Cancer Prevention

Risk of Certain Cancers Found Lower in Nonsmokers Who Consume Coffee

Risk of Certain Cancers Found Lower in Nonsmokers Who Consume Coffee

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Researchers investigated the effect of drinking coffee on risk of several cancers, and in addition, the coffee drinkers were stratified by smoking status.

Breast Cancer Overdiagnosis Also a Result of Screening Mammography Programs

Breast Cancer Overdiagnosis Also a Result of Screening Mammography Programs

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Screening mammography programs increased early detection of tumors, improving outcomes for those women; however, these programs also increased detection of tumors that would never pose a clinical problem.

Study Questions Safety of E-cigarettes vs Regular Tobacco Cigarettes

Study Questions Safety of E-cigarettes vs Regular Tobacco Cigarettes

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E-cigarettes used with nicotine-based liquid have the same potential to produce cancer-causing DNA damage as unfiltered regular cigarettes.

The United States Services Task Force (USPSTF) Recommends Against Thyroid Cancer Screening

The United States Services Task Force (USPSTF) Recommends Against Thyroid Cancer Screening

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Although screening is often recommended as the first line of prevention for most cancers, recent recommendation from the USPSTF advises against thyroid cancer screening in nonsymptomatic adults.

Carvedilol, Some Beta Blockers Prevent UVB-induced Skin Cancer

Carvedilol, Some Beta Blockers Prevent UVB-induced Skin Cancer

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A common beta blocker, carvedilol, is found to have preventive properties against the sun-induced cell damage that leads to skin cancer.

ASCO Issues Global Guidance for HPV Vaccination for Cervical Cancer Prevention

ASCO Issues Global Guidance for HPV Vaccination for Cervical Cancer Prevention

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ASCO offers global recommendations for HPV vaccination tailored to structural resource levels of regions.

Parental Self-persuasion in Low-Income Groups Improves HPV Vaccination Rates

Parental Self-persuasion in Low-Income Groups Improves HPV Vaccination Rates

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Self-persuasion is more effective than external persuasion for motivating low-income parents to vaccinate their children against HPV.

Shared Decision-making Visits Improved Comfort With Lung Cancer Screening Decisions

Shared Decision-making Visits Improved Comfort With Lung Cancer Screening Decisions

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Patients were more comfortable with their decisions about lung cancer screening after a shared decision-making visit.

Colorectal Cancer in 2017: Incidence Rates Going Up in Younger Patients, Down in Older Patients

Colorectal Cancer in 2017: Incidence Rates Going Up in Younger Patients, Down in Older Patients

ACS colorectal cancer statistics show an overall decrease in incidence due to increases in screening rates; however, age-related incidence is trending up in younger persons, down in older persons.

E-cigarettes and Replacement Nicotine Therapy Safer Than Tobacco Use

E-cigarettes and Replacement Nicotine Therapy Safer Than Tobacco Use

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E-cigarettes and replacement nicotine therapy deposit fewer harmful chemicals in the body that smoking.

Customers Find Useful Information in Results from Direct-to-Consumer Genetic Testing

Customers Find Useful Information in Results from Direct-to-Consumer Genetic Testing

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Results of a series of Internet surveys revealed customers' perceptions of harms, benefits, and limitations of genetic information received from direct-to-consumer genetic testing.

Tobacco Counseling for Youth, Adults Reduces Smoking Prevalence

Tobacco Counseling for Youth, Adults Reduces Smoking Prevalence

Annual counseling could reduce prevalence and prevent many smoking-attributable fatalities.

Beach Umbrella Not Enough for Protection from UV Rays

Beach Umbrella Not Enough for Protection from UV Rays

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Comparison studied the effectiveness of sun protection offered by a beach umbrella alone with that of sunscreen with a high sun protection factor.

NSAIDs, Low-Dose Aspirin Best Options for Preventing Recurrent Adenomatous Colon Polyps

NSAIDs, Low-Dose Aspirin Best Options for Preventing Recurrent Adenomatous Colon Polyps

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Researchers compared the effectiveness of NSAIDs, aspirin, and several nutritional supplements for the prevention of recurrent adenomatous neoplasia after colon polyp removal.

Study Shows Effects of 2012 USPSTF Recommendation Against PSA Screening

Study Shows Effects of 2012 USPSTF Recommendation Against PSA Screening

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Researchers report on their evaluation of the impact of the 2012 USPSTF recommendation on volumes of prostate biopsy and radical prostatectomy.

New Recommendations for Secondary Prevention of Cervical Cancer

New Recommendations for Secondary Prevention of Cervical Cancer

HPV DNA testing recommended in all resource settings; HIV should undergo screening more often

Men With Genetic Risk of CRC May Lower Risk Via Healthy Lifestyle

Men With Genetic Risk of CRC May Lower Risk Via Healthy Lifestyle

Adopting healthy lifestyle can cut 25-year risk for the disease from 29 to 13 percent.

Analysis of Population Trends Shows Use of Electronic Cigarettes Increase Quit Success

Analysis of Population Trends Shows Use of Electronic Cigarettes Increase Quit Success

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An analysis of population trends in England demonstrated that use of electronic cigarettes improves the rate of successful quit attempts, but results in less use of prescription nicotine-replacement therapy products.

Calcium and Cancer Prevention (Fact Sheet)

Calcium and Cancer Prevention (Fact Sheet)

This fact sheets examines the sources of dietary calcium and possible links to cancer prevention.

Users Support Indoor Tanning Device Age Restrictions, Stronger Health Warnings, But Not Total Ban

Users Support Indoor Tanning Device Age Restrictions, Stronger Health Warnings, But Not Total Ban

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Three-quarters of young adult women who visit indoor tanning salons support stronger restrictions on their use.

Routine Pap Smears Improve Cervical Cancer Risk in Women Older Than 65 Years

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Despite confirmation of a link between routine Pap smear screening and a lower risk of developing cervical cancer in women older than 65 years, most US health guidelines discourage older women from undergoing routine Pap smears unless they have pre-existing risk factors.

HPV Vaccination Program Reduces Cervical Cell Anomalies in Young Women

HPV Vaccination Program Reduces Cervical Cell Anomalies in Young Women

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Fewer cervical cell anomalies were present on cervical cancer screens of young women in Canada who received the HPV vaccine through a school-based program.

Annual Follow-up With Low-Dose CT Is Sufficient for Some Lung Nodules

Annual Follow-up With Low-Dose CT Is Sufficient for Some Lung Nodules

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For nonsolid nodules identified by CT screening for lung cancer, annual screening with low-dose CT can eliminate the need for biopsy or surgery.

Most US Cancer Prevention Guidelines Lack Information Needed for Care Decisions

Most US Cancer Prevention Guidelines Lack Information Needed for Care Decisions

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Most US cancer prevention and screening recommendations do not provide adequate information for making informed care decisions.

CDC: Most HPV-Linked Cancers Are Preventable

CDC: Most HPV-Linked Cancers Are Preventable

Cervical cancer, and oropharyngeal cancers in men, account for most HPV-associated cancers.

Broccoli Sprout Extracts May Prevent Recurrence of Some Oral Cancers

Broccoli Sprout Extracts May Prevent Recurrence of Some Oral Cancers

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Beverages derived from broccoli sprout extracts were found to have preclinical chemopreventive activity against oral cancer induced by carcinogens.

Bacteria in Breast Tissue May Protect Against Breast Cancer

Bacteria in Breast Tissue May Protect Against Breast Cancer

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Bacteria differ between healthy breasts and those with cancer, and beneficial bacteria may actually be protecting women against cancer; a finding that may lead to using probiotics to prevent breast cancer.

Walnut Consumption Changes Gut Microbiome, Decreases Growth of Colon Cancer in Mice

Walnut Consumption Changes Gut Microbiome, Decreases Growth of Colon Cancer in Mice

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Consumption of walnuts reduced the growth of colon cancer. Researchers saw a reduction in tumor growth in mice that ate the equivalent of approximately 1 ounce of walnuts a day.

Cell Changes in Fallopian Tubes of BRCA Mutation Carriers May Lead to Strategies for Preventing Ovarian Cancer

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Recognition of early changes in the Fallopian tube cells of BRCA gene mutation carriers may be key to new strategies for preventing ovarian cancer that could also reduce the need for invasive surgery.

Research Shows Potential for Breast Cancer Prevention in BRCA1-Driven Tumors

Research Shows Potential for Breast Cancer Prevention in BRCA1-Driven Tumors

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The drug denosumab, which blocks a bone gene, may also prevent breast cancer caused by a BRCA1 mutation. This already approved drug could be available quickly, and would be the first drug for breast cancer prevention.

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