Generic meds may boost survival in some early breast cancers

Generic meds may boost survival in some early breast cancers

More evidence that two classes of generic drugs (aromatase inhibitors and bisphosphonates) reduce the risk of death in early breast cancer.

CDC: Affordable Care Act may have increased uptake for preventive care

CDC: Affordable Care Act may have increased uptake for preventive care

Insurance is a major factor in determining receipt of preventive services.

Universal health literacy precautions recommended to assist patient understanding

Universal health literacy precautions recommended to assist patient understanding

Issued precautions include avoiding medical jargon and breaking down information into small steps, to increase proper reception of patient information.

Low-risk prostate cancer cases often upgraded at prostatectomy

Low-risk prostate cancer cases often upgraded at prostatectomy

A recent study indicates a high rate of clinical upgrading at prostatectomy, based on over ten thousand patients reviewed.

Few U.S. states mandate HPV vaccination

Few U.S. states mandate HPV vaccination

Immunization protects against sexually transmitted disease and certain cancers, health experts say, but only two U.S. states mandate vaccination.

Prenatal genetic tests useful for identification of maternal cancers

Prenatal genetic tests useful for identification of maternal cancers

Abnormal findings on early test don't always indicate birth defects, researchers say, but could instead indicate cancer.

Polled parents see more benefits in vaccination

Polled parents see more benefits in vaccination

Reports on outbreaks of measles, pertussis in past year may have shifted opinions on vaccination.

Iressa for EGFR metastatic lung cancer approved by FDA

Iressa for EGFR+ metastatic lung cancer approved by FDA

New companion diagnostic kit can identify candidates

Areas of United States found to have excessive colorectal cancer mortality

Areas of United States found to have excessive colorectal cancer mortality

Areas of the U.S. with higher colorectal cancer rates include parts of the Mississippi Delta, Appalachia, and eastern Virginia.

New ACC/AHA guidelines deemed better for identifying statin candidates

New ACC/AHA guidelines deemed better for identifying statin candidates

New guidelines released by the American College of Cardiology (ACC) and the American Heart Association (AHA) would have 13 million more Americans taking the cholesterol drugs, experts say.

CDC: Americans not eating enough fruits or vegetables

CDC: Americans not eating enough fruits or vegetables

Report authors have called for widespread action to promote fruits and vegetables in the average diet.

Regular mammograms may cause widespread overdiagnosis

Regular mammograms may cause widespread overdiagnosis

No significant difference in breast cancer deaths seen in counties with higher screening and detection rates.

Surveillance being utilized more for prostate cancer

Surveillance being utilized more for prostate cancer

Many men with low-risk disease being spared prostatectomy, radiation, and androgen deprivation monotherapy in favor of active surveillance.

ASTRO guidelines for endometrial cancer endorsed by ASCO

ASTRO guidelines for endometrial cancer endorsed by ASCO

Qualifications to guidelines include stronger statements in favor of chemotherapy in some cases.

Citrus consumption may increase risk of melanoma

Citrus consumption may increase risk of melanoma

Researchers suspect compounds in citrus may sensitize skin to sunlight and thereby increase melanoma risk, but further study is required.

Robotic surgery safe for morbidly obese patients with endometrial cancer

Robotic surgery safe for morbidly obese patients with endometrial cancer

Use of robotic surgery showed no differences in blood loss, complication rates, or survival between morbidly obese and lower-weight patients.

Saliva and blood tests may help detect head and neck cancers early

Saliva and blood tests may help detect head and neck cancers early

Study shows potential for noninvasive tumor detection for head and neck cancer.

Age-adjusted comorbidity score stratifies mortality in prostate cancer

Age-adjusted comorbidity score stratifies mortality in prostate cancer

Age-adjusted prostate cancer-specific comorbidity index is strongly predictive of other-cause mortality, according to recent study data.

Viagra and other erectile dysfunction medications not found to increase melanoma risk

Viagra and other erectile dysfunction medications not found to increase melanoma risk

Slightly higher odds of melanoma for men on erectile dysfunction (ED) drugs were recorded, but lifestyles are probable culprit.

Yearly CT scan may adequately monitor lung nodules

Yearly CT scan may adequately monitor lung nodules

For patients with non-solid lung nodules of any size, annual computed tomography scans may be enough to monitor their condition.

Subsidies for Affordable Care Act upheld by SCOTUS

Subsidies for Affordable Care Act upheld by SCOTUS

U.S. Supreme Court ruling preserves tax credits for 6.4 million people in 34 states.

Yoga and meditation can ease menopausal symptoms following breast cancer

Yoga and meditation can ease menopausal symptoms following breast cancer

Randomized trial shows beneficial effect for yoga combined with meditation in breast cancer survivors.

FDA and partners crack down on sale of illegal meds

FDA and partners crack down on sale of illegal meds

International effort takes aim at more than 1,050 websites that sell fraudulent medical devices or medications.

Embryo cryopreservation possible for women with breast cancer

Embryo cryopreservation possible for women with breast cancer

Embryo cryopreservation after aromatase inhibitor treatment and ovarian stimulation preserves fertility for patients with breast cancer, according to a study published online.

Medical identity theft is on the rise

Medical identity theft is on the rise

Increase of 21.7 percent in incidents was seen since last Ponemon Institute report; theft is costly to consumers.

Better detection rate of higher-quality colonoscopies yield patient benefits

Better detection rate of higher-quality colonoscopies yield patient benefits

Higher-quality colonoscopies, which need not be more expensive, are linked to lower colorectal cancer risk.

Breast-conserving therapy rates are slowly rising

Breast-conserving therapy rates are slowly rising

The number of patients that undergo breast-conserving therapy (BCT) has risen slowly in recent years, but many with early-stage disease still choose mastectomy.

Cancer-specific mortality higher in HIV-infected cancer patients

Cancer-specific mortality higher in HIV-infected cancer patients

HIV has been linked to increased risk for colorectal, lung, skin, and breast cancers, independent of treatment.

Sleep quality impacts breast cancer survival

Sleep quality impacts breast cancer survival

Poor sleep and snoring before breast cancer diagnosis is tied to poor survival outcomes.

Half of U.S. cancer deaths can be linked to smoking

Half of U.S. cancer deaths can be linked to smoking

Eighty percent of lung cancer deaths linked to smoking, researchers say, and the mortality rate of several other cancers is also strongly impacted by smoking status.

Venous thromboembolism rates low following colorectal surgery

Venous thromboembolism rates low following colorectal surgery

Increases in perioperative and postoperative prophylaxis does not seem to cause a rise in venous thromboembolism rates.

Cardiac dysfunction in childhood cancer survivors reviewed

Cardiac dysfunction in childhood cancer survivors reviewed

Long-term childhood cancer survivors have greater prevalence of abnormal global longitudinal strain and diastolic function.

CMS: Hospital Charges for Common Procedures Increase

CMS: Hospital Charges for Common Procedures Increase

The prices hospitals charge patients for a number of common procedures rose over 10 percent between 2011 and 2013, more than twice the rate of inflation, but charges billed to Medicare remained the same.

Maternal plasma cell-free DNA sequencing enables early tumor detection

Maternal plasma cell-free DNA sequencing enables early tumor detection

Incorporating maternal plasma cell-free DNA into routine noninvasive prenatal testing (NIPT) could aid early detection of maternal tumors, according to study data.

Evidence for screening mammography for women in their 40s remains limited

Evidence for screening mammography for women in their 40s remains limited

A new research review indicates that breast screening in the 40s may not prevent breast cancer deaths, but the conclusion among researchers wasn't unanimous.

ASCO: Melanoma rates increasing for young Americans

ASCO: Melanoma rates increasing for young Americans

Study results indicate that melanoma rates are on the risk for the young in the United States; women account for two-thirds of cases, likely due to unsafe tanning.

Surgery the best choice for some stage IIIB NSCLC patients

Surgery the best choice for some stage IIIB NSCLC patients

Longer overall survival seen in patients with stage IIIB non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) undergoing surgical resection, compared to chemo-radiation only.

ASCO: Mortality for childhood cancer survivors continues to decline

ASCO: Mortality for childhood cancer survivors continues to decline

Fewer childhood cancer survivors die of 'late effects' from radiation and chemotherapy, according to recent research.

ASCO: New strategies promising for chronic-lymphocytic leukemia and non-Hodgkin lymphoma

ASCO: New strategies promising for chronic-lymphocytic leukemia and non-Hodgkin lymphoma

Two new targeted treatments slow progression of chronic-lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) and non-Hodgkin's lymphoma.

ASCO: Palbociclib increases survival for HR+ metastatic breast cancer

ASCO: Palbociclib increases survival for HR+ metastatic breast cancer

Adding palbociclib to standard hormone therapy may be more beneficial than hormone therapy alone for HR+/HER2− breast cancer, according to a new study.

ASCO: Additional tissue removal reduces further breast cancer surgery

ASCO: Additional tissue removal reduces further breast cancer surgery

Removing extra tissue can halve the chances of requiring a second surgery in breast cancer.

ASCO: Lymph node surgery not best option for all melanoma patients

ASCO: Lymph node surgery not best option for all melanoma patients

For some patients with advanced melanoma, surgical removal of the lymph nodes surrounding their tumor may not be needed.

Mediterranean diet could lessen endometrial cancer risk

Mediterranean diet could lessen endometrial cancer risk

Women who followed a Mediterranean-style diet saw a significant reduction in their risk of endometrial cancer, according to a new study.

ASCO: PD-1 immunotherapy beneficial for patients with NSCLC

ASCO: PD-1 immunotherapy beneficial for patients with NSCLC

Fewer side effects, longer survival for nivolumab versus docetaxel seen in patients with non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC).

Breastfeeding linked to lower childhood leukemia risk

Breastfeeding linked to lower childhood leukemia risk

One more potential benefit for breastfed babies, research suggests, is a lowered risk of childhood leukemia.

HSV-derived immunotherapy promising to treat advanced melanoma

HSV-derived immunotherapy promising to treat advanced melanoma

A genetically engineered form of the herpes virus is showing promise in slowing melanoma progression, according to research published online.

CDC: Smoking rates drop in many U.S. states

CDC: Smoking rates drop in many U.S. states

Government estimates show smoking reduced in roughly half of U.S. states, but some people may be using alternative tobacco products in addition to cigarettes.

A positive family history alone may not affect breast cancer outcomes

A positive family history alone may not affect breast cancer outcomes

No difference seen in distant disease-free intervals for those with versus those without a positive family history, say researchers.

New care advice issued for cancer screening

New care advice issued for cancer screening

Review of guidelines and evidence provides advice for screening for five common types of cancer.

Oncologist's recommendations and motivation package spur exercise for cancer patients

Oncologist's recommendations and motivation package spur exercise for cancer patients

An oncologist's exercise recommendations coupled with an exercise motivation package can greatly increase exercise participation by cancer survivors.

Dense breasts do not always correlate to high risk of interval cancer

Dense breasts do not always correlate to high risk of interval cancer

Five-year risk plus breast density can best identify women at high risk for interval cancer.

Teenage acne history linked to increased melanoma risk

Teenage acne history linked to increased melanoma risk

After adjustment for known risk factors, an increased relative risk exists for women with history of acne.

ASCO: Docetaxel with hormone therapy may improve outcomes

ASCO: Docetaxel with hormone therapy may improve outcomes

Combination of docetaxel and hormone therapy can extend life by almost a year for prostate cancer patients, according to new research.

Breast cancer survivors can benefit from weight lifting

Breast cancer survivors can benefit from weight lifting

Slowly progressive weight lifting can reduce incidence of physical function deterioration.

ASCO: Nicotinamide could help prevent non-melanoma skin cancer

ASCO: Nicotinamide could help prevent non-melanoma skin cancer

A preliminary Australian study saw association between nicotinamide and lower rates of non-melanoma skin cancers.

A multimodal strategy improves detection in ovarian cancer

A multimodal strategy improves detection in ovarian cancer

Screening using risk of ovarian cancer algorithm linked to increased number of screen-detected iEOCs.

Childhood cancer survivors may be at risk for later obesity

Childhood cancer survivors may be at risk for later obesity

Certain cancer treatments can be linked to later weight gain.

Nearly 17 million gain health coverage via ACA

Nearly 17 million gain health coverage via ACA

Most Americans under age 65 experienced no change in their insurance provider, according to a research report by the Rand Corporation.

CDC: Cancer screening rates fall below Healthy People targets

CDC: Cancer screening rates fall below Healthy People targets

The U.S. Centers for Disease Control has stated that colorectal, breast, and cervical cancer screening rates do not meet the Healthy People 2020 targets.

Odds of survival mproving for women with ovarian cancer

Odds of survival mproving for women with ovarian cancer

Women diagnosed with ovarian cancer today are 50 percent less likely to die than they were in the 1970s.

Patients with prostate cancer receiving hormone therapy may benefit from statins

Patients with prostate cancer receiving hormone therapy may benefit from statins

Statin use may slow prostate cancer progression in patients receiving androgen deprivation therapy, but more trials are needed to confirm benefits, researchers say.

Change in telomeres may forecast cancer risk

Change in telomeres may forecast cancer risk

DNA changes that may signal the development of cancer, long before a standard diagnosis is typically made, have been identified.

USPSTF: More data needed on e-cigarette effectiveness as cessation aid

USPSTF: More data needed on e-cigarette effectiveness as cessation aid

More and better data is needed, U.S. Preventive Services Task Force says, to determine whether electronic cigarettes can help traditional smokers quit the habit.

Infertile men at a greater risk for all cancers

Infertile men at a greater risk for all cancers

Compared with the vasectomy and control groups, infertile men had a higher risk of testis cancer, non-Hodgkin lymphoma, and all cancers.

Sunlight deficiency may increase risk of pancreatic tumors

Sunlight deficiency may increase risk of pancreatic tumors

Individuals who live in regions with low sunlight may have a higher risk of pancreatic cancer, and shortage of vitamin D may be to blame.

Special research update for 2014 presented for gastroenterology

Special research update for 2014 presented for gastroenterology

In the update, authors summarize 2014 studies that are highly relevant to gastroenterology, including esophageal diseases, pancreatic cancer, and colorectal cancer.

Physicians show poor adherence to cervical cancer screening guidelines

Physicians show poor adherence to cervical cancer screening guidelines

Many clinicians screen for cervical cancer too early or too often, data suggests.

Statin use associated with improved lung cancer survival

Statin use associated with improved lung cancer survival

The use of statins for a year before a diagnosis of lung cancer is associated with a lower risk of cancer-specific mortality, but more research is needed.

Intense exercise may decrease non-Hodgkin lymphoma risk

Intense exercise may decrease non-Hodgkin lymphoma risk

Intense physical activity throughout life is linked to a 30 percent reduction in risk.

Nipple preservation during mastectomy doesn't change recurrence rates

Nipple preservation during mastectomy doesn't change recurrence rates

Survival and recurrence rates show little difference in women who undergo full breast removal as opposed to retaining the nipple during the procedure.

New lung cancer drugs show promise in advanced disease

New lung cancer drugs show promise in advanced disease

Two experimental medications target mutation that fuels treatment resistance in lung cancer.

Study examines variability in measures of breast density

Study examines variability in measures of breast density

Lowest variability seen in Volpara and Quantra; higher variability for Cumulus ABD and CumulusV methods.

Colon cancer risk markers appear soon after diet change

Colon cancer risk markers appear soon after diet change

More polyps and other markers of colon tumor risk were soon seen in those switching to a 'Western' style diet.

Capsule colonoscopy an adequate alternative when traditional colonoscopy not possible

Capsule colonoscopy an adequate alternative when traditional colonoscopy not possible

In an average-risk screening population, capsule colonoscopy seems adequate for patients who cannot undergo colonoscopy or who had incomplete colonoscopies.

ACP encourages ban on flavorings and ads for e-cigarettes

ACP encourages ban on flavorings and ads for e-cigarettes

The ACP has released a position paper suggesting the FDA adopt e-cigarette ad and flavoring bans; backers of devices say bans may drive some smokers back to cigarettes.

Under- and over-imaging suspected in prostate cancer care

Under- and over-imaging suspected in prostate cancer care

For men with nonmetastatic castration resistant prostate cancer with a negative bone scan after diagnosis, factors associated with a second bone scan include higher PSA, shorter PSA doubling time, and faster PSA velocity; but under- and over-imaging may also be a factor.

AACR: Metformin benefit not seen in pancreatic ductal cancer

AACR: Metformin benefit not seen in pancreatic ductal cancer

A new study finds the medication doesn't increase survival rates for patients with pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma.

USPSTF: Mammography guidelines revisited

USPSTF: Mammography guidelines revisited

Women in their 40s should make an informed personal decision, say the new draft guidelines.

Apple HealthKit app aids patient-clinician dialog

Apple HealthKit app aids patient-clinician dialog

Available mobile apps allow doctors to use HealthKit data and keep patient records up to date.

Call for genetic cancer testing to include normal tissue

Call for genetic cancer testing to include normal tissue

Current practice of only focusing on tumor samples in genetic tests might adversely affect care, according to some researchers.

Statin use inversely linked to risk of pancreatic cancer

Statin use inversely linked to risk of pancreatic cancer

Risk reduction appears sex specific, with significant reduction seen for men, but not women.

Health record breaches up over the past decade

Health record breaches up over the past decade

Researchers call for enhanced security as more patient information is stored online.

Aspirin use does not reduce prostate cancer mortality

Aspirin use does not reduce prostate cancer mortality

Post-diagnostic aspirin use is not associated with a decreased risk of prostate cancer outcomes, according to study data.

AACR: Pembrolizumab promising for advanced lung cancer treatment

AACR: Pembrolizumab promising for advanced lung cancer treatment

Keytruda (pembrolizumab) is already approved to treat melanoma, but may be helpful in treating patients with advanced non-small-cell lung cancer, according to preliminary study findings.

AACR: Regular aspirin use associated with decreased GI cancer risk

AACR: Regular aspirin use associated with decreased GI cancer risk

Taking aspirin regularly may help prevent gastrointestinal cancers, a new study suggests, with the greater benefit seen when taking it over many years.

In-person examination important for skin cancer detection

In-person examination important for skin cancer detection

Most frequently biopsied incidental malignancies were seen on the head and neck.

Medical debt burden higher in Texas and Florida

Medical debt burden higher in Texas and Florida

California and New York fully expanded Medicaid coverage under ACA, but Texas and Florida did not.

Art program boosts medical students' visual observation skills

Art program boosts medical students' visual observation skills

An art-based learning approach can help students become better at observation and appreciate the importance of communication.

MRI could be useful pancreatic cancer screen for high-risk patients

MRI could be useful pancreatic cancer screen for high-risk patients

New research indicates that magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) might have a role in early detection for those at high genetic risk of pancreatic cancer.

Higher cancer care costs observed for uninsured patients

Higher cancer care costs observed for uninsured patients

Chemotherapy fees for uninsured patients can be 43 times more than those seen for insured patients.

Periocular basal cell carcinomas exhibit fast growth rates

Periocular basal cell carcinomas exhibit fast growth rates

Faster growth rate for basal cell carcinomas is seen in association with recurrent tumors, larger tumors at presentation, and male sex.

Likelihood not to return to work after head and neck cancer treatment is high

Likelihood not to return to work after head and neck cancer treatment is high

Current unemployment for head and neck cancer survivors linked to harder physical work, surgical treatment, and risky alcohol consumption.

Breast cancer patients want, but may not get, genetic risk discussion

Breast cancer patients want, but may not get, genetic risk discussion

Although many patients with breast cancer are concerned about genetic risk for other cancer types, almost half don't have conversation with doctor about potential for future problems.

Women overweight in youth could face greater colorectal cancer risk

Women overweight in youth could face greater colorectal cancer risk

Study results indicate that body size in childhood may influence cancer risk decades later.

Fish oil may interfere with chemotherapy

Fish oil may interfere with chemotherapy

Research suggests supplements, and certain fish, might reduce the effects of chemotherapy.

Survivors of childhood cancer suffer chronic conditions

Survivors of childhood cancer suffer chronic conditions

An estimated 388,501 survivors of childhood cancer are living in the United States today and nearly one-third of them have a severe, disabling, or life-threatening condition, according to a new study.

Recommendations for prevention of ovarian cancer released

Recommendations for prevention of ovarian cancer released

Oral contraceptive use, tubal sterilization, and genetic testing and counseling recommended by the Society of Gynecologic Oncology.

Difficulty swallowing can lead patients to modify medication dosage forms

Difficulty swallowing can lead patients to modify medication dosage forms

Some consumers do not consult health professionals if they experience problems, before modifying meds.

Mobile health app use on the increase

Mobile health app use on the increase

More than one-third of doctors recommended mobile health apps to their patients in past year.

Steady decline in U.S. cancer rates observed

Steady decline in U.S. cancer rates observed

An annual report shows steady, if slow, progress in the battle against cancer.

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