Comorbidities

Cancer Risk Higher in Patients With Heart Failure After a First Heart Attack

Cancer Risk Higher in Patients With Heart Failure After a First Heart Attack

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The risk of developing cancer increases in people who experience heart failure after their first heart attack compared with people who experience no heart failure after their first heart attack.

U.S. Cancer Survivors Aging, Battling Other Chronic Conditions

U.S. Cancer Survivors Aging, Battling Other Chronic Conditions

Likelihood of other chronic conditions will stress health care system in next two decades, as more patients with cancer live longer.

Autologous Stem Cell Transplant Safe as Standard of Care in Patients With HIV-Associated Lymphoma

Autologous Stem Cell Transplant Safe as Standard of Care in Patients With HIV-Associated Lymphoma

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Recent results from a multicenter, phase 2 trial suggest that patients with HIV and aggressive lymphoma should receive autologous stem cell transplant as standard of care. Risk of serious complications after transplant in these patients is equal to that of patients without HIV.

Treating Patients With Cancer and Mental Health Disorders

Treating Patients With Cancer and Mental Health Disorders

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Serious mental illness can both challenge and compromise cancer care. To ensure these patients receive optimal cancer care, the oncology team should include the patient's mental health care team.

Up to One-Quarter of Patients With Lung Cancer Ineligible for Immunotherapy

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Fourteen percent to 25% of patients with lung cancer also have autoimmune disease. This comorbidity could make them unsuitable candidates for immunotherapy.

Recent Cancer Diagnoses May Coincide With Mental Health Comorbidities

Recent Cancer Diagnoses May Coincide With Mental Health Comorbidities

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Having a recent cancer diagnosis is associated with an increased risk for some mental health disorders and increased use of psychiatric medications.

Previous Cancers Linked to Higher Rates for Death and New Cancers in Organ Transplantation Recipients

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People who had had cancer before an organ transplant are more likely to die of any cause or of cancer, or to develop a new cancer than people had not had cancer before an organ transplant.

Chronic HBV Treatment Linked to Increased Rates of Colorectal and Cervical Cancer

Chronic HBV Treatment Linked to Increased Rates of Colorectal and Cervical Cancer

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A potential link between long-term oral treatment with nucleos(t)ide analogues for chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) and an increased risk of colorectal and cervical cancers was demonstrated.

Breast Cancer Therapy and Cardiotoxicity Risk in Older Women

Breast Cancer Therapy and Cardiotoxicity Risk in Older Women

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A study examined the relation between various forms of breast cancer therapies and risk of congestive heart failure.

Understanding Mental Issues in Patients With Cancer and Caregivers

Understanding Mental Issues in Patients With Cancer and Caregivers

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Navigators need to be aware of the signs and symptoms of cognitive and emotional distress and be able to determine which patients and family members need to be managed more closely.

Lung Cancer Screening Criteria Need to Recognize Differences in Smoking Patterns of African Americans

Lung Cancer Screening Criteria Need to Recognize Differences in Smoking Patterns of African Americans

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Screening for lung cancer may have a disparity between African Americans and whites due to differences in smoking habits.

Inflammatory Bowel Disease Can be Managed With Anti-TNF Therapy in Cancer Survivors

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Patients who have had cancer recently can still be treated with antibodies against tumor necrosis factor for inflammatory bowel disease.

High-risk HPV Infection Increases Risk for Anal Cancer

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Anal cancer is associated with human papillomavirus (HPV) infection, and some women are at increased likelihood of have both diseases.

Elderly Patients With Head and Neck Cancer Benefit From Chemoradiation

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Adding chemotherapy to radiation therapy improves survival among elderly patients—age 71 to 79 years—with head and neck cancers, low comorbidity scores, and advanced-stage disease.

HIV and Cancer: Dual Diagnosis Compounds Challenges in Coping

HIV and Cancer: Dual Diagnosis Compounds Challenges in Coping

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Each of these diagnoses has many implications for both nurses and patients. When combined, nurses need to anticipate that these patients may have greater psychosocial challenges.

Lung Cancer Risk Higher in Heavy Smokers With Pneumonia

Lung Cancer Risk Higher in Heavy Smokers With Pneumonia

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Pneumonia may serve as an early warning sign for smokers, according to a recent study. The association between lung cancer and pneumonia is strongest for pneumonia in the upper lobe.

Expert Consensus Statement Guides Management of Cardiovascular Treatments for Patients With Cancer

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The Society for Cardiovascular Angiography and Interventions released an expert consensus statement providing guidance for managing the treatment of patients facing concomitant cardiovascular disease and cancer.

Palliative Care is Cost Effective for Cancer Patients, and Increases With Comorbidities

Palliative Care is Cost Effective for Cancer Patients, and Increases With Comorbidities

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Palliative care within 2 days of admission lowered costs for patients with cancer and comorbid conditions. In addition, early palliative care reduced direct hospital costs more for patients with a higher number of coexisting conditions.

Survivors of Childhood Cancer Affecting Vision Prone to Long-term Health Issues

Survivors of Childhood Cancer Affecting Vision Prone to Long-term Health Issues

Lifelong screening is recommended for survivors of childhood cancer that affects the vision, in order to detect issues early.

No Need to Exclude Patients With Renal Insufficiency From Clinical Trials

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Excluding patients with renal insufficiency but good performance status from clinical trials due to concern of excessive hematologic toxicity or poor outcomes may not be necessary with appropriate dosing modifications.

Considerable Subclinical Cardiac Disease in Adult Survivors of Childhood Cancer

Considerable Subclinical Cardiac Disease in Adult Survivors of Childhood Cancer

Exposure to anthracycline and heart radiation has been tied to higher odds of cardiac disease.

Postmenopausal Women With Periodontal Disease Have an Increased Risk of Developing Breast Cancer

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Postmenopausal women with periodontal disease are more likely to develop breast cancer than women who do not have the chronic inflammatory disease.

Study Identifies Main Risk Factors for Associated Lymphoma in Patients with Lymphomatoid Papulosis

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Lymphomatoid papulosis (LyP) is an indolent cutaneous lymphoma; however, prognosis is worse if LyP is associated with lymphoma. A review of FSGCL dermatology departments identifies main risk factors and frequency of associated lymphoma.

Health Disparities: Cancer Screening, Prevention, and Treatment in People With Mental Illness

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Health care system and societal factors are critical components leading to health disparities, as revealed in a new report that focuses on cancer in people with mental illness.

First Tool to Assess Impact of Co-illnesses in Young Cancer Patients

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Concurrent but unrelated diseases in AYAs with cancer have been identified and documented. The index measures the impact of comorbidities on health care services needs and the general health status of this patient population.

Lower Survival Rates in Women With Breast Cancer Diagnosed With Depression

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Risk of death from all causes is 45% higher in women with breast cancer and a subsequent diagnosis of depression, according to a recent study. This finding could help identify those women most at risk for depression and in need of support.

MS Pain Management in Patients With Cancer

MS Pain Management in Patients With Cancer

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What are the most effective treatments for MS pain in patients with co-existing cancer?

Comorbid conditions associated with worse lung cancer survival

Comorbid conditions associated with worse lung cancer survival

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Lung cancer patients with comorbid conditions, such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease or diabetes, had a greater risk of death than lung cancer patients without these conditions.

Erythropoietin plus radiation does not improve local-regional control in anemic patients with head and neck cancer

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The addition of erythropoietin did not improve local-regional control for anemic patients with head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) who receive radiation therapy.

Cervical cancer screenings important for young female patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD)

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Women with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) may be at increased risk of cervical dysplasia and cancer, according to a new study.

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