Preventive Medicine

Additional Evidence HPV Vaccine Protects Against Cervical Cancer

Additional Evidence HPV Vaccine Protects Against Cervical Cancer

The vaccine against human papillomavirus (HPV) infection appears even more effective than previously believed and protection appears to occur even when only one or two of the recommended doses are given.

New CRC Screening Option Opens the Door for New Conversations

New CRC Screening Option Opens the Door for New Conversations

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A new colorectal cancer (CRC) screening test that can be done in the privacy of patients' homes, at their convenience, and with no prep needed may help patients overcome their reticence.

Referrals for Lung Cancer CT Imaging Screening Remain Low Among Family Physicians

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Most family physicians report discussing low-dose CT imaging with patients at high risk for lung cancer, but referrals for screening remain low, a study published in the journal Cancer has shown.

SPF30 Sunscreens Delay Melanoma in Preclinical Model

SPF30 Sunscreens Delay Melanoma in Preclinical Model

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Melanoma onset was delayed by applying sun protection factor 30 (SPF30) sunscreen prior to exposure to ultraviolet-B light in a mouse model of the disease.

Should Vital Signs Be Routinely Obtained Prior to Intravenous Chemotherapy? Results From a 2-Center Study

Should Vital Signs Be Routinely Obtained Prior to Intravenous Chemotherapy? Results From a 2-Center Study

[Cancer Control] This research sought to explore whether routine checking of vital signs prior to administration of intravenous chemotherapy is associated with fewer complications, particularly hospitalizations and emergency department (ED) visits.

Daily Low-Dose Aspirin May Reduce Risk of Some Cancers

Daily Low-Dose Aspirin May Reduce Risk of Some Cancers

The anti-cancer effect of low-dose aspirin was seen most strongly with colon and gastrointestinal tumors.

Pelvic Exams Common Among Asymptomatic Older Women

Pelvic Exams Common Among Asymptomatic Older Women

Ob-gyns report external examinations are important for cancer detection and lesion identification.

Initiation of HPV Vaccination Highest Among High-poverty and Majority Hispanic Communities

Initiation of HPV Vaccination Highest Among High-poverty and Majority Hispanic Communities

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Teen girls living in high-poverty and in majority Hispanic communities had the highest rates of having received at least 1 dose of the HPV vaccine compared with those in low-poverty communities and in communities of other racial or ethnic compositions.

Leading World Cancer Researchers Converge to Create a Report on the Future of Cancer Research

Leading World Cancer Researchers Converge to Create a Report on the Future of Cancer Research

Molecular and cellular events that drive premalignant progression are on the verge of being comprehensively characterized in a report that lays out an agenda for the immediate future of cancer prevention research.

CDC: Affordable Care Act may have increased uptake for preventive care

CDC: Affordable Care Act may have increased uptake for preventive care

Insurance is a major factor in determining receipt of preventive services.

In mothers, non-invasive prenatal fetal testing can detect early cancer

In mothers, non-invasive prenatal fetal testing can detect early cancer

Non-invasive prenatal testing (NIPT) can be employed as a less-invasive means to detect cancer in expecting mothers.

Children of melanoma survivors need better sun protection

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A recent, groundbreaking new study found that children of melanoma survivors are not adhering to sun protection recommendations.

'Electronic skin' could improve early breast cancer detection

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Scientists are now developing an "electronic skin" that will aid in the detection of breast masses.

Double mastectomy rates are up, but survival is not improved

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The percentage of women that underwent a double mastectomy increased substantially between 1998 and 2011, even though the procedure was not associated with a lower risk of death than breast-conserving surgery plus radiation.

ASCO: Risks greater for double mastectomy

ASCO: Risks greater for double mastectomy

Women with breast cancer who have a double mastectomy are at higher risk of certain complications than those who have a single mastectomy, though the overall complication rate associated with breast cancer surgery is small.

Surgery to Reduce the Risk of Breast Cancer (Fact Sheet)

Surgery to Reduce the Risk of Breast Cancer (Fact Sheet)

This fact sheet examines the potential pros and cons of surgery as a means to reduce breast cancer risk.

Novel approach reduces risk of cervical cancer

Novel approach reduces risk of cervical cancer

Researchers describe a novel approach to preventing cervical cancer. The study findings showed a reduction in cervical cancer risk after removal of a discrete population of cervical cells called squamocolumnar junction cells.

Breast cancer detection hasn't increased in line with costs

Breast cancer detection hasn't increased in line with costs

Medicare's mammography costs increased by almost 50% over a 7-year period while the breast cancer detection rate and stage at diagnosis did not change, according to a study.

Mammography has reduced numbers of late-stage breast cancers

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Since mammography was introduced late-stage breast cancer incidence has decreased by 37%, according to a new study

Screening has prevented a half million colorectal cancers

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An estimated half million cancers were prevented by colorectal cancer screening in the United States from 1976 to 2009, reported researchers.

Mammograms may significantly decrease breast cancer mortality

Mammograms may significantly decrease breast cancer mortality

In the latest major study to consider whether the dangers of mammograms outweigh the benefits, experts say the tests can reduce the chances of dying from breast cancer by nearly 30 percent.

Circumcision may lower prostate cancer risk

Circumcision may lower prostate cancer risk

Circumcision appears to confer a protective effect against the development of prostate cancer, according to research published online.

Video-based education increases men's skin awareness

Video-based education increases men's skin awareness

Those receiving intervention increased clinical skin exams in the seven months following their education.

Educational video motivates older men to have skin exams

Educational video motivates older men to have skin exams

Older men are more likely to have a whole-body skin exam done by their physician if they watch a video on skin self-examination and skin awareness.

President's panel calls for increased HPV vaccine administration

President's panel calls for increased HPV vaccine administration

The HPV vaccine protects against cancers of the cervix, throat, rectum, and penis, but too few are receiving it.

Daily aspirin may lower ovarian cancer risk

Daily aspirin may lower ovarian cancer risk

A study of almost 20,000 women found the drug lowered ovarian cancer risk by 20 percent.

AAFP: Evidence lacking for low-dose CT lung cancer screening

AAFP: Evidence lacking for low-dose CT lung cancer screening

Despite USPSTF recommendation for annual screening for high-risk adults, AAFP urges caution in screening for lung cancer with low-dose CT among high-risk individuals.

Anastrozole may be a new option for breast cancer prevention

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Breast cancer incidence among postmenopausal women at high risk for developing the disease was significantly reduced with the antihormone therapy anastrozole, according to the initial results of a double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled trial presented at the 2013 San Antonio Breast Cancer Symposium.

Regular Internet use linked with cancer-defying health practices

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Consistent users of the Internet were more likely than never-users to engage in cancer-preventive behaviors, a large study revealed.

ACG: Physical activity lowers esophageal cancer risk

ACG: Physical activity lowers esophageal cancer risk

Meta-analysis shows decreased risk of esophageal adenocarcinoma, not squamous cell cancer in more physically active people.

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