August 2012 Briefing - Nursing

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Nursing for August 2012. This roundup includes the latest research news from journal articles, as well as the FDA approvals and regulatory changes that are the most likely to affect clinical practice.

Study Quantifies Effect of TV Viewing on Adolescent BMI

FRIDAY, Aug. 31 (HealthDay News) -- For adolescents, a decrease in television (TV) viewing time correlates with a lower body mass index (BMI) z score, according to a study published in the September/October issue of the Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior.

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Fructose and Sugar Substitutes Alter Gut Microbiota

FRIDAY, Aug. 31 (HealthDay News) -- High consumption of fructose, artificial sweeteners, and sugar alcohols affect host-gastrointestinal microbe interactions and may contribute to the development of metabolic disorders and obesity, according to research published in the September issue of Obesity Reviews.

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HbA1c ≥6.5 Percent Is Specific, Not Sensitive for T1DM

FRIDAY, Aug. 31 (HealthDay News) -- Using a glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) threshold of ≥6.5 percent is a specific but not sensitive early indicator of type 1 diabetes (T1D) in high-risk children and young adults, according to a study published in the September issue of Diabetes Care.

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Factors Affecting Life Expectancy for Older Adults Studied

FRIDAY, Aug. 31 (HealthDay News) -- Even for adults aged 75 years and older, keeping up a healthy lifestyle, including physical activity and not smoking, is associated with increased life expectancy, according to a study published online Aug. 30 in BMJ.

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Advanced-Stage Cancer Patients Often Reluctant to Exercise

FRIDAY, Aug. 31 (HealthDay News) -- For individuals with advanced cancer, reluctance to participate in exercise may be due to symptoms, lack of specific guidance, and lack of recognition of the role of exercise in mitigating symptoms, according to a study published in the July issue of the Journal of Pain and Symptom Management.

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Preemie, Low Birth Weight Risk Up After Induced Abortions

FRIDAY, Aug. 31 (HealthDay News) -- Women who have had induced abortions (IAs) have an increased likelihood of having a very premature or low birth weight first baby, and the likelihood increases with each IA, according to research published online Aug. 29 in Human Reproduction.

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MRI Scanners Temporarily Impair Neurocognitive Function

FRIDAY, Aug. 31 (HealthDay News) -- Exposure to movement-induced time-varying magnetic fields within a static magnetic stray field of a magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scanner, which is always present even if no imaging is taking place, temporarily impairs attention, concentration, and visuospatial orientation, according to a study published online Aug. 29 in Occupational & Environmental Medicine.

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Effective Short-, Long-Term Weight-Loss Strategies Differ

FRIDAY, Aug. 31 (HealthDay News) -- In postmenopausal women, some weight-loss strategies that are successful for the short-term are not effective or sustainable for long-term weight loss, according to a study published in the September issue of the Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics.

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'Temper Loss' Model Defines Spectrum of Child Tantrums

FRIDAY, Aug. 31 (HealthDay News) -- The "Temper Loss" model indicates that temper tantrums occur occasionally in most preschoolers, and differentiates between normative misbehavior and less frequent clinically concerning behavior, according to a study published online Aug. 29 in the Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry.

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Even Normal Range Albuminuria Ups Cardiovascular Risk

FRIDAY, Aug. 31 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with type 2 diabetes with normal albumin levels, any degree of albuminuria is associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular events, according to a study published online Aug. 30 in the Journal of the American Society of Nephrology.

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Colpocleisis Deemed Safe for Advanced Pelvic Organ Prolapse

FRIDAY, Aug. 31 (HealthDay News) -- Colpocleisis is a safe and effective treatment for advanced pelvic organ prolapse; however, urinary frequency and urgency often persist after the procedure, according to research published in the September issue of Urology.

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Teen Vaccinations Found to Be Increasing As Recommended

THURSDAY, Aug. 30 (HealthDay News) -- Since 2006, a year after the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices expanded the vaccination schedule for adolescents, vaccination coverage has increased, but vaccination against the human papillomavirus (HPV) in females lags behind other routine vaccinations, according to research published in the Aug. 31 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Morbidity & Mortality Weekly Report.

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New Drug Approved for Irritable Bowel, Chronic Constipation

THURSDAY, Aug. 30 (HealthDay News) -- Linzess (linaclotide) has been approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration to treat forms of chronic constipation that don't respond to traditional treatment, and irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) accompanied by constipation, the agency said Thursday in a news release.

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Little Evidence on Efficacy of Interventions in Autism

THURSDAY, Aug. 30 (HealthDay News) -- For adolescents and young adults with autism spectrum disorders, few studies have assessed treatment approaches, and there is limited evidence available to support specific interventions, with most available studies of poor quality, according to a review published online Aug. 27 by the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality.

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Human Whey Better Promotes Gut Bacteria Colonization

THURSDAY, Aug. 30 (HealthDay News) -- Infant formulas may not support biofilm growth as effectively as human milk does, according to a study published in the August issue of Current Nutrition & Food Science.

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Only Female Gender Ups Stoke Risk in A-Fib Patients ≥75 Years

THURSDAY, Aug. 30 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with atrial fibrillation (AF), female gender increases the risk of stroke only in patients aged 75 years or older, according to a study presented at the annual European Society of Cardiology Congress, held from Aug. 25 to 29 in Munich.

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Resistance to Second-Line TB Drugs Is Common Globally

THURSDAY, Aug. 30 (HealthDay News) -- Nearly half of patients with tuberculosis in eight countries show resistance to at least one second-line drug, with previous treatment with second-line drugs strongly associated with resistance to these drugs and with extensively drug-resistant (XDR) tuberculosis, according to a study published online Aug. 30 in The Lancet.

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Cognitive Decline Worse for Women vs. Men in Alzheimer's

THURSDAY, Aug. 30 (HealthDay News) -- Women with Alzheimer's disease consistently experience greater cognitive deterioration than men, according to results from a meta-analysis published Aug. 23 in the Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology.

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Novel Pathogenic Virus Identified in Missouri

THURSDAY, Aug. 30 (HealthDay News) -- A novel pathogenic virus dubbed the Heartland virus, which is a member of the phlebovirus genus, has been identified in two patients from Missouri, according to a report published in the Aug. 30 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

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Similar Rate of CV Events With Atenolol, Metoprolol Tartrate

THURSDAY, Aug. 30 (HealthDay News) -- There are no significant differences in the rates of incident myocardial infarction (MI), heart failure, or stroke for patients with hypertension starting treatment with atenolol or metoprolol tartrate, according to a study published online Aug. 27 in the Archives of Internal Medicine.

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Nutrient Intake Reduces Sperm DNA Damage in Older Men

THURSDAY, Aug. 30 (HealthDay News) -- Older men who consume higher amounts of certain micronutrients such as vitamin C, vitamin E, and zinc have less DNA damage to their sperm, according to a study published online Aug. 28 in Fertility and Sterility.

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Lung Cancer Risk Unaffected by Metformin Use in Diabetes

THURSDAY, Aug. 30 (HealthDay News) -- Patients with type 2 diabetes who take metformin do not have a reduced risk of lung cancer, in contrast to previous observational studies, according to a study published online Aug. 24 in Diabetes Care.

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Lower Prostate Cancer-Specific Death With Anticoagulant Use

THURSDAY, Aug. 30 (HealthDay News) -- Anticoagulant (AC) therapy, particularly aspirin, is associated with a reduced risk of prostate cancer-specific mortality (PCSM) among men treated with radical prostatectomy (RP) or radiotherapy (RT), according to a study published online Aug. 27 in the Journal of Clinical Oncology.

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Lacunar Stroke Outcomes No Better With Dual Antiplatelets

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 29 (HealthDay News) -- Treating patients with recent lacunar strokes with dual antiplatelet therapy (clopidogrel plus aspirin) is not associated with a reduction in the risk of recurrent stroke, and correlates with significant increases in the risk of major hemorrhage and death, according to research published in the Aug. 30 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

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Eating Chocolate May Lower Stroke Risk for Men

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 29 (HealthDay News) -- In men, moderate chocolate consumption on a regular basis may lower the risk of any type of stroke by about 17 to 19 percent, according to research published online Aug. 29 in Neurology.

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High Midlife Fitness Levels Linked to Healthier Old Age

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 29 (HealthDay News) -- High midlife fitness levels are significantly associated with a lower risk of developing chronic conditions later in life, according to a study published online Aug. 27 in the Archives of Internal Medicine.

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No 30-Day Mortality Reduction With Intraaortic Balloon Pump

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 29 (HealthDay News) -- In patients with cardiogenic shock complicating acute myocardial infarction, for whom early revascularization strategy is planned, intraaortic balloon counterpulsation does not significantly lower 30-day mortality, according to a study published online Aug. 27 in the New England Journal of Medicine to coincide with presentation at the annual European Society of Cardiology Congress, held from Aug. 25 to 29 in Munich.

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National Test Identifies Barriers to Organ Donation

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 29 (HealthDay News) -- A national test of the Rapid Assessment of Hospital Procurement Barriers in Donation (RAPiD) has identified specific barriers to organ donation and patient referral, according to a study published online Aug. 17 in the American Journal of Transplantation.

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Dual Effects Noted for Alcohol and Energy Drink Co-Ingestion

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 29 (HealthDay News) -- Although consuming alcohol mixed with energy drinks (AmED) increases alertness and may negate some intoxication-related sedation effects, it can lead to negative physiological and psychological side effects associated with overstimulation, according to a study published online Aug. 15 in Alcoholism: Clinical & Experimental Research.

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GI Pathogen at Lake Linked to Human Fecal Contamination

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 29 (HealthDay News) -- Water at beaches along Lake Erie contains a pathogen associated with human fecal contamination, Arcobacter species, which are known to cause gastrointestinal illness in humans, and levels correlate with beach advisories, according to a study published in the August issue of Applied and Environmental Microbiology.

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Long-Term Thrombosis Rates Similar for Drug-Eluting Stents

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 29 (HealthDay News) -- Two types of drug-eluting stents with distinct antiproliferative properties have similar long-term rates of stent thrombosis and outcomes, including death and heart attack, according to a study published online Aug. 27 in The Lancet to coincide with presentation at the annual European Society of Cardiology Congress, held from Aug. 25 to 29 in Munich.

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Subclinical Atherosclerosis Noted in Diffuse Scleroderma

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 29 (HealthDay News) -- Patients with diffuse systemic sclerosis (SSc), without any clinical evidence of cardiovascular disease, have indicators of subclinical atherosclerosis, according to a study published online Aug. 16 in Arthritis Care & Research.

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Gene Score IDs Prognosis in Metastatic Neuroblastoma

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 29 (HealthDay News) -- For children with metastatic MYCN-nonamplified neuroblastoma (NBL-NA) diagnosed at age 18 months or older, increased expression of tumor-associated inflammatory genes seems to correlate with poor prognosis, according to a study published online Aug. 27 in the Journal of Clinical Oncology.

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STEMI Mortality Down in France From 1995 to 2010

TUESDAY, Aug. 28 (HealthDay News) -- ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) mortality declined in France from 1995 to 2010 due to greater use of reperfusion therapy and early admission and medications as well as changes in patient characteristics, according to a study published online Aug. 27 in the Journal of the American Medical Association to coincide with presentation at the annual European Society of Cardiology Congress, held from Aug. 25 to 29 in Munich.

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Functional Flow Reserve CT Improves Diagnosis of CAD

TUESDAY, Aug. 28 (HealthDay News) -- Noninvasive fractional flow reserve (FFR) computed from computed tomography (CT) (FFRCT) plus CT improves the diagnostic accuracy of coronary artery disease (CAD) compared with CT alone, according to a study published online Aug. 26 in the Journal of the American Medical Association to coincide with presentation at the annual European Society of Cardiology Congress, held from Aug. 25 to 29 in Munich.

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Sleep Apnea Tied to Insulin Resistance in Young, Lean Men

TUESDAY, Aug. 28 (HealthDay News) -- In healthy, lean, young men, the presence of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) correlates with insulin resistance and compensatory hyperinsulinemia to maintain normal glucose levels, according to a study published online Aug. 21 in Diabetes Care.

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New Diagnostic Definition of Myocardial Infarction Issued

TUESDAY, Aug. 28 (HealthDay News) -- An updated universal definition of myocardial infarction (MI) includes detection of a rise and/or fall in cardiac biomarker values, preferably cardiac troponin (cTn), according to a statement published online Aug. 26 in Circulation to coincide with presentation at the annual European Society of Cardiology Congress, held from Aug. 25 to 29 in Munich.

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Variation Noted in Pattern of Alcohol-Related Birth Defects

TUESDAY, Aug. 28 (HealthDay News) -- Exposure to alcohol early in pregnancy produces a pattern of facial and brain defects that can vary greatly depending on the time of exposure, according to an experimental study published online Aug. 22 in PLoS One.

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LABA Withdrawal Increases Asthma-Related Impairment

TUESDAY, Aug. 28 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with asthma controlled with a combination of an inhaled corticosteroid (ICS) and a long-acting β2-agonist (LABA), withdrawal of the LABA once asthma is controlled correlates with increased asthma-associated impairment, according to a study published online Aug. 27 in the Archives of Internal Medicine.

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Regular Aspirin Use Doesn't Reduce Breast Cancer Risk

TUESDAY, Aug. 28 (HealthDay News) -- Regular use of aspirin, other nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), or acetaminophen does not appear to affect the risk of breast cancer overall or by specific subtypes in postmenopausal women, according to a study published online Aug. 27 in the Journal of Clinical Oncology.

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New Class of Drugs Shows Promise for Heart Failure

TUESDAY, Aug. 28 (HealthDay News) -- After 12 weeks of treatment, the first-in-class angiotensin receptor neprilysin inhibitor, LCZ696, lowers N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) levels in patients with New York Heart Association (NYHA) class II to III heart failure and preserves left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) significantly more than valsartan, according to a study published online Aug. 26 in The Lancet to coincide with presentation at the annual European Society of Cardiology Congress, held from Aug. 25 to 29 in Munich.

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Teenage Pot Use Linked to Neuropsychological Decline

MONDAY, Aug. 27 (HealthDay News) -- Persistent marijuana use is associated with neuropsychological decline, with those who start regularly using marijuana as teenagers experiencing greater declines in neuropsychological function than those who start later, and function is not fully restored even if they eventually quit, according to a study published online Aug. 27 in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.

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For Patients With Prior MI, Vorapaxar Cuts Cardiac Events

MONDAY, Aug. 27 (HealthDay News) -- When added to standard antiplatelet treatment, including aspirin, the protease-activated receptor 1 inhibitor vorapaxar reduces the risk of a primary end point of cardiovascular (CV) death, myocardial infarction (MI), or stroke, for patients with a history of MI, according to a study published online Aug. 26 in The Lancet to coincide with presentation at the annual European Society of Cardiology Congress, held from Aug. 25 to 29 in Munich.

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Effect of Maternal Eating Disorder on Perinatal Outcome Minimal

MONDAY, Aug. 27 (HealthDay News) -- Pregnant women with current or past eating disorders have few adverse perinatal outcomes, according to a study published online Aug. 20 in BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics & Gynaecology.

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Obesity Up With Transition to Information-Based Society

MONDAY, Aug. 27 (HealthDay News) -- The transition toward an information/knowledge-based society has increased the worldwide prevalence of obesity, according to a report, Waistlines of the World: The Effect of Information and Communications Technology on Obesity, published online Aug. 21 by the Milken Institute.

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AAP: Health Benefits of Male Circumcision Outweigh Risks

MONDAY, Aug. 27 (HealthDay News) -- The health benefits of circumcision for newborn males outweigh the risks, according to a policy statement from the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) published online Aug. 27 in Pediatrics.

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Improved Survival for Prostate Cancer Seen in Post-PSA Era

MONDAY, Aug. 27 (HealthDay News) -- Overall survival for metastatic prostate cancer is significantly improved in a post-prostate-specific antigen (PSA) era trial compared with two trials conducted before the PSA era, according to research published online Aug. 23 in The Journal of Urology.

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Prasugrel, Clopidogrel Similar for Acute Coronary Syndromes

MONDAY, Aug. 27 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with unstable angina or myocardial infarction without ST-segment elevation who do not undergo revascularization, intensified platelet inhibition with prasugrel does not reduce the frequency of the primary end point (death from cardiovascular causes, myocardial infarction, or stroke) and has similar risks of bleeding as clopidogrel, according to a study published online Aug. 26 in the New England Journal of Medicine to coincide with presentation at the annual European Society of Cardiology Congress, held from Aug. 25 to 29 in Munich.

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Mild Cognitive Decline in Nearly Half Lacunar Stroke Patients

MONDAY, Aug. 27 (HealthDay News) -- Mild cognitive impairment (MCI) is present in nearly half of patients with lacunar stroke, according to a study published online Aug. 18 in the Annals of Neurology.

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Poorer Bone Health Seen in Black Children With Fractures

MONDAY, Aug. 27 (HealthDay News) -- African-American children with forearm fractures are more likely to have vitamin D deficiency and lower bone mineral density than their peers without fractures, according to a study published online Aug. 27 in Pediatrics.

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Poor Survival for Obese Women With HR+ Breast Cancer

MONDAY, Aug. 27 (HealthDay News) -- Women with hormone receptor-positive operable breast cancer have reduced survival if they are obese, according to a study published online Aug. 27 in Cancer.

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Stress Causes Lower INR in VTE Patients Not on Blood Thinners

FRIDAY, Aug. 24 (HealthDay News) -- The effect of psychological distress on clotting times and clotting factors varies in patients with venous thromboembolism (VTE) and depends on whether or not they are receiving oral anticoagulant (OAC) therapy, according to a Swiss study published in the August issue of the Journal of Thrombosis and Haemostasis.

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Muscle-Related Statin Effects Seem to Correlate With Potency

FRIDAY, Aug. 24 (HealthDay News) -- The rates of muscle-related adverse effects (AEs) differ greatly for various statins, with the highest reported rates seen for rosuvastatin, according to research published online Aug. 22 in PLoS One.

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Outcomes Similar With Partial, Whole Breast Irradiation

FRIDAY, Aug. 24 (HealthDay News) -- Accelerated partial breast irradiation (APBI) yields five-year clinical outcomes and patterns of failure similar to those achieved with whole breast irradiation (WBI), with excellent three-year survival for women who develop an ipsilateral breast tumor recurrence (IBTR), according to a study published in the Sept. 1 issue of Cancer.

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OASIS Risk Up for Nulliparous Women With Vacuum Delivery

FRIDAY, Aug. 24 (HealthDay News) -- For women whose infants are delivered by vacuum extraction, the risk of obstetric anal sphincter injury (OASIS) is significantly higher among nulliparous women than multiparous women, according to a study published online Aug. 13 in BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology.

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Neti Pots Linked to Deaths From Amebic Infection

THURSDAY, Aug. 23 (HealthDay News) -- Two patients who died of an amebic infection had no history of freshwater exposure but had ameba in their household plumbing and used a nasal irrigation device for sinus problems, according to a study published online Aug. 22 in Clinical Infectious Diseases.

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Modifiable Risk Factors Key in Social Inequality of Diabetes

THURSDAY, Aug. 23 (HealthDay News) -- Modifiable risk factors, particularly health behaviors and body mass index (BMI), measured repeatedly over time, account for about half of the socioeconomic differential observed in type 2 diabetes, according to a study published online Aug. 21 in BMJ.

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New Decision Aid for Treatment of Herniated Disc Beneficial

THURSDAY, Aug. 23 (HealthDay News) -- A new patient decision instrument meets the criteria of acceptability, reliability, and validity, and improves the quality of patient decision-making for treatment of a herniated disc, according to a study published in the Aug. 15 issue of Spine.

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Reporting of Dietary Intake Methods in Obesity Trials Poor

THURSDAY, Aug. 23 (HealthDay News) -- More care needs to be taken in reporting dietary intake methods in childhood and adolescent obesity intervention trials in order to be able to better evaluate and replicate study methods, according to the results of a systematic review published online Aug. 15 in Obesity Reviews.

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Racial Disparity ID'd in Health Behaviors of Fifth-Graders

THURSDAY, Aug. 23 (HealthDay News) -- Harmful health-related behaviors are more common among black and Latino fifth-graders than among white fifth-graders, according to a study published in the Aug. 23 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

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Psychological Consequences Up for Spouses of MI Victims

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 22 (HealthDay News) -- Spouses of individuals who have a sudden heart attack are more likely to experience depression, anxiety, and suicide, even if the individual survives, than spouses of those who experience other illnesses, according to a study published online Aug. 21 in the European Heart Journal.

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Bariatric Surgery Cuts Incidence of Type 2 Diabetes in Obese

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 22 (HealthDay News) -- Bariatric surgery is very effective in reducing the long-term incidence of type 2 diabetes in obese individuals, according to a study published in the Aug. 23 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

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Fewer Circumcisions May Increase Infections and Costs

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 22 (HealthDay News) -- The reduced rate of neonatal male circumcision (MC) procedures performed in the United States is estimated to lead to increased infection prevalence and higher medical costs for men and women, according to a study published online Aug. 20 in the Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine.

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Prolonged Dexamethasone Cuts Delayed Nausea After Chemo

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 22 (HealthDay News) -- Adding dexamethasone to prochlorperazine on days two and three, following palonosetron and dexamethasone on day one, reduces delayed nausea (DN) in patients receiving chemotherapy containing a platinum-based drug or an anthracycline, according to research published online Aug. 20 in the Journal of Clinical Oncology.

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Mindfulness Stress Reduction Reduces Loneliness in Elderly

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 22 (HealthDay News) -- An eight-week mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) program reduces loneliness compared with a wait-list control, and also reduces pro-inflammatory gene expression in older adults, according to a study published online July 20 in Brain, Behavior, and Immunity.

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Process Areas for Improvement ID'd in Early Prostate Cancer

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 22 (HealthDay News) -- For men with early prostate cancer undergoing expectant management, compliance with RAND structural indicators is high, but there is considerable variability in compliance with process indicators, according to a study published in the September issue of The Journal of Urology.

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At-Home Diode Laser Effective for Permanent Hair Reduction

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 22 (HealthDay News) -- Eight treatments with a home-use diode laser provide effective and safe permanent hair reduction one year after the last treatment, according to research published in the September issue of Lasers in Surgery and Medicine.

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Factors Tied to Photoprotection ID'd for Organ Recipients

TUESDAY, Aug. 21 (HealthDay News) -- For organ transplant recipients, patients factors, including sex and skin type, and receipt of advice from health care providers, are both associated with sun protective behaviors, according to a study published online Aug. 9 in the British Journal of Dermatology.

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Resting Heart Rate Predicts Overall, Cardiovascular Mortality

TUESDAY, Aug. 21 (HealthDay News) -- High resting heart rates seem to be predictive of increased risk for overall and cardiovascular disease (CVD) mortality and shorter survival times, according to a study published in the Aug. 15 issue of The American Journal of Cardiology.

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Family Hx of Early Death Ups Risk of Early Cardiac Disease

TUESDAY, Aug. 21 (HealthDay News) -- The risk of early cardiovascular disease in patients younger than 50 years of age is significantly and consistently increased for those with a family history of premature cardiovascular death, according to a study published in the Aug. 28 issue of the Journal of the American College of Cardiology.

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Study Identifies Sleep Apnea in 50 Percent of Women

TUESDAY, Aug. 21 (HealthDay News) -- Half of adult women aged 20 to 70 years may have obstructive sleep apnea, which correlates with age, obesity, and hypertension, according to a study published online Aug. 16 in the European Respiratory Journal.

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Prior Substance Abuse Linked to Opioid Abuse in Young Men

TUESDAY, Aug. 21 (HealthDay News) -- Any prior substance abuse is associated with current abuse of prescription opioids among 18- to 25-year-old men, but only previous marijuana use correlates with subsequent prescription opioid abuse in young women, according to a study published online Aug. 21 in the Journal of Adolescent Health.

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Evidence-Based Public Health Interventions Identified

TUESDAY, Aug. 21 (HealthDay News) -- Evidence-based public health interventions to improve dietary habits, increase physical activity, and reduce tobacco use are identified in an American Heart Association scientific statement published online Aug. 20 in Circulation.

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Brain Damage Linked to Believing Misleading Ads

MONDAY, Aug. 20 (HealthDay News) -- Damage to a particular region of the brain makes individuals more likely to believe a misleading advertisement, which could explain why some elderly fall for fraud schemes, according to a study published online July 9 in Frontiers in Decision Neuroscience.

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Post-Polyp Detection, CRC Risk ID'd by Colonoscopy Factors

MONDAY, Aug. 20 (HealthDay News) -- In the community setting, after colonoscopic polyp detection, colonoscopy-related factors such as incomplete polyp removal and lack of surveillance colonoscopies are more important than polyp characteristics in predicting subsequent colorectal cancer (CRC) risk, according to a study published in the Aug. 21 issue of the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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2012 Indicators of Well-Being for Older Americans Issued

MONDAY, Aug. 20 (HealthDay News) -- The estimates of selected indicators for well-being for older Americans for 2012 have been released by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's National Center for Health Statistics.

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Yo-Yo Dieters Still Benefit From Weight Loss Efforts

MONDAY, Aug. 20 (HealthDay News) -- Yo-yo dieting does not negatively affect participation in lifestyle intervention or the benefits of diet and exercise, according to a study published online Aug. 14 in Metabolism -- Clinical and Experimental.

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Prevalence of TB, Hepatitis C, HIV High Among Homeless

MONDAY, Aug. 20 (HealthDay News) -- The global prevalence of tuberculosis, hepatitis C virus infection, and HIV is high among homeless people, although significant heterogeneity is seen in prevalence estimates, according to a study published online Aug. 20 in The Lancet Infectious Diseases.

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Study Shows 'SuperAgers' Have Thicker Cortex, No Atrophy

MONDAY, Aug. 20 (HealthDay News) -- 'SuperAgers,' individuals over the age of 80 with episodic memory performance as good as normative values for 50- to 65-year-olds, do exist, and they have a thicker cerebral cortex, with no atrophy, according to a study published online Aug. 16 in the Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society.

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Substance in Human Breast Milk Protects Against HIV Transmission

MONDAY, Aug. 20 (HealthDay News) -- High concentrations of specific human milk oligosaccharides (HMO) appear to be protective against postnatal HIV transmission, according to research published online Aug. 15 in the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition.

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Soy Linked to Exacerbated Congenital Hypothyroidism

MONDAY, Aug. 20 (HealthDay News) -- Soy products appear to interfere with levothyroxine absorption and can exacerbate congenital hypothyroidism in infants and young children, according to a case report published online Aug. 20 in Pediatrics.

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Study Links Eating Egg Yolks With Carotid Plaque Area

FRIDAY, Aug. 17 (HealthDay News) -- Eating three or more egg yolks, which are high in cholesterol, per week may increase the rate of carotid plaque area build-up, according to a study published online Aug. 10 in Atherosclerosis.

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Delayed Gratification at Age 4 Predictive of BMI in Adulthood

FRIDAY, Aug. 17 (HealthDay News) -- Delayed gratification among preschoolers can predict body mass index (BMI) about 30 years later, according to a study published online Aug. 16 in The Journal of Pediatrics.

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Considerable Variation in Outcomes for Cleft Lip/Palate

FRIDAY, Aug. 17 (HealthDay News) -- There is considerable variation in the neuropsychological, behavioral, and academic outcomes of individuals with cleft lip and palate, as the outcomes are affected by developmental level, sex, and cleft type, according to a study published in the July issue of The Cleft Palate-Craniofacial Journal.

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Study Finds Tobacco Use High in Developing Countries

FRIDAY, Aug. 17 (HealthDay News) -- Despite global tobacco control efforts, in low- and middle-income countries, nearly half of men use tobacco, women are starting to smoke at earlier ages, and quit ratios are low, according to a study published in the Aug. 18 issue of The Lancet, a theme issue on respiratory medicine.

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Pegylated Interferon Affects Growth, BMI in Children

THURSDAY, Aug. 16 (HealthDay News) -- Pegylated interferon alpha-2a (Peg-IFN-α2a) treatment is linked to significant changes in body weight, linear growth, body mass index (BMI), and body composition in children treated for hepatitis C, according to a study published in the August issue of Hepatology.

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Catastrophizing Doesn't Predict Low Back Pain Evolution

THURSDAY, Aug. 16 (HealthDay News) -- For adult patients with acute or chronic low back pain (LBP), assessing the baseline score for catastrophizing does not help clinicians in routine clinical practice predict the evolution of LBP or the patient's disability at three months, according to a study published online July 23 in The Spine Journal.

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Sedentary Behavior Linked to Motor Coordination in Children

THURSDAY, Aug. 16 (HealthDay News) -- Sedentary behavior among children is linked to motor coordination, with those who engage in low levels of sedentary behavior more likely to have good motor coordination, regardless of physical activity, according to a study published online Aug. 15 in the American Journal of Human Biology.

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Computer-Based Obesity Tx Programs Show Promise

THURSDAY, Aug. 16 (HealthDay News) -- Interactive computer-based weight loss and weight maintenance interventions are more effective than no or minimal interventions, but are less effective than in-person treatment, according to a systematic review published online Aug. 15 in The Cochrane Library.

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Benefit of PSA Reduced by Loss of Quality-Adjusted Life-Years

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 15 (HealthDay News) -- Although the European Randomized Study of Screening for Prostate Cancer (ERSPC) has reported a 29 percent reduction in prostate-cancer mortality for men who undergo prostate-specific antigen (PSA) screening, the benefit is attenuated by loss of quality-adjusted life-years (QALYs) due to post-diagnosis effects, according to a study published in the Aug. 16 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

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FDA: Codeine May Be Fatal in Subset of Children

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 15 (HealthDay News) -- Some children may be at risk for serious adverse events, including death, after taking codeine for relief of pain following tonsillectomy and/or adenoidectomy for obstructive sleep apnea, according to a safety communication issued Aug. 15 by the U.S. Food & Drug Administration.

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Hospital Deaths From Head Trauma Higher on Weekends

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 15 (HealthDay News) -- Older adults admitted for substantial head trauma during a weekend have a significantly increased mortality risk compared to those admitted on a weekday, according to a study published online July 9 in the Journal of Surgical Research.

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2008 to 2010 U.K. Recession Linked to Excess Suicides

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 15 (HealthDay News) -- The rise in suicides in the United Kingdom during the 2008 to 2010 recession is likely partially associated with the increase in unemployment, according to a study published online Aug. 14 in BMJ.

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Addiction Tx Implementation Up With Pay for Performance

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 15 (HealthDay News) -- Among therapists treating adolescents for substance abuse, pay for performance (P4P) can significantly improve treatment implementation but does not improve patients' end-of-treatment remission status, according to a study published online Aug. 13 in the Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine.

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One-Hour Algorithm Safe for Rule-Out/Rule-In of Acute MI

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 15 (HealthDay News) -- An algorithm using high-sensitivity cardiac troponin T (hs-CTnT) levels at baseline and after one hour can be used to successfully rule out or accurately diagnose acute myocardial infarction (AMI) in the majority of patients who present with acute chest pain, according to research published online Aug. 13 in the Archives of Internal Medicine.

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Immune Response to Hep A Vaccine Persists in Children

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 15 (HealthDay News) -- Hepatitis A vaccine-induced seropositivity, noted after vaccination of infants younger than 2 years, persists for at least 10 years, according to a study published in the August issue of Hepatology.

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ABO Blood Group Correlated With Coronary Heart Disease

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 15 (HealthDay News) -- There is a significantly elevated risk of incident coronary heart disease (CHD) among individuals with blood group A, B, or AB compared with those with blood group O, according to a study published online Aug. 14 in Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis, and Vascular Biology.

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Cognitive-Behavioral Couple Therapy Reduces PTSD Severity

TUESDAY, Aug. 14 (HealthDay News) -- For posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), cognitive-behavioral conjoint therapy reduces symptom severity and increases intimate relationship satisfaction; and Concurrent Treatment of PTSD and Substance Use Disorders Using Prolonged Exposure (COPE) combined with usual treatment for substance dependence reduces PTSD symptom severity, according to two studies published the Aug. 15 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Universal Domestic Violence Screening Not Beneficial

TUESDAY, Aug. 14 (HealthDay News) -- Screening for partner violence at the primary care level does not improve women's health or quality of life, or reduce further partner violence, according to a study published in the Aug. 15 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Poor Follow-Up of Hospital Tests Often Due to Late Orders

TUESDAY, Aug. 14 (HealthDay News) -- Poor follow-up of test results at or after discharge from the hospital is often due to tests requested on the day of discharge, according to a letter to the editor published online Aug. 13 in the Archives of Internal Medicine.

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Cocoa Flavanols May Improve Cognitive Function in Elderly

TUESDAY, Aug. 14 (HealthDay News) -- Regular consumption of cocoa flavanols may be associated with improved cognitive functioning in elderly patients with mild cognitive impairment, according to a study published online Aug. 13 in Hypertension.

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Risk of Liver Injury Up With Certain Fluoroquinolones

MONDAY, Aug. 13 (HealthDay News) -- Moxifloxacin and levofloxacin use correlates with an increased risk of acute liver injury in older patients without a history of liver disease, according to a study published online Aug. 13 in CMAJ, the journal of the Canadian Medical Association.

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Competitive Food Laws Tied to Less BMI Change in Teens

MONDAY, Aug. 13 (HealthDay News) -- Exposure to strong state competitive food laws, which regulate the nutrition content of foods and drinks sold outside of federal school meal programs, during childhood is associated with lower body mass index (BMI) change, according to a study published online Aug. 13 in Pediatrics.

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Supplement Doses Inadequate for Androgen Deprivation Therapy

MONDAY, Aug. 13 (HealthDay News) -- Currently recommended calcium and vitamin D supplementation doses are inadequate to prevent bone mineral density (BMD) loss in men undergoing androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) for prostate cancer, according to a study published online July 25 in The Oncologist.

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Regular Exercise in Middle Age Lowers Inflammatory Markers

MONDAY, Aug. 13 (HealthDay News) -- Middle-aged adults who have regularly engaged in physical activity for more than a decade appear to benefit from lower markers of inflammation, according to a study published online Aug. 13 in Circulation.

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Snoring in Young Children Linked to Behavioral Problems

MONDAY, Aug. 13 (HealthDay News) -- Persistent, loud snoring in young children aged 2 and 3 years is associated with higher rates of behavior problems, according to a study published online Aug. 13 in Pediatrics.

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Aspirin Use Again Linked to Slightly Lower Cancer Mortality

MONDAY, Aug. 13 (HealthDay News) -- Daily aspirin use is associated with lower overall cancer mortality, but the association may be smaller than previously reported, according to a study published online Aug. 10 in the Journal of the National Cancer Institute.

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Phone Intervention Cost-Effective for Glycemic Control

FRIDAY, Aug. 10 (HealthDay News) -- The incremental per capita costs of a telephone-based intervention that moderately improves glycemic control in adults with type 2 diabetes are modest, according to a study published online July 30 in Diabetes Care.

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Self-Perceived Overweight in Teens Impacts Weight Gain

FRIDAY, Aug. 10 (HealthDay News) -- Self-perceived overweight in normal-weight adolescents correlates with increased weight gain in early adulthood, according to a study published in the August issue of the Journal of Obesity.

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Statin Benefits Outweigh Risk of Developing Diabetes

FRIDAY, Aug. 10 (HealthDay News) -- Statins increase the risk of developing diabetes, but only in individuals already at risk of the disease, and the benefits of statins in the prevention of cardiovascular disease and death outweigh the risks, according to a study published in the Aug. 11 issue of The Lancet.

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Underinsurance Tied to Higher Death Risk After Cardio Events

FRIDAY, Aug. 10 (HealthDay News) -- Being underinsured correlates with increased mortality after acute cardiovascular events, while race is not associated with increased mortality, according to a study published online July 21 in the Journal of General Internal Medicine.

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Reasons for Discontinuation Vary by Psoriasis Treatment

FRIDAY, Aug. 10 (HealthDay News) -- The reasons for discontinuation of commonly used treatments for psoriasis vary by treatment, according to a study published online July 30 in the Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology.

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High IgE Levels Inversely Associated With Risk of Glioma

THURSDAY, Aug. 9 (HealthDay News) -- There appears to be an inverse relationship between elevated allergy biomarker levels (immunoglobulin E [IgE]) and the risk of developing glioma, which is detectable many years before tumor diagnosis, according to a study published online Aug. 1 in the Journal of the National Cancer Institute.

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CDC Issues Revised Guidelines for Gonorrhea Treatment

THURSDAY, Aug. 9 (HealthDay News) -- Oral cefixime should no longer be considered the treatment of choice for gonorrhea; instead, patients should be treated with injectable ceftriaxone in combination with an oral antibiotic, azithromycin or doxycycline, according to revised guidelines published in the Aug. 10 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Morbidity & Mortality Weekly Report.

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Study Links Age, Insurance, but Not Race, to Chemo Rates

THURSDAY, Aug. 9 (HealthDay News) -- For women with breast cancer, disease characteristics correlate significantly with chemotherapy receipt, with no indication of racial barriers to treatment, according to a study published online Aug. 6 in the Journal of Clinical Oncology.

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Psyllium Reduces Metabolic Syndrome Risk Factors

THURSDAY, Aug. 9 (HealthDay News) -- Consumption of the fiber supplement psyllium correlates with reductions in risk factors for metabolic syndrome, according to a study published online Aug. 5 in Obesity Reviews.

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Maternal Obesity Ups Early Neonatal Mortality in Africa

THURSDAY, Aug. 9 (HealthDay News) -- For women in sub-Saharan Africa, maternal obesity correlates with increased risk of early neonatal mortality, according to a study published online Aug. 9 in The Lancet.

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CDC: Increase in Prevalence of Walking in the United States

THURSDAY, Aug. 9 (HealthDay News) -- The prevalence of walking (defined as walking for leisure or transportation in at least one bout of 10 minutes or more in the last week) increased in the United States from 2005 to 2010, with an increased likelihood of meeting the aerobic physical activity guideline noted for walkers, according to a study published in the Aug. 7 early-release issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Morbidity & Mortality Weekly.

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No Increased Risk of Stroke After Spinal Fusion Surgery

THURSDAY, Aug. 9 (HealthDay News) -- In the three years following spinal fusion surgery, the incidence of stroke is similar to or insignificantly lower than that of controls, according to a study published in the June issue of The Spine Journal.

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'Surgeon-Tailored' Mesh Repair Resolves Urinary Incontinence

THURSDAY, Aug. 9 (HealthDay News) -- "Surgeon-tailored" polypropylene mesh (STPM) repair using a transobturator midurethral sling procedure alone or in combination with pelvic organ prolapse repair is an effective treatment for stress urinary incontinence symptoms, although some concerns remain regarding mesh-related complications, according to a study published in the August issue of Urology.

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After Bariatric Op, Controlled Diet Can Aid CaOx Supersaturation

THURSDAY, Aug. 9 (HealthDay News) -- After bariatric surgery, following a diet that is normal in calcium, low in oxalate, and moderate in protein, can improve urinary calcium oxalate (CaOx) supersaturation, but not urinary oxalate excretion, in patients with a history of kidney stones, according to a study published in the August issue of Urology.

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Vaccine Transiently Modifies Autoimmunity in Diabetes

THURSDAY, Aug. 9 (HealthDay News) -- A tuberculosis vaccine can reduce autoimmunity and increase insulin production in patients with long-term type 1 diabetes, according to a study published online Aug. 8 in PLoS One.

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Similar Mortality With Different TNF-α Inhibitor Therapies in RA

THURSDAY, Aug. 9 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with rheumatoid arthritis there are no significant differences in the overall mortality risk with different tumor necrosis factor-α inhibitor (TNFi) therapies (adalimumab, etanercept, and infliximab), according to a study published online Aug. 8 in Arthritis & Rheumatism.

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Abnormal Brain Activity Seen in Hoarding Disorder

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 8 (HealthDay News) -- Patients with hoarding disorder (HD) display stimulus-dependent abnormal neural activity in the anterior cingulate cortex and insula that is not present in patients with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) or in healthy control individuals, according to research published in the August issue of the Archives of General Psychiatry.

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Lifestyle-Integrated Approach Reduces Falls Among Elderly

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 8 (HealthDay News) -- For older adults at risk of falls, the integration of balance and strength training into routine daily activities correlates with a reduced rate of falls, according to a study published online Aug. 7 in BMJ.

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Overcrowding Up in Hospitals With Large Minority Population

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 8 (HealthDay News) -- California hospitals serving large minority populations are more likely to be overcrowded and to divert ambulances, according to research published in the August issue of Health Affairs.

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Global Brain Connectivity Linked to Intelligence

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 8 (HealthDay News) -- The activity of the lateral prefrontal cortex of the brain and its level of connectivity with other brain regions predicts intelligence, according to a study published in the June 27 issue of The Journal of Neuroscience.

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Measures for Parental Influence on Physical Activity Lacking

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 8 (HealthDay News) -- Accepted measures to address the role of parental influence on child physical activity (PA) are lacking, with current studies characterized by variation in conceptualization and measurement of parenting, use of non-validated instruments, and lack of comprehensive measures, according to a review published online July 30 in Obesity Reviews.

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Growth Hormone-Releasing Hormone Ups Cognition in Elderly

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 8 (HealthDay News) -- Growth hormone-releasing hormone (GHRH) improves cognition in healthy older adults and those with mild cognitive impairment (MCI), according to a study published online Aug. 6 in the Archives of Neurology.

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Racial Disparity in CT Use for Children With Head Trauma

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 8 (HealthDay News) -- Minority children with minor blunt head trauma and low or intermediate risk for clinically important traumatic brain injury are significantly less likely to receive cranial computed tomography (CT) in the emergency department than their nonminority peers with the same risk, according to a study published in the August issue of the Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine.

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Behavior Therapy for Tics Improves Tourette's Symptoms

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 8 (HealthDay News) -- Comprehensive behavioral intervention for tics (CBIT) is effective for treating adults with Tourette syndrome, according to a study published in the August issue of the Archives of General Psychiatry.

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Bariatric Surgery Cuts MI Incidence in Obese With T2DM

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 8 (HealthDay News) -- For obese individuals with type 2 diabetes, bariatric surgery reduces the incidence of some cardiovascular events, specifically myocardial infarction, according to a study published online Aug. 1 in Diabetes Care.

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Recent Trends Favorable for Lipid Levels in U.S. Youth

TUESDAY, Aug. 7 (HealthDay News) -- Among U.S. youth, positive trends were noted in serum lipid concentrations in the period from 1988-1994 to 2007-2010, according to a study published in the Aug. 8 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Mortality Up for Normal-Weight Adults With Incident Diabetes

TUESDAY, Aug. 7 (HealthDay News) -- Normal-weight adults who are diagnosed with new-onset diabetes have an increased mortality risk, compared with overweight/obese adults, according to a study published in the Aug. 8 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Oral Corticosteroids Deemed Ineffective for Rhinosinusitis

TUESDAY, Aug. 7 (HealthDay News) -- Systemic corticosteroids are not effective for symptom control in patients with acute rhinosinusitis, according to a study published online Aug. 7 in CMAJ, the journal of the Canadian Medical Association.

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Topical Treatment Shows Potential for Infantile Eczema

TUESDAY, Aug. 7 (HealthDay News) -- Ten days of treatment with a cream containing 15(R/S)-methyl-lipoxin A4 (LXA4) is well tolerated and reduces the severity of infantile eczema, according to a study published online July 26 in the British Journal of Dermatology.

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Limitations ID'd in Women's Breast Health in Pakistan

TUESDAY, Aug. 7 (HealthDay News) -- Women in Pakistan need more awareness about breast health and access to early detection, and there is marked inconsistency among general practitioners (GPs) with respect to screening practices, work-up, and management, according to a study published in the August issue of the Journal of the American College of Radiology.

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Weight Training Lowers Risk of Type 2 Diabetes in U.S. Men

TUESDAY, Aug. 7 (HealthDay News) -- Weight training or aerobic exercise independently lowers the risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM); and for those with diabetes, physical activity (PA) correlates with a lower mortality risk, according to two studies published online Aug. 6 in the Archives of Internal Medicine.

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Social Connectedness in Teens Better Predicts Adult Well-Being

TUESDAY, Aug. 7 (HealthDay News) -- Adolescent social connectedness is a better predictor of adult well-being than academic achievement, according to a study published online July 25 in the Journal of Happiness Studies.

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Photosensitizing Antihypertensive Meds Up Risk of Lip Cancer

TUESDAY, Aug. 7 (HealthDay News) -- For non-Hispanic whites, long-term treatment with photosensitizing antihypertensive agents correlates with an increased likelihood of lip cancer, according to a study published online Aug. 6 in the Archives of Internal Medicine.

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Infection Risk Up for Seniors With Rheumatoid Arthritis

TUESDAY, Aug. 7 (HealthDay News) -- Elderly adults with rheumatoid arthritis have a considerable risk of serious infection, with antirheumatic drug use increasing the risk, according to a study published online July 25 in Arthritis Care & Research.

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Drug Helps Control Glucose in Congenital Hyperinsulinism

TUESDAY, Aug. 7 (HealthDay News) -- An experimental drug may be able to control blood glucose levels in patients with a form of congenital hyperinsulinism, according to a study published online Aug. 1 in Diabetes.

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Donor Obesity Ups Risk of Poor Pediatric Transplant Outcome

TUESDAY, Aug. 7 (HealthDay News) -- Severe obesity, but not overweight, in adult donors is a risk factor for graft loss and mortality in pediatric liver transplant recipients, according to a study published in the August issue of Liver Transplantation.

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Skin Intrinsic Fluorescence Tied to Coronary Artery Disease

TUESDAY, Aug. 7 (HealthDay News) -- Skin intrinsic fluorescence (SIF) is significantly associated with coronary artery disease (CAD) in middle-aged adults with a long duration of type 1 diabetes, according to a study published online July 30 in Diabetes Care.

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Complex Inheritance Usual in Vasovagal Syncope

MONDAY, Aug. 6 (HealthDay News) -- Complex inheritance is usual in vasovagal syncope, with major autosomal dominance less common, according to a study published in the Aug. 7 issue of Neurology.

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Vulvodynia Linked to Other Chronic Pain Conditions

MONDAY, Aug. 6 (HealthDay News) -- Women with vulvodynia are approximately two to three times more likely to have a comorbid chronic pain condition such as fibromyalgia, interstitial cystitis, or irritable bowel syndrome, according to research published in the July issue of Obstetrics & Gynecology.

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Implantable Defibrillators Cut Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrests

MONDAY, Aug. 6 (HealthDay News) -- The use of implantable cardiac defibrillators (ICDs) has been responsible for about one-third of the reduction in out-of-hospital cardiac arrests (OHCAs) having ventricular fibrillation (VF) as the initial recorded rhythm, according to a study published online Aug. 6 in Circulation.

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Learned Helplessness Linked to Arthritis Disease Outcomes

MONDAY, Aug. 6 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with inflammatory polyarthritis (IP), learned helplessness (LH) correlates with disease outcomes and seems to mediate the association between socioeconomic status (SES) and disease outcomes, according to a study published in the August issue of Arthritis Care & Research.

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Unsuspected PE Does Not Up Mortality Risk in Cancer Patients

MONDAY, Aug. 6 (HealthDay News) -- Cancer patients with an unsuspected pulmonary embolism (UPE) do not have an increased mortality risk and have a similar risk of recurrent venous thromboembolism (VTE) to those with clinically suspected pulmonary embolism (PE), according to research published online July 27 in the Journal of Thrombosis and Haemostasis.

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Sleep Duration Affects Hepatitis B Vaccine Response

MONDAY, Aug. 6 (HealthDay News) -- Sleeping less than six hours per night lowers the secondary antibody response to hepatitis B vaccination and significantly reduces the likelihood of individuals being clinically protected from hepatitis B, according to research published in the Aug. 1 issue of SLEEP.

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Celiac Disease Prevalence Is Less Than 1 Percent in the U.S.

MONDAY, Aug. 6 (HealthDay News) -- The prevalence of celiac disease in the United States is 0.71 percent, according to research published online July 31 in the American Journal of Gastroenterology.

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Superficial X-Ray Viable for Basal, Squamous Cell Carcinoma

MONDAY, Aug. 6 (HealthDay News) -- Superficial X-ray therapy remains a viable treatment for primary basal cell carcinoma (BCC) and squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) in select patients, according to a study published online July 23 in the Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology.

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Healthy Media Leads to Fewer Sleep Problems for Children

MONDAY, Aug. 6 (HealthDay News) -- Healthy media with educational and prosocial content leads to fewer sleep problems for children aged 3 to 5 years, compared with violent or age-inappropriate media, according to a study published online Aug. 6 in Pediatrics.

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Unit-Based Safety Program Cuts Surgical Site Infections

MONDAY, Aug. 6 (HealthDay News) -- Implementation of a comprehensive unit-based safety program (CUSP) can reduce surgical site infections (SSI) rates in a colorectal surgery setting, according to a study published in the August issue of the Journal of the American College of Surgeons.

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Honey Reduces Cough in Child Upper Respiratory Infection

MONDAY, Aug. 6 (HealthDay News) -- For young children with nocturnal cough and sleep difficulty due to upper respiratory tract infection (URI), treatment with honey is associated with greater symptomatic relief than a silan date placebo, according to a study published online Aug. 6 in Pediatrics.

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Focus on Quality Ups Newborn Screening Follow-Up

MONDAY, Aug. 6 (HealthDay News) -- Primary care pediatric practices can improve short-term newborn screening (NBS) follow-up through quality-improvement processes, according to a study published online Aug. 6 in Pediatrics.

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Wide Range of Accuracy in Web-Based Infant Sleep Advice

FRIDAY, Aug. 3 (HealthDay News) -- The accuracy of infant sleep recommendations found on the Internet varies by search terms used and type of Web site, according to a study published online Aug. 2 in The Journal of Pediatrics.

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Larger Waist Linked to Worse Voiding Function in Men

FRIDAY, Aug. 3 (HealthDay News) -- Central obesity, as measured by waist circumference (WC), is associated with worse voiding, and men with a higher WC may be at increased risk of male pelvic dysfunction, according to a study published in the August issue of BJU International.

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Gene Subnetworks Predict Risk of Leukemia Progression

FRIDAY, Aug. 3 (HealthDay News) -- Subnetworks of interacting genes can predict the risk of disease progression requiring treatment in patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia, according to a study published online July 26 in Blood.

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Alzheimer's Cognitive Decline Slows in Advanced Age

FRIDAY, Aug. 3 (HealthDay News) -- The rates of cognitive decline and atrophy characteristic of Alzheimer's disease (AD) decrease with advancing age, while cognitively healthy individuals show increased rates, according to a study published online Aug. 2 in PLoS One.

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Nurse Burnout Linked to Health Care-Associated Infections

FRIDAY, Aug. 3 (HealthDay News) -- Nurse burnout correlates with increased health care-associated infection rates of the urinary tract and surgical sites, according to a study published in the August issue of the American Journal of Infection Control.

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Lack of Sleep Affects Speed, Not Accuracy of Visual Tasks

FRIDAY, Aug. 3 (HealthDay News) -- Sleep deprivation and circadian rhythm disruptions impact the speed, but not the accuracy, with which complex visual tasks are performed, according to a study published online July 26 in the Journal of Vision.

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Almost Half of U.S. Adults Have at Least One CVD Risk Factor

FRIDAY, Aug. 3 (HealthDay News) -- In 2009 to 2010, almost half of U.S. adults age 20 or older had at least one of three major risk factors for cardiovascular disease (CVD), according to an August data brief issued by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS).

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Thigh Muscle Density Linked to Physical Functioning in RA

FRIDAY, Aug. 3 (HealthDay News) -- Thigh muscle density (TMD), as derived from computed tomography (CT), appears to be a strong indicator of physical functioning and disability in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients, according to a study published in the August issue of Arthritis & Rheumatism.

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Epicardial Fat Tissue Thickness Predicts Coronary Artery Disease

FRIDAY, Aug. 3 (HealthDay News) -- Asymptomatic patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) have significantly more epicardial adipose tissue (EAT) than those without CAD, with an average EAT thickness of 2.4 mm or higher predictive of significant CAD, according to a study published online in the August issue of The American Journal of Cardiology.

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Spray-Based Therapy Promising for Chronic Venous Leg Ulcers

FRIDAY, Aug. 3 (HealthDay News) -- A spray-based therapy containing growth-arrested allogeneic neonatal keratinocytes and fibroblasts, HP802-247, is associated with a reduction in the wound area of chronic venous leg ulcers, according to a phase 2 study published online Aug. 3 in The Lancet.

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Smokers Substituting Cigars, Loose Tobacco for Cigarettes

THURSDAY, Aug. 2 (HealthDay News) -- The popularity of cigarette smoking in the United States continues to decline, but it appears many smokers are turning to less heavily taxed cigars and loose tobacco, according to a report published in the Aug. 3 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Morbidity & Mortality Weekly Report.

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Clinicians Can Unintentionally Prompt Nocebo Effect

THURSDAY, Aug. 2 (HealthDay News) -- The nocebo effect, or induction of a symptom perceived as negative by sham treatment and/or the suggestion of negative expectation, may arise from suggestions by doctors and nurses, according to a study published in Deutsches Ärzteblatt International.

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Pets May Be Beneficial for Individuals With Autism

THURSDAY, Aug. 2 (HealthDay News) -- Individuals with autism display some improvement in prosocial behaviors after the arrival of a pet in their homes, according to research published online Aug. 1 in PLoS One.

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Exercise, Drugs Compared for Depression Tx in CHD Patients

THURSDAY, Aug. 2 (HealthDay News) -- In patients with coronary heart disease, aerobic exercise and the antidepressant sertraline are both associated with reduced depressive symptoms when compared to placebo, and they both tend to improve heart rate variability, according to a study published online Aug. 1 in the Journal of the American College of Cardiology.

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Environmental Factors Affect Risk of Hypothermia in Trauma

THURSDAY, Aug. 2 (HealthDay News) -- Aside from injury severity, environmental conditions are significant factors impacting the risk of onset of hypothermia in trauma patients being transported to the hospital by emergency medical services (EMS), according to a study published online July 31 in Critical Care.

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RB Pathway Linked to Breast Cancer Treatment Response

THURSDAY, Aug. 2 (HealthDay News) -- Disruption of the retinoblastoma tumor suppressor (RB) pathway in breast cancer is associated with an improved response to neoadjuvant chemotherapy, according to a study published online July 18 in Clinical Cancer Research.

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High-Cost Imaging of Advanced Cancer Patients Increasing

THURSDAY, Aug. 2 (HealthDay News) -- Use of imaging in stage IV cancer patients increased from 1995 to 2006, according to a study published online July 31 in the Journal of the National Cancer Institute.

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Multiple Factors Motivate No Reperfusion in STEMI

THURSDAY, Aug. 2 (HealthDay News) -- For patients presenting with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI), the decision for no reperfusion is usually multifactorial, with the most common factor being advanced age, according to a study published in the Aug. 15 issue of The American Journal of Cardiology.

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Taxane-Induced Neuropathy Not Tied to Breast Cancer Outcome

THURSDAY, Aug. 2 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with operable breast cancer, peripheral neuropathy due to adjuvant taxane therapy does not correlate with improved outcomes, according to research published online July 30 in the Journal of Clinical Oncology.

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Low Vitamin D, Frailty Impact Mortality Risk in Elderly

THURSDAY, Aug. 2 (HealthDay News) -- Adults over the age of 60 years with low vitamin D levels are more likely to be frail, and the combined effect of low vitamin D levels and frailty significantly increases the risk of mortality, according to a study published online June 13 in the European Journal of Clinical Nutrition.

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Rabies Virus Exposure Linked to Possible Natural Resistance

THURSDAY, Aug. 2 (HealthDay News) -- Remote communities in the Peruvian Amazon at risk of rabies infection show signs of exposure to the virus, suggesting that exposure may not always be fatal, according to a study published in the August issue of the American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene.

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Hypertension Ups Retinopathy Risk With HCV Treatment

THURSDAY, Aug. 2 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with hepatitis C virus (HCV) treated with pegylated interferon alpha (PegIFNα) and ribavirin, retinopathy occurs frequently, especially in those with hypertension, according to a study published in the August issue of Hepatology.

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Caffeine Has Positive Effect on Motor Symptoms in Parkinson's

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 1 (HealthDay News) -- Caffeine has a limited effect on excessive daytime somnolence in patients with Parkinson's disease (PD), but is associated with an improvement in objective motor measures, according to a study published online Aug. 1 in Neurology.

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Manufacturer's Cleaning Ineffective for Suction Tips

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 1 (HealthDay News) -- Following the manufacturer's recommendations is inadequate for cleaning suction tips, with residual debris identified after cleaning, according to a study published in the August issue of the AORN Journal.

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Men With Prostate Cancer Increasingly Don't Die From It

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 1 (HealthDay News) -- Men diagnosed with prostate cancer are more likely to die from other conditions, including heart disease, than from prostate cancer, according to a study published online July 25 in the Journal of the National Cancer Institute.

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Ongoing Musical Activity Preserves Cognitive Function

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 1 (HealthDay News) -- Musical activity predicts variation in cognitive aging, according to a study published online July 19 in Frontiers in Human Neuroscience.

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Brain Connectivity Altered in Type 2 Diabetes

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 1 (HealthDay News) -- Patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) have reduced functional connectivity in the default mode network, which is associated with insulin resistance in some brain regions, according to a study published online July 26 in Diabetes.

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Nutrition Type Affects Endocrinology in SGA Infants

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 1 (HealthDay News) -- Small-for-gestational-age (SGA) infants who are formula-fed (FOF) have elevated endocrine levels of high-molecular-weight (HMW) adiponectin and insulin growth factor-I (IGF-I) compared with breastfed (BRF) SGA infants, according to research published in the August issue of Diabetes.

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Monitoring Development Is Key in Congenital Heart Disease

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 1 (HealthDay News) -- Children with congenital heart disease (CHD) are at increased risk of developmental disorders or disabilities and developmental delay, and consequently benefit from periodic developmental surveillance, screening, evaluation, and reevaluation to identify significant deficits, according to an American Heart Association scientific statement published online July 30 in Circulation.

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Exercise Linked to Less Depression in Heart Failure

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 1 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with heart failure, exercise training is associated with a modest reduction in depression symptoms, according to a study published in the Aug. 1 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Adding Radiation Aids Pediatric Nonmetastatic Medulloblastoma

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 1 (HealthDay News) -- Compared with postoperative chemotherapy alone, adding conformal radiation therapy (CRT) to induction chemotherapy for the treatment of young children with nonmetastatic medulloblastoma increases event-free survival (EFS), according to a study published online July 30 in the Journal of Clinical Oncology.

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Active Surveillance Up in Multidisciplinary Prostate CA Care

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 1 (HealthDay News) -- Men with low-risk prostate cancer are more likely to pursue active surveillance when seen at a multidisciplinary prostate cancer clinic rather than when they see individual specialists in sequential settings, according to a study published online July 30 in the Journal of Clinical Oncology.

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Causes of Maternal Intrapartum Fever in Induced Labor ID'd

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 1 (HealthDay News) -- Labor induction correlates with a slight increase in maternal temperature, with significant effects seen for time from membrane rupture to delivery and body mass index, according to a study published in the August issue of Anesthesiology.

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