Mortality

Exercise Habits Influence Mortality in Adult Survivors of Childhood Cancer

Exercise Habits Influence Mortality in Adult Survivors of Childhood Cancer

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A multinational retrospective study investigated the long term effects of exercise intensity and frequency on all-cause and cause-specific mortality among adult survivors of childhood cancers.

Patients with advanced adenomas are at increased risk of developing colorectal cancer

1. Patients with advanced adenomas identified on flex sigmoidoscopy had a significantly increased risk of death from colorectal cancer (CRC) compared to those with no adenomas. 2. There was no difference in cumulative CRC incidence in patients with nonadvanced adenomas as compared to those with no adenomas. Evidence Rating: 1 (Excellent) Study Rundown: Colorectal cancer []

Lower Disease-Specific Mortality Seen With Early Detection of Prostate Cancer

Lower Disease-Specific Mortality Seen With Early Detection of Prostate Cancer

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In an analysis of data from the SEER program, researchers determined that early detection of prostate cancer has let to an improvement in the number of men presenting with metastatic prostate cancer.

PSA Screening Increases Prostate Cancer Detection, No Significant Difference in Mortality

PSA Screening Increases Prostate Cancer Detection, No Significant Difference in Mortality

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Researchers conducted a randomized clinical study of men to determine the impact of PSA screening on prostate cancer detection and mortality.

In Older Women With Breast Cancer QoL May Predict 10-Year Mortality

In Older Women With Breast Cancer QoL May Predict 10-Year Mortality

A model that incorporates HRQOL was found to outperform a model that only employs traditional prognostic variables.

Heart-Specific Mortality Not Higher Among Breast Cancer Survivors

Heart-Specific Mortality Not Higher Among Breast Cancer Survivors

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A retrospective cohort study of data from the SEER database assessed the potential risk of cardiac-related mortality in patients with breast cancer, treated with chemotherapy or radiotherapy, vs the general population.

Relative Visceral Fat Area an Indicator of Mortality Risk for Women With RCC

Relative Visceral Fat Area an Indicator of Mortality Risk for Women With RCC

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An evaluation of patients with clear cell renal cell carcinoma revealed greater risk of death for female patients with high relative visceral fat area (rVFA), highlighting the significance of metabolic differences between men and women.

Colonoscopy significantly reduces mortality from colorectal cancer in Veterans Affairs study

1. Colonoscopy in veterans was associated with reduced mortality from both left and right-sided colorectal cancer. 2. Mortality was reduced by 61% in patients screened by colonoscopy. Evidence Rating Level: 2 (Good) Study Rundown: Colorectal cancer (CRC) screening serves as a critical element of CRC prevention and management. To date, colonoscopy remains the gold standard []

Hemodialysis Indicative of Higher Mortality After Bladder Cancer Surgery

Hemodialysis Indicative of Higher Mortality After Bladder Cancer Surgery

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Patients on hemodialysis that underwent radical cystectomy for bladder cancer experienced increased mortality.

Chronic Disease Major Factor for Cancer Risk and Cancer Mortality

Chronic Disease Major Factor for Cancer Risk and Cancer Mortality

Risk scores summarizing eight diseases, markers tied to cancer risk in dose-response manner

Fiber Associated With Reduced Mortality in Those With Colorectal Cancer

Fiber Associated With Reduced Mortality in Those With Colorectal Cancer

Increasing fiber consumption after diagnosis may lower risk of all-cause, CRC-specific mortality.

All-Cause Mortality Improved by Advances in Radiotherapy for Hodgkin Lymphoma

All-Cause Mortality Improved by Advances in Radiotherapy for Hodgkin Lymphoma

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Investigators assessed the impact of advances over time in the treatment of Hodgkin lymphoma on all-cause mortality in patients with Hodgkin lymphoma who received radiotherapy alone or with chemotherapy.

New Tool Identifies Mortality Risk After Bladder Cancer Surgery

New Tool Identifies Mortality Risk After Bladder Cancer Surgery

Tool incorporates the relative contribution of tumor stage and lymph node involvement.

Surveillance Plus FIT for CRC Screening: Additional Costs Not Justified by Benefits

Surveillance Plus FIT for CRC Screening: Additional Costs Not Justified by Benefits

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Investigators sought to determine clinical and cost effectiveness of additional colonoscopy screening in patients undergoing FIT screening for colorectal cancer.

Severe Mental Illness May Worsen Breast Cancer Survival Outcomes

Severe Mental Illness May Worsen Breast Cancer Survival Outcomes

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Retrospective analysis of data from more than 19,000 women revealed that all-cause mortality rates are higher in women with breast cancer who have a prior diagnosis of a mental illness.

Worse Survival Seen for Alternative Versus Usual Cancer Therapy

Worse Survival Seen for Alternative Versus Usual Cancer Therapy

Alternative medicine was independently tied to greater mortality risk compared to conventional treatment, researchers found.

Colorectal Cancer Mortality Rates Down in African Americans

Colorectal Cancer Mortality Rates Down in African Americans

Among adults aged 20 to 54 years, increase in CRC mortality only seen in whites aged 30 to 54 years.

Liver Cancer the Fastest-Growing Cause of Cancer Deaths in United States

Liver Cancer the Fastest-Growing Cause of Cancer Deaths in United States

Liver cancer mortality has increased at a faster pace than other cancers in the United States, but substantial disparities exists in mortality rates for race/ethnicity and state of residence.

Annual Report Shows Decline in Cancer Death Rates, 1975-2014

Annual Report Shows Decline in Cancer Death Rates, 1975-2014

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The joint report states that overall cancer rates have decreased for men, women, and children in all major race and ethnic groups. However, progress has been limited for some cancers.

Thyroid Cancer Incidence and Mortality Up in U.S. Since 1974

Thyroid Cancer Incidence and Mortality Up in U.S. Since 1974

Increase mainly due to papillary thyroid cancer, which increased in incidence for all SEER stages at diagnosis

Mortality Rates Highest Among Youngest Oncology Patients, Particularly Minorities

Mortality Rates Highest Among Youngest Oncology Patients, Particularly Minorities

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Cancer deaths within 1 month of diagnosis occur most often in patients younger than 1 years, especially among Blacks and Hispanics.

Does Pregnancy Increase Risk of Death in Women With Breast Cancer?

Does Pregnancy Increase Risk of Death in Women With Breast Cancer?

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Pregnancy around the time of, or after, diagnosis of breast cancer is not associated with an increased risk of death.

Decipher Genomic Classifier Prognostic for Distant Prostate Metastasis

Decipher Genomic Classifier Prognostic for Distant Prostate Metastasis

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The Decipher genomic classifier obtained from biopsy samples was prognostic for distant metastases and prostate cancer-specific mortality.

Volunteer Programs Designed to Support Cancer Patients at the Very End of Life

Volunteer Programs Designed to Support Cancer Patients at the Very End of Life

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NODA and V3 are volunteer programs that provide a compassionate presence for patients who are alone in their final hours.

Women Treated for DCIS Have Slightly Lower Risk for All-Cause Mortality

Women Treated for DCIS Have Slightly Lower Risk for All-Cause Mortality

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Risk for all-cause mortality is lower among older women treated for DCIS.

Trends in Behaviors, Medical Practice Indicate Mortality From Melanoma Will Decline

Trends in Behaviors, Medical Practice Indicate Mortality From Melanoma Will Decline

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Using statistical models, predictions were made for death rates from melanoma in 3 three countries and based on availability of a treatment.

HNSCC Survival Worse for Patients in Lower Socioeconomic Population

HNSCC Survival Worse for Patients in Lower Socioeconomic Population

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Investigators determined the impact of socioeconomic status on disease status at presentation and survival among patients with head and neck squamous cell carcinoma.

Despite High Morbidity, Mortality Low With Human Metapneumovirus

Despite High Morbidity, Mortality Low With Human Metapneumovirus

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Human metapneumovirus infections were associated with significant morbidity in patients with cancer; however, 30-day mortality rates were low.

Alarming Racial Disparities in Cervical Cancer Mortality Rates

Alarming Racial Disparities in Cervical Cancer Mortality Rates

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A new study that only included women with a cervix has found the risk of dying from cervical cancer is higher than previously thought.

Cancer Mortality Rates Continue to Drop in the United States

Cancer Mortality Rates Continue to Drop in the United States

Cancer mortality rates in the United States have dropped, according to a new ACS report.

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