An analysis of population trends in England demonstrated that use of electronic cigarettes improves the rate of successful quit attempts, but results in less use of prescription nicotine-replacement therapy products.
This fact sheets examines the sources of dietary calcium and possible links to cancer prevention.
Three-quarters of young adult women who visit indoor tanning salons support stronger restrictions on their use.
Despite confirmation of a link between routine Pap smear screening and a lower risk of developing cervical cancer in women older than 65 years, most US health guidelines discourage older women from undergoing routine Pap smears unless they have pre-existing risk factors.
Fewer cervical cell anomalies were present on cervical cancer screens of young women in Canada who received the HPV vaccine through a school-based program.
For nonsolid nodules identified by CT screening for lung cancer, annual screening with low-dose CT can eliminate the need for biopsy or surgery.
Most US cancer prevention and screening recommendations do not provide adequate information for making informed care decisions.
Cervical cancer, and oropharyngeal cancers in men, account for most HPV-associated cancers.
Beverages derived from broccoli sprout extracts were found to have preclinical chemopreventive activity against oral cancer induced by carcinogens.
Bacteria differ between healthy breasts and those with cancer, and beneficial bacteria may actually be protecting women against cancer; a finding that may lead to using probiotics to prevent breast cancer.
Consumption of walnuts reduced the growth of colon cancer. Researchers saw a reduction in tumor growth in mice that ate the equivalent of approximately 1 ounce of walnuts a day.
Cell Changes in Fallopian Tubes of BRCA Mutation Carriers May Lead to Strategies for Preventing Ovarian CancerJune 13, 2016
Recognition of early changes in the Fallopian tube cells of BRCA gene mutation carriers may be key to new strategies for preventing ovarian cancer that could also reduce the need for invasive surgery.
The drug denosumab, which blocks a bone gene, may also prevent breast cancer caused by a BRCA1 mutation. This already approved drug could be available quickly, and would be the first drug for breast cancer prevention.
What are the practical considerations for implementing a lung cancer screening program in a health care system? This question was addressed by Abbie Begnaud, MD, assistant professor, pulmonary, critical care, University of Minnesota, in a presentation at the 2016 ASCO Annual Meeting.
To improve patient comfort during full-body skin cancer screenings, dermatologists should respect patients' preferences for the gender of the examining clinician and for how the genital area is examined.
Effect of Childbirth on Risk of Ovarian Cancer Diminishes With Age, But Effect of Oral Contraceptive Use Is ConstantMay 09, 2016
Prior oral contraceptive use is associated with reduced risk for ovarian cancer among women of all ages; however, risk reductions associated with childbirth wane as women age
Prophylactic nipple-sparing mastectomy is as effective at preventing breast cancer as more invasive surgeries, according to a multi-institution study.
Smokers who visit a clinician for lung cancer screening should also be encouraged to quit smoking at that visit. Evidence-based behavioral strategies should be used, at each visit, to motivate smokers to quit.
USPSTF Releases Updated Recommendations for Aspirin Use to Prevent Cardiovascular Disease and Colorectal CancerApril 18, 2016
The US Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) updated its recommendations on low-dose aspirin use for the primary prevention of CVD and the use of aspirin and NSAIDs for prevention of CRC.
Hormone Replacement Therapy Improves Bone Mineral Loss After Salpingo-oophorectomy for Ovarian CancerApril 11, 2016
In patients who undergo risk-reducing salpingo-oophorectomy, BMD screenings are underutilized in spite of the prevalence of bone mineral loss in this population. Hormone replacement therapy can address BMD loss in these women.
Researchers identified a cancer-causing gene triggered by alcohol use, providing a link between alcohol and breast cancer in cell-based research.
Most cancer prevention and screening recommendation statements fail to quantify benefits and harms or present them in an uneven manner, which might limit clinicians and patients in making informed decisions.
Many pediatricians and primary care physicians reported communicating about HPV vaccination with parents in ways that likely discourage them from having their children vaccinated.
This fact sheet defines radon and reviews radon-related cancer risks.
Bariatric surgery slashed the weight of obese women who are most at risk for cancer by one-third, produced a mean weight loss of more than 100 pounds, and eliminated precancerous uterine growths. It also improved physical quality of life, improved insulin levels and glucose use, and altered the composition of gut bacteria.
Having patients lie on their left side while examining the right side of their colon during a colonoscopy can result in more polyps being found, thus increasing the effectiveness of the screening technique.
Long-term, continuous use of low-dose aspirin and nonaspirin NSAIDs is associated with decreased colorectal cancer risk, according to the results of a population-based, case-control study.
A combination of clime and lack of proper protection has left many Iraq and Afghanistan veterans at a higher risk for skin cancer.
Fatalistic beliefs may affect completion of the human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine series in some areas of the United States.
Many men with low-risk disease being spared prostatectomy, radiation, and androgen deprivation monotherapy in favor of active surveillance.
- Novel Colonoscopy Prep Is Poised to Improve Screening Rates for Colon Cancer
- PPIs Negatively Impact Outcomes of Patients Treated With Capecitabine
- How Physical Changes From Breast Cancer Affect Self-Image: Considerations for Clinicians
- Panobinostat Modestly Improves OS in Relapsed Multiple Myeloma
- Short-Term Intervention May Have Long-term Diet Effect in Hispanic Breast Cancer Survivors
- Overall Benefits of Vaporized Nicotine Products Outweigh Harms, Says International Panel of Experts
- Sugar and Cancer: Mitigating the Affects of Diet on Cancer
- Nurse Residency Programs Can Impact Oncology Nursing Practice, Outcomes
- Implementing a Distress Screening Process for Cancer Patients
- Initiating Palliative Care in the Emergency Department
- Atypical Teratoid/rhabdoid Tumors: Challenges and Search for Solutions
- New Research Identifies Potential Bladder Cancer Chemotherapy Side Effect
- Pseudohyperkalemia: False Potassium Levels Occur in a Patient With Lymphoma
- Atezolizumab Granted FDA Approval for Specific Cases of NSCLC
- Low-Dose Sublingual Fentanyl Safe, Effective in Patients Receiving Lower Opioid Doses
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