Risk Factors

Combining genetic information with risk factors could improve breast cancer prediction

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Combining genetic data with information on other risk factors could significantly improve the ability to identify women at highest risk of developing breast cancer, according to a new study.

Diet, inflammation, and cancer linked through certain lipids

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A category of lipids known as sphingolipids may be an important link in the relationship between diet, inflammation, and cancer.

Urologists key to informing patients of tobacco-bladder cancer link

Urologists key to informing patients of tobacco-bladder cancer link

Active smokers more knowledgeable than former smokers or nonsmokers, and often cite urologist as source of information.

Chest radiation to treat childhood Wilms tumor increases breast cancer risk

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A new study has found that patients who received chest radiation for Wilms tumor may be more susceptible to breast cancer later in life, due to their radiation exposure.

Link between obesity and breast cancer confirmed for blacks and Hispanics

Link between obesity and breast cancer confirmed for blacks and Hispanics

For black women and Hispanic women, obesity increases postmenopausal risk of estrogen receptor (ER)-negative and progesterone receptor-positive breast cancer.

Diet quality before diagnosis is linked to lower mortality among survivors of ovarian cancer

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Diet quality before ovarian cancer diagnosis is associated with both mortality and recurrence.

Factors contributing to pancreatic cancer identified

Factors contributing to pancreatic cancer identified

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New research that provides a better understanding of pancreatic cancer may help identify those people at increased risk.

Adopting multiple healthy behaviors reduces risk of colorectal cancer

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Adoption of five key healthy behaviors is linked with a reduction in the risk of developing bowel cancer.

No association found between wearing a bra and breast cancer

No association found between wearing a bra and breast cancer

A recent study found no link between bra wearing and increased breast cancer risk among postmenopausal women.

Major breakthrough in understanding acute lymphoblastic leukemia

Major breakthrough in understanding acute lymphoblastic leukemia

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By analyzing the DNA sequence of patients at different stages of leukemia, researchers have discovered mutations in genes that lead to childhood leukemia of the acute lymphoblastic type, the most common childhood cancer.

Postmenopausal breast cancer risk drops off after starting regular physical activity

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Postmenopausal women who in the past 4 years had undertaken regular physical activity equivalent to at least 4 hours of walking per week had a lower risk for invasive breast cancer compared with women who exercised less

Mutations in the PALB2 gene increases risk of breast cancer by age 70 years

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The PALB2 gene is potentially one of the most important genes associated with breast cancer after the BRCA1/2 genes.

Chemoprotective effects of coffee

Chemoprotective effects of coffee

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Diet and nutrition are significant factors in preventing hepatic diseases progressing to hepatocellular carcinoma, and coffee is high on the list of good foods.

New mutations may increase breast cancer risk

New mutations may increase breast cancer risk

Mutations in PALB2 and germline mutations in the multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1 (MEN1) tumor-suppressor gene causing MEN1 correlate with increased breast cancer risk, according to two studies.

Secondhand Smoke and Cancer (Fact Sheet)

Secondhand Smoke and Cancer (Fact Sheet)

This fact sheet examines the relationship between secondhand smoke and cancer risk.

Recent use of some birth control pills may increase breast cancer risk

Recent use of some birth control pills may increase breast cancer risk

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Women who recently used birth control pills containing high-dose estrogen and a few other formulations had an increased risk for breast cancer, whereas women using some other formulations did not, according to recent data.

Specific genetic defect may increase melanoma susceptibility

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A new study shows how a genetic defect in a specific hormonal pathway may make people more susceptible to developing melanoma.

Novel approach reduces risk of cervical cancer

Novel approach reduces risk of cervical cancer

Researchers describe a novel approach to preventing cervical cancer. The study findings showed a reduction in cervical cancer risk after removal of a discrete population of cervical cells called squamocolumnar junction cells.

Here's What We Know About Cell Phone Use And the Risks For Cancer

Here's What We Know About Cell Phone Use And the Risks For Cancer

Cell phone emit radiation that can be absorbed by human tissue; however, that does not mean that cell phones can cause cancer. An important factor is that cell phone emit non-ionizing electromagnetic radiation—the kind of radiation emitted by microwave—not ionizing radiation—the kind that comes from x-rays.

Poor lifestyle choices blamed for large rise In liver and skin cancers

Poor lifestyle choices blamed for large rise In liver and skin cancers

Lifestyle factors such as overeating, smoking, drinking too much and not enough exercises may be to blame for a sharp rise in liver and skin cancer cases.

Four genes confirmed as increasing familial breast cancer risk

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Four new genes have been added to the growing list of those known to cause increased breast cancer risk when mutated.

Researchers at NYU and UCSF Develop a Framework for Monitoring Oral Cancer

Researchers at NYU and UCSF Develop a Framework for Monitoring Oral Cancer

Researchers at New York University College of Dentistry and at University of California San Francisco are investigating a potential association between oral cancers and chronic microbial diseases of the oral cavity.

Variation in BRCA2 gene linked to lung cancer, doubles a smoker's risk

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New research confirms a vulnerability to lung cancer can be inherited and implicates the BRCA2 gene as harboring one of the involved genetic mutations.

Prophylactic double mastectomy following breast cancer diagnosis often not needed

Prophylactic double mastectomy following breast cancer diagnosis often not needed

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Approximately 70% of women who have both breasts removed following a breast cancer diagnosis do so despite a very low risk of facing cancer in the healthy breast, new research has found.

ASCO: Obesity and ER+ breast cancer mortality link limited to pre-menopause

ASCO: Obesity and ER+ breast cancer mortality link limited to pre-menopause

In estrogen receptor (ER)+ breast cancer, obesity is positively associated with breast cancer mortality only among pre-/peri-menopausal women, according to new research.

Radiation therapy for cervical cancer increases risk for colorectal cancer

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Young women treated with radiation for cervical cancer should begin colorectal cancer screening earlier than traditionally recommended, according to new research.

Insights into why cancer incidence increases with age

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Age-associated changes in a biochemical process that helps control genes may be responsible for some of the increased risk of cancer seen in older people.

Obesity in men could dictate future colon screenings

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Elevated levels of the fat hormone leptin, higher BMI, and a larger waistline are associated with a greater likelihood of having colorectal polyps in men.

AACR: Higher melatonin levels tied to lower prostate cancer risk

AACR: Higher melatonin levels tied to lower prostate cancer risk

After adjusting for potential confounders, men with high levels of 6-sulfatoxymelatonin demonstrated a significantly lower prostate cancer risk.

Celebrity health stories tend to raise awareness but not knowledge of disease risk

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a new study reveals that widespread awareness of Angelina Jolie's mastectomy story did not translate into increased understanding of breast cancer risk.

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