Health Disparities

Racial Disparity Exists in Receipt of High-Quality Prostate Cancer Care

Racial Disparity Exists in Receipt of High-Quality Prostate Cancer Care

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Despite that most patients with newly diagnosed prostate cancer receive high-quality care, a racial disparity exists, a recent study has shown.

Affordable Care Act: Comprehensive Overview Reveals Its Hits and Misses

Affordable Care Act: Comprehensive Overview Reveals Its Hits and Misses

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Researchers from the University of Miami School of Business Administration and the Florida Atlantic University College of Business present an overview of the impact of the ACA on US health care in its first 5 years.

Health Care Reform Has No Impact on Role of Safety-Net Hospitals in Providing Care to Minority Patient Populations

Health Care Reform Has No Impact on Role of Safety-Net Hospitals in Providing Care to Minority Patient Populations

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After implementation of health insurance reforms in Massachusetts that also expanded access to care to non-safety-net hospitals, researchers found that minority-serving hospitals are vital to providing care for these patient populations.

Number of Ovarian Cancer Cases Not Treated Surgically or Not Treated at All Is Increasing

Number of Ovarian Cancer Cases Not Treated Surgically or Not Treated at All Is Increasing

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The number of patients older than 75 years who do not undergo surgery is increasing, especially among those with stage III or IV ovarian cancer. Approximately 50% do not undergo surgery and 25% receive no treatment at all.

Readmission Rates at Hospitals After Cancer-Related Procedures Is Too Complex for Simple Reimbursement Rules

Readmission Rates at Hospitals After Cancer-Related Procedures Is Too Complex for Simple Reimbursement Rules

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Rates of readmission to hospitals after complex cancer surgeries are usually higher in vulnerable hospitals that serve as safety nets in their communities or in hospitals with a large number of Medicaid-insured patients.

Global Economic Recession Linked With Excess Deaths Due to Cancer

Global Economic Recession Linked With Excess Deaths Due to Cancer

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The global economic downturn of 2008-2010, accompanied by a sharp rise in unemployment, is associated with more than 260 000 excess deaths due to cancers, many of which are considered treatable.

Differences in Cancer Rates Seen Among Asian American and Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islander Populations

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Significant differences in cancer rates were found between Asian Americans and Native Hawaiians/Pacific Islanders (AANHPIs), according to a special report within Cancer Facts & Figures 2016.

Medicaid Expansion Has a Significant Impact on Access to Health Care for Cancer Survivors

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Medicaid benefits are an important part of the health care landscape for low-income cancer survivors.

First Tool to Assess Impact of Co-illnesses in Young Cancer Patients

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Concurrent but unrelated diseases in AYAs with cancer have been identified and documented. The index measures the impact of comorbidities on health care services needs and the general health status of this patient population.

Paying for 'Value' By Defining 'Quality' and 'Cost'

Paying for 'Value' By Defining 'Quality' and 'Cost'

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A presentation during the 57th American Society of Hematology (ASH) Annual Meeting examined the pros and cons of value-based purchasing.

Prescription Coverage Impacts Treatment Adherence in Breast Cancer, Even for Low-cost Drugs

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Patients with breast cancer whose health insurance plans included prescription drug benefits were 10% more likely to start important hormonal therapy than patients who did not have prescription drug coverage.

Affordable Care Act (ACA) Impacts Stage at Diagnosis and Fertility-Sparing Treatment in Young Women With Cervical Cancer

Affordable Care Act (ACA) Impacts Stage at Diagnosis and Fertility-Sparing Treatment in Young Women With Cervical Cancer

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Both the stage of cervical cancer at diagnosis and the receipt of fertility-sparing treatment among young women age 21 to 25 years, but not among women age 26 to 34 years, is associated with the Affordable Care Act Dependent Coverage Expansion provision.

Improved Breast Cancer Outcomes Is Tied to Overall National Health Care Structures

Improved Breast Cancer Outcomes Is Tied to Overall National Health Care Structures

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New and better drugs to treat diseases such as advanced breast cancer will have little effect on improving patient outcomes if a country does not have good health care structures in place.

Demographic Novel to Health Care More Accurately Identifies Barriers to Care in Appalachia

Demographic Novel to Health Care More Accurately Identifies Barriers to Care in Appalachia

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Researchers have taken a new approach to understanding why so many patients with breast cancer in Appalachia are not getting the care they need, and their findings are set to change how people view the obstacles to receiving care that beset the region.

Variation in Medicare reimbursement for radiation therapy not attributed to patient or cancer characteristics

Variation in Medicare reimbursement for radiation therapy not attributed to patient or cancer characteristics

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Differences in radiation therapy costs for Medicare patients often have little to do with patient specifics, researchers found.

Patient Navigators Improve Cervical Cancer Screening Follow-Up

Patient Navigators Improve Cervical Cancer Screening Follow-Up

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A patient navigator program was successful in lowering the rate of missed appointments for cervical cancer evaluation following a Pap smear by twenty percent.

Increasing percentages of patients undergoing breast-conserving therapy

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The percentage of patients with early stage breast cancer undergoing breast-conserving therapy (BCT) increased from 54.3% in 1998 to 60.1% in 2011, according to a recent report. Notably, nonclinical factors including socioeconomic demographics, insurance, and the distance patients must travel to treatment facilities persist as key barriers to the treatment.

Pilot program coordinates palliative care and support for rural communities

Pilot program coordinates palliative care and support for rural communities

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Effective patient-centered palliative care is contingent on access to supportive care, which may be lacking in rural areas. In this pilot program, researchers demonstrated a model that bridges that gap.

Women's contribution to health care is nearly 5% of global GDP, almost half unpaid

Women's contribution to health care is nearly 5% of global GDP, almost half unpaid

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Women contribute approximately $3 trillion to health care globally, much of which is unrecognized.

Inconsistent Medicaid expansion would widen disparities in screenings for women's cancers

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Low-income and women without insurance in states that are not expanding their Affordable Care Act (ACA) Medicaid coverage are less likely to receive breast and cervical cancer screenings.

South Asian women are more likely have later-stage breast cancer at diagnosis

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South Asian women are more likely to have later stage breast cancer at diagnosis compared with the general population, research has shown.

Colorectal cancer screening lags for adults with intellectual and development disabilities

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Adults that possess intellectual and developmental disabilities are much less likely to be screened for colorectal cancer than the general population, according to a recent study.

Social Determinants of Racial and Ethnic Disparities in Cutaneous Melanoma Outcomes

Social Determinants of Racial and Ethnic Disparities in Cutaneous Melanoma Outcomes

[Cancer Control] African Americans and Hispanics that are diagnosed with cutaneous melanoma are more likely to present with more advanced stages of disease at diagnosis and also have higher rates of mortality than their nonminority counterparts.

Out of Africa: Lessons on being a nurse

Out of Africa: Lessons on being a nurse

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After participating in a mission trip, an oncology nurse realizes she got more out of her African adventure than she gave to the children of the small village outside Nairobi, Kenya.

HIV-positive patients are more likely to be untreated for early-stage cancer

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HIV-infected people with early stage cancer are two to four times more likely to go untreated for their cancer compared to uninfected patients with cancer, according to a new, large retrospective study.

Study explores reasons for significant variations in blood cancer survival across Europe

Study explores reasons for significant variations in blood cancer survival across Europe

The EUROCARE study, the largest population-based study of survival in European blood cancer patients to date, analyzed data from 30 cancer registries, involving all patients with cancer diagnoses in 20 European countries.

Racial disparities in breast cancer care extends to lymph node biopsy

Racial disparities in breast cancer care extends to lymph node biopsy

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A study from the University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center reveals a disparity in use of sentinel lymph node biopsy between black and white women.

National Childhood Cancer Strategies Are Needed for Low- and Middle-Income Countries

National Childhood Cancer Strategies Are Needed for Low- and Middle-Income Countries

Cancer represents the leading cause of nonaccidental death among children in an increasing number of middle-income countries. Meaningful declines in global childhood cancer mortality will require moving toward the establishment of national childhood cancer strategies.

Fewer women than men are referred to urologists for suspicion of bladder cancer

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Women with hematuria were less than half as likely as men with the same issue to be referred to a urologist for further tests, according to a new study.

Triple-negative breast cancer tied to ethnicity

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An analysis of a large nationwide dataset finds that regardless of their socioeconomic status, triple-negative breast cancer is nearly twice as likely to be diagnosed in black women than in white women.

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