Fact Sheets

Hormone Therapy for Prostate Cancer (Fact Sheet)

Hormone Therapy for Prostate Cancer (Fact Sheet)

This fact reviews how hormone therapy may be used to treat prostate cancer, treatment options for castration-resistant prostate cancer, and side effects of hormone therapy.

Formaldehyde and Cancer Risk (Fact Sheet)

Formaldehyde and Cancer Risk (Fact Sheet)

This fact sheet examines sources of formaldehyde and possible health risks posed by this chemical.

Pathology Reports (Fact Sheet)

Pathology Reports (Fact Sheet)

This fact sheet examines pathology reports, including tissue collection methods, the ways in which tissue samples may be processed, and details typically included in such reports.

Polycythemia Vera (Fact Sheet)

Polycythemia Vera (Fact Sheet)

This fact examines the possible causes, risk factors, symptoms, and treatments associated with polycythemia vera.

Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia (Fact Sheet)

Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia (Fact Sheet)

This fact sheet reviews the incidence and survival statistics of chronic lymphocytic leukemia.

Calcium and Cancer Prevention (Fact Sheet)

Calcium and Cancer Prevention (Fact Sheet)

This fact sheets examines the sources of dietary calcium and possible links to cancer prevention.

Helicobacter Pylori and Cancer Risk (Fact Sheet)

Helicobacter Pylori and Cancer Risk (Fact Sheet)

This fact sheet explores the links, both negative and positive, that Helicobacter pylori may have with gastric and other cancer types.

Fluoridated Water (Fact Sheet)

Fluoridated Water (Fact Sheet)

Water fluoridation began in the United States in 1945, and possible connections between cancer and fluoridation have been debated since.

Access to Investigational Drugs (Fact Sheet)

Access to Investigational Drugs (Fact Sheet)

This fact sheet explains investigational drugs and the process by which cancer patients may obtain them.

Tumor Markers (Fact Sheet)

Tumor Markers (Fact Sheet)

This fact sheet explains tumor markers and their current use in cancer care.

Cigar Smoking and Cancer (Fact Sheet)

Cigar Smoking and Cancer (Fact Sheet)

This fact sheet examines links between cigar smoking and cancer risk.

Prostate-Specific Antigen (PSA) Test (Fact Sheet)

Prostate-Specific Antigen (PSA) Test (Fact Sheet)

This fact sheet reviews the PSA test for prostate cancer, in particular screening recommendations, test limitations, and possible improvements the future may hold in store for the test.

Computed Tomography (CT) Scans and Cancer (Fact Sheet)

Computed Tomography (CT) Scans and Cancer (Fact Sheet)

This fact sheet defines computed tomography (CT), explains its use in cancer detection, and answers questions regarding radiation exposure from CT use.

Garlic and Cancer Prevention (Fact Sheet)

Garlic and Cancer Prevention (Fact Sheet)

This fact sheet explores links between garlic and cancer prevention, including study and clinical trials evidence and safety concerns.

Radon and Cancer (Fact Sheet)

Radon and Cancer (Fact Sheet)

This fact sheet defines radon and reviews radon-related cancer risks.

Harms of Cigarette Smoking and Health Benefits of Quitting (Fact Sheet)

Harms of Cigarette Smoking and Health Benefits of Quitting (Fact Sheet)

This fact sheet explores the harmful effects of tobacco smoke, tobacco addiction, and the immediate and long-term benefits of smoking cessation.

Tumor Grade (Fact Sheet)

Tumor Grade (Fact Sheet)

This fact sheet reviews tumor grade classification and tumor grading systems that are specific to cancer types.

Magnetic Field Exposure and Cancer (Fact Sheet)

Magnetic Field Exposure and Cancer (Fact Sheet)

This fact sheet examines the possible links between exposure to magnetic fields and cancer risk.

Acrylamide in Food and Cancer Risk (Fact Sheet)

Acrylamide in Food and Cancer Risk (Fact Sheet)

This fact sheet explores the possible cancer risks caused by the chemical acrylamide in foodstuffs and consumer goods.

Cancer Clusters (Fact Sheet)

Cancer Clusters (Fact Sheet)

This fact sheet defines a "cancer cluster" and discusses details related to investigating a cancer cluster and determining a cluster's statistical significance.

Chemicals in Meat Cooked at High Temperatures and Cancer Risk (Fact Sheet)

Chemicals in Meat Cooked at High Temperatures and Cancer Risk (Fact Sheet)

This fact sheet examines the possible cancer risks associated with the consumption of heterocyclic amines (HCAs) and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) formed in meats cooked via high-temperature methods.

Genetic Testing for Hereditary Cancer Syndromes (Fact Sheet)

Genetic Testing for Hereditary Cancer Syndromes (Fact Sheet)

This fact sheet reviews genetic testing for cancer risk, including currently available genetic tests, recommendations for testing, positive and negative result definitions, and direct-to-consumer tests.

Cancer Staging (Fact Sheet)

Cancer Staging (Fact Sheet)

This fact sheet explains cancer staging, the TNM System, and tests commonly used to determine cancer stage.

Cruciferous Vegetables and Cancer Prevention (Fact Sheet)

Cruciferous Vegetables and Cancer Prevention (Fact Sheet)

This fact sheet examines possible links between consumption of cruciferous vegetables and cancer prevention.

Psychological Stress and Cancer (Fact Sheet)

Psychological Stress and Cancer (Fact Sheet)

This fact sheet explores the effect of existing stress on cancer risk and cancer outcomes.

Hair Dyes and Cancer Risk (Fact Sheet)

Hair Dyes and Cancer Risk (Fact Sheet)

This fact sheet explores the relationship between use of hair coloring products and possible cancer risk.

Oral Contraceptives and Cancer Risk (Fact Sheet)

Oral Contraceptives and Cancer Risk (Fact Sheet)

This fact sheet examines the relationship between oral contraception and risk of breast, ovarian, endometrial, liver, and cervical cancers.

Physical Activity and Cancer (Fact Sheet)

Physical Activity and Cancer (Fact Sheet)

This fact sheet examines the role of physical activity and exercise in cancer prevention and cancer survivorship.

Tea and Cancer Prevention (Fact Sheet)

Tea and Cancer Prevention (Fact Sheet)

This fact sheet explores the evidence that tea consumption may aid cancer prevention.

Surgery to Reduce the Risk of Breast Cancer (Fact Sheet)

Surgery to Reduce the Risk of Breast Cancer (Fact Sheet)

This fact sheet examines the potential pros and cons of surgery as a means to reduce breast cancer risk.

Secondhand Smoke and Cancer (Fact Sheet)

Secondhand Smoke and Cancer (Fact Sheet)

This fact sheet examines the relationship between secondhand smoke and cancer risk.

Antioxidants and Cancer Prevention (Fact Sheet)

Antioxidants and Cancer Prevention (Fact Sheet)

This fact sheet explores possible relationships between antioxidants and cancer prevention.

Asbestos Exposure and Cancer Risk (Fact Sheet)

Asbestos Exposure and Cancer Risk (Fact Sheet)

This fact sheet defines asbestos, and reviews both the use of asbestos and health risks associated with asbestos exposure.

Photodynamic Therapy for Cancer (Fact Sheet)

Photodynamic Therapy for Cancer (Fact Sheet)

This fact sheet examines photodynamic therapy, including the related side effects and limitations of treatment.

Radiation Therapy for Cancer (Fact Sheet)

Radiation Therapy for Cancer (Fact Sheet)

This fact sheet examines radiation therapy, including forms of administration and potential side effects of treatment.

Vitamin D and Cancer Prevention (Fact Sheet)

Vitamin D and Cancer Prevention (Fact Sheet)

This fact sheet reviews the role vitamin D intake may play in preventing certain types of cancer.

Smokeless Tobacco and Cancer (Fact Sheet)

Smokeless Tobacco and Cancer (Fact Sheet)

This fact sheet examines the cancer risks associated with smokeless tobacco products.

Obesity and Cancer Risk (Fact Sheet)

Obesity and Cancer Risk (Fact Sheet)

This fact sheet examines the association between obesity and increased risks of cancers.

Angiogenesis Inhibitors (Fact Sheet)

Angiogenesis Inhibitors (Fact Sheet)

This fact sheet reviews the use of angiogenesis inhibitors to prevent the formation of new blood vessels, in order to stop or slow the growth or spread of cancerous tumors.

Lasers in Cancer Treatment (Fact Sheet)

Lasers in Cancer Treatment (Fact Sheet)

This fact sheet reviews the use of laser light to to remove cancer or precancerous growths or to relieve symptoms of cancer.

Cancer Vaccines (Fact Sheet)

Cancer Vaccines (Fact Sheet)

This fact sheet examines the role of vaccines for the prevention and treatment of cancer, including current areas of research.

Hyperthermia in Cancer Treatment (Fact Sheet)

This fact sheet reviews hyperthermia, a type of cancer treatment in which body tissue is exposed to high temperatures to damage and kill cancer cells.

Artificial Sweeteners and Cancer (Fact Sheet)

This fact sheet explores the evidence of links between artificial sweeteners and cancer risk.

Cryosurgery in Cancer Treatment (Fact Sheet)

This fact sheet reviews the basics of cryosurgery, including availability, advantages and disadvantages, and known side effects.

Biological Therapies for Cancer (Fact Sheet)

This fact sheet provides an overview of how the immune system functions and examines biological therapies, including monoclonal antibodies, cytokines, therapeutic vaccines, cancer-killing viruses, gene therapy, and adoptive T-cell transfer as well as side effects.

Adjuvant and Neoadjuvant Therapy for Breast Cancer (Fact Sheet)

This fact sheet defines adjuvant therapy for breast cancer and explains the length of treatment, which patients are best suited for this treatment, side effects, and highlights current research.

Alcohol and Cancer Risk (Fact Sheet)

Alcohol and Cancer Risk (Fact Sheet)

This fact sheet reviews types of alcoholic drinks, the evidence linking alcohol consumption to cancer, the effects of alcohol when combined with tobacco, and notes possible beneficial effects of alcohol.

Cell Phones and Cancer Risk (Fact Sheet)

Cell Phones and Cancer Risk (Fact Sheet)

This fact sheet explores the technology of cell phones, radiofrequency energy and how it may affect the body, and the findings of research studies about cell phone exposure and cancer risk.

Breast Cancer Risk in American Women (Fact Sheet)

This fact sheet reviews breast cancer risk factors for women, including SEER report information and age-related disparities.

Paget Disease of the Breast (Fact Sheet)

This fact sheet reviews this rare form of breast cancer, including symptoms, prognosis, and treatment details.

Metastatic Cancer (Fact Sheet)

This fact sheet reviews common sites of cancer metastasis, methods of spread, treatment, and additional details.

Childhood Cancers (Fact Sheet)

This fact sheet reviews cancer types, incidence and survival rates, causes, and current research related to childhood cancer.

Head and Neck Cancers (Fact Sheet)

Head and Neck Cancers (Fact Sheet)

This fact sheet reviews the details of head and neck cancer, including locations, causes, symptoms, diagnosis, risk reduction, and treatment.

Liver Cancer (Fact Sheet)

This fact sheet reviews primary and secondary liver cancer types, symptoms, screening, and treatment.

Mammograms (Fact Sheet)

This fact sheet reviews mammograms, including the benefits and risks of mammography and screening recommendations.

Inflammatory Breast Cancer (Fact Sheet)

This fact sheet reviews bone cancer, including its possible causes, frequency, symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment.

Bone Cancer (Fact Sheet)

This fact sheet reviews bone cancer, including its possible causes, frequency, symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment.

Hormone Therapy for Breast Cancer (Fact Sheet)

This fact sheet defines hormones and reviews aspects of hormone therapy for breast cancer.

Sources of Financial Assistance

Sources of Financial Assistance

Patients can use these resources to seek out financial assistance available for people with cancer.

Coping With Cancer as a Young Adult

Coping With Cancer as a Young Adult

This fact sheet provides tips for younger patients who are coping with cancer.

Consejos para los proveedores de cuidado: ¿Cómo puede ayudarse usted mismo? (Caring Advice for Caregivers: How Can You Help Yourself?)

Consejos para los proveedores de cuidado: ¿Cómo puede ayudarse usted mismo? (Caring Advice for Caregivers: How Can You Help Yourself?)

This fact sheet offers Spanish-speaking caregivers tips about how to take time to care for themselves.

Diagnostic Tests for Early-Stage Breast Cancer

Diagnostic Tests for Early-Stage Breast Cancer

This fact sheet provides an overview to patients of the general diagnostic tests that are used to determine their tumor type.

Living with Grief: How Can You Help Yourself?

Living with Grief: How Can You Help Yourself?

The death of a loved one is life-changing. This fact sheet offers tips to caregivers and loved ones focused around caring for themselves during this difficult time.

Helping Teenagers Who Have Lost a Parent

Helping Teenagers Who Have Lost a Parent

This fact sheet offers tips for helping teenagers cope with the loss of a parent to cancer.

Finding Emotional Support for Long-Term Illness

Finding Emotional Support for Long-Term Illness

Patients with chronic myelogenous leukemia can use these tips to help manage the emotional challenges of coping with a long-term disease.

Tips for Managing Nausea and Increasing Appetite During Cancer Treatment

Tips for Managing Nausea and Increasing Appetite During Cancer Treatment

This fact sheet contains tips for patients dealing with nausea and loss of appetite resulting from cancer treatment.

If You've Just Been Diagnosed

If You've Just Been Diagnosed

These tips can help new cancer patients understand treatment options, learn about side effects, and address any concerns they may have.

Grief and Healing: Coping with the Loss of a Loved One

Grief and Healing: Coping with the Loss of a Loved One

In this fact sheet, patients who recently lost a loved one can read more about how to cope with feelings raised by grief.

Cómo Hablar con Sus Hijos Sobre su Diagnóstico (How to Talk to Your Children About Your Cancer Diagnosis)

Cómo Hablar con Sus Hijos Sobre su Diagnóstico (How to Talk to Your Children About Your Cancer Diagnosis)

Cancer patients who speak Spanish can learn more about how to communicate to their children about their diagnosis with this fact sheet.

Grieving the Loss of an Adult Child

Grieving the Loss of an Adult Child

This patient fact sheets provides suggestions for parents who are coping with the death of an adult child.

Coping with Cancer-Related Weight Changes and Muscle Loss

Coping with Cancer-Related Weight Changes and Muscle Loss

These tips can help cancer patients deal with weight and muscle loss that may result during the course of their illness.

Cognitive Problems After Chemotherapy

Cognitive Problems After Chemotherapy

This fact sheet provides valuable information for patients about improving memory and concentration following cancer treatment.

Lidiando con las Nauseas y Vomitos Inducidos por la Quimioterapia (Coping with Chemotherapy-Induced Nausea and Vomiting)

Lidiando con las Nauseas y Vomitos Inducidos por la Quimioterapia (Coping with Chemotherapy-Induced Nausea and Vomiting)

This fact sheet is written in Spanish to help patients cope with nausea and vomiting associated with chemotherapy.

Combating Chemobrain: Keeping Your Memory Sharp

Combating Chemobrain: Keeping Your Memory Sharp

This resource offers tips patients with chemobrain can use to keep their memory sharp and remember things better.

Caregiving During Holidays and Special Occasions

Caregiving During Holidays and Special Occasions

Caregivers and their loved ones can find ways to make the most out of special events using tips in this fact sheet.

Fuentes de Asistencia Financiera (Sources of Finanical Assistance)

Fuentes de Asistencia Financiera (Sources of Finanical Assistance)

This fact sheet for Spanish-speaking patients lists a number of organizations and agencies that provide financial assistance.

¿Doctor, Podemos Hablar?: Consejos Para Comunicarse con su Médico ("Doctor, Can We Talk?": Tips for Communicating With Your Health Care Team)

¿Doctor, Podemos Hablar?: Consejos Para Comunicarse con su Médico ("Doctor, Can We Talk?": Tips for Communicating With Your Health Care Team)

This fact sheet for Spanish-speaking patients provides tips for communicating with their health care team.

"Doctor, Can We Talk About Chemobrain?"

"Doctor, Can We Talk About Chemobrain?"

This fact sheet answers questions about chemobrain and how patients can communicate to their health care team about it.

Coping with the Stress of Caregiving

Coping with the Stress of Caregiving

Stress is common among caregivers who struggle to meet competing demands. This fact sheets details ways to manage it.

Young Adults as Caregivers

Young Adults as Caregivers

Young adults may face unique challenges as caregivers. This fact sheet address how this age group can best adjust to the role.

Risk Factors and Screening for Melanoma

Risk Factors and Screening for Melanoma

Men and women of all ages and races can develop skin cancer. Patients can learn more about the risk factors with this fact sheet.

Coping with Multiple Myeloma

Coping with Multiple Myeloma

These tips can help patients with multiple myeloma learn more about how to cope with the disease.

Metastatic Colorectal Cancer and KRAS Gene Testing

Metastatic Colorectal Cancer and KRAS Gene Testing

Patients with metastatic colorectal cancer can use this fact sheet to learn more about personalized medicine and KRAS gene testing.

Coping With a Diagnosis of CLL

Coping With a Diagnosis of CLL

Patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia can use these tips to help manage practical and emotional concerns.

Melanoma: Causes and Prevention

Melanoma: Causes and Prevention

Melanoma is one of the fastest growing cancers, but it can be prevented. Patients can use these tips to decrease the risk of skin cancer.

Colorectal Cancer: The Importance of Screening and Early Detection

Colorectal Cancer: The Importance of Screening and Early Detection

This fact sheet answers some commonly asked questions about colorectal cancer screening.

Caring Advice for Caregivers: How Can You Help Yourself?

Caring Advice for Caregivers: How Can You Help Yourself?

Caregivers need care, too. Patients can share this fact sheet with their support systems.

Medical Treatments for Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia

Medical Treatments for Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia

This fact sheet educates patients about the causes of and treatment options for CML.

Coping with Side Effects of Breast Cancer Treatment

Coping with Side Effects of Breast Cancer Treatment

Women with breast cancer have many treatment options. This patient fact sheet details the side effects of these treatments and ways to cope.

Caregiving At the End of Life

Caregiving At the End of Life

This fact sheet provides tips to caregivers on how to provide support when the end of life is near.

Coping With Lymphedema

Coping With Lymphedema

After lymph node removal, painful swelling may result. This fact sheet educates patients about how to manage symptoms.

Managing Practical Concerns Raised by CML

Managing Practical Concerns Raised by CML

The following fact sheet educates patients with chronic myelogenous leukemia about getting help sorting through treatment options, managing side effects, and finding financial assistance.

Prostate Cancer: What You Should Know About Screening and Diagnosis

Prostate Cancer: What You Should Know About Screening and Diagnosis

Cancer of the prostate gland is the most common cancer affecting men. This fact sheet can help patients learn more about screening and risk factors.

Opening the Door to Effective Pain Management: Getting the Facts and Getting Help

Opening the Door to Effective Pain Management: Getting the Facts and Getting Help

This fact sheet details how patients can effectively communicate about and manage cancer-related pain.

Strengthening the Spirit

Strengthening the Spirit

Sometimes, cancer patients embrace or question their spirituality in the midst of life changes. This fact sheet explains to patients how spirituality can help.

Young Adults with Cancer

Young Adults with Cancer

Young adults with cancer may find it hard to cope with having such a serious disease. This fact sheet offers tips for younger patients for during and after treatment.

Coping with Colorectal Cancer

Coping with Colorectal Cancer

Treatment for colorectal cancer can be stressful and cause lasting changes to the body. This fact sheet offers tips for coping with the disease.

Improving Your Concentration: Three Key Steps

Improving Your Concentration: Three Key Steps

Chemobrain can affect patients' ability to focus. This fact sheet educates patients about how to establish and improve concentration.

Hospice Care: Quality of Life at the End of Life

Hospice Care: Quality of Life at the End of Life

Hospice offers care to people who are terminally ill and may no longer wish to undergo treatment. Learn more about who provides hospice care and what services are offered.

Staying Safe in the Sun

Staying Safe in the Sun

Help your patients learn what they can do to protect themselves from skin cancer with this patient fact sheet.

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