Risk Factors

Risk of Second Cancers Increased in Hodgkin Lymphoma Survivors

Risk of Second Cancers Increased in Hodgkin Lymphoma Survivors

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Hodgkin lymphoma survivors are at higher risk of second cancers, and that risk is even higher in those with a first-degree relative with cancer.

Lifestyle Choices Have Greater Influence on Colon and Rectal Cancer Risk

Lifestyle Choices Have Greater Influence on Colon and Rectal Cancer Risk

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Predictive risk model shows that lifestyle choices have a greater influence on risk for colorectal cancer than does genetic factors.

No Association Between Vasectomy and Prostate Cancer Risk

No Association Between Vasectomy and Prostate Cancer Risk

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There is no association between vasectomy and the risk of overall, high-grade, or advanced-stage prostate cancer or prostate cancer-related mortality.

Colorectal Cancer Risk Higher With Poor Metabolic Health vs Increased Weight

Colorectal Cancer Risk Higher With Poor Metabolic Health vs Increased Weight

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Women with poor metabolic health have a greater risk of colorectal cancer than those with increased weight.

Mammographic Breast Density Correlates With Risk of Primary, Contralateral Breast Cancer

Mammographic Breast Density Correlates With Risk of Primary, Contralateral Breast Cancer

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High mammographic breast density is a risk factor for primary breast cancer. In this study, a potential correlation with contralateral breast cancer was investigated.

Intentional Weight Loss Associated With Endometrial Cancer Risk

Intentional Weight Loss Associated With Endometrial Cancer Risk

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The impact of weight loss on risk for endometrial cancer in postmenopausal women was assessed in women enrolled in the Women's Health Initiative observational study.

Alcohol Consumption, Particularly White Wine, Associated With Increased Risk of Melanoma

Alcohol Consumption, Particularly White Wine, Associated With Increased Risk of Melanoma

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A review of data from three large, prospective studies examined a potential association between alcoholic beverage consumption and risk of melanoma.

Adherence to WCRF/AICR Diet Linked to Lower Cancer Risk Among Older Adults

Adherence to WCRF/AICR Diet Linked to Lower Cancer Risk Among Older Adults

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Adherence to World Cancer Research Fund (WCRF)/American Institute for Cancer Research (AICR) dietary recommendations improves cancer risks. In this study, researchers determined whether adherence to these recommendations provides the same benefits for older persons.

Helicobacter Pylori and Cancer Risk (Fact Sheet)

Helicobacter Pylori and Cancer Risk (Fact Sheet)

This fact sheet explores the links, both negative and positive, that Helicobacter pylori may have with gastric and other cancer types.

Some Gene Variants Increase the Risk for Melanoma in People With Red Hair, Freckling

Some Gene Variants Increase the Risk for Melanoma in People With Red Hair, Freckling

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Variants of the MC1R gene, associated with red hair, pale skin, and freckles, increases the number of genetic mutations related to skin cancer and the level of other gene mutations, further increasing the risk for skin cancer.

Cancer Risk Higher in Patients With Heart Failure After a First Heart Attack

Cancer Risk Higher in Patients With Heart Failure After a First Heart Attack

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The risk of developing cancer increases in people who experience heart failure after their first heart attack compared with people who experience no heart failure after their first heart attack.

High Blood Sugar Associated With Lower Risk of Meningioma

High Blood Sugar Associated With Lower Risk of Meningioma

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Benign brain tumors that have previously been associated with obesity and diabetes are surprisingly less likely to emerge in patients with high blood sugar, according to new research.

Consumption of Tree Nuts Associated With Reduced Mortality for Patients With Prostate Cancer

Consumption of Tree Nuts Associated With Reduced Mortality for Patients With Prostate Cancer

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Consumption of tree nuts is associated with lower mortality rates among men with prostate cancer. It did not, however, correlate with a reduced risk of developing prostate cancer.

Scalding Beverages Might Lead to Esophageal Cancer

Scalding Beverages Might Lead to Esophageal Cancer

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Drinking scalding coffee, tea, or yerba mate might increase the risk of developing esophageal cancer according to the World Health Organization. Beverages hotter than 149°F (65°C) might increase the risk of developing esophageal cancer.

Healthy Lifestyle Could Reduce Risk of Developing Breast Cancer

Healthy Lifestyle Could Reduce Risk of Developing Breast Cancer

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Following a healthy lifestyle could reduce the risk of developing breast cancer for women already at high risk for the disease due to genetic risk and family history.

Cancer Might Drive Physical and Mental Health Issues in Aging Patients

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Cancer increases the risk for some health issues beyond the normal risks that accompany aging. This increased risk could be due to decreased physical activity and increased stress associated with cancer diagnosis and treatment.

Effect of Childbirth on Risk of Ovarian Cancer Diminishes With Age, But Effect of Oral Contraceptive Use Is Constant

Effect of Childbirth on Risk of Ovarian Cancer Diminishes With Age, But Effect of Oral Contraceptive Use Is Constant

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Prior oral contraceptive use is associated with reduced risk for ovarian cancer among women of all ages; however, risk reductions associated with childbirth wane as women age

Overall Benefits of Vaporized Nicotine Products Outweigh Harms, Says International Panel of Experts

Overall Benefits of Vaporized Nicotine Products Outweigh Harms, Says International Panel of Experts

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E-cigarettes have a strong potential to improve population health by reducing or displacing cigarette use. A team of international experts urged the US FDA to have a broad perspective when it comes to regulating e-cigarettes.

Chronic HBV Treatment Linked to Increased Rates of Colorectal and Cervical Cancer

Chronic HBV Treatment Linked to Increased Rates of Colorectal and Cervical Cancer

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A potential link between long-term oral treatment with nucleos(t)ide analogues for chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) and an increased risk of colorectal and cervical cancers was demonstrated.

Nipple-sparing Mastectomy Safe for Women With High Risk of Breast Cancer

Nipple-sparing Mastectomy Safe for Women With High Risk of Breast Cancer

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Prophylactic nipple-sparing mastectomy is as effective at preventing breast cancer as more invasive surgeries, according to a multi-institution study.

Higher Vitamin D Levels Lower Risk of Cancer in Women

Higher Vitamin D Levels Lower Risk of Cancer in Women

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Higher serum levels of 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) correlated with a reduced risk of cancer in women.

Risk of Bladder Cancer Higher for Patients Taking a Specific Diabetes Medication

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Pioglitazone use correlated with increased rates of bladder cancer across a large population. The risk of developing bladder cancer also increased with higher dose and longer use of the drug.

Mastectomy Increases Life Expectancy in Younger Women With Ovarian Cancer

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Risk-reducing mastectomy (RRM) can increase life expectancy and be cost effective in women up to age 60 years with ovarian cancer as carriers of a BRCA mutation.

Arterial Calcification Seen on Mammography Linked to Risk of Heart Disease

Arterial Calcification Seen on Mammography Linked to Risk of Heart Disease

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The amount of calcium in the arteries of the breast, readily visible on digital mammography, is linked to the level of calcium buildup in the coronary arteries.

How Insulin Levels Are Managed Affects Breast Density in Women With Diabetes

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Diabetes treatments, such as diet or pills (eg, metformin), decrease mammographic density, whereas insulin may increase mammographic density.

Newly Identified Gene Mutation Predominant in Chinese With a Family History of Breast Cancer

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Germline mutations to the RECQL gene were identified in 0.5% of patients with familial breast cancer in a Chinese population.

Vitamin D Deficiency Increases Risk of Tumor Growth and Metastasis in Breast Cancer

Vitamin D Deficiency Increases Risk of Tumor Growth and Metastasis in Breast Cancer

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Deficiency in vitamin D resulted in breast cancer tumors that grew faster and were more likely to metastasize, according to a recent study using mouse and cell culture models. The study also demonstrated a correlation between serum vitamin D levels and ID1.

Prognosis Poor for Women With Pregnancy-Associated Melanoma

Prognosis Poor for Women With Pregnancy-Associated Melanoma

Among women aged up to 49 years with a pregnancy-associated melanoma, recurrence rates were higher than seen in other groups.

Gingivitis Bacteria Associated With Esophageal Cancer

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Bacteria that cause gum disease, Porphyromonas gingivalis, frequently infect the esophageal tissues of patients with esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC), were associated with ESCC progression, and serve as a potential biomarker for ESCC.

Breast Cancer Risk Higher in Latinas Who Consume Processed Meats

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Eating processed meats such as bacon and sausage may increase the risk for breast cancer in Latinas, while the same association was not found in white women.

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