Presence of certain microRNAs (miRNAs) is predictive of response to TKIs and prognosis for patients with metastatic renal cell carcinoma (mRCC).
Genetic biomarkers from tumor DNA circulating in the bloodstream could indicate the risk for recurrence of colorectal cancer and the efficacy of chemotherapy after surgery.
Patients with kataegis, a recently discovered phenomenon in which multiple mutations cluster in a few hotspots in a genome, have less invasive tumors and better prognoses.
Analysis of proteins identified in urine has led to the discovery of proteomic signatures for prostate cancer that have the potential to serve as highly accurate noninvasive biomarkers that can identify aggressive disease before surgery.
Outcomes in Clinical Trials Using Precision Medicine Demonstrate Effectiveness of Modality in Patients With CancerJune 20, 2016
A meta-analysis of hundreds of cancer clinical trials revealed that therapeutic approaches using precision medicine had improved responses and longer disease remission, even in phase I trials.
Biochemical Marker Is a Better Predictor of Adverse Effects in Patients with Non-small Cell Lung CancerJune 13, 2016
Albumin concentration with an established cutoff point is proven a better predictor of both chemotherapy toxicity and survival in patients with advanced lung cancer.
The 2016 WHO Classification of Infiltrating Gliomas alters diagnostic criteria, providing the basis for clinical trial inclusion or exclusion based on an integrated diagnosis and setting the stage for all future research, according to a summary of 4 posters related to CNS biomarkers presented at the ASCO 2016 Annual Meeting.
Aggressive basal cell skin cancers have higher levels of both EZH2 and Ki67, suggesting these proteins have potential to serve as biomarkers for when basal cell carcinoma has become dangerous.
Disparities in the gut microbiome between healthy people and women with estrogen-driven breast cancer may indicate possible biomarkers based on the microbiome that could help to mitigate the risk of certain cancers.
[Biomarkers in Cancer] This research examines the emerging role of genomic rearrangements in breast cancer, with a particular focus on fusion genes, and explores the therapeutic value of such rearrangements and their significance as predictive and prognostic biomarkers.
Precision medicine aims to deliver the most appropriate treatment to individual patients; however, biomarker tests that are poorly validated or inappropriately applied could hinder administration of appropriate treatments, and in some cases motivate the use of harmful treatment.
A new biomarker measurement might improve the accuracy of prognostic testing and precision medicine in uveal melanoma.
Unique metabolic biomarkers specific to lung cancer were found through metabolic phenotyping of blood plasma by proton nuclear magnetic resonance (H-NMR), enabling diagnosis of both early-stage and late-stage disease.
A recently developed biomarker test for patients with advanced colorectal cancer could help determine the best treatment options for each patient.
A methylation signature was identified in 5 types of cancer, and it likely occurs in more. These findings may aid in developing a blood test to diagnose cancer at early stages, when it is most treatable.
Among patients treated for oropharyngeal cancers linked to human papillomavirus (HPV) infection, at least 1 HPV-infection antibody could help identify those patients at risk for a recurrence of the cancer.
A new clinical practice guideline on the appropriate use of tests for breast tumor biomarkers was issued by ASCO.
Gatastatin, an inhibitor specific for γ-tubulin, known to be overexpressed in some cancer cells, has been identified and holds potential for the development of anticancer agents.
Prognosis for patients with cutaneous melanoma may be predicted by an inherited genetic marker providing a personalized tool to gauge a person's survival and determine if closer monitoring is needed in the years following surgery.
Researchers identified a biomarker that detects the most common type of lung cancer in its earliest stage. The discovery could one day change how long lung cancer patients live.
TARC levels correlated with PET-normalization in certain patients with Hodgkin lymphoma treated with brentuximab vedotin, a study indicates.
To test thyroid malignancy, many biomarkers are tested separately to confirm cancer. However, new research shows that the tests used to measure 2 major biomarkers in the diagnosis of thyroid cancer may be inaccurate.
A team of scientists has reported that the genetic biomarker LOH is able to predict which patients with premalignant mouth lesions are at highest risk of developing oral cancer. The findings present a new tool that could be used to identify patients most likely to benefit from chemoprevention.
The protein cytokeratin 5 (CK5), known to be a marker of poor prognosis in patients with breast cancer, also marks ovarian cancers likely to be resistant to the common chemotherapy cisplatin.
Diacetylspermine was identified as serum biomarker, according to a new study published online.
Bile duct cancer is rare and usually detected too late; therefore, often only extensive liver surgery or, in rare cases, liver transplantation can help. Using the oncogene MACC1 as a biomarker, physicians now have a tool to help them decide if which surgical option is best for patients with one type of bile duct cancer.
Targeting exhausted immune cells may change the prognosis for patients with AML relapse after a stem cell transplant, according to a recent study.
Lung cancer diagnoses are often made only when the disease is already at an advanced stage and hard to treat. Researchers may be changing that by identifying biomarkers that could be the basis of early tests for lung cancer.
A panel of five serum microRNAs has been identified as a potential biomarker to diagnose early stage non-small cell lung cancer.
Researchers have pinpointed a novel genetic biomarker responsible for the progression of many breast and prostate cancers.
- Novel Colonoscopy Prep Is Poised to Improve Screening Rates for Colon Cancer
- How Physical Changes From Breast Cancer Affect Self-Image: Considerations for Clinicians
- Short-Term Intervention May Have Long-term Diet Effect in Hispanic Breast Cancer Survivors
- Panobinostat Modestly Improves OS in Relapsed Multiple Myeloma
- Olanzapine Efficacious for Treatment of Breakthrough CINV
- Overall Benefits of Vaporized Nicotine Products Outweigh Harms, Says International Panel of Experts
- Sugar and Cancer: Mitigating the Affects of Diet on Cancer
- Nurse Residency Programs Can Impact Oncology Nursing Practice, Outcomes
- Implementing a Distress Screening Process for Cancer Patients
- Initiating Palliative Care in the Emergency Department
- Hydroxyurea May Improve Kidney Function in PV-Associated Nephrotic Syndrome
- Childhood Cancer Linked to Poor Diet Quality in Adult Survivors
- Atypical Teratoid/rhabdoid Tumors: Challenges and Search for Solutions
- New Research Identifies Potential Bladder Cancer Chemotherapy Side Effect
- Pseudohyperkalemia: False Potassium Levels Occur in a Patient With Lymphoma
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