Opioids

Nonresearch Physician Compensation Linked to Opioid Prescription Rates

Nonresearch Physician Compensation Linked to Opioid Prescription Rates

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Researchers examine the possible impact that opioid products marketed by the pharmaceutical industry may have on clinician prescribing rates.

Chronic Opioid Use Observed in More Than 50% of Oropharynx Cancer Cases

Chronic Opioid Use Observed in More Than 50% of Oropharynx Cancer Cases

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Results of a retrospective review assessing the prevalence of chronic opioid use among patients with oropharynx cancer after surgery was presented at the 2018 American Head & Neck Society Annual Meeting.

Opioid Use After Gynecologic Surgery Reduced With Prescription Protocol

Opioid Use After Gynecologic Surgery Reduced With Prescription Protocol

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Use of an opioid prescription protocol greatly reduced opioid use among patients who underwent gynecologic surgery, according to presentation at the 2018 Society of Gynecologic Oncology Annual Meeting on Women's Cancer.

Patients With Head and Neck Cancer Have Greater Chance of Being Prescribed Opioids

Patients With Head and Neck Cancer Have Greater Chance of Being Prescribed Opioids

Researchers compared opioid use between head and neck cancer (HNCA) and lung or colon cancer (LCCA) cohorts.

Gabapentin Improves Postoperative Opioid Cessation, But Not Pain Resolution

Gabapentin Improves Postoperative Opioid Cessation, But Not Pain Resolution

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Compared with placebo, gabapentin administered pre- and postoperatively may reduce the time to postoperative opioid cessation, but was not shown to improve postoperative pain resolution.

High Opioid Use Linked to Shorter Cancer Survival, Increased Health Care Use

High Opioid Use Linked to Shorter Cancer Survival, Increased Health Care Use

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Researchers sought to determine the link between opioid use among patients with advanced cancer and health care use such as urgent care, inpatient, and emergency room visits.

Urine Drug Testing Policy Can Assist Opioid Treatment Decisions

Urine Drug Testing Policy Can Assist Opioid Treatment Decisions

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Clinicians should use immunoassay screens and urine drug tests to determine compliance with chronic opioid therapy.

Opioid Epidemic Response May Be Limiting Cancer-Related Pain Management

Opioid Epidemic Response May Be Limiting Cancer-Related Pain Management

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A report on current legislation and practice trends regarding opioids and how they are affecting cancer patients' ability to manage their pain.

Prophylactic Prochloperazine Ineffective for Opioid-induced Nausea/Vomiting in Cancer

Prophylactic Prochloperazine Ineffective for Opioid-induced Nausea/Vomiting in Cancer

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A randomized study was conducted to determine the efficacy of prophylactic prochlorperazine in reducing opioid-induced nausea and vomiting in patients with cancer receiving opioids for pain management.

Specialized Interventions Reduce Aberrant Opioid Behaviors in Cancer Patients

Specialized Interventions Reduce Aberrant Opioid Behaviors in Cancer Patients

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Investigators the effectiveness of an intervention to reduce aberrant opioid-related behavior and use of opioids in patients with cancer receiving chronic opioid therapy.

CDC Launches Campaign to Battle Prescription Opioid Epidemic

CDC Launches Campaign to Battle Prescription Opioid Epidemic

The Rx Awareness campaign uses testimonials to educate the public, increase awareness about opioid abuse risks.

CDC: Fentanyl a Key Player in U.S. Opioid-Linked Deaths

CDC: Fentanyl a Key Player in U.S. Opioid-Linked Deaths

Two CDC reports point to the drug fentanyl as a major contributor to the increase in U.S. opioid-related overdose deaths.

Opioid Use Higher Among Cancer Survivors, Even After Long-Term Survivorship

Opioid Use Higher Among Cancer Survivors, Even After Long-Term Survivorship

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Rates of opioid prescription use is higher among patients with cancer compared with patients who have never had cancer, even after survivorship.

Opioids Overprescribed in Patients Undergoing Surgery

Opioids Overprescribed in Patients Undergoing Surgery

A significant variation in opioid prescribing practices was observed for each of 25 common elective procedures.

Sharp Increase in Opioid-Related Hospitalizations for Women

Sharp Increase in Opioid-Related Hospitalizations for Women

U.S. cases of opioid-related hospitalizations rose 75 percent for females versus 55 percent for males over a decade, researchers say

Managing Pain in the Crosshairs of an Opioid Crisis and HCAHPS-related Demands

Managing Pain in the Crosshairs of an Opioid Crisis and HCAHPS-related Demands

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Patient expectations, clinician perception, and institutional objectives create a perfect storm of conflicting interests regarding pain management, especially given the current trend to control opioid use.

High Rates of Persistent Opioid Use 6 Months After RT for Cervical Cancer

High Rates of Persistent Opioid Use 6 Months After RT for Cervical Cancer

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Nearly 3 in 10 cervical cancer survivors were still using opioids at 6 months after completing radiotherapy.

Unusual Amnestic Syndrome Seen With Opioid Abuse

Unusual Amnestic Syndrome Seen With Opioid Abuse

Drug abuse may cause an unusual short-term memory syndrome

Educational Program Improves Opioid Use Safety, Storage, and Disposal

Educational Program Improves Opioid Use Safety, Storage, and Disposal

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This study assessed whether the implementation of a patient educational program would improve patterns in the use, storage, and disposal of opioids among cancer outpatients.

Economic Burden of U.S. Opioid Epidemic is 78.5 Billion Dollars Annually

Economic Burden of U.S. Opioid Epidemic is 78.5 Billion Dollars Annually

Patient abuse of opioids costs the U.S. economy $78.5 billion a year, including the costs of health care, lost productivity, and treatment programs.

Some Older Adults Use High-risk Methods to Obtain Opioids

Some Older Adults Use High-risk Methods to Obtain Opioids

Almost 15 percent of older adults surveyed used high-risk methods for obtaining prescription opioids, according to a recent study.

Use, Outcomes of Urine Drug Tests Among Patients With Advanced Cancer

Use, Outcomes of Urine Drug Tests Among Patients With Advanced Cancer

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Despite the infrequency of urine drug test ordering, greater than half of all urine drug tests results were abnormal among outpatients with advanced cancer.

Methadone May Be Superior to Fentanyl for Neuropathic Pain

Methadone May Be Superior to Fentanyl for Neuropathic Pain

Methadone appears to be superior to fentanyl for the treatment of neuropathic pain in patients with head and neck cancer.

Improving Tools for Managing Pain and Monitoring Sedation Among Patients With Cancer

Improving Tools for Managing Pain and Monitoring Sedation Among Patients With Cancer

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Managing pain with opioids and keeping a close eye on adverse effects is an important part of cancer care. But there is room for improvement in pain management tools, and nurses play a key role in their evolution.

U.S. Medical Schools to Expand Training on Opioid Abuse

U.S. Medical Schools to Expand Training on Opioid Abuse

Health experts note that opioids are prescribed too often, possibly because of poor training, and U.S. medical schools are expanding training to address the issue.

Long-Acting Opioids May Increase All-Cause Mortality Risk

Long-Acting Opioids May Increase All-Cause Mortality Risk

Much of the risk related to long-acting opioids is tied to cardiovascular complications, not overdoses.

ASCO Statement Seeks to Balance Prescription Opioids for Patients With Cancer and Misuse and Abuse Prevention

ASCO Statement Seeks to Balance Prescription Opioids for Patients With Cancer and Misuse and Abuse Prevention

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ASCO addresses the complex issues surrounding prescription opioids in a new policy statement. ASCO supports the efforts of multiple federal offices and agencies to prevent and respond to prescription drug abuse, and is also working to protect access to appropriate medical opioid therapy for patients with cancer.

Promising medication counteracts opioid-caused constipation

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A newly developed opioid antagonist may offer relief from opioid-caused constipation.

Added corticosteroid not effective for cancer pain

Added corticosteroid not effective for cancer pain

In advanced cancer patients receiving opioids, methylprednisolone does not add to analgesic effect.

How to manage myoclonus in patients on high-dose opioids

How to manage myoclonus in patients on high-dose opioids

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How should myoclonus be managed in patients taking high-dose opioids?

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