Health effects of cigarette smoking
Wrinkles and Age Spots
Repeated use of the muscles around the lips when smoking, and the loss of skin elasticity from chemicals in cigarettes cause many smokers to develop deep lines around their lips. Other signs of premature aging include uneven skin tone.
Skin and Nail Discoloration
Brown stain on the fingers and fingernails of a cigarette smoker due to tar and nicotine build up from tobacco.
Stomatitis, or oral inflammation, is caused by repeatedly inhaling heated smoke from cigarettes or pipes. White lesions form on the hard palate of the mouth, and excess keratin produced by affected cells builds up on the tongue.
Damage to teeth and gums
Yellow teeth are one of the most notorious effects of long-term smoking, but smokers also develop gum disease, persistent bad breath, plaque and tartar buildup and are twice as likely to loose teeth as nonsmokers.
Smoking and other tobacco use are associated with 70% to 80% of oral cancer cases. The most common symptoms include a sore patch on the tongue, lips, gums, or other area inside the mouth that does not go away and may be painful.
Lung cancer is the most common form of cancer in the United States, and about 80% to 90% of cases are associated with smoking. The white area in the upper lobe of this post-mortem lung is cancer; the black areas indicate the patient was a smoker. Smoking can lead to other lung problems, including pneumonia, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and emphysema.
More deaths are caused each year by tobacco use than by all deaths from HIV, illegal drug use, alcohol use, motor vehicle injuries, suicides and murders combined, according to the CDC. The good news: Nearly 70% of smokers want to quit, and about 50% said they made an attempt in the year prior to being questioned, data from 2001-2010 National Health Interview Surveys indicate. The bad news: They may not be getting as much help from health care providers, as they need – only 48.3% of those surveyed said they were advised to quit. Be sure to counsel smokers about the habit’s dangerous health effects and cessation options.
- PMPS: A Common Late Effect of Surgery and Radiation for Breast Cancer
- Breast Cancer Tumors Often a Composite of Tumor Types, Enhancing Treatment Resistance
- Daratumumab Plus Len-Dex an Encouraging Combo for Multiple Myeloma
- Bone Marrow vs Bloodstream: Stem Cell Source Influences Transplantation Outcomes
- Nurses Are Key to Referrals to Inpatient Integrative Medicine Services
- Exercise is as Effective in Treating Metastatic Prostate Cancer as Medication
- Walnut Consumption Changes Gut Microbiome, Decreases Growth of Colon Cancer in Mice
- Triple-Drug Therapy Produces Response in Triple-Negative Breast Cancer, Mouse Study Shows
- Vaccine Enters Phase I Study for Safety and Effectiveness in Multiple Myeloma
- Study Supports Increased Role for Surgery in Multimodality Therapy for Early Stage SCLC
- Music Interventions Improve Cancer and Treatment Symptoms
- Novel Radiotracer Is Near Perfect in Detecting Sentinel Lymph Node in Breast Cancer
- MammaPrint Helps to Identify Which Patients Require Adjuvant Chemotherapy
- Supportive Care Needs Assessed in Localized Cutaneous Melanoma
- Recently Discovered microRNA Controls Response to Oxaliplatin in Colorectal Cancer
Sign Up for Free e-newsletters
Regimen and Drug Listings
GET FULL LISTINGS OF TREATMENT Regimens and Drug INFORMATION
|Head and Neck Cancer||Regimens||Drugs|