Health Behaviors

Broccoli Sprout Extracts May Prevent Recurrence of Some Oral Cancers

Broccoli Sprout Extracts May Prevent Recurrence of Some Oral Cancers

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Beverages derived from broccoli sprout extracts were found to have preclinical chemopreventive activity against oral cancer induced by carcinogens.

Consumption of Tree Nuts Associated With Reduced Mortality for Patients With Prostate Cancer

Consumption of Tree Nuts Associated With Reduced Mortality for Patients With Prostate Cancer

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Consumption of tree nuts is associated with lower mortality rates among men with prostate cancer. It did not, however, correlate with a reduced risk of developing prostate cancer.

Smoking Increases Risk of Adverse Events With Aromatase Inhibitor Therapy for Breast Cancer

Smoking Increases Risk of Adverse Events With Aromatase Inhibitor Therapy for Breast Cancer

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Preoperative smoking is associated with increased risk for breast cancer events and distant metastasis in women treated with aromatase inhibitors (AIs). Hampering the utility of AIs, a common treatment for breast cancer, is yet another health risk associated with smoking.

Scalding Beverages Might Lead to Esophageal Cancer

Scalding Beverages Might Lead to Esophageal Cancer

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Drinking scalding coffee, tea, or yerba mate might increase the risk of developing esophageal cancer according to the World Health Organization. Beverages hotter than 149°F (65°C) might increase the risk of developing esophageal cancer.

Nonadherence to Noncancer Medication Schedules Predicts Adherence to Adjuvant Hormone Therapy for Breast Cancer

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Patients who do not adhere to their medication schedules for chronic conditions prior to a breast cancer diagnosis were twice as likely to skip oral adjuvant hormonal therapy.

Levels of Resilience Are Correlated With Distress and Empathy in Resident Physicians

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Clinically relevant distress and decreased empathy are frequently experienced by resident physicians whose resilience is low when exposed to the trauma of working with patients in the hematology-oncology setting.

Healthy Lifestyle Could Reduce Risk of Developing Breast Cancer

Healthy Lifestyle Could Reduce Risk of Developing Breast Cancer

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Following a healthy lifestyle could reduce the risk of developing breast cancer for women already at high risk for the disease due to genetic risk and family history.

Use of Emotional Support and Acceptance Coping Strategies Lead to Better QOL and Mood in Patients With Incurable Cancer

Use of Emotional Support and Acceptance Coping Strategies Lead to Better QOL and Mood in Patients With Incurable Cancer

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Patients with newly diagnosed, incurable cancer who use emotional support and acceptance coping strategies experience better quality of life (QOL) and mood; denial and self-blame strategies correlate negatively with these outcomes.

Increase in Genetic Risk of Breast Cancer Triggered by Alcohol Consumption

Increase in Genetic Risk of Breast Cancer Triggered by Alcohol Consumption

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Researchers identified a cancer-causing gene triggered by alcohol use, providing a link between alcohol and breast cancer in cell-based research.

Earlier and More Frequent Tanning Bed Use by Women Associated With Melanoma Incidence and Age at Diagnosis

Earlier and More Frequent Tanning Bed Use by Women Associated With Melanoma Incidence and Age at Diagnosis

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Younger age at first use and more frequent use of indoor tanning beds are largely responsible for the steep increase in melanoma diagnoses in women younger than 40 years.

Initiation of HPV Vaccination Highest Among High-poverty and Majority Hispanic Communities

Initiation of HPV Vaccination Highest Among High-poverty and Majority Hispanic Communities

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Teen girls living in high-poverty and in majority Hispanic communities had the highest rates of having received at least 1 dose of the HPV vaccine compared with those in low-poverty communities and in communities of other racial or ethnic compositions.

Tar From Single Hookah Smoking Session 25x More Than Single Cigarette

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Smoke volumes are larger and levels of tobacco toxicants are higher in a single hookah smoking session compared with a single cigarette.

Vigorous Exercise and Other Healthy Lifestyle Habits May Protect Against Lethal Prostate Cancer

Vigorous Exercise and Other Healthy Lifestyle Habits May Protect Against Lethal Prostate Cancer

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A study that tracked tens of thousands of midlife and older men for more than 20 years has found that vigorous exercise and other healthy lifestyle habits may reduce their chances of developing a lethal type of prostate cancer by up to 68%.

Reduced-Nicotine Cigarettes Decreased Dependence and Frequency of Smoking

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Reduced-nicotine cigarettes were beneficial in reducing nicotine exposure and dependence, and also the number of cigarettes smoked per day, compared with standard-nicotine cigarettes in a 6-week study.

Study findings do not support association between prostate cancer incidence and shift work

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Shift workers do not develop prostate cancer more frequently than their day-shift colleagues, research indicates.

Cancer prevention efforts in United States are a mixed bag

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Cancer prevention efforts still lag in many key areas in the United States.

War metaphors for cancer hurt certain prevention behaviors

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Using war metaphors when speaking with cancer patients about their health struggles or motivation may not be the best approach, research suggests.

Financial incentives double quit rates among smokers

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Employing financial incentives to encourage smokers to reduce cigarette use can be a successful ploy.

Need to encourage patients to screen for colon cancer? Try a lottery

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Convincing patients to do an often-dreaded colon cancer screening test could just take a little extra nudge, such as a chance to win $50, new research found.

AMA: Health insurer competition lacking in many regions

AMA: Health insurer competition lacking in many regions

A significant absence of health insurer competition was seen in 72 percent of the metropolitan areas examined.

Adopting multiple healthy behaviors reduces risk of colorectal cancer

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Adoption of five key healthy behaviors is linked with a reduction in the risk of developing bowel cancer.

Cancer screenings in older patients with limited life expectancies continue despite their minimal benefits

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Many older patients with limited life expectancy continue to receive routine screenings for prostate, breast, cervical, and colorectal cancer, even though the procedures are not likely to be beneficial.

Black Women's Health Study (BWHS) shows exercise improves breast cancer risk for African American women

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This recently published study found strong evidence linking physical exercise to a lower rate of breast cancer in African American women, a group in which previous evidence has been lacking.

Unhealthy habits double metabolic syndrome risk for childhood cancer survivors

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By failing to follow a heart-healthy lifestyle, 73% of adult survivors of childhood cancer more than doubled their risk of developing metabolic syndrome and related health problems, according to a new study.

No association found between soy food consumption and endometrial cancer risk

No association found between soy food consumption and endometrial cancer risk

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A new study of Japanese women showed no evidence for a protective association between soy food or isoflavone intake and risk of endometrial cancer.

Better sleep linked to longer survival in advanced breast cancer

Better sleep linked to longer survival in advanced breast cancer

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A new study reports that sleep efficiency, a ratio of time asleep to time spent in bed, is predictive of survival time for women with advanced breast cancer.

Understanding the stigma of lung cancer

Understanding the stigma of lung cancer

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A study consisting of lung cancer patients is shedding more light on the stigma often felt by these patients, the emotional toll it can have, and how health providers can help.

Out-of-pocket costs influence adherence to treatment

Out-of-pocket costs influence adherence to treatment

Many patients skip doses or stop taking medication entirely when their share of the costs becomes too high.

Out-of-pocket costs determine treatment adherence for cancer patients

Out-of-pocket costs determine treatment adherence for cancer patients

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When a patient's share of prescription costs becomes too high, many patients skip doses or stop taking medication entirely, according to new research.

Nurse fatigue gets a wake-up call

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The ANA convened a panel to investigate the impact of fatigue on nurses and nursing. In this first article, the objectives of the NFPIP panel are explained.

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