Patients younger than 50 years with NSCLC were more likely to have a targetable genomic alteration for which therapies exist.
Genetic analyses and other tests performed by both researchers and physicians can be significantly skewed when normal cells, especially immune cells, are intermixed with cancerous cells in a tissue sample.
An international team mined RNA sequences to identify non-protein-coding segments whose expression is linked to 13 different types of cancer.
Genome sequencing database provides easy access to information on clinically important cancer gene mutationsSeptember 25, 2015
Researchers designed an online database, the Cancer Driver Log (CanDL) to help oncologists and other health care professionals identify key mutations that drive tumor growth in tissues.
Researchers identify tumor microenvironment of metastasis (TMEM) that allows breast cancer to metastasizeAugust 28, 2015
Using high-resolution imaging, scientists have gained a greater understanding of how a doorway in the blood vessel wall allows cancer cells to metastasize.
An international team has decoded the molecular characteristics of acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), a cancer with some incurable subtypes.
DENVER, CO—The nurse navigator's role in cancer risk identification is three-fold. Despite the changes brought on by genetic/genomics, aspects of the nursing role are consistent with the essential competencies required of all professional nurses, according to a presentation at the 2015 Oncology Nurse Advisor Navigation Summit.
A new study indicates that the PD-1 protein pathway may niot be the only primary player in T cell exhaustion.
Genomic mapping of malignant pediatric adrenocortical tumors has revealed unprecedented details, not only of the aberrant genetic and chromosomal changes that drive the cancer, but the sequence of those changes that trigger it.
A new study links a well-known cell communication pathway called Notch to pilocytic astrocytoma (PA), one of the more common brain tumors found in children.
The molecular mail sent by multiple myeloma cells provides clues to how well patients with the disease are likely to respond to treatment, according to a study presented at ASH. The findings may ultimately guide doctors in deciding which therapies are best for individual patients with myeloma.
Molecular tests are poised to become a part of the treatment guidelines for prostate cancer. These tests provide information that extends beyond just identifying the type of cancer a patient has; they can also help narrow down treatment options to those that offer the best outcomes for patients.
A new comprehensive analysis of thyroid cancer from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) Research Network has identified markers of aggressive tumors, which could allow for improved targeted therapy.
Cytokine therapy enhances the activity of natural killer (NK) cells against tumors that lack the cell surface protein known as MHC class I, according to new research.
Evidence now suggests that human colon cells may become cancerous when they lose the ability to produce a specific hormone. For patients with colon cancer, replacing the hormone guanylin might prevent cancer development.
Blocking STAT3 in cells of the immune system actually leads to increased antitumor immunity, according to new research.
JAK inhibitors have been found to halt tumor growth in colorectal cancer with a certain genetic mutation, according to a new study.
Scientists have developed a tool to distinguish each breast cancer subtype, research that could improve treatments and targeting of treatments for the disease.
An international scientific collaboration has revealed clues about genetic alterations that may contribute to a rare form of kidney cancer, providing new insights not only into this rare cancer but other types as well.
All types of cancers appear to share a telltale signature of widespread changes to the epigenome.
Although mutations in a gene dubbed the "guardian of the genome" are recognized as being associated with more aggressive cancers, evidence suggests that the deleterious health effects of the mutated gene may in large part be due to other genetic abnormalities.
Researchers have identified a gene that contributes to the development of several childhood cancers, research that could lead to new strategies for targeting certain childhood cancers at a molecular level.
A protein present at high levels in more than half of all human cancers drives cell growth by blocking the expression of just a handful of genes involved in DNA packaging and cell death.
Brain tumors fly under the radar of the body's defense forces by coating their cells with extra amounts of a specific protein, according to new research.
The PALB2 gene is potentially one of the most important genes associated with breast cancer after the BRCA1/2 genes.
New research suggests that cancer would be more accurately diagnosed in 1 of every 10 patients if their tumors were defined by cellular and molecular criteria rather than by the tissues in which they originated, and that this information, in turn, could lead to more appropriate treatments.
In a massive effort to catalog the molecular causes of stomach cancer, scientists have identified four subtypes of tumors based on shared mutations and other molecular abnormalities. They say the new classification promises to advance clinical research to develop improved therapies for the third-leading cancer killer worldwide.
In an analysis of small molecules called metabolites, a research team identified an enzyme key to applying the brakes on tumor growth.
The spreading of a cancerous tumor from one part of the body to another may occur through pure chance rather than through key genetic mutations, a new study has shown.
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