Renal Cell Carcinoma
Clinical Use of Cabozantinib in the Treatment of Advanced Kidney Cancer: Efficacy, Safety, and Patient SelectionOctober 13, 2016
[OncoTargets and Therapy] This research We reviews the development of cabozantinib in advanced renal cell carcinoma and its role in the treatment landscape.
A new class of drugs, that interferes with processes that fuel cell growth, is more effective and better tolerated that the standard-of-care drug for clear cell renal cell carcinoma.
Pneumonitis related to the use of PD-1 inhibitor therapy is higher among patients with NSCLC and RCC, and during combination therapy.
Presence of certain microRNAs (miRNAs) is predictive of response to TKIs and prognosis for patients with metastatic renal cell carcinoma (mRCC).
Patients receiving PD-1 or PD-L1 antibodies exhibited papular and nodular eruptions with scale, as well as mucosal lesions with lichenoid features, that were typically manageable with topical steroid treatment.
Comparative Efficacy and Safety of Axitinib Versus Sorafenib in Metastatic Renal Cell Carcinoma: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysisJuly 07, 2016
[Oncotargets and Therapy] This research evaluates the comparative efficacy and safety of axitinib and sorafenib for the treatment of metastatic renal cell carcinoma.
Surgery to remove a cancerous kidney can often lengthen the lives of patients receiving targeted therapy for metastatic kidney cancer, but only approximately 3 in 10 such patients undergo the procedure.
Several genetic differences uncovered in an analysis of data from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) are biologically plausible contributing factors for the worse survival of African American patients with clear cell renal carcinoma, even in the era of targeted therapy.
Adjuvant treatment with sorafenib or sunitinib demonstrated no survival benefit in patients with resected local renal cell carcinoma at high risk for disease recurrence.
Tumor Heterogeneity as a Rationale for a Multi-epitope Approach in an Autologous Renal Cell Cancer Tumor VaccineMarch 04, 2016
In this study, researchers sought to characterize a panel of 36 tumor-associated antigens and cellular marker proteins from tumor material of 133 patients with renal cell carcinoma who underwent radical neprhectomy.
Findings of the randomized, phase 3 METEOR trial demonstrate progression-free survival in patients with advanced renal cell carcinoma is improved with cabozantinib compared with everolimus.
Everolimus-induced stomatitis did not negatively affect progression-free survival in patients with various types of cancer, such as breast cancer and renal cell carcinoma.
Improvements to progression-free survival (PFS) seen across patient subgroups treated with cabozantinib.
This newly approved drug operates by targeting the PD-1/PD-L1 cellular pathway.
For patients with diabetes, poor glycemic control is linked to higher risk of postoperative progression.
The FDA extended indications for nivolumab (Opdivo) to include treatment of advanced (metastatic) renal cell carcinoma (RCC).
Type 1 and type 2 carcinomas are characterized by specific genetic alterations; type 2 consists of at least three subtypes.
A recent study has linked an increased risk of kidney cancer to certain meat-cooking mutagens.
Independent risk factors for toxicity-related treatment discontinuation (TrTD) in patients with metastatic renal cell carcinoma (mRCC).
Frequent adverse events experienced by patients receiving tyrosine kinase inhibitors are hand-foot syndrome and mucositis/stomatitis.
Risk of Cardiovascular Events Higher After Antiangiogenic Therapy for RCC in Persons Older Than 65 YearsOctober 07, 2015
Sunitinib and sorafenib may be associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular events in older patients with renal cell carcinoma (RCC).
In new clinical trial, Nivolumab raised median survival for patients with advanced renal-cell carcinoma.
Antiangiogenic therapy and cytotoxic therapy are an active and well-tolerated combination for aggressive renal cell carcinoma (RCC).
The FDA has granted Breakthrough Therapy Designation to cabozantinib for treatment of advanced renal cell carcinoma (RCC).
Patients with unilateral Wilms tumor who underwent unilateral radical nephrectomy appear to have low risk for renal dysfunction.
Pembrolizumab plus low-dose ipilimumab combination considered to have an acceptable safety profile in melanoma or renal cell carcinoma.
A higher intake of lycopene in postmenopausal women may decrease the risk for developing renal cell carcinoma.
A previously unrecognized action as a potent inhibitor of the dominant mutation that confers drug resistance to all well-tolerated treatments in patients with certain leukemia types has been found in Axitinib.
Use of either Nexavar (sorafenib) or Sutent (sunitinib) provide no benefit to patients with locally advanced renal cell carcinoma.
In patients likely to have surgery, close monitoring of small renal tumors is associated with low rates of cancer growth or mortality.
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