Patient Outcomes

Weekend hospitalization linked to longer stays for pediatric patients with leukemia

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Weekend hospital admission for pediatric patients with newly diagnosed leukemia is associated with a longer length of stay, slightly longer wait to start chemotherapy, and higher risk for respiratory failure.

Soy may be detrimental for women with breast cancer

Soy may be detrimental for women with breast cancer

Study raises questions about the effect of soy's estrogen-like properties.

Biomarker highly promising for predicting breast cancer outcomes

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A protein named p66ShcA shows promise as a biomarker to identify breast cancers with poor prognoses, according to new research.

Opioid-related deaths are almost 25% lower in states with medical marijuana laws

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Rates of death resulting from opioid analgesic overdoses are lower in states that allow medical use of marijuana compared with states without such laws.

Surgery associated with better survival for patients with advanced laryngeal cancer

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Patients with advanced laryngeal cancer appear to have better survival if they are treated with surgery than with nonsurgical chemoradiation.

Factors associated with late hospice admission for cancer patients identified

Factors associated with late hospice admission for cancer patients identified

For patients with cancer, late admission more likely for younger patients, married men, hematologic malignancies.

Promising results from trial for late-stage peritoneal cancers

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A drug originally used to treat ovarian cancer has shown promising results in patients with advanced peritoneal cancers during a phase I clinical trial.

New analyses of epigenetics reveal tumor weaknesses

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Scientists have known for decades that cancer can be caused by genetic mutations, but more recently they have discovered that chemical modifications of a gene can also contribute to cancer.

Less radical procedures control kidney cancer similarly to surgery

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Needle-guided tumor destruction procedures offer near equivalent lengths of cancer control when compared with surgery for patients with small kidney cancer tumors.

Postmenopausal breast cancer risk drops off after starting regular physical activity

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Postmenopausal women who in the past 4 years had undertaken regular physical activity equivalent to at least 4 hours of walking per week had a lower risk for invasive breast cancer compared with women who exercised less

Chemoprotective effects of coffee

Chemoprotective effects of coffee

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Diet and nutrition are significant factors in preventing hepatic diseases progressing to hepatocellular carcinoma, and coffee is high on the list of good foods.

Lung cancer rates declining but vary by subtype, sex, race/ethnicity, and age

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A new analysis confirms that US lung cancer rates are declining overall, but it also uncovers previously unrecognized trends related to cancer subtype, sex, race/ethnicity, and age.

Molecular panel increases likelihood that initial surgery for thyroid cancer is corrective

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Routine use of a molecular testing panel greatly decreased the need for an initial lobectomy to confirm diagnosis in patients with thyroid nodules and cancer, reported researchers. The test improved the chances of patients undergoing the correct initial surgery by 30%.

Single-fraction radiation therapy (SFRT) as effective as multiple-fraction (MFRT) for palliating bone metastases

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Standardizing prescribing practices for single-fraction radiation therapy (SFRT) for palliation of bone metastases could lead to cost savings and improvement in patients' quality of life, according to a new study.

Protein is predictive of treatment that makes radiotherapy for bladder cancer more effective

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Scientists have identified a protein that could help doctors decide which patients with bladder cancer would benefit from a treatment that makes radiotherapy more effective, according to a new study.

Computer tomography (CT) lung screening benefits far outweigh patient anxiety

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Anxiety regarding inconclusive cancer screening test results among some patients is real and is only natural. However, as evidenced by a recent study, the incidence and effects of anxiety associated with false positive or other results of CT lung cancer screening exams are far less than claimed by some in the medical community.

Genomic analysis of prostate cancer suggests best plan after surgery

Genomic analysis of prostate cancer suggests best plan after surgery

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A genomic tool can help doctors and patients make a more informed decision on the need for radiation therapy after surgery for prostate cancer.

Survival better with surgical resection than with endoscopic resection for early esophageal cancer

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A study sheds new light on the risks associated with the growing popularity of endoscopic resection in the treatment of localized, early stage esophageal cancer. Researchers found that the more traditional surgical resection, while more invasive, provided significantly better outcomes for patients than endoscopic resection.

Saltier IV reduces complications from Whipple surgery for pancreatic cancer

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Adequate hydration via a saline drip is essential during surgery, but recent reports suggest that getting the balance of salt and water just right could have an important impact on patient recovery.

Recent use of some birth control pills may increase breast cancer risk

Recent use of some birth control pills may increase breast cancer risk

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Women who recently used birth control pills containing high-dose estrogen and a few other formulations had an increased risk for breast cancer, whereas women using some other formulations did not, according to recent data.

Surgical treatment for metastatic melanoma of the liver increases overall survival

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Surgical resection markedly improves survival among patients with metastatic melanoma whose disease is isolated to a few areas in the liver, according to new study findings.

Robot-assisted surgery for prostate cancer controls disease for 10 years

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Robot-assisted surgery to remove cancerous prostate glands is effective in controlling the disease for 10 years, according to a new study.

Rehabilitation benefits advanced cancer patients

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Patients with advanced cancer can benefit from a rehabilitation program combining exercise, nutritional counselling, and symptom control, according to an evidence review.

Navigators can help guide patients with breast cancer through care

Navigators can help guide patients with breast cancer through care

A team of researchers from Boston University School of Medicine sought to determine the impact of patient navigators on the care of low-income and African-American women with breast cancer.

Overall survival in advanced NSCLC increased with less toxic chemotherapy

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A 10-year study shows that increased availability of better systemic chemotherapies and targeted therapies for patients with advanced non-small cell lung cancer coincides with increased usage of these therapies.

Repeat colonoscopies not always beneficial for some patients

Repeat colonoscopies not always beneficial for some patients

Little benefit seen for repeat colonoscopy within 10 years in patients with no polyps on initial exam.

Research team makes cancer glow to improve surgical outcomes

Research team makes cancer glow to improve surgical outcomes

Surgical resection is the most effective method for a cancer cure; however, the procedure may not remove the entire tumor, leading to local recurrence. Researchers at the University of Pennsylvania have established a new strategy in which near-infrared (NIR) imaging is used to help visualize the entire tumor.

Survival equivalent with cetuximab or bevacizumab in metastatic colorectal cancer

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For patients with KRAS wild-type untreated colorectal cancer, adding cetuximab or bevacizumab to combination chemotherapy offers equivalent survival.

Study compares treatment risks for early esophageal cancer

Study compares treatment risks for early esophageal cancer

A new study sheds new light on the risks associated with the growing popularity of endoscopic resection in the treatment of localized, early-stage esophageal cancer.

Everolimus does not improve overall survival of advanced liver cancer

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Despite strong preclinical data, the drug everolimus failed to improve overall survival in patients with advanced liver cancer, compared to placebo, according to a study.

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