Health Behaviors

Specialized Interventions Reduce Aberrant Opioid Behaviors in Cancer Patients

Specialized Interventions Reduce Aberrant Opioid Behaviors in Cancer Patients

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Investigators the effectiveness of an intervention to reduce aberrant opioid-related behavior and use of opioids in patients with cancer receiving chronic opioid therapy.

Awareness of Genomic Risk for Melanoma May Increase Conversations With Family, Health Care Providers

Awareness of Genomic Risk for Melanoma May Increase Conversations With Family, Health Care Providers

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Awareness of personal genetic risk for melanoma may prompt patients to discuss cancer risk with family and health care professionals, and make lifestyle changes.

Risk of Nonmelanoma Skin Cancers Increased With Alcohol Consumption

Risk of Nonmelanoma Skin Cancers Increased With Alcohol Consumption

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Researchers found that an association between alcohol consumption and nonmelanoma skin cancers may be dose-dependent. This risk includes basal cell carcinoma and cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma.

Risk of Certain Cancers Found Lower in Nonsmokers Who Consume Coffee

Risk of Certain Cancers Found Lower in Nonsmokers Who Consume Coffee

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Researchers investigated the effect of drinking coffee on risk of several cancers, and in addition, the coffee drinkers were stratified by smoking status.

Undergoing CT Lung Cancer Screening May Motivate Quit Attempts in Persons at High Risk

Undergoing CT Lung Cancer Screening May Motivate Quit Attempts in Persons at High Risk

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Contrary to some concerns, persons at high risk for lung cancer who undergo CT lung scans are more likely to attempt smoking cessation regardless of their test results compared with unscreened persons.

Risk of Lung Cancer Increases With Diets Higher in Saturated Fats

Risk of Lung Cancer Increases With Diets Higher in Saturated Fats

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A recent study demonstrated that eating a diet high in saturated fats and low in polyunsaturated fats may increase a person's risk of developing lung cancer.

Risk of Thyroid Cancer Increased With Fruit Juice Consumption, No Effect With Fruit and Vegetable Consumption

Risk of Thyroid Cancer Increased With Fruit Juice Consumption, No Effect With Fruit and Vegetable Consumption

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No correlation was found between fruit and vegetable consumption and the risk of differentiated thyroid cancer, but a positive trend may be associated with fruit juice intake.

Study Questions Safety of E-cigarettes vs Regular Tobacco Cigarettes

Study Questions Safety of E-cigarettes vs Regular Tobacco Cigarettes

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E-cigarettes used with nicotine-based liquid have the same potential to produce cancer-causing DNA damage as unfiltered regular cigarettes.

Cognitively Engaging Activities Often Discontinued After Treatment of Primary Brain Tumors

Cognitively Engaging Activities Often Discontinued After Treatment of Primary Brain Tumors

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Survivors of primary brain tumors tend to freely discontinue cognitively engaging activities to compensate for diminishing cognitive function after treatment completion.

Benefits of Radiation Therapy Undone by Smoking in Some Breast Cancer Patients

Benefits of Radiation Therapy Undone by Smoking in Some Breast Cancer Patients

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Absolute risks from radiation therapy for women with breast cancer who continue to smoke could exceed the absolute benefit of the therapy.

Lifestyle Choices Have Greater Influence on Colon and Rectal Cancer Risk

Lifestyle Choices Have Greater Influence on Colon and Rectal Cancer Risk

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Predictive risk model shows that lifestyle choices have a greater influence on risk for colorectal cancer than does genetic factors.

Colorectal Cancer Risk Higher With Poor Metabolic Health vs Increased Weight

Colorectal Cancer Risk Higher With Poor Metabolic Health vs Increased Weight

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Women with poor metabolic health have a greater risk of colorectal cancer than those with increased weight.

Alcohol Consumption, Particularly White Wine, Associated With Increased Risk of Melanoma

Alcohol Consumption, Particularly White Wine, Associated With Increased Risk of Melanoma

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A review of data from three large, prospective studies examined a potential association between alcoholic beverage consumption and risk of melanoma.

Broccoli Sprout Extracts May Prevent Recurrence of Some Oral Cancers

Broccoli Sprout Extracts May Prevent Recurrence of Some Oral Cancers

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Beverages derived from broccoli sprout extracts were found to have preclinical chemopreventive activity against oral cancer induced by carcinogens.

Consumption of Tree Nuts Associated With Reduced Mortality for Patients With Prostate Cancer

Consumption of Tree Nuts Associated With Reduced Mortality for Patients With Prostate Cancer

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Consumption of tree nuts is associated with lower mortality rates among men with prostate cancer. It did not, however, correlate with a reduced risk of developing prostate cancer.

Smoking Increases Risk of Adverse Events With Aromatase Inhibitor Therapy for Breast Cancer

Smoking Increases Risk of Adverse Events With Aromatase Inhibitor Therapy for Breast Cancer

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Preoperative smoking is associated with increased risk for breast cancer events and distant metastasis in women treated with aromatase inhibitors (AIs). Hampering the utility of AIs, a common treatment for breast cancer, is yet another health risk associated with smoking.

Scalding Beverages Might Lead to Esophageal Cancer

Scalding Beverages Might Lead to Esophageal Cancer

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Drinking scalding coffee, tea, or yerba mate might increase the risk of developing esophageal cancer according to the World Health Organization. Beverages hotter than 149°F (65°C) might increase the risk of developing esophageal cancer.

Nonadherence to Noncancer Medication Schedules Predicts Adherence to Adjuvant Hormone Therapy for Breast Cancer

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Patients who do not adhere to their medication schedules for chronic conditions prior to a breast cancer diagnosis were twice as likely to skip oral adjuvant hormonal therapy.

Levels of Resilience Are Correlated With Distress and Empathy in Resident Physicians

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Clinically relevant distress and decreased empathy are frequently experienced by resident physicians whose resilience is low when exposed to the trauma of working with patients in the hematology-oncology setting.

Healthy Lifestyle Could Reduce Risk of Developing Breast Cancer

Healthy Lifestyle Could Reduce Risk of Developing Breast Cancer

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Following a healthy lifestyle could reduce the risk of developing breast cancer for women already at high risk for the disease due to genetic risk and family history.

Use of Emotional Support and Acceptance Coping Strategies Lead to Better QOL and Mood in Patients With Incurable Cancer

Use of Emotional Support and Acceptance Coping Strategies Lead to Better QOL and Mood in Patients With Incurable Cancer

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Patients with newly diagnosed, incurable cancer who use emotional support and acceptance coping strategies experience better quality of life (QOL) and mood; denial and self-blame strategies correlate negatively with these outcomes.

Increase in Genetic Risk of Breast Cancer Triggered by Alcohol Consumption

Increase in Genetic Risk of Breast Cancer Triggered by Alcohol Consumption

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Researchers identified a cancer-causing gene triggered by alcohol use, providing a link between alcohol and breast cancer in cell-based research.

Earlier and More Frequent Tanning Bed Use by Women Associated With Melanoma Incidence and Age at Diagnosis

Earlier and More Frequent Tanning Bed Use by Women Associated With Melanoma Incidence and Age at Diagnosis

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Younger age at first use and more frequent use of indoor tanning beds are largely responsible for the steep increase in melanoma diagnoses in women younger than 40 years.

Initiation of HPV Vaccination Highest Among High-poverty and Majority Hispanic Communities

Initiation of HPV Vaccination Highest Among High-poverty and Majority Hispanic Communities

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Teen girls living in high-poverty and in majority Hispanic communities had the highest rates of having received at least 1 dose of the HPV vaccine compared with those in low-poverty communities and in communities of other racial or ethnic compositions.

Tar From Single Hookah Smoking Session 25x More Than Single Cigarette

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Smoke volumes are larger and levels of tobacco toxicants are higher in a single hookah smoking session compared with a single cigarette.

Vigorous Exercise and Other Healthy Lifestyle Habits May Protect Against Lethal Prostate Cancer

Vigorous Exercise and Other Healthy Lifestyle Habits May Protect Against Lethal Prostate Cancer

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A study that tracked tens of thousands of midlife and older men for more than 20 years has found that vigorous exercise and other healthy lifestyle habits may reduce their chances of developing a lethal type of prostate cancer by up to 68%.

Reduced-Nicotine Cigarettes Decreased Dependence and Frequency of Smoking

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Reduced-nicotine cigarettes were beneficial in reducing nicotine exposure and dependence, and also the number of cigarettes smoked per day, compared with standard-nicotine cigarettes in a 6-week study.

Study findings do not support association between prostate cancer incidence and shift work

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Shift workers do not develop prostate cancer more frequently than their day-shift colleagues, research indicates.

Cancer prevention efforts in United States are a mixed bag

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Cancer prevention efforts still lag in many key areas in the United States.

War metaphors for cancer hurt certain prevention behaviors

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Using war metaphors when speaking with cancer patients about their health struggles or motivation may not be the best approach, research suggests.

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