Cancer Prevention

Study Shows Effects of 2012 USPSTF Recommendation Against PSA Screening

Study Shows Effects of 2012 USPSTF Recommendation Against PSA Screening

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Researchers report on their evaluation of the impact of the 2012 USPSTF recommendation on volumes of prostate biopsy and radical prostatectomy.

New Recommendations for Secondary Prevention of Cervical Cancer

New Recommendations for Secondary Prevention of Cervical Cancer

HPV DNA testing recommended in all resource settings; HIV should undergo screening more often

Men With Genetic Risk of CRC May Lower Risk Via Healthy Lifestyle

Men With Genetic Risk of CRC May Lower Risk Via Healthy Lifestyle

Adopting healthy lifestyle can cut 25-year risk for the disease from 29 to 13 percent.

Analysis of Population Trends Shows Use of Electronic Cigarettes Increase Quit Success

Analysis of Population Trends Shows Use of Electronic Cigarettes Increase Quit Success

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An analysis of population trends in England demonstrated that use of electronic cigarettes improves the rate of successful quit attempts, but results in less use of prescription nicotine-replacement therapy products.

Calcium and Cancer Prevention (Fact Sheet)

Calcium and Cancer Prevention (Fact Sheet)

This fact sheets examines the sources of dietary calcium and possible links to cancer prevention.

Users Support Indoor Tanning Device Age Restrictions, Stronger Health Warnings, But Not Total Ban

Users Support Indoor Tanning Device Age Restrictions, Stronger Health Warnings, But Not Total Ban

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Three-quarters of young adult women who visit indoor tanning salons support stronger restrictions on their use.

Routine Pap Smears Improve Cervical Cancer Risk in Women Older Than 65 Years

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Despite confirmation of a link between routine Pap smear screening and a lower risk of developing cervical cancer in women older than 65 years, most US health guidelines discourage older women from undergoing routine Pap smears unless they have pre-existing risk factors.

HPV Vaccination Program Reduces Cervical Cell Anomalies in Young Women

HPV Vaccination Program Reduces Cervical Cell Anomalies in Young Women

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Fewer cervical cell anomalies were present on cervical cancer screens of young women in Canada who received the HPV vaccine through a school-based program.

Annual Follow-up With Low-Dose CT Is Sufficient for Some Lung Nodules

Annual Follow-up With Low-Dose CT Is Sufficient for Some Lung Nodules

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For nonsolid nodules identified by CT screening for lung cancer, annual screening with low-dose CT can eliminate the need for biopsy or surgery.

Most US Cancer Prevention Guidelines Lack Information Needed for Care Decisions

Most US Cancer Prevention Guidelines Lack Information Needed for Care Decisions

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Most US cancer prevention and screening recommendations do not provide adequate information for making informed care decisions.

CDC: Most HPV-Linked Cancers Are Preventable

CDC: Most HPV-Linked Cancers Are Preventable

Cervical cancer, and oropharyngeal cancers in men, account for most HPV-associated cancers.

Broccoli Sprout Extracts May Prevent Recurrence of Some Oral Cancers

Broccoli Sprout Extracts May Prevent Recurrence of Some Oral Cancers

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Beverages derived from broccoli sprout extracts were found to have preclinical chemopreventive activity against oral cancer induced by carcinogens.

Bacteria in Breast Tissue May Protect Against Breast Cancer

Bacteria in Breast Tissue May Protect Against Breast Cancer

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Bacteria differ between healthy breasts and those with cancer, and beneficial bacteria may actually be protecting women against cancer; a finding that may lead to using probiotics to prevent breast cancer.

Walnut Consumption Changes Gut Microbiome, Decreases Growth of Colon Cancer in Mice

Walnut Consumption Changes Gut Microbiome, Decreases Growth of Colon Cancer in Mice

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Consumption of walnuts reduced the growth of colon cancer. Researchers saw a reduction in tumor growth in mice that ate the equivalent of approximately 1 ounce of walnuts a day.

Cell Changes in Fallopian Tubes of BRCA Mutation Carriers May Lead to Strategies for Preventing Ovarian Cancer

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Recognition of early changes in the Fallopian tube cells of BRCA gene mutation carriers may be key to new strategies for preventing ovarian cancer that could also reduce the need for invasive surgery.

Research Shows Potential for Breast Cancer Prevention in BRCA1-Driven Tumors

Research Shows Potential for Breast Cancer Prevention in BRCA1-Driven Tumors

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The drug denosumab, which blocks a bone gene, may also prevent breast cancer caused by a BRCA1 mutation. This already approved drug could be available quickly, and would be the first drug for breast cancer prevention.

Practical Considerations for Implementing Lung Cancer Screening Coverage in a Health Care System

Practical Considerations for Implementing Lung Cancer Screening Coverage in a Health Care System

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What are the practical considerations for implementing a lung cancer screening program in a health care system? This question was addressed by Abbie Begnaud, MD, assistant professor, pulmonary, critical care, University of Minnesota, in a presentation at the 2016 ASCO Annual Meeting.

Adhering to Patient Preferences Improves Patient Comfort During Skin Cancer Screening

Adhering to Patient Preferences Improves Patient Comfort During Skin Cancer Screening

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To improve patient comfort during full-body skin cancer screenings, dermatologists should respect patients' preferences for the gender of the examining clinician and for how the genital area is examined.

Effect of Childbirth on Risk of Ovarian Cancer Diminishes With Age, But Effect of Oral Contraceptive Use Is Constant

Effect of Childbirth on Risk of Ovarian Cancer Diminishes With Age, But Effect of Oral Contraceptive Use Is Constant

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Prior oral contraceptive use is associated with reduced risk for ovarian cancer among women of all ages; however, risk reductions associated with childbirth wane as women age

Nipple-sparing Mastectomy Safe for Women With High Risk of Breast Cancer

Nipple-sparing Mastectomy Safe for Women With High Risk of Breast Cancer

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Prophylactic nipple-sparing mastectomy is as effective at preventing breast cancer as more invasive surgeries, according to a multi-institution study.

Offer Smoking Cessation Help With Lung Cancer Screening for Patients Who Smoke

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Smokers who visit a clinician for lung cancer screening should also be encouraged to quit smoking at that visit. Evidence-based behavioral strategies should be used, at each visit, to motivate smokers to quit.

USPSTF Releases Updated Recommendations for Aspirin Use to Prevent Cardiovascular Disease and Colorectal Cancer

USPSTF Releases Updated Recommendations for Aspirin Use to Prevent Cardiovascular Disease and Colorectal Cancer

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The US Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) updated its recommendations on low-dose aspirin use for the primary prevention of CVD and the use of aspirin and NSAIDs for prevention of CRC.

Hormone Replacement Therapy Improves Bone Mineral Loss After Salpingo-oophorectomy for Ovarian Cancer

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In patients who undergo risk-reducing salpingo-oophorectomy, BMD screenings are underutilized in spite of the prevalence of bone mineral loss in this population. Hormone replacement therapy can address BMD loss in these women.

Increase in Genetic Risk of Breast Cancer Triggered by Alcohol Consumption

Increase in Genetic Risk of Breast Cancer Triggered by Alcohol Consumption

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Researchers identified a cancer-causing gene triggered by alcohol use, providing a link between alcohol and breast cancer in cell-based research.

Cancer Treatment and Prevention Guidelines Fall Short on Presenting Full Benefits and Harms

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Most cancer prevention and screening recommendation statements fail to quantify benefits and harms or present them in an uneven manner, which might limit clinicians and patients in making informed decisions.

Communication Practices of Many US Physicians May Be Discouraging HPV Vaccination

Communication Practices of Many US Physicians May Be Discouraging HPV Vaccination

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Many pediatricians and primary care physicians reported communicating about HPV vaccination with parents in ways that likely discourage them from having their children vaccinated.

Radon and Cancer (Fact Sheet)

Radon and Cancer (Fact Sheet)

This fact sheet defines radon and reviews radon-related cancer risks.

Weight-Loss Surgery Offers Dramatic Cancer Prevention Benefits

Weight-Loss Surgery Offers Dramatic Cancer Prevention Benefits

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Bariatric surgery slashed the weight of obese women who are most at risk for cancer by one-third, produced a mean weight loss of more than 100 pounds, and eliminated precancerous uterine growths. It also improved physical quality of life, improved insulin levels and glucose use, and altered the composition of gut bacteria.

Changing patient's position helps effectiveness of colonoscopy—especially on one side

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Having patients lie on their left side while examining the right side of their colon during a colonoscopy can result in more polyps being found, thus increasing the effectiveness of the screening technique.

Long-term NSAID use may reduce risk of colorectal cancer

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Long-term, continuous use of low-dose aspirin and nonaspirin NSAIDs is associated with decreased colorectal cancer risk, according to the results of a population-based, case-control study.

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