Radiation Therapy

Gero-Oncology: Preparing for the Coming Wave of Elderly Cancer Patients

Gero-Oncology: Preparing for the Coming Wave of Elderly Cancer Patients

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A growing proportion of cancer patients are elderly—creating a demographic shift with important implications for cancer care, including radiotherapy. Integrating geriatric care into oncology nursing has never been more important.

E-HF Radiation Therapy Side Effects Comparable to CF Radiation Therapy in Prostate Cancer

E-HF Radiation Therapy Side Effects Comparable to CF Radiation Therapy in Prostate Cancer

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Side effects experienced with extremely hypofractionated treatment for intermediate-risk prostate cancer were comparable to those of conventional radiation therapy at 2 years after treatment.

Disease-Specific Mortality Comparable Among Treatment Options for Prostate Cancer

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Disease-specific mortality rates for men with prostate cancer are comparable for 3 treatment options: active surveillance, radical prostatectomy, and external-beam radiotherapy.

Technique Provides Accurate Radiation Dosimetry in Cancer

Technique Provides Accurate Radiation Dosimetry in Cancer

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Novel technique uses injected microbubbles for dosimetry in radiation therapy in patients with cancer.

PMPS: A Common Late Effect of Surgery and Radiation for Breast Cancer

PMPS: A Common Late Effect of Surgery and Radiation for Breast Cancer

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Postmastectomy pain syndrome (PMPS) is a debilitating late effect of surgery and radiation therapy for breast cancer.

Chemoradiation Combination Could Preserve Larynx in Patients With Laryngeal and Hypolaryngeal Cancer

Chemoradiation Combination Could Preserve Larynx in Patients With Laryngeal and Hypolaryngeal Cancer

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Researchers assessed the rates of laryngeal preservation and laryngectomy-free survival in patients with laryngeal or hypopharyngeal cancer who received the monoclonal antibody cetuximab and radiation therapy or radiation therapy alone.

Salvage Radiotherapy at Lower PSA Levels May be Beneficial

Salvage Radiotherapy at Lower PSA Levels May be Beneficial

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As salvage radiotherapy (SRT) outcomes may be affected by factors associated with prostatectomy findings, they may be positively affected when used at lower prostate-specific antigen (PSA) levels.

Helical APBI Delivers Targeted Dose of Adjuvant Radiation Treatment for Breast Cancer

Helical APBI Delivers Targeted Dose of Adjuvant Radiation Treatment for Breast Cancer

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Preliminary results of a prospective, phase II trial show that once-daily accelerated partial breast irradiation (APBI) effectively prevented recurrence of cancer in the treated breast at a median 34 months after treatment.

Sleep Disorders in Cancer Radiation Therapy: Little Understood, Often Undetected — and Important

Sleep Disorders in Cancer Radiation Therapy: Little Understood, Often Undetected — and Important

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Sleep patterns and habits should be a part of oncology nurses' routine patient assessment, as sleep disorders can be a significant challenge for cancer patients undergoing radiation therapy.

Focal Laser Ablation Feasible and Safe for Treatment of Prostate Cancer

Focal Laser Ablation Feasible and Safe for Treatment of Prostate Cancer

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Laser heat may soon be an option to treat prostate cancer. Focal laser ablation has been found both feasible and safe in men with intermediate risk prostate cancer.

Study Supports Increased Role for Surgery in Multimodality Therapy for Early Stage SCLC

Study Supports Increased Role for Surgery in Multimodality Therapy for Early Stage SCLC

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Surgery for early stage small cell lung cancer (SCLC) is rarely used. However, results from a population-based database has shown surgery with adjuvant chemotherapy with or without radiation for node-negative SCLC was associated with better survival compared with concurrent chemoradiation, according to a presentation at the 2016 ASCO Annual Meeting.

Combination of Radiation and Immunotherapy Shows Promise in Melanoma

Combination of Radiation and Immunotherapy Shows Promise in Melanoma

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Combining radiation treatments with a new generation of immunotherapies is showing promise in the treatment of melanoma, according to a recent review.

Radiation Therapy Better Than Chemotherapy for Stage IIA Testicular Cancer

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Patients with stage IIA testicular cancer gain a survival advantage from treatment with radiation therapy compared with chemotherapy.

Increased Risk of Noncancer Deaths Associated with Stereotactic Body Radiation Therapy for Lung Cancer

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High doses of SBRT, particularly to the left atrium of the heart and the superior vena cava, are associated with a small but increased risk of death from noncancer causes in patients with early stage NSCLC.

Immunotherapy-radiation Combination Destroys Tumors Both Within and Outside the Radiation Field

Immunotherapy-radiation Combination Destroys Tumors Both Within and Outside the Radiation Field

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Adding an immune system-strengthening compound to radiation therapy can extend the immune response that the radiation therapy induces, so that both irradiated tumor sites and tumors outside the radiation field are affected.

Delaying Radiation Therapy for Women With Early Stage Breast Cancer Increased Risk of Recurrence

Delaying Radiation Therapy for Women With Early Stage Breast Cancer Increased Risk of Recurrence

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Delayed radiation therapy (RT) after surgery significantly increased the risk of recurrent disease in women treated for very early breast cancer.

Survival Is Better With SRS Than With WBRT for NSCLC or Breast Cancer Metastases to the Brain

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Longer survival was achieved with stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) alone than with whole-brain radiation therapy (WBRT) in patients with fewer than 4 brain metastases from NSCLC or breast cancer.

Chemotherapy and Radiotherapy Combination Prolongs Survival in Low-grade Glial Brain Cancer

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The addition of chemotherapy to radiation therapy prolonged survival in adults with grade 2 glial brain tumors.

Mapping Tumor Position During Lung Function Improves Radiation Therapy for Lung Cancer

Mapping Tumor Position During Lung Function Improves Radiation Therapy for Lung Cancer

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A new clinical trial aims to apply advanced image analysis techniques to 4D CT scans. Already a standard step in targeting lung cancer radiotherapy, the trial seeks to use the scans map areas of lung function without additional testing.

Concomitant Letrozole With Adjuvant Breast Radiotherapy Safe

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With long-term follow-up, letrozole can be safely administered concomitantly with adjuvant breast radiotherapy in postmenopausal patients with stage 1 to 2 breast cancer.

Using the Immune System to Improve the Efficacy of Radiation Therapy

Using the Immune System to Improve the Efficacy of Radiation Therapy

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A healthy immune system may be the key to effective radiation therapy for cancer patients.

Effects of glioblastoma treatments on healthy brain tissue continues after treatment is completed

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The first study to examine the effects of combined radiation and chemotherapy on the healthy brain tissue of glioblastoma patients has revealed specific structural brain changes.

Variation in Medicare reimbursement for radiation therapy not attributed to patient or cancer characteristics

Variation in Medicare reimbursement for radiation therapy not attributed to patient or cancer characteristics

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Differences in radiation therapy costs for Medicare patients often have little to do with patient specifics, researchers found.

Genetic test is first to predict sensitivity of colon cancer metastases to radiation therapy

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The first test that analyzes the sensitivity of tumors to radiation therapy has been developed.

Hypofractionated breast irradiation linked to lower toxicity

Hypofractionated breast irradiation linked to lower toxicity

Two studies show benefits for hypofractionated versus conventionally fractionated whole-breast irradiation.

Treatment for radiation-induced xerostomia

Treatment for radiation-induced xerostomia

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For patients with radiation-induced xerostomia, ALTENS may reduce symptom burden with less side effects than current standard treatment.

Patients older than 60 years on hormone therapy for luminal A breast cancer may not need radiation

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Women with luminal A subtype breast cancer, especially those older than 60 years, may not need radiation treatment if they are already taking hormone therapy.

Erythropoietin plus radiation does not improve local-regional control in anemic patients with head and neck cancer

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The addition of erythropoietin did not improve local-regional control for anemic patients with head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) who receive radiation therapy.

Stereotactic body radiation pioneered for deadly kidney cancer complication

Stereotactic body radiation pioneered for deadly kidney cancer complication

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Two case studies have described what is believed to be the first reported successful use of stereotactic body radiation therapy for an oft-deadly kidney cancer complication.

Therapy dogs benefit adult patients with cancer receiving chemo, radiation

Therapy dogs benefit adult patients with cancer receiving chemo, radiation

Therapy dogs improve the emotional well-being of some patients with cancer who are undergoing concomitant chemotherapy and radiotherapy.

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