ADD THIS DRUG TO MY LIST

Select the drug indication to add to your list

DILANTIN SUSPENSION
Seizure disorders
Compare To Related Drugs
View/Edit/Compare Drugs In My List

Only 4 drugs may be compared at once

Drug Name:

DILANTIN SUSPENSION Rx

Generic Name and Formulations:
Phenytoin 125mg/5mL; max alcohol 0.6%.

Company:
Pfizer Inc.

Therapeutic Use:

Indications for DILANTIN SUSPENSION:

Tonic-clonic, psychomotor and neurosurgically induced seizures.

Adult:

1 teaspoonful 3 times daily; may increase to 5 teaspoonfuls daily if necessary.

Children:

Initially 5mg/kg per day in 2–3 equally divided doses. Increase weekly if needed. Usual maintenance: 4–8mg/kg per day; max 300mg daily.

Contraindications:

History of prior acute hepatotoxicity due to phenytoin. Concomitant delavirdine.

Warnings/Precautions:

Suicidal tendencies (monitor). Diabetes. Discontinue if acute hepatotoxicity occurs; do not restart. Adjust dose gradually. Discontinue if first sign of rash develops. Monitor serum levels when switching between sodium salt of phenytoin (caps) and free acid form (suspension, Infatabs). Use proper dental hygiene. Hormonal contraception. Monitor bone mineral density with chronic use. Porphyria. Slow metabolizers. Renal and/or hepatic impairment. Hypoalbuminemia. Elderly. Debilitated. Pregnancy: avoid. Nursing mothers: not recommended.

Interactions:

Potentiated by acute alcohol ingestion, amiodarone, antiepileptic agents (eg, ethosuximide, felbamate, oxcarbazepine, methsuximide, topiramate), azoles (eg, fluconazole, ketoconazole, itraconazole, miconazole, voriconazole), benzodiazepines (eg, chlordiazepoxide, diazepam), capecitabine, chloramphenicol, disulfiram, estrogens, fluorouracil, fluoxetine, fluvastatin, fluvoxamine, halothane, H2-blockers (eg, cimetidine), isoniazid, methylphenidate, omeprazole, phenothiazines, salicylates, sertraline, succinamides (eg, ethosuximide), sulfonamides, ticlopidine, tolbutamide, trazodone, warfarin. Antagonized by anticancer drugs (eg, bleomycin, carboplatin, cisplatin, doxorubicin, methotrexate), chronic alcohol ingestion, carbamazepine, diazepam, folic acid, fosamprenavir, nelfinavir, reserpine, rifampin, ritonavir, St. John’s wort, sucralfate, theophylline, vigabatrin. Antagonizes albendazole, HIV antivirals (eg, efavirenz, lopinavir/ritonavir, indinavir, nelfinavir, ritonavir, saquinavir), antiepileptic agents (eg, carbamazepine, felbamate, lamotrigine, topiramate, oxcarbazepine, quetiapine), atorvastatin, fluvastatin, simvastatin, chlorpropamide, clozapine, cyclosporine, digoxin, folic acid, methadone, mexiletine, nifedipine, nimodipine, nisoldipine, praziquantel, verapamil. Reduces efficacy of concomitant azoles, corticosteroids, doxycycline, estrogens, furosemide, irinotecan, oral contraceptives, paclitaxel, paroxetine, quinidine, rifampin, sertraline, teniposide, theophylline, vitamin D, warfarin. Concomitant fosamprenavir/ritonavir may potentiate amprenavir. Concomitant neuromuscular blockers (eg, pancuronium, vecuronium, rocuronium, cisatracurium); may need higher infusion rate. Variable effects with phenobarbital, valproic acid, sodium valproate. Absorption decreased by calcium, antacids.

See Also:

DILANTIN

DILANTIN INFATABS

Pharmacological Class:

Hydantoin.

Adverse Reactions:

Nystagmus, ataxia, slurred speech, decreased coordination, somnolence, mental confusion, headaches, dizziness, cerebellar atrophy, nausea, vomiting, constipation, gingival hyperplasia, osteomalacia, blood dyscrasias, lymphadenopathy, cardiovascular events, hepatic disease, hyperglycemia, SLE, hypertrichosis, lab test abnormality; rare: rash (eg, Stevens-Johnson syndrome, toxic epidermal necrolysis), DRESS, multiorgan hypersensitivity (may be fatal).

Note:

To enroll in the North American Antiepileptic Drug Pregnancy Registry call (888) 233-2334.

Generic Availability:

YES

How Supplied:

Caps 30mg—100; 100mg—100, 1000; Tabs—100; Susp—8oz

Sign Up for Free e-newsletters

Regimen and Drug Listings

GET FULL LISTINGS OF TREATMENT Regimens and Drug INFORMATION

Bone Cancer Regimens Drugs
Brain Cancer Regimens Drugs
Breast Cancer Regimens Drugs
Endocrine Cancer Regimens Drugs
Gastrointestinal Cancer Regimens Drugs
Genitourinary Cancer Regimens Drugs
Gynecologic Cancer Regimens Drugs
Head and Neck Cancer Regimens Drugs
Hematologic Cancer Regimens Drugs
Lung Cancer Regimens Drugs
Other Cancers Regimens
Rare Cancers Regimens
Skin Cancer Regimens Drugs