Health Care Disparities

Genomic Sequencing Data May Widen Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities

Genomic Sequencing Data May Widen Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities

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Precision medicine based on genetic makeup of tumors is leading to anticancer treatments that target specific patients; however, racial and ethnic minorities are underrepresented in genomic samples, resulting in less benefit from advances in cancer care for these patients.

Free Colonoscopy Screening for Uninsured Patients Effectively Detects CRC Early and Is Cost Neutral

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Offering free screening colonoscopies can identify CRC earlier in uninsured patients who are at high risk for developing the disease. In addition, the program is cost neutral from the perspective of a hospital system.

Study Finds Racial Disparities in Breast and Ovarian Cancer Risk Management

Study Finds Racial Disparities in Breast and Ovarian Cancer Risk Management

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Disparities in cancer risk management among BRCA carriers across a diverse sample of young black, Hispanic, and non-Hispanic white breast cancer survivors underscores that "the benefit from genetic testing comes from acting on the test results," not just the testing itself, a study presented at the ASCO 2016 Annual Meeting concluded.

Large Germline Databases Needed to Mitigate Ethnic Disparities

Large Germline Databases Needed to Mitigate Ethnic Disparities

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"In the absence of patient-matched germline data, large germline databases are required in analysis workflows to minimize false positive mutation calling and mitigate ethnic disparities," a study presented at the ASCO 2016 Annual Meeting concluded.

Survival for Patients With Liver Cancer Differs by Race

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A study of nearly 1000 patients with HCC found that black patients with the disease had a 33% greater risk of death compared with non-Hispanic whites.

Cancer Treatment Lacking for Many HIV-Infected Patients

Cancer Treatment Lacking for Many HIV-Infected Patients

Treatment gap exists, but the reasons for the care disparity aren't entirely clear.

BRCA1/2 Testing Recommendations Vary Between Black and White Patients

BRCA1/2 Testing Recommendations Vary Between Black and White Patients

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Disparities in BRCA1/2 testing in black and white women is attributable to differences in physician recommendations, according to a recent study.

United States Health Report Card Finds Racial and Ethnic Disparities Persist

United States Health Report Card Finds Racial and Ethnic Disparities Persist

A new report from the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services finds improvements to infant mortality rates and number of insured citizens, but other problem areas persist.

Programs for Lay Health Advisors Can Be Designed to Maximize Their Impact

Programs for Lay Health Advisors Can Be Designed to Maximize Their Impact

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Clear role expectations and organization support are vital for lay health advisors.

Genetic Differences Explain Survival Disparity in African Americans With Kidney Cancer

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Several genetic differences uncovered in an analysis of data from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) are biologically plausible contributing factors for the worse survival of African American patients with clear cell renal carcinoma, even in the era of targeted therapy.

Breast and Colorectal Cancer Disparities Persist in African Americans

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Disparities in some cancer mortality rates between African Americans and whites in the United States have decreased, but these differences remain in colorectal and breast cancers.

Breast Cancer Reoperation Rates Vary Widely by Surgeon

Breast Cancer Reoperation Rates Vary Widely by Surgeon

The 90-day reoperation rate for breast conserving surgery dropped from 40 to nearly 25 percent and varies depending on surgeon, according to recent research.

HPV Oropharyngeal Cancer Prevalence varies by Geographic Region

HPV Oropharyngeal Cancer Prevalence varies by Geographic Region

HPV-positive oropharyngeal cancer prevalence varies between Western Europe and Eastern Europe, according to study data.

Modifiable Factors Affect Racial Disparities in Lung Cancer

Modifiable Factors Affect Racial Disparities in Lung Cancer

Racial and ethnic variation is evident in lung cancer incidence and mortality among postmenopausal women, but other factors may also have an influence, according to a recent study.

Doctors May Convey Racial Bias Through Body Language

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Hospital-based physicians exhibit significantly fewer positive, rapport-building nonverbal cues with black patients than with white patients when discussing end-of-life care.

Health Disparities: Cancer Screening, Prevention, and Treatment in People With Mental Illness

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Health care system and societal factors are critical components leading to health disparities, as revealed in a new report that focuses on cancer in people with mental illness.

Racial Differences in Outcomes and Costs of Care in Older Men with Prostate Cancer

Racial Differences in Outcomes and Costs of Care in Older Men with Prostate Cancer

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Older black men with localized prostate cancer were more likely to have poorer quality care, incur higher costs, and have worse postoperative outcomes than white men. However, that did not translate to worse overall or cancer-specific survival.

Lower-Income Cancer Patients Show Decreased Trial Participation

Lower-Income Cancer Patients Show Decreased Trial Participation

Cancer trial participation decreases with decreasing annual household income, according to recent data.

Many Appalachian women miss benefits of aromatase inhibitors to prevent breast cancer recurrence

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Many breast cancer survivors in Appalachia neglect taking critical follow-up treatment, even though their insurance would cover the cost, a study has found.

Women's contribution to health care is nearly 5% of global GDP, almost half unpaid

Women's contribution to health care is nearly 5% of global GDP, almost half unpaid

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Women contribute approximately $3 trillion to health care globally, much of which is unrecognized.

Cancer screening increase may reflect Affordable Care Act provision

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After 2008 a rise was seen in screening for colorectal cancer (CRC) for lower socioeconomic status persons, possibly reflecting the Affordable Care Act's removal of financial barriers to screening.

Health insurance coverage among cancer patients varies greatly by demographics and cancer type

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Rates of health insurance coverage vary depending on patient demographics, such as race and marital status, as well as cancer type.

Racial disparity is narrowing in cancer mortality

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Although racial disparities for cancer are decreasing, cancer mortality among African Americans as a group remains elevated.

Medical debt burden higher in Texas and Florida

Medical debt burden higher in Texas and Florida

California and New York fully expanded Medicaid coverage under ACA, but Texas and Florida did not.

Higher cancer care costs observed for uninsured patients

Higher cancer care costs observed for uninsured patients

Chemotherapy fees for uninsured patients can be 43 times more than those seen for insured patients.

Research aims to reduce health care disparities

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The LGBTQI community experience health disparities due to reduced access to health care and insurance, coupled with an elevated risk for multiple types of cancer compared with non-LGBTQI populations, according to recent research.

Racial and ethnic differences extend to how surgeons and hospitals for breast cancer care are selected

Black and Hispanic women with breast cancer were less likely to use reputation as a factor ins selecting their surgeon or hospital for treatment, when compared with white women.

Disparities in adherence to breast cancer care linked to net worth

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Household net worth can be linked to adherence to hormonal therapy among breast cancer patients and partially explains racial disparities in quality of care.

Patients with brain tumors fare better with private insurance

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Brain tumor patients who are uninsured or use Medicaid stay hospitalized longer and develop more medical complications than those with private insurance, according to a new study.

Subsidies help breast cancer patients adhere to hormone therapy

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A federal prescription-subsidy program for low-income Medicare recipients has increased adherence to hormone therapy to prevent breast cancer recurrence after surgery, according to recent data.

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