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Methotrexate for injection
Bone and connective tissue cancer
Breast cancer
Gynecologic cancers
Head and neck cancer
Leukemias, lymphomas, and other hematologic cancers
Respiratory and thoracic cancers
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Drug Name:

Methotrexate for injection Rx

Generic Name and Formulations:
Methotrexate 1g/vial; pwd for IV, IM, intra-arterial, or intrathecal administration after dilution; preservative-free.

Company:
Bedford Laboratories

Therapeutic Use:

Indications for Methotrexate for injection:

Non-metastatic osteosarcoma in patients who have undergone surgical resection or amputation for the primary tumor (high-dose therapy with leucovorin rescue).

Adult:

Initially 12g/m2 IV infusion over 4 hours; may be increased to 15g/m2; see literature for leucovorin rescue dosing with high-dose methotrexate.

Children:

See literature.

Contraindications:

Pregnancy (Cat. X). Nursing mothers.

Warnings/Precautions:

Be fully familiar with this drug's toxicity before use. Discontinue if malignant lymphomas occur. Obtain baseline and monitor CBCs with differential, platelet counts, chest X-ray, and hepatic, renal and pulmonary function. During therapy monitor hematology monthly, renal and hepatic function every 1–2 months, more often if increasing dose or predisposed to toxicity (eg, dehydration). Discontinue immediately if blood counts drop significantly. Rule out pregnancy in women of childbearing potential; use effective contraception during therapy and for at least 1 ovulatory cycle afterwards for women and for at least 3 months afterwards for men. Interrupt therapy if vomiting, diarrhea, stomatitis, or pulmonary symptoms occur. Hepatic or renal impairment. Obesity. Diabetes. Peptic ulcer. Ulcerative colitis. Infection. Dehydration. Folate deficiency. Ascites, pleural effusions: evacuate fluid, monitor for toxicity and reduce dose or discontinue if needed. Elderly (use low doses and monitor closely). Debilitated.

Interactions:

Avoid live virus vaccines. Toxicity increased by NSAIDs, salicylates, phenytoin, sulfonylureas, sulfonamides, probenecid, folic acid antagonists. May be potentiated by penicillins (monitor), tetracyclines, chloramphenicol, non-absorbable broad spectrum antibiotics. May be antagonized by folic acid. May potentiate theophylline, mercaptopurine. Increased risk of soft tissue necrosis and osteonecrosis with radiotherapy. Caution with other hepatotoxic drugs (eg, azathioprine, retinoids, sulfasalazine) and nephrotoxic agents (eg, cisplatin).

See Also:

Methotrexate injection

Pharmacological Class:

Folic acid antagonist.

Adverse Reactions:

Ulcerative stomatitis, leukopenia, nausea, GI upset, malaise, fatigue, chills, fever, dizziness, infection, myelosuppression, hepatotoxicity, renal toxicity, CNS toxicity, seizures (esp in children); interstitial pneumonitis, tumor lysis syndrome, skin reactions (may be fatal; eg, toxic epidermal necrolysis, Stevens-Johnson syndrome).

How Supplied:

Soln (2mL, 4mL, 8mL, 10mL)—10 (single-use vials); pwd (1 gram)—1 (single-use vial)

Indications for Methotrexate for injection:

Breast cancer.

Adult:

See literature.

Children:

Not established.

Contraindications:

Pregnancy (Cat. X). Nursing mothers.

Warnings/Precautions:

Be fully familiar with this drug's toxicity before use. Discontinue if malignant lymphomas occur. Obtain baseline and monitor CBCs with differential, platelet counts, chest X-ray, and hepatic, renal and pulmonary function. During therapy monitor hematology monthly, renal and hepatic function every 1–2 months, more often if increasing dose or predisposed to toxicity (eg, dehydration). Discontinue immediately if blood counts drop significantly. Rule out pregnancy in women of childbearing potential; use effective contraception during therapy and for at least 1 ovulatory cycle afterwards for women and for at least 3 months afterwards for men. Interrupt therapy if vomiting, diarrhea, stomatitis, or pulmonary symptoms occur. Hepatic or renal impairment. Obesity. Diabetes. Peptic ulcer. Ulcerative colitis. Infection. Dehydration. Folate deficiency. Ascites, pleural effusions: evacuate fluid, monitor for toxicity and reduce dose or discontinue if needed. Elderly (use low doses and monitor closely). Debilitated.

Interactions:

Avoid live virus vaccines. Toxicity increased by NSAIDs, salicylates, phenytoin, sulfonylureas, sulfonamides, probenecid, folic acid antagonists. May be potentiated by penicillins (monitor), tetracyclines, chloramphenicol, non-absorbable broad spectrum antibiotics. May be antagonized by folic acid. May potentiate theophylline, mercaptopurine. Increased risk of soft tissue necrosis and osteonecrosis with radiotherapy. Caution with other hepatotoxic drugs (eg, azathioprine, retinoids, sulfasalazine) and nephrotoxic agents (eg, cisplatin).

See Also:

TREXALL

Methotrexate injection

Pharmacological Class:

Folic acid antagonist.

Adverse Reactions:

Ulcerative stomatitis, leukopenia, nausea, GI upset, malaise, fatigue, chills, fever, dizziness, infection, myelosuppression, hepatotoxicity, renal toxicity, CNS toxicity, seizures (esp in children); interstitial pneumonitis, tumor lysis syndrome, skin reactions (may be fatal; eg, toxic epidermal necrolysis, Stevens-Johnson syndrome).

How Supplied:

Tabs—30; soln (2mL, 4mL, 8mL, 10mL)—10 (single-use vials); pwd (1 gram)—1 (single-use vial)

Indications for Methotrexate for injection:

Gestational choriocarcinoma. Chorioadenoma destruens. Hydatidiform mole.

Adult:

See literature. Tablet form is often preferred when low doses are being administered. Choriocarcinoma and similar trophoblastic diseases: 15–30mg orally or by IM inj daily for 5 days; usually repeated 3–5 times as required with a rest period of ≥1 week between courses.

Children:

Not applicable.

Contraindications:

Pregnancy (Cat. X). Nursing mothers.

Warnings/Precautions:

Be fully familiar with this drug's toxicity before use. Discontinue if malignant lymphomas occur. Obtain baseline and monitor CBCs with differential, platelet counts, chest X-ray, and hepatic, renal and pulmonary function. During therapy monitor hematology monthly, renal and hepatic function every 1–2 months, more often if increasing dose or predisposed to toxicity (eg, dehydration). Discontinue immediately if blood counts drop significantly. Rule out pregnancy in women of childbearing potential; use effective contraception during therapy and for at least 1 ovulatory cycle afterwards for women and for at least 3 months afterwards for men. Interrupt therapy if vomiting, diarrhea, stomatitis, or pulmonary symptoms occur. Hepatic or renal impairment. Obesity. Diabetes. Peptic ulcer. Ulcerative colitis. Infection. Dehydration. Folate deficiency. Ascites, pleural effusions: evacuate fluid, monitor for toxicity and reduce dose or discontinue if needed. Elderly (use low doses and monitor closely). Debilitated.

Interactions:

Avoid live virus vaccines. Toxicity increased by NSAIDs, salicylates, phenytoin, sulfonylureas, sulfonamides, probenecid, folic acid antagonists. May be potentiated by penicillins (monitor), tetracyclines, chloramphenicol, non-absorbable broad spectrum antibiotics. May be antagonized by folic acid. May potentiate theophylline, mercaptopurine. Increased risk of soft tissue necrosis and osteonecrosis with radiotherapy. Caution with other hepatotoxic drugs (eg, azathioprine, retinoids, sulfasalazine) and nephrotoxic agents (eg, cisplatin).

See Also:

TREXALL

Methotrexate injection

Pharmacological Class:

Folic acid antagonist.

Adverse Reactions:

Ulcerative stomatitis, leukopenia, nausea, GI upset, malaise, fatigue, chills, fever, dizziness, infection, myelosuppression, hepatotoxicity, renal toxicity, CNS toxicity, seizures (esp in children); interstitial pneumonitis, tumor lysis syndrome, skin reactions (may be fatal; eg, toxic epidermal necrolysis, Stevens-Johnson syndrome).

How Supplied:

Tabs—30; soln (2mL, 4mL, 8mL, 10mL)—10 (single-use vials); pwd (1 gram)—1 (single-use vial)

Indications for Methotrexate for injection:

Epidermoid cancers of the head and neck.

Adult:

See literature.

Children:

Not established.

Contraindications:

Pregnancy (Cat. X). Nursing mothers.

Warnings/Precautions:

Be fully familiar with this drug's toxicity before use. Discontinue if malignant lymphomas occur. Obtain baseline and monitor CBCs with differential, platelet counts, chest X-ray, and hepatic, renal and pulmonary function. During therapy monitor hematology monthly, renal and hepatic function every 1–2 months, more often if increasing dose or predisposed to toxicity (eg, dehydration). Discontinue immediately if blood counts drop significantly. Rule out pregnancy in women of childbearing potential; use effective contraception during therapy and for at least 1 ovulatory cycle afterwards for women and for at least 3 months afterwards for men. Interrupt therapy if vomiting, diarrhea, stomatitis, or pulmonary symptoms occur. Hepatic or renal impairment. Obesity. Diabetes. Peptic ulcer. Ulcerative colitis. Infection. Dehydration. Folate deficiency. Ascites, pleural effusions: evacuate fluid, monitor for toxicity and reduce dose or discontinue if needed. Elderly (use low doses and monitor closely). Debilitated.

Interactions:

Avoid live virus vaccines. Toxicity increased by NSAIDs, salicylates, phenytoin, sulfonylureas, sulfonamides, probenecid, folic acid antagonists. May be potentiated by penicillins (monitor), tetracyclines, chloramphenicol, non-absorbable broad spectrum antibiotics. May be antagonized by folic acid. May potentiate theophylline, mercaptopurine. Increased risk of soft tissue necrosis and osteonecrosis with radiotherapy. Caution with other hepatotoxic drugs (eg, azathioprine, retinoids, sulfasalazine) and nephrotoxic agents (eg, cisplatin).

See Also:

TREXALL

Methotrexate injection

Pharmacological Class:

Folic acid antagonist.

Adverse Reactions:

Ulcerative stomatitis, leukopenia, nausea, GI upset, malaise, fatigue, chills, fever, dizziness, infection, myelosuppression, hepatotoxicity, renal toxicity, CNS toxicity, seizures (esp in children); interstitial pneumonitis, tumor lysis syndrome, skin reactions (may be fatal; eg, toxic epidermal necrolysis, Stevens-Johnson syndrome).

How Supplied:

Tabs—30; soln (2mL, 4mL, 8mL, 10mL)—10 (single-use vials); pwd (1 gram)—1 (single-use vial)

Indications for Methotrexate for injection:

Prophylaxis and treatment of meningeal leukemia. Advanced mycosis fungoids (cutaneous T cell lymphoma). Advanced non-Hodgkin's lymphomas.

Adult:

See literature. Tablet form is often preferred when low doses are being administered. Leukemia: Induction: 3.3mg/m2 + prednisone, given daily; maintenance: give twice weekly either orally or by IM inj for a total weekly dose of 30mg/m2; or 2.5mg/kg IV every 14 days. Meningeal leukemia (treatment): 12mg/m2 intrathecally (max 15mg) at intervals of 2–5 days; see literature for prophylaxis treatment. Burkitt's tumor (stage I–II): 10–25mg per day orally for 4–8 days. Lymphosarcomas (stage III): 0.625–2.5mg/kg daily. Mycosis fungoides (cutaneous T cell lymphoma): 5–50mg once weekly.

Children:

See literature.

Contraindications:

Pregnancy (Cat. X). Nursing mothers.

Warnings/Precautions:

Be fully familiar with this drug's toxicity before use. Discontinue if malignant lymphomas occur. Obtain baseline and monitor CBCs with differential, platelet counts, chest X-ray, and hepatic, renal and pulmonary function. During therapy monitor hematology monthly, renal and hepatic function every 1–2 months, more often if increasing dose or predisposed to toxicity (eg, dehydration). Discontinue immediately if blood counts drop significantly. Rule out pregnancy in women of childbearing potential; use effective contraception during therapy and for at least 1 ovulatory cycle afterwards for women and for at least 3 months afterwards for men. Interrupt therapy if vomiting, diarrhea, stomatitis, or pulmonary symptoms occur. Hepatic or renal impairment. Obesity. Diabetes. Peptic ulcer. Ulcerative colitis. Infection. Dehydration. Folate deficiency. Ascites, pleural effusions: evacuate fluid, monitor for toxicity and reduce dose or discontinue if needed. Elderly (use low doses and monitor closely). Debilitated.

Interactions:

Avoid live virus vaccines. Toxicity increased by NSAIDs, salicylates, phenytoin, sulfonylureas, sulfonamides, probenecid, folic acid antagonists. May be potentiated by penicillins (monitor), tetracyclines, chloramphenicol, non-absorbable broad spectrum antibiotics. May be antagonized by folic acid. May potentiate theophylline, mercaptopurine. Increased risk of soft tissue necrosis and osteonecrosis with radiotherapy. Caution with other hepatotoxic drugs (eg, azathioprine, retinoids, sulfasalazine) and nephrotoxic agents (eg, cisplatin).

See Also:

TREXALL

Methotrexate injection

Pharmacological Class:

Folic acid antagonist.

Adverse Reactions:

Ulcerative stomatitis, leukopenia, nausea, GI upset, malaise, fatigue, chills, fever, dizziness, infection, myelosuppression, hepatotoxicity, renal toxicity, CNS toxicity, seizures (esp in children); interstitial pneumonitis, tumor lysis syndrome, skin reactions (may be fatal; eg, toxic epidermal necrolysis, Stevens-Johnson syndrome).

How Supplied:

Tabs—30; soln (2mL, 4mL, 8mL, 10mL)—10 (single-use vials); pwd (1 gram)—1 (single-use vial)

Indications for Methotrexate for injection:

Lung cancer (squamous cell and small cell types).

Adult:

See literature.

Children:

Not established.

Contraindications:

Pregnancy (Cat. X). Nursing mothers.

Warnings/Precautions:

Be fully familiar with this drug's toxicity before use. Discontinue if malignant lymphomas occur. Obtain baseline and monitor CBCs with differential, platelet counts, chest X-ray, and hepatic, renal and pulmonary function. During therapy monitor hematology monthly, renal and hepatic function every 1–2 months, more often if increasing dose or predisposed to toxicity (eg, dehydration). Discontinue immediately if blood counts drop significantly. Rule out pregnancy in women of childbearing potential; use effective contraception during therapy and for at least 1 ovulatory cycle afterwards for women and for at least 3 months afterwards for men. Interrupt therapy if vomiting, diarrhea, stomatitis, or pulmonary symptoms occur. Hepatic or renal impairment. Obesity. Diabetes. Peptic ulcer. Ulcerative colitis. Infection. Dehydration. Folate deficiency. Ascites, pleural effusions: evacuate fluid, monitor for toxicity and reduce dose or discontinue if needed. Elderly (use low doses and monitor closely). Debilitated.

Interactions:

Avoid live virus vaccines. Toxicity increased by NSAIDs, salicylates, phenytoin, sulfonylureas, sulfonamides, probenecid, folic acid antagonists. May be potentiated by penicillins (monitor), tetracyclines, chloramphenicol, non-absorbable broad spectrum antibiotics. May be antagonized by folic acid. May potentiate theophylline, mercaptopurine. Increased risk of soft tissue necrosis and osteonecrosis with radiotherapy. Caution with other hepatotoxic drugs (eg, azathioprine, retinoids, sulfasalazine) and nephrotoxic agents (eg, cisplatin).

See Also:

TREXALL

Methotrexate injection

Pharmacological Class:

Folic acid antagonist.

Adverse Reactions:

Ulcerative stomatitis, leukopenia, nausea, GI upset, malaise, fatigue, chills, fever, dizziness, infection, myelosuppression, hepatotoxicity, renal toxicity, CNS toxicity, seizures (esp in children); interstitial pneumonitis, tumor lysis syndrome, skin reactions (may be fatal; eg, toxic epidermal necrolysis, Stevens-Johnson syndrome).

How Supplied:

Tabs—30; soln (2mL, 4mL, 8mL, 10mL)—10 (single-use vials); pwd (1 gram)—1 (single-use vial)

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