Higher frequency of BRCA mutations observed in black women

Higher frequency of BRCA mutations observed in black women

In a study reviewing black women under 50 with invasive breast cancer, 12 percent had BRCA1 or BRCA2 mutations.

Blood test detects the return of early-stage breast cancer

Blood test detects the return of early-stage breast cancer

Circulating tumor DNA analysis spots stray cells months before scans detect breast cancer recurrence.

Too few minority groups pursuing careers as physicians

Too few minority groups pursuing careers as physicians

The shortage of minority physicians may affect U.S. patient care, experts say.

Perioperative music lowers anxiety for breast cancer surgery patients

Perioperative music lowers anxiety for breast cancer surgery patients

A reduction in anxiety scores preoperatively with live or recorded music was observed vs usual care.

Low-dose aspirin may lessen colorectal cancer risk

Low-dose aspirin may lessen colorectal cancer risk

Regular aspirin or other nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) may lower the long-term risk of colorectal cancer (CRC), new study data suggests.

Obesity may predispose breast tissue structure to cancer

Obesity may predispose breast tissue structure to cancer

Findings suggest obesity can trigger structural changes in extracellular matrix, rendering an individual more susceptible to breast cancer.

Even light drinking puts women at greater risk to develop cancer

Even light drinking puts women at greater risk to develop cancer

For women, alcohol consumption of 5 to 14.9 g/day linked to increased risk of alcohol-related cancers.

Incidence of endometrial cancer increasing across multiple racial groups

Incidence of endometrial cancer increasing across multiple racial groups

Non-Hispanic black women have higher endometrial cancer incidence and lower survival across all stages and subtypes.

Use of patient navigators linked to shorter hospital stays

Use of patient navigators linked to shorter hospital stays

Use of patient navigators on general medical service was associated with shorter hospital stays and didn't affect readmissions, a recent study indicates.

Coffee consumption may lower risk of death in stage III colon cancer

Coffee consumption may lower risk of death in stage III colon cancer

Patients consuming 4 cups/day of caffeinated coffee have lower recurrence and mortality risk.

RAD51 mutations confer moderate ovarian cancer risk

RAD51 mutations confer moderate ovarian cancer risk

RAD51C and RAD51D deleterious mutations have been linked to increased risk of epithelial ovarian cancer.

Genetic variant increases risk of graft-versus-host disease in HSCT

Genetic variant increases risk of graft-versus-host disease in HSCT

Rejection seen with high-expression allele recipient, low-expression allele donor in HLA-DPB1 mismatches

Increasing number of clinicians report dissatisfaction with EHR systems

Increasing number of clinicians report dissatisfaction with EHR systems

Compared with survey five years earlier, fewer physicians report being satisfied or very satisfied with the use of their electronic health record (EHR) system.

Childhood cancer survivors have increased subsequent neoplasm risk lasting decades

Childhood cancer survivors have increased subsequent neoplasm risk lasting decades

Increased risk for treatment-related subsequent neoplasms extends beyond age 40 years.

Expensive new leukemia medication to be covered by Medicare

Expensive new leukemia medication to be covered by Medicare

Amgen's Blincyto costs about 178,000 for a standard course of treatment.

Spirituality may boost health in cancer patients

Spirituality may boost health in cancer patients

Three reviews show correlations with between spirituality and measures of physical, mental, and social health outcomes.

Spicy food consumption associated with reduced mortality

Spicy food consumption associated with reduced mortality

Regularly eating chili peppers and other spicy foods was linked to lower mortality risk during study period.

Review examines strategies for hospital room surface cleanliness

Review examines strategies for hospital room surface cleanliness

Few previous studies have compared the effectiveness of disinfecting methods and monitoring strategies in health settings.

Approximately 30 percent of patients with epithelial ovarian cancer survive long-term

Approximately 30 percent of patients with epithelial ovarian cancer survive long-term

Predictors for long-term survival include younger age, early stage, low grade, non-serous histology

Varied factors impact nurse compassion fatigue and compassion satisfaction

Varied factors impact nurse compassion fatigue and compassion satisfaction

Significant differences exist based on sex, age, education level, unit, acuity, and nursing management changes, research indicates.

Hypofractionated breast irradiation linked to lower toxicity

Hypofractionated breast irradiation linked to lower toxicity

Two studies show benefits for hypofractionated versus conventionally fractionated whole-breast irradiation.

Intraperitoneal chemotherapy improves ovarian cancer survival

Intraperitoneal chemotherapy improves ovarian cancer survival

Despite survival benefits, only 41 percent of suitable candidates actually receive the therapy.

Oral contraceptives associated with endometrial cancer protection

Oral contraceptives associated with endometrial cancer protection

Use of oral contraceptives, even short-term, offers significant long-term protection against endometrial cancer and the protective effect seems to linger for decades after contraceptive is discontinued.

Accuracy and timeliness of preoperative evaluation can be improved for suspected lung cancer patients

Accuracy and timeliness of preoperative evaluation can be improved for suspected lung cancer patients

For suspected lung cancer patients, the thoroughness, accuracy, and timeliness of preoperative evaluation could be improved, according to research.

Single-stage breast reconstruction no riskier

Single-stage breast reconstruction no riskier

Single-stage implant procedures after mastectomy may be a good option for selected patients.

Revised staging system prognostic for multiple myeloma

Revised staging system prognostic for multiple myeloma

ISS plus chromosomal abnormalities detected by interphase fluorescent in situ hybridization offer prognostic value in newly-diagnosed multiple myeloma.

Urine test can help pinpoint pancreatic cancer earlier

Urine test can help pinpoint pancreatic cancer earlier

Elevated levels of three proteins were detected in the urine of patients with early-stage pancreatic cancer.

Patients report improved care access and health after ACA implementation

Patients report improved care access and health after ACA implementation

Gains seen in how many adults have insurance and a doctor, and say they are in better health the the Affordable Care Act (ACA).

Alcohol consumption linked with less disability in chronic pain

Alcohol consumption linked with less disability in chronic pain

Moderate to heavy drinking might cut the likelihood of disability for people with chronic widespread pain.

Telomere length may aid in predicting lung cancer risk

Telomere length may aid in predicting lung cancer risk

Individuals with long telomeres are at increased risk for lung adenocarcinoma but not other types of cancer.

ASCO: More cancer trials to include more seniors

ASCO: More cancer trials to include more seniors

ASCO has called on the U.S. government and the cancer research community to broaden clinical trials to include older adults.

USPSTF: All adults should be screened for depression in primary care

USPSTF: All adults should be screened for depression in primary care

The USPSTF urges that primary care physicians regularly screen for depression in all adult patients (B recommendation).

Generic meds may boost survival in some early breast cancers

Generic meds may boost survival in some early breast cancers

More evidence that two classes of generic drugs (aromatase inhibitors and bisphosphonates) reduce the risk of death in early breast cancer.

CDC: Affordable Care Act may have increased uptake for preventive care

CDC: Affordable Care Act may have increased uptake for preventive care

Insurance is a major factor in determining receipt of preventive services.

Universal health literacy precautions recommended to assist patient understanding

Universal health literacy precautions recommended to assist patient understanding

Universal health literacy precautions should be used to provide understandable information for all patients.

Low-risk prostate cancer cases often upgraded at prostatectomy

Low-risk prostate cancer cases often upgraded at prostatectomy

A recent study indicates a high rate of clinical upgrading at prostatectomy, based on over ten thousand patients reviewed.

Few U.S. states mandate HPV vaccination

Few U.S. states mandate HPV vaccination

Immunization protects against sexually transmitted disease and certain cancers, health experts say, but only two U.S. states mandate vaccination.

Prenatal genetic tests useful for identification of maternal cancers

Prenatal genetic tests useful for identification of maternal cancers

Abnormal findings on early test don't always indicate birth defects, researchers say, but could instead indicate cancer.

Polled parents see more benefits in vaccination

Polled parents see more benefits in vaccination

Reports on outbreaks of measles, pertussis in past year may have shifted opinions on vaccination.

Iressa for EGFR metastatic lung cancer approved by FDA

Iressa for EGFR+ metastatic lung cancer approved by FDA

New companion diagnostic kit can identify candidates

Areas of United States found to have excessive colorectal cancer mortality

Areas of United States found to have excessive colorectal cancer mortality

Areas of the U.S. with higher colorectal cancer rates include parts of the Mississippi Delta, Appalachia, and eastern Virginia.

New ACC/AHA guidelines deemed better for identifying statin candidates

New ACC/AHA guidelines deemed better for identifying statin candidates

New guidelines released by the American College of Cardiology (ACC) and the American Heart Association (AHA) would have 13 million more Americans taking the cholesterol drugs, experts say.

CDC: Americans not eating enough fruits or vegetables

CDC: Americans not eating enough fruits or vegetables

Report authors have called for widespread action to promote fruits and vegetables in the average diet.

Regular mammograms may cause widespread overdiagnosis

Regular mammograms may cause widespread overdiagnosis

No significant difference in breast cancer deaths seen in counties with higher screening and detection rates.

Surveillance being utilized more for prostate cancer

Surveillance being utilized more for prostate cancer

Many men with low-risk disease being spared prostatectomy, radiation, and androgen deprivation monotherapy in favor of active surveillance.

ASTRO guidelines for endometrial cancer endorsed by ASCO

ASTRO guidelines for endometrial cancer endorsed by ASCO

Qualifications to guidelines include stronger statements in favor of chemotherapy in some cases.

Citrus consumption may increase risk of melanoma

Citrus consumption may increase risk of melanoma

Researchers suspect compounds in citrus may sensitize skin to sunlight and thereby increase melanoma risk, but further study is required.

Robotic surgery safe for morbidly obese patients with endometrial cancer

Robotic surgery safe for morbidly obese patients with endometrial cancer

Use of robotic surgery showed no differences in blood loss, complication rates, or survival between morbidly obese and lower-weight patients.

Saliva and blood tests may help detect head and neck cancers early

Saliva and blood tests may help detect head and neck cancers early

Study shows potential for noninvasive tumor detection for head and neck cancer.

Age-adjusted comorbidity score stratifies mortality in prostate cancer

Age-adjusted comorbidity score stratifies mortality in prostate cancer

Age-adjusted prostate cancer-specific comorbidity index is strongly predictive of other-cause mortality, according to recent study data.

Viagra and other erectile dysfunction medications not found to increase melanoma risk

Viagra and other erectile dysfunction medications not found to increase melanoma risk

Slightly higher odds of melanoma for men on erectile dysfunction (ED) drugs were recorded, but lifestyles are probable culprit.

Yearly CT scan may adequately monitor lung nodules

Yearly CT scan may adequately monitor lung nodules

For patients with non-solid lung nodules of any size, annual computed tomography scans may be enough to monitor their condition.

Lung disease undiscovered for many long-term smokers

Lung disease undiscovered for many long-term smokers

Many long-time smokers may have lung disease that is currently undiagnosed.

Subsidies for Affordable Care Act upheld by SCOTUS

Subsidies for Affordable Care Act upheld by SCOTUS

U.S. Supreme Court ruling preserves tax credits for 6.4 million people in 34 states.

Yoga and meditation can ease menopausal symptoms following breast cancer

Yoga and meditation can ease menopausal symptoms following breast cancer

Randomized trial shows beneficial effect for yoga combined with meditation in breast cancer survivors.

FDA and partners crack down on sale of illegal meds

FDA and partners crack down on sale of illegal meds

International effort takes aim at more than 1,050 websites that sell fraudulent medical devices or medications.

Embryo cryopreservation possible for women with breast cancer

Embryo cryopreservation possible for women with breast cancer

Embryo cryopreservation after aromatase inhibitor treatment and ovarian stimulation preserves fertility for patients with breast cancer, according to a study published online.

Medical identity theft is on the rise

Medical identity theft is on the rise

Increase of 21.7 percent in incidents was seen since last Ponemon Institute report; theft is costly to consumers.

Better detection rate of higher-quality colonoscopies yield patient benefits

Better detection rate of higher-quality colonoscopies yield patient benefits

Higher-quality colonoscopies, which need not be more expensive, are linked to lower colorectal cancer risk.

Breast-conserving therapy rates are slowly rising

Breast-conserving therapy rates are slowly rising

The number of patients that undergo breast-conserving therapy (BCT) has risen slowly in recent years, but many with early-stage disease still choose mastectomy.

Cancer-specific mortality higher in HIV-infected cancer patients

Cancer-specific mortality higher in HIV-infected cancer patients

HIV has been linked to increased risk for colorectal, lung, skin, and breast cancers, independent of treatment.

Sleep quality impacts breast cancer survival

Sleep quality impacts breast cancer survival

Poor sleep and snoring before breast cancer diagnosis is tied to poor survival outcomes.

Half of U.S. cancer deaths can be linked to smoking

Half of U.S. cancer deaths can be linked to smoking

Eighty percent of lung cancer deaths linked to smoking, researchers say, and the mortality rate of several other cancers is also strongly impacted by smoking status.

Venous thromboembolism rates low following colorectal surgery

Venous thromboembolism rates low following colorectal surgery

Increases in perioperative and postoperative prophylaxis does not seem to cause a rise in venous thromboembolism rates.

Cardiac dysfunction in childhood cancer survivors reviewed

Cardiac dysfunction in childhood cancer survivors reviewed

Long-term childhood cancer survivors have greater prevalence of abnormal global longitudinal strain and diastolic function.

CMS: Hospital Charges for Common Procedures Increase

CMS: Hospital Charges for Common Procedures Increase

The prices hospitals charge patients for a number of common procedures rose over 10 percent between 2011 and 2013, more than twice the rate of inflation, but charges billed to Medicare remained the same.

Maternal plasma cell-free DNA sequencing enables early tumor detection

Maternal plasma cell-free DNA sequencing enables early tumor detection

Incorporating maternal plasma cell-free DNA into routine noninvasive prenatal testing (NIPT) could aid early detection of maternal tumors, according to study data.

Evidence for screening mammography for women in their 40s remains limited

Evidence for screening mammography for women in their 40s remains limited

A new research review indicates that breast screening in the 40s may not prevent breast cancer deaths, but the conclusion among researchers wasn't unanimous.

ASCO: Melanoma rates increasing for young Americans

ASCO: Melanoma rates increasing for young Americans

Study results indicate that melanoma rates are on the risk for the young in the United States; women account for two-thirds of cases, likely due to unsafe tanning.

Surgery the best choice for some stage IIIB NSCLC patients

Surgery the best choice for some stage IIIB NSCLC patients

Longer overall survival seen in patients with stage IIIB non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) undergoing surgical resection, compared to chemo-radiation only.

ASCO: Mortality for childhood cancer survivors continues to decline

ASCO: Mortality for childhood cancer survivors continues to decline

Fewer childhood cancer survivors die of 'late effects' from radiation and chemotherapy, according to recent research.

ASCO: New strategies promising for chronic-lymphocytic leukemia and non-Hodgkin lymphoma

ASCO: New strategies promising for chronic-lymphocytic leukemia and non-Hodgkin lymphoma

Two new targeted treatments slow progression of chronic-lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) and non-Hodgkin's lymphoma.

ASCO: Palbociclib increases survival for HR+ metastatic breast cancer

ASCO: Palbociclib increases survival for HR+ metastatic breast cancer

Adding palbociclib to standard hormone therapy may be more beneficial than hormone therapy alone for HR+/HER2− breast cancer, according to a new study.

ASCO: Additional tissue removal reduces further breast cancer surgery

ASCO: Additional tissue removal reduces further breast cancer surgery

Removing extra tissue can halve the chances of requiring a second surgery in breast cancer.

ASCO: Lymph node surgery not best option for all melanoma patients

ASCO: Lymph node surgery not best option for all melanoma patients

For some patients with advanced melanoma, surgical removal of the lymph nodes surrounding their tumor may not be needed.

Mediterranean diet could lessen endometrial cancer risk

Mediterranean diet could lessen endometrial cancer risk

Women who followed a Mediterranean-style diet saw a significant reduction in their risk of endometrial cancer, according to a new study.

ASCO: PD-1 immunotherapy beneficial for patients with NSCLC

ASCO: PD-1 immunotherapy beneficial for patients with NSCLC

Fewer side effects, longer survival for nivolumab versus docetaxel seen in patients with non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC).

Breastfeeding linked to lower childhood leukemia risk

Breastfeeding linked to lower childhood leukemia risk

One more potential benefit for breastfed babies, research suggests, is a lowered risk of childhood leukemia.

HSV-derived immunotherapy promising to treat advanced melanoma

HSV-derived immunotherapy promising to treat advanced melanoma

A genetically engineered form of the herpes virus is showing promise in slowing melanoma progression, according to research published online.

CDC: Smoking rates drop in many U.S. states

CDC: Smoking rates drop in many U.S. states

Government estimates show smoking reduced in roughly half of U.S. states, but some people may be using alternative tobacco products in addition to cigarettes.

A positive family history alone may not affect breast cancer outcomes

A positive family history alone may not affect breast cancer outcomes

No difference seen in distant disease-free intervals for those with versus those without a positive family history, say researchers.

New care advice issued for cancer screening

New care advice issued for cancer screening

Review of guidelines and evidence provides advice for screening for five common types of cancer.

Oncologist's recommendations and motivation package spur exercise for cancer patients

Oncologist's recommendations and motivation package spur exercise for cancer patients

An oncologist's exercise recommendations coupled with an exercise motivation package can greatly increase exercise participation by cancer survivors.

Dense breasts do not always correlate to high risk of interval cancer

Dense breasts do not always correlate to high risk of interval cancer

Five-year risk plus breast density can best identify women at high risk for interval cancer.

Teenage acne history linked to increased melanoma risk

Teenage acne history linked to increased melanoma risk

After adjustment for known risk factors, an increased relative risk exists for women with history of acne.

ASCO: Docetaxel with hormone therapy may improve outcomes

ASCO: Docetaxel with hormone therapy may improve outcomes

Combination of docetaxel and hormone therapy can extend life by almost a year for prostate cancer patients, according to new research.

Breast cancer survivors can benefit from weight lifting

Breast cancer survivors can benefit from weight lifting

Slowly progressive weight lifting can reduce incidence of physical function deterioration.

ASCO: Nicotinamide could help prevent non-melanoma skin cancer

ASCO: Nicotinamide could help prevent non-melanoma skin cancer

A preliminary Australian study saw association between nicotinamide and lower rates of non-melanoma skin cancers.

A multimodal strategy improves detection in ovarian cancer

A multimodal strategy improves detection in ovarian cancer

Screening using risk of ovarian cancer algorithm linked to increased number of screen-detected iEOCs.

Childhood cancer survivors may be at risk for later obesity

Childhood cancer survivors may be at risk for later obesity

Certain cancer treatments can be linked to later weight gain.

Nearly 17 million gain health coverage via ACA

Nearly 17 million gain health coverage via ACA

Most Americans under age 65 experienced no change in their insurance provider, according to a research report by the Rand Corporation.

CDC: Cancer screening rates fall below Healthy People targets

CDC: Cancer screening rates fall below Healthy People targets

The U.S. Centers for Disease Control has stated that colorectal, breast, and cervical cancer screening rates do not meet the Healthy People 2020 targets.

Odds of survival improving for women with ovarian cancer

Odds of survival improving for women with ovarian cancer

Women diagnosed with ovarian cancer today are 50 percent less likely to die than they were in the 1970s.

Patients with prostate cancer receiving hormone therapy may benefit from statins

Patients with prostate cancer receiving hormone therapy may benefit from statins

Statin use may slow prostate cancer progression in patients receiving androgen deprivation therapy, but more trials are needed to confirm benefits, researchers say.

Change in telomeres may forecast cancer risk

Change in telomeres may forecast cancer risk

DNA changes that may signal the development of cancer, long before a standard diagnosis is typically made, have been identified.

USPSTF: More data needed on e-cigarette effectiveness as cessation aid

USPSTF: More data needed on e-cigarette effectiveness as cessation aid

More and better data is needed, U.S. Preventive Services Task Force says, to determine whether electronic cigarettes can help traditional smokers quit the habit.

Infertile men at a greater risk for all cancers

Infertile men at a greater risk for all cancers

Compared with the vasectomy and control groups, infertile men had a higher risk of testis cancer, non-Hodgkin lymphoma, and all cancers.

Sunlight deficiency may increase risk of pancreatic tumors

Sunlight deficiency may increase risk of pancreatic tumors

Individuals who live in regions with low sunlight may have a higher risk of pancreatic cancer, and shortage of vitamin D may be to blame.

Special research update for 2014 presented for gastroenterology

Special research update for 2014 presented for gastroenterology

In the update, authors summarize 2014 studies that are highly relevant to gastroenterology, including esophageal diseases, pancreatic cancer, and colorectal cancer.

Physicians show poor adherence to cervical cancer screening guidelines

Physicians show poor adherence to cervical cancer screening guidelines

Many clinicians screen for cervical cancer too early or too often, data suggests.

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