Cancer Prevention

Do Sunless Tanners Have Fewer Skin Cancer Risk Behaviors?

Do Sunless Tanners Have Fewer Skin Cancer Risk Behaviors?

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A cross-sectional study investigated the other skin cancer prevention habits of people who use sunless tanning to reduce their UV exposure.

VIDA Findings Do Not Support Use of Vitamin D Supplements as Cancer Preventative

VIDA Findings Do Not Support Use of Vitamin D Supplements as Cancer Preventative

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A post-hoc analysis of the VIDA study sought to determine if vitamin D levels influence risk for cancer and/or cancer prevention.

Counseling Intervention That Improved CHD is Applied to Cancer Risk in Men

Counseling Intervention That Improved CHD is Applied to Cancer Risk in Men

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Researchers merged data from the Oslo diet and antismoking study with data from the Cancer Registry of Norway and the Norwegian Cause of Death Registry to determine if lifestyle changes that improved CHD rates in men would be as effective against cancer.

New Recommendations Target Promoting Better Sun Protection Habits for All Patients

New Recommendations Target Promoting Better Sun Protection Habits for All Patients

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A new US Preventive Services Task Force Evidence Report is suggesting that greater efforts are needed to educate children and young adults with fair skin about risks of sun exposure. Although the Task Force recommendations are directed at primary care, its members are encouraging oncology nurses to take note of these new findings.

Lung Cancer Screening Program In Ambulatory Clinics May Improve Detection Rates

Lung Cancer Screening Program In Ambulatory Clinics May Improve Detection Rates

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A study presented at the 2018 ONS Annual Congress explored the feasibility of an advanced practice nurse-led lung cancer screening program at ambulatory outpatient clinics.

What Prompts Indoor Tanners and Nontanners to Undergo Skin Cancer Screening?

What Prompts Indoor Tanners and Nontanners to Undergo Skin Cancer Screening?

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Researchers sought to determine the factors that influenced a decision to undergo skin cancer screening among more than 30,000 adults who have ever used an indoor tanning device and nontanners.

Study Determined Association Between Risk of Melanoma, Aspirin Use

Study Determined Association Between Risk of Melanoma, Aspirin Use

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In a review of nearly 200,000 patients from a Midwest metropolitan area, researchers sought to determine if chronic aspirin use would offer the same risk reduction for melanoma as has been seen in various cancers.

Long-term Prostate Cancer Risk Reduction Seen With Finasteride 

Long-term Prostate Cancer Risk Reduction Seen With Finasteride 

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Finasteride recipients had a 21.1% decreased risk of prostate cancer compared with placebo recipients, researchers found.

False-Positive Cancer Screening Results May Increase Likelihood of Future Screenings

False-Positive Cancer Screening Results May Increase Likelihood of Future Screenings

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A logistic regression analysis determined the effect receiving a false-positive result had on future participation in cancer screenings.

Accountable Care Organizations linked to modest increase in appropriate cancer screening

1. Enrollment in Medicare Shared Savings Program (MSSP) Accountable Care Organizations (ACO) was associated with a decrease in breast cancer screening, increase in colorectal cancer screening, and decreased prostate cancer screening, reflecting more appropriate utilization of screening tests. 2. Changes in breast and colon cancer screening were strongly influenced by participant age. Evidence Rating Level: []

USPSTF: Skin Cancer Counseling Recommended for Fair-Skinned Individuals

USPSTF: Skin Cancer Counseling Recommended for Fair-Skinned Individuals

The U.S Preventive Services Task Force recommends counseling for fair-skinned individuals younger than 24 years, and selective counseling is recommended for adults.

USPSTF: Behavioral interventions do not reduce sunburn or skin cancer outcomes

1. Behavioral interventions increase sun protection behavior but do not reduce sunburn or skin cancer outcomes. 2. Behavior interventions lead to increased skin self-examinations but may lead to additional skin procedures without finding additional skin cancers. Evidence Rating Level: 1 (Excellent) Study Rundown: While melanoma comprises 2% of all skin cancers, it causes more than []

Increased Nut Consumption May Reduce Colon Cancer Recurrence, Death

Increased Nut Consumption May Reduce Colon Cancer Recurrence, Death

Investigators conducted a prospective observational study involving patients with stage III colon cancer to examine the correlation of nut intake with cancer mortality.

Novel Predictive Model More Effectively Identifies Risk for Lung Cancer

Novel Predictive Model More Effectively Identifies Risk for Lung Cancer

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PanCan study results demonstrate the effectiveness of a novel predictive model in identifying risk of lung cancer in patients who do not meet the screening criteria of other models, including those used in the NLST.

Risk of Certain Cancers Found Lower in Nonsmokers Who Consume Coffee

Risk of Certain Cancers Found Lower in Nonsmokers Who Consume Coffee

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Researchers investigated the effect of drinking coffee on risk of several cancers, and in addition, the coffee drinkers were stratified by smoking status.

Breast Cancer Overdiagnosis Also a Result of Screening Mammography Programs

Breast Cancer Overdiagnosis Also a Result of Screening Mammography Programs

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Screening mammography programs increased early detection of tumors, improving outcomes for those women; however, these programs also increased detection of tumors that would never pose a clinical problem.

Study Questions Safety of E-cigarettes vs Regular Tobacco Cigarettes

Study Questions Safety of E-cigarettes vs Regular Tobacco Cigarettes

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E-cigarettes used with nicotine-based liquid have the same potential to produce cancer-causing DNA damage as unfiltered regular cigarettes.

The United States Services Task Force (USPSTF) Recommends Against Thyroid Cancer Screening

The United States Services Task Force (USPSTF) Recommends Against Thyroid Cancer Screening

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Although screening is often recommended as the first line of prevention for most cancers, recent recommendation from the USPSTF advises against thyroid cancer screening in nonsymptomatic adults.

Carvedilol, Some Beta Blockers Prevent UVB-induced Skin Cancer

Carvedilol, Some Beta Blockers Prevent UVB-induced Skin Cancer

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A common beta blocker, carvedilol, is found to have preventive properties against the sun-induced cell damage that leads to skin cancer.

ASCO Issues Global Guidance for HPV Vaccination for Cervical Cancer Prevention

ASCO Issues Global Guidance for HPV Vaccination for Cervical Cancer Prevention

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ASCO offers global recommendations for HPV vaccination tailored to structural resource levels of regions.

Parental Self-persuasion in Low-Income Groups Improves HPV Vaccination Rates

Parental Self-persuasion in Low-Income Groups Improves HPV Vaccination Rates

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Self-persuasion is more effective than external persuasion for motivating low-income parents to vaccinate their children against HPV.

Shared Decision-making Visits Improved Comfort With Lung Cancer Screening Decisions

Shared Decision-making Visits Improved Comfort With Lung Cancer Screening Decisions

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Patients were more comfortable with their decisions about lung cancer screening after a shared decision-making visit.

Colorectal Cancer in 2017: Incidence Rates Going Up in Younger Patients, Down in Older Patients

Colorectal Cancer in 2017: Incidence Rates Going Up in Younger Patients, Down in Older Patients

ACS colorectal cancer statistics show an overall decrease in incidence due to increases in screening rates; however, age-related incidence is trending up in younger persons, down in older persons.

E-cigarettes and Replacement Nicotine Therapy Safer Than Tobacco Use

E-cigarettes and Replacement Nicotine Therapy Safer Than Tobacco Use

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E-cigarettes and replacement nicotine therapy deposit fewer harmful chemicals in the body that smoking.

Customers Find Useful Information in Results from Direct-to-Consumer Genetic Testing

Customers Find Useful Information in Results from Direct-to-Consumer Genetic Testing

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Results of a series of Internet surveys revealed customers' perceptions of harms, benefits, and limitations of genetic information received from direct-to-consumer genetic testing.

Tobacco Counseling for Youth, Adults Reduces Smoking Prevalence

Tobacco Counseling for Youth, Adults Reduces Smoking Prevalence

Annual counseling could reduce prevalence and prevent many smoking-attributable fatalities.

Beach Umbrella Not Enough for Protection from UV Rays

Beach Umbrella Not Enough for Protection from UV Rays

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Comparison studied the effectiveness of sun protection offered by a beach umbrella alone with that of sunscreen with a high sun protection factor.

NSAIDs, Low-Dose Aspirin Best Options for Preventing Recurrent Adenomatous Colon Polyps

NSAIDs, Low-Dose Aspirin Best Options for Preventing Recurrent Adenomatous Colon Polyps

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Researchers compared the effectiveness of NSAIDs, aspirin, and several nutritional supplements for the prevention of recurrent adenomatous neoplasia after colon polyp removal.

Study Shows Effects of 2012 USPSTF Recommendation Against PSA Screening

Study Shows Effects of 2012 USPSTF Recommendation Against PSA Screening

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Researchers report on their evaluation of the impact of the 2012 USPSTF recommendation on volumes of prostate biopsy and radical prostatectomy.

New Recommendations for Secondary Prevention of Cervical Cancer

New Recommendations for Secondary Prevention of Cervical Cancer

HPV DNA testing recommended in all resource settings; HIV should undergo screening more often

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