Radiation Oncology

A career change to radiation oncology nursing

A career change to radiation oncology nursing

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What is the best approach to learning more about the field of Radiation Oncology?

Proton therapy may be effective, less toxic treatment option for patients with head and neck cancer

Proton therapy may be effective, less toxic treatment option for patients with head and neck cancer

In a small study, researchers from The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center found that 93 percent of head and neck cancer patients treated with multi-field optimization intensity modulated proton therapy were cancer-free 28 months after treatment. Side effects typical of standard radiation were also reduced in some cases.

Success with lung cancer treated by novel repeat radiation approach

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An old idea of retreating lung tumors with radiation is new again, especially with the technological advances seen in radiation oncology over the last decade.

Moist desquamation in large-chested women

Moist desquamation in large-chested women

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Many larger-chested women develop moist desquamation under their breasts and are treated with Domeboro solution and air exposure. Are there any better methods for treating this condition?

ASTRO/AUA co-issue guideline on radiation for prostate cancer

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The American Society for Radiation Oncology (ASTRO) and the American Urological Association (AUA) have set forth several recommendations on radiation therapy after prostatectomy.

"DCIS score" shows risk of second breast event after surgery

A breast cancer assay helped quantify the risk of recurrence after surgical excision for ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) without radiation.

Chemotherapy agents and radiosensitivity

Chemotherapy agents and radiosensitivity

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How do certain chemotherapy agents make tumors more radiosensitive?

Smaller radiation fields can spare brain when treating tumors

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Patients with aggressive brain tumors can be effectively treated with smaller radiation fields to spare the rest of the brain and preserve cognition.

Beta-blockers improve lung cancer survival after radiotherapy

Persons with non-small cell lung cancer who received definitive radiotherapy survived longer when beta-blockers were added to the mix.

ASTRO vs CMS: The battle 
for radiation 
oncology 
services

ASTRO vs CMS: The battle 
for radiation 
oncology 
services

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Proposed reductions in radiotherapy prompted a joint reaction from ASTRO and other cancer care organizations.

Annual report highlights 2012 cancer advances

The American Society of Clinical Oncology has released a nearly 100-page report detailing the year's most significant developments in cancer.

Gene therapy safely increased saliva flow after head and neck cancer

A small study showed the safety of using gene therapy in the salivary gland to repair damage caused by radiation for head and neck cancer.

Tumor tracking technique may improve outcomes for patients with lung cancer

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A new tumor-tracking technique delivers higher levels of radiation to moving tumors while sparing healthy tissue in lung cancer patients. This technique is moving closer to the clinic.

Stem cells may conquer infertility in male cancer survivors

Spermatogonial stem cells were used to overcome male infertility, which could help prepubertal boys rendered infertile by cancer treatments.

Radiotherapy after prostatectomy has long-term benefits

Administering radiotherapy after prostatectomy helped nearly two-thirds of users in a recent study remain free of prostate cancer after 10 years.

Reporting errors improves perceptions of safety and may reduce incidents

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This year-long study focused on the workflow of a Radiation Oncology department and found a strong correlation between implementing a Conditions Reporting System and increasingly positive responses to staff surveys that focused on the culture of safety within the department.

Higher risk of uterine cancer recurrence when radiation therapy after hysterectomy is delayed

The risk of uterine cancer recurrence may be increased by waiting too long after a hysterectomy to begin radiation therapy. For patients with uterine cancer who are not receiving chemotherapy, tumors were found to be more likely to return if radiation therapy was delayed 9 weeks or longer following surgery.

Deviations from radiation protocols increase the risk of treatment failure and death

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When measures are implemented to ensure that radiation protocols are followed, deviations decrease and overall survival improves in patients with cancer.

Older breast cancer patients have more complications with brachytherapy

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The breast cancer treatment brachytherapy, heralded for its low complication rates, actually results in more complications than whole-breast radiation 1 year after treatment.

Acupuncture relieves dry mouth caused by radiotherapy for head and neck cancers

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The ancient Chinese medical practice can relieve the symptoms of dry mouth in patients undergoing radiotherapy, according to the largest trial yet to investigate this effect. Radiotherapy for head and neck cancer often produces this unpleasant and distressing side effect because patients' salivary glands are damaged by radiotherapy.

Aspirin helps in some cancers

Aspirin helps in some cancers

Differences in the impact of aspirin in various forms of cancer are highlighted in two studies recently published in the oncology literature.

Is amifostine still used as a radioprotectant?

This week, the Advisor Forum answers a question about the use of amifostine (Ethyol, generic) as a radioprotectant.

Combining chemotherapy and radiation improves survival for some with rare brain cancer

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Long-term follow-up results from two clinical trials have confirmed substantially longer survival for certain patients with anaplastic oligodendrogliomas if they are treated with a combination of chemotherapy and radiation therapy instead of radiation alone.

Genetic markers predict sexual problems after prostate radiation

Researchers have identified 12 genetic markers linked with susceptibility for erectile dysfunction after radiotherapy for prostate cancer.

New radiation treatment method merciful for children with brain tumors

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For children who undergo brain radiation therapy, permanent neurocognitive adverse effects are a significant risk. These risks arise because the radiation often encounters healthy tissue, which reduces the formation of new cells, particularly in the hippocampus.

Response to radiation is more robust in oropharyngeal cancer patients with HPV

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Responses to radiation therapy are significantly different among patients with oropharyngeal cancer, depending on if they carry the human papillomavirus (HPV). More individualized radiation treatment regimens could result from these findings, according to a recent study.

Short-term fasting enhances brain tumor treatment

A controlled fasting period lasting no more than 48 hours improved the effectiveness of chemotherapy and radiation therapy in mice with gliomas.

Lying prone may spare heart, lungs in breast radiation

Lying face-down was associated with a reduced amount of irradiated lung and heart during breast cancer treatment compared with lying on the back.

Survival similar for on/off androgen deprivation vs continuous therapy

Intermittent androgen deprivation was just as effective as continuous therapy in overall survival, and improved some quality-of-life factors.

Tamoxifen soothes effects of prostate cancer treatment

The anti-estrogen tamoxifen appears to suppress gynecomastia and breast pain in men undergoing androgen-suppression therapy for prostate cancer.

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