Antibody Therapy Beneficial for Patients With Leukemia Undergoing Stem Cell Transplant

Antibody Tx Reduces Graft-vs-Host Post Stem Cell Transplant
Antibody Tx Reduces Graft-vs-Host Post Stem Cell Transplant

(HealthDay News) -- Antibody therapy before stem cell transplant may benefit patients with acute leukemia, according to research published in the Jan. 7 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

The study included 168 leukemia patients treated at 27 different centers. The volunteers were randomly assigned to receive antihuman T-lymphocyte immune globulin (ATG) or not. After an average follow-up of two years, 32.2 percent of the patients given ATG had chronic graft-versus-host disease. But, 68.7 percent of patients who weren't given ATG had chronic graft-versus-host disease.

At two years, the survival rate was similar in patients who received ATG or didn't. But, the rate of survival in which they were free from chronic graft-versus-host disease and cancer recurrence was significantly better among patients given the antibody -- 36.6 versus 16.8 percent, the researchers found.

"Graft-versus-host disease is the most serious complication after stem cell transplantation," lead researcher Francesca Bonifazi, M.D., from the Institute of Hematology at Bologna University in Italy, told HealthDay. "Using [ATG] reduces the risk of complications of stem cell transplants without increasing the risk of leukemia recurrence and infections."

Full Text

Loading links....
You must be a registered member of ONA to post a comment.

Sign Up for Free e-newsletters

Regimen and Drug Listings

GET FULL LISTINGS OF TREATMENT Regimens and Drug INFORMATION

Bone Cancer Regimens Drugs
Brain Cancer Regimens Drugs
Breast Cancer Regimens Drugs
Endocrine Cancer Regimens Drugs
Gastrointestinal Cancer Regimens Drugs
Genitourinary Cancer Regimens Drugs
Gynecologic Cancer Regimens Drugs
Head and Neck Cancer Regimens Drugs
Hematologic Cancer Regimens Drugs
Lung Cancer Regimens Drugs
Other Cancers Regimens
Rare Cancers Regimens
Skin Cancer Regimens Drugs