Health Disparities

Improving Emergency Department Care for Older Adults With Cancer

Improving Emergency Department Care for Older Adults With Cancer

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Researchers at Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center sought to determine if observation status may be a better treatment option for older adults with cancer who present to the ED.

Gay Men and the Stigma of a Cancer Diagnosis

Gay Men and the Stigma of a Cancer Diagnosis

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A cancer diagnosis often further stigmatizes gay men, particularly those who have not revealed their sexual orientation to others. In this review, CancerCare's Bill Goeren discusses the psychosocial challenges inherent to cancer care for gay men.

Ethnic Differences, Cultural Barriers Negatively Impact Mammography Follow-up Among Asian Ethnic Groups

Ethnic Differences, Cultural Barriers Negatively Impact Mammography Follow-up Among Asian Ethnic Groups

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Follow-up after abnormal results on mammography is more likely to be delayed among Asian American women compared with white women, and varies between different Asian ethnicities.

Increases in Liver Cancer Incidence Influenced by Higher Rates of Comorbidities

Increases in Liver Cancer Incidence Influenced by Higher Rates of Comorbidities

A new report from ACS describes trends in liver cancer and the factors influencing the ongoing increase in incidence, particularly higher rates of HCV infection, obesity, and type 2 diabetes.

Liver Cancer the Fastest-Growing Cause of Cancer Deaths in United States

Liver Cancer the Fastest-Growing Cause of Cancer Deaths in United States

Liver cancer mortality has increased at a faster pace than other cancers in the United States, but substantial disparities exists in mortality rates for race/ethnicity and state of residence.

United States Leads in Income-Based Health Care Inequalities

United States Leads in Income-Based Health Care Inequalities

More public tolerance for health care inequalities has been observed in the United States than other countries.

Colorectal Cancer in 2017: Incidence Rates Going Up in Younger Patients, Down in Older Patients

Colorectal Cancer in 2017: Incidence Rates Going Up in Younger Patients, Down in Older Patients

ACS colorectal cancer statistics show an overall decrease in incidence due to increases in screening rates; however, age-related incidence is trending up in younger persons, down in older persons.

NCI Funds Project to Investigate Cancer Progression, Survival in African Americans

NCI Funds Project to Investigate Cancer Progression, Survival in African Americans

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NCI awarded a $9 million grant to Barbara A. Karmanos Cancer Institute and Wayne State University to explore factors contributing to racial disparities in cancer.

Endometrial Cancer Survivors in High-Poverty Areas Have Impaired Access to Self-Care Resources

Endometrial Cancer Survivors in High-Poverty Areas Have Impaired Access to Self-Care Resources

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Living in a high-poverty region is associated with lower access to obesity-related self-care resources.

Specialized Cancer Centers May Improve Outcomes in Children with Leukemia

Specialized Cancer Centers May Improve Outcomes in Children with Leukemia

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The site of cancer care may partially explain survival differences between children and AYAs with ALL.

HNSCC Survival Worse for Patients in Lower Socioeconomic Population

HNSCC Survival Worse for Patients in Lower Socioeconomic Population

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Investigators determined the impact of socioeconomic status on disease status at presentation and survival among patients with head and neck squamous cell carcinoma.

Racial Disparity Exists in Receipt of High-Quality Prostate Cancer Care

Racial Disparity Exists in Receipt of High-Quality Prostate Cancer Care

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Despite that most patients with newly diagnosed prostate cancer receive high-quality care, a racial disparity exists, a recent study has shown.

Affordable Care Act: Comprehensive Overview Reveals Its Hits and Misses

Affordable Care Act: Comprehensive Overview Reveals Its Hits and Misses

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Researchers from the University of Miami School of Business Administration and the Florida Atlantic University College of Business present an overview of the impact of the ACA on US health care in its first 5 years.

Health Care Reform Has No Impact on Role of Safety-Net Hospitals in Providing Care to Minority Patient Populations

Health Care Reform Has No Impact on Role of Safety-Net Hospitals in Providing Care to Minority Patient Populations

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After implementation of health insurance reforms in Massachusetts that also expanded access to care to non-safety-net hospitals, researchers found that minority-serving hospitals are vital to providing care for these patient populations.

Number of Ovarian Cancer Cases Not Treated Surgically or Not Treated at All Is Increasing

Number of Ovarian Cancer Cases Not Treated Surgically or Not Treated at All Is Increasing

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The number of patients older than 75 years who do not undergo surgery is increasing, especially among those with stage III or IV ovarian cancer. Approximately 50% do not undergo surgery and 25% receive no treatment at all.

Readmission Rates at Hospitals After Cancer-Related Procedures Is Too Complex for Simple Reimbursement Rules

Readmission Rates at Hospitals After Cancer-Related Procedures Is Too Complex for Simple Reimbursement Rules

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Rates of readmission to hospitals after complex cancer surgeries are usually higher in vulnerable hospitals that serve as safety nets in their communities or in hospitals with a large number of Medicaid-insured patients.

Global Economic Recession Linked With Excess Deaths Due to Cancer

Global Economic Recession Linked With Excess Deaths Due to Cancer

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The global economic downturn of 2008-2010, accompanied by a sharp rise in unemployment, is associated with more than 260 000 excess deaths due to cancers, many of which are considered treatable.

Differences in Cancer Rates Seen Among Asian American and Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islander Populations

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Significant differences in cancer rates were found between Asian Americans and Native Hawaiians/Pacific Islanders (AANHPIs), according to a special report within Cancer Facts & Figures 2016.

Medicaid Expansion Has a Significant Impact on Access to Health Care for Cancer Survivors

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Medicaid benefits are an important part of the health care landscape for low-income cancer survivors.

First Tool to Assess Impact of Co-illnesses in Young Cancer Patients

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Concurrent but unrelated diseases in AYAs with cancer have been identified and documented. The index measures the impact of comorbidities on health care services needs and the general health status of this patient population.

Paying for 'Value' By Defining 'Quality' and 'Cost'

Paying for 'Value' By Defining 'Quality' and 'Cost'

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A presentation during the 57th American Society of Hematology (ASH) Annual Meeting examined the pros and cons of value-based purchasing.

Prescription Coverage Impacts Treatment Adherence in Breast Cancer, Even for Low-cost Drugs

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Patients with breast cancer whose health insurance plans included prescription drug benefits were 10% more likely to start important hormonal therapy than patients who did not have prescription drug coverage.

Affordable Care Act (ACA) Impacts Stage at Diagnosis and Fertility-Sparing Treatment in Young Women With Cervical Cancer

Affordable Care Act (ACA) Impacts Stage at Diagnosis and Fertility-Sparing Treatment in Young Women With Cervical Cancer

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Both the stage of cervical cancer at diagnosis and the receipt of fertility-sparing treatment among young women age 21 to 25 years, but not among women age 26 to 34 years, is associated with the Affordable Care Act Dependent Coverage Expansion provision.

Improved Breast Cancer Outcomes Is Tied to Overall National Health Care Structures

Improved Breast Cancer Outcomes Is Tied to Overall National Health Care Structures

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New and better drugs to treat diseases such as advanced breast cancer will have little effect on improving patient outcomes if a country does not have good health care structures in place.

Demographic Novel to Health Care More Accurately Identifies Barriers to Care in Appalachia

Demographic Novel to Health Care More Accurately Identifies Barriers to Care in Appalachia

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Researchers have taken a new approach to understanding why so many patients with breast cancer in Appalachia are not getting the care they need, and their findings are set to change how people view the obstacles to receiving care that beset the region.

Variation in Medicare reimbursement for radiation therapy not attributed to patient or cancer characteristics

Variation in Medicare reimbursement for radiation therapy not attributed to patient or cancer characteristics

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Differences in radiation therapy costs for Medicare patients often have little to do with patient specifics, researchers found.

Patient Navigators Improve Cervical Cancer Screening Follow-Up

Patient Navigators Improve Cervical Cancer Screening Follow-Up

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A patient navigator program was successful in lowering the rate of missed appointments for cervical cancer evaluation following a Pap smear by twenty percent.

Increasing percentages of patients undergoing breast-conserving therapy

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The percentage of patients with early stage breast cancer undergoing breast-conserving therapy (BCT) increased from 54.3% in 1998 to 60.1% in 2011, according to a recent report. Notably, nonclinical factors including socioeconomic demographics, insurance, and the distance patients must travel to treatment facilities persist as key barriers to the treatment.

Pilot program coordinates palliative care and support for rural communities

Pilot program coordinates palliative care and support for rural communities

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Effective patient-centered palliative care is contingent on access to supportive care, which may be lacking in rural areas. In this pilot program, researchers demonstrated a model that bridges that gap.

Women's contribution to health care is nearly 5% of global GDP, almost half unpaid

Women's contribution to health care is nearly 5% of global GDP, almost half unpaid

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Women contribute approximately $3 trillion to health care globally, much of which is unrecognized.

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