Risk Factors

Insights into why cancer incidence increases with age

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Age-associated changes in a biochemical process that helps control genes may be responsible for some of the increased risk of cancer seen in older people.

Obesity in men could dictate future colon screenings

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Elevated levels of the fat hormone leptin, higher BMI, and a larger waistline are associated with a greater likelihood of having colorectal polyps in men.

AACR: Higher melatonin levels tied to lower prostate cancer risk

AACR: Higher melatonin levels tied to lower prostate cancer risk

After adjusting for potential confounders, men with high levels of 6-sulfatoxymelatonin demonstrated a significantly lower prostate cancer risk.

Celebrity health stories tend to raise awareness but not knowledge of disease risk

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a new study reveals that widespread awareness of Angelina Jolie's mastectomy story did not translate into increased understanding of breast cancer risk.

Allergies increase risk of blood cancers in women

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A team of scientists looking into the interplay of the immune system and cancer have found a link between a having a history of airborne allergies with risk of blood cancers in women.

Central adiposity linked to esophageal cancer risk

Central adiposity linked to esophageal cancer risk

An association between central adiposity and increased risk of esophageal inflammation, metaplasia, and adenocarcinoma found.

Artificial Sweeteners and Cancer (Fact Sheet)

This fact sheet explores the evidence of links between artificial sweeteners and cancer risk.

Family history of adenomas ups CRC risk

Family history of adenomas ups CRC risk

Screening according to current guidelines could miss 10 percent of CRCs diagnosed in relatives.

AACR: Sedentary time linked to male CR adenoma recurrence

AACR: Sedentary time linked to male CR adenoma recurrence

Risk of colorectal adenoma recurrence up for men with low recreation activity, high sedentary time.

Esophageal and gastric cancers linked to teen weight

Esophageal and gastric cancers linked to teen weight

Adolescents' weight and socioeconomic status (SES) may affect their subsequent risk of developing esophageal and gastric cancer, according to a study.

Mexican women develop more aggressive forms of breast cancer despite protective factors

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Women of Mexican descent who had more children and breastfed were more likely to develop an aggressive breast cancer, according to results from the Ella Binational Breast Cancer Study.

One hour of walking per day may reduce breast cancer risk

One hour of walking per day may reduce breast cancer risk

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Researchers have uncovered a decreased risk of breast cancer among women who walk 7 or more hours per week compared with women who walk for 3 hours or less per week.

Secondary cancers: When treatment ­increases the risk of disease

Secondary cancers: When treatment ­increases the risk of disease

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Which cancer treatments can cause other cancers later in life?

Familial element identified in papillary thyroid cancer

Familial element identified in papillary thyroid cancer

Population study shows significantly increased risk of developing the cancer for relatives of probands.

High-dose rhBMP linked to increased cancer incidence

High-dose rhBMP linked to increased cancer incidence

Patients receiving high-dose recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein-2 (rhBMP-2) as part of spine surgery have an increased risk of cancer.

After diagnosis melanoma patients increase sun exposure

After diagnosis melanoma patients increase sun exposure

Patients with cutaneous malignant melanoma (CMM) may actually increase their exposure to ultraviolet radiation in the first three years after diagnosis, according to a recent study.

Breast density laws addressed by experts

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A website has been developed to help navigate the new challenges posed by breast-density notification laws, according to a recent special report.

Lifestyle intervention iassociated with increased telomere length

Lifestyle intervention iassociated with increased telomere length

Lifestyle intervention tied to increases in telomere length in men with low-risk prostate cancer.

Dental caries inversely associated with HNSCC

Dental caries inversely associated with HNSCC

After adjustment, those in upper tertiles of caries, crown, endodontic tx have reduced risk of head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC).

Maintaining healthy weight and activity could halve endometrial cancers

Maintaining healthy weight and activity could halve endometrial cancers

Estimates suggest 59 percent of endometrial cancers could be prevented with healthy weight and activity,. per a WCRF/AICR report.

Cardiac risk in adult survivors of childhood cancer examined

Cardiac risk in adult survivors of childhood cancer examined

Modifiable cardiovascular risk factors contribute to the development of major cardiac events in adult survivors of childhood cancer.

Proper diet limits pancreatic cancer risk

Proper diet limits pancreatic cancer risk

Findings based on self-rated diet quality in national food frequency survey

Family history of cancer increases cancer risk

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A family history of cancer increases the risk for other members of the family developing not only the same cancer (known as concordant cancer) but also a different (discordant) cancer.

HPV raises esophageal cancer risk

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The human papillomavirus (HPV) triples the risk of people developing yet another cancer, esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC), according to new research.

Proximity to benzene increases lymphoma risk

Proximity to benzene increases lymphoma risk

Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma risk falls by 0.3 percent with each mile increase in proximity to benzene release sites.

Intestinal bacteria linked to white blood cell cancer

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A new study indicates that specific types of bacteria that live in the gut are major contributors to lymphoma, a cancer of the white blood cells.

Review of cancer histories explores familial factors

Review of cancer histories explores familial factors

Increased cancer risk are seen with both concordant and discordant cancer sites among close relatives.

Low estrogen therapy utilization after hysterectomy deadly

Low estrogen therapy utilization after hysterectomy deadly

Thousands of deaths estimated in 50- to 59-year-old hysterectomized women, because of avoiding estrogen therapy.

Nerves may play key role in triggering prostate cancer and its spread

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Nerves play a critical role in both the development and spread of prostate tumors.

Lifestyle factors impact prostate cancer severity

Lifestyle factors impact prostate cancer severity

Adherence to lifestyle recommendations can reduce risk of aggressive prostate cancer.

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