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DEPAKOTE
Migraine and headache
Mood disorders
Seizure disorders
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Drug Name:

DEPAKOTE Rx

Generic Name and Formulations:
Divalproex sodium 125mg, 250mg, 500mg; del-rel tabs.

Company:
AbbVie

Therapeutic Use:

Indications for DEPAKOTE:

Prophylaxis of migraine headaches.

Adult:

Initially 250mg twice daily; usual max 1g/day. Elderly: reduce initial dose and titrate slowly; monitor. Concomitant rufinamide: initiate at a low dose and titrate; see full labeling.

Children:

Not recommended.

Contraindications:

Hepatic disease or significant hepatic dysfunction. Known mitochondrial disorders caused by mutations in mitochondrial DNA polymerase γ (POLG). Suspected POLG-related disorder in children <2yrs of age. Urea cycle disorders. Migraine prophylaxis in pregnant women.

Warnings/Precautions:

Increased risk of hepatotoxicity in patients with congenital metabolic disorders, multiple AEDs, severe seizure disorders with mental retardation, organic brain disorders, esp. in children <2yrs of age. Increased risk of major congenital malformations (eg, spina bifida) and decreased IQ scores. Discontinue if hepatic dysfunction, pancreatitis, thrombocytopenia, hyperammonemia, hypothermia, or multi-organ hypersensitivity reactions occur. History of liver disease; monitor liver function and clinical symptoms prior to therapy and at frequent intervals (esp. for 1st 6 mos). Follow-up if symptoms of hyperammonemia occur. Suicidal tendencies (monitor). Depakote ER is not bioequivalent to delayed-release tabs on mg/mg basis. Avoid abrupt cessation. Monitor platelets, bleeding time (at baseline, before surgery, and in pregnancy); reevaluate periodically. May affect HIV or CMV viral load (in vitro). Monitor motor and cognitive functions routinely. Elderly (monitor fluid and nutritional intake, and for somnolence). Pregnancy (Cat.X): apprise females of childbearing potential of risks to fetus. Nursing mothers: not recommended.

Interactions:

Monitor levels of valproate, ethosuximide, other anticonvulsants, and whenever an enzyme inducer is added or withdrawn. Potentiates carbamazepine, diazepam, ethosuximide, lamotrigine, phenobarbital, phenytoin, tolbutamide, warfarin, zidovudine, amitriptyline, nortriptyline, propofol, rufinamide. Potentiated by aspirin, felbamate. Efficacy reduced by rifampin, phenytoin, carbamazepine, phenobarbital, carbapenems, estrogen-containing hormonal contraceptives; monitor serum valproate concentrations. CNS depression with alcohol, other CNS depressants. Clonazepam may induce absence status in patients with history of absence seizures. Concomitant topiramate may cause hyperammonemic encephalopathy, hypothermia. May interfere with urine ketone and thyroid tests. Others: see full labeling.

See Also:

DEPAKOTE ER

Pharmacological Class:

Antiepileptic.

Adverse Reactions:

Abdominal pain, accidental injury, alopecia, ambylopia/blurred vision, amnesia, anorexia, asthenia, ataxia, back pain, bronchitis, constipation, depression, diarrhea, diplopia, dizziness, dyspepsia, dyspnea, ecchymosis, emotional lability, fever, flu syndrome, headache, increased appetite, infection, insomnia, nausea, nervousness, nystagmus, peripheral edema, pharyngitis, rash, rhinitis, somnolence, abnormal thinking, thrombocytopenia, tinnitus, tremor, vomiting, weight gain, weight loss; hepatotoxicity, birth defects, acute pancreatitis, hyperammonemia, hypothermia.

How Supplied:

Tabs 125mg—100; Tabs 250mg, 500mg—100, 500; ER 250mg—100; ER 500mg—100, 500

Indications for DEPAKOTE:

Mania associated with bipolar disorder.

Adult:

≥18yrs: initially 750mg daily in divided doses; max 60mg/kg per day. Elderly: reduce initial dose and titrate slowly; monitor. Concomitant rufinamide: initiate at a low dose and titrate; see full labeling.

Children:

<18yrs: not recommended.

Contraindications:

Hepatic disease or significant hepatic dysfunction. Known mitochondrial disorders caused by mutations in mitochondrial DNA polymerase γ (POLG). Suspected POLG-related disorder in children <2yrs of age. Urea cycle disorders.

Warnings/Precautions:

Increased risk of hepatotoxicity in patients with congenital metabolic disorders, multiple AEDs, severe seizure disorders with mental retardation, organic brain disorders, esp. in children <2yrs of age. Increased risk of major congenital malformations (eg, spina bifida) and decreased IQ scores. Discontinue if hepatic dysfunction, pancreatitis, thrombocytopenia, hyperammonemia, hypothermia, or DRESS/multi-organ hypersensitivity reactions occur. History of liver disease; monitor liver function and clinical symptoms prior to therapy and at frequent intervals (esp. for 1st 6 mos). Follow-up if symptoms of hyperammonemia occur. Suicidal tendencies (monitor). Depakote ER is not bioequivalent to delayed-release tabs on mg/mg basis. Avoid abrupt cessation. Monitor CBCs, coagulation tests (at baseline, before surgery, and in pregnancy); reevaluate periodically. May affect HIV or CMV viral load (in vitro). Monitor motor and cognitive functions routinely. Elderly (monitor fluid and nutritional intake, and for somnolence). Pregnancy (Cat.D): apprise females of childbearing potential of risks to fetus; avoid, if treatment necessary, use effective contraception. Nursing mothers: not recommended.

Interactions:

Monitor levels of valproate, ethosuximide, other anticonvulsants, and whenever an enzyme inducer is added or withdrawn. Potentiates carbamazepine, diazepam, ethosuximide, lamotrigine, phenobarbital, phenytoin, tolbutamide, warfarin, zidovudine, amitriptyline, nortriptyline, propofol, rufinamide. Potentiated by aspirin, felbamate. Efficacy reduced by rifampin, phenytoin, carbamazepine, phenobarbital, carbapenems, estrogen-containing hormonal contraceptives; monitor serum valproate concentrations. CNS depression with alcohol, other CNS depressants. Clonazepam may induce absence status in patients with history of absence seizures. Concomitant topiramate may cause hyperammonemic encephalopathy, hypothermia. May interfere with urine ketone and thyroid tests. Others: see full labeling.

See Also:

DEPAKOTE ER

Pharmacological Class:

Antiepileptic.

Adverse Reactions:

Abdominal pain, accidental injury, alopecia, ambylopia/blurred vision, amnesia, anorexia, asthenia, ataxia, back pain, bronchitis, constipation, depression, diarrhea, diplopia, dizziness, dyspepsia, dyspnea, ecchymosis, emotional lability, fever, flu syndrome, headache, increased appetite, infection, insomnia, nausea, nervousness, nystagmus, peripheral edema, pharyngitis, rash, rhinitis, somnolence, abnormal thinking, thrombocytopenia, tinnitus, tremor, vomiting, weight gain, weight loss; hepatotoxicity, birth defects, acute pancreatitis, hyperammonemia, hypothermia.

How Supplied:

Tabs 125mg—100; Tabs 250mg, 500mg—100, 500; ER 250mg—100; ER 500mg—100, 500

Indications for DEPAKOTE:

Monotherapy or adjunct in complex partial seizures; simple or complex absence seizures. Adjunct in multiple seizure types.

Adults and Children:

May swallow caps whole or sprinkle contents on soft food. Complex partial: <10yrs: not recommended. ≥10yrs: initially 10–15mg/kg per day. Absence seizures: initially 15mg/kg per day. Both: may increase weekly by 5–10mg/kg per day; max 60mg/kg per day; give in divided doses if total daily dose >250mg. Elderly: reduce initial dose and titrate slowly; monitor. Concomitant rufinamide: initiate at a low dose and titrate; see full labeling.

Contraindications:

Hepatic disease or significant hepatic dysfunction. Known mitochondrial disorders caused by mutations in mitochondrial DNA polymerase γ (POLG). Suspected POLG-related disorder in children <2yrs of age. Urea cycle disorders.

Warnings/Precautions:

Increased risk of hepatotoxicity in patients with congenital metabolic disorders, multiple AEDs, severe seizure disorders with mental retardation, organic brain disorders, esp. in children <2yrs of age. Increased risk of major congenital malformations (eg, spina bifida) and decreased IQ scores. Discontinue if hepatic dysfunction, pancreatitis, thrombocytopenia, hyperammonemia, hypothermia, or DRESS/multi-organ hypersensitivity reactions occur. History of liver disease; monitor liver function and clinical symptoms prior to therapy and at frequent intervals (esp. for 1st 6 mos). Follow-up if symptoms of hyperammonemia occur. Suicidal tendencies (monitor). Depakote ER is not bioequivalent to delayed-release tabs on mg/mg basis. Avoid abrupt cessation. Monitor CBCs, coagulation tests (at baseline, before surgery, and in pregnancy); reevaluate periodically. May affect HIV or CMV viral load (in vitro). Monitor motor and cognitive functions routinely. Elderly (monitor fluid and nutritional intake, and for somnolence). Pregnancy (Cat.D): apprise females of childbearing potential of risks to fetus; avoid, if treatment necessary, use effective contraception. Nursing mothers: not recommended.

Interactions:

Monitor levels of valproate, ethosuximide, other anticonvulsants, and whenever an enzyme inducer is added or withdrawn. Potentiates carbamazepine, diazepam, ethosuximide, lamotrigine, phenobarbital, phenytoin, tolbutamide, warfarin, zidovudine, amitriptyline, nortriptyline, propofol, rufinamide. Potentiated by aspirin, felbamate. Efficacy reduced by rifampin, phenytoin, carbamazepine, phenobarbital, carbapenems, estrogen-containing hormonal contraceptives; monitor serum valproate concentrations. CNS depression with alcohol, other CNS depressants. Clonazepam may induce absence status in patients with history of absence seizures. Concomitant topiramate may cause hyperammonemic encephalopathy, hypothermia. May interfere with urine ketone and thyroid tests. Others: see full labeling.

See Also:

DEPAKOTE ER

DEPAKOTE SPRINKLE

Pharmacological Class:

Antiepileptic.

Adverse Reactions:

Abdominal pain, accidental injury, alopecia, ambylopia/blurred vision, amnesia, anorexia, asthenia, ataxia, back pain, bronchitis, constipation, depression, diarrhea, diplopia, dizziness, dyspepsia, dyspnea, ecchymosis, emotional lability, fever, flu syndrome, headache, increased appetite, infection, insomnia, nausea, nervousness, nystagmus, peripheral edema, pharyngitis, rash, rhinitis, somnolence, abnormal thinking, thrombocytopenia, tinnitus, tremor, vomiting, weight gain, weight loss; hepatotoxicity, birth defects, acute pancreatitis, hyperammonemia, hypothermia.

How Supplied:

Tabs 125mg—100; Tabs 250mg, 500mg—100, 500; Sprinkle caps—100; ER 250mg—100; ER 500mg—100, 500

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