR Diet Linked to Lower Cancer Risk Among Older Adults

Adherence to WCRF/AICR Diet Linked to Lower Cancer Risk Among Older Adults

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Adherence to World Cancer Research Fund (WCRF)/American Institute for Cancer Research (AICR) dietary recommendations improves cancer risks. In this study, researchers determined whether adherence to these recommendations provides the same benefits for older persons.

Helicobacter Pylori and Cancer Risk (Fact Sheet)

Helicobacter Pylori and Cancer Risk (Fact Sheet)

This fact sheet explores the links, both negative and positive, that Helicobacter pylori may have with gastric and other cancer types.

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